I.  APPEAR (The Verb).

There are eight words (or expressions) rendered appear, &c., in the A.V., which are to be distinguished as follows : --

i.  phaino = to shine forth so as to be seen :  having reference to the manner in which a matter presents or shows itself, independently of any observer.  Hence the word phenomenon.

ii.  anaphainomai.  Passive of No. i, with ana prefixed = to be shown forth, come to light, come into  sight.

iii.  epiphaino = to shine, shew light upon.  No. i with epi (Ap. 104. ix).

iv.  emphanizo = to cause to be manifested or shown plainly and clearly; used of causing that to be seen (or known) which would not otherwise have been cognizable by the unaided eye (or mind).  It  occurs ten times :  Matt. 27:53.  John 14:21,22.  Acts 23:15, 22; 24:1; 25:2, 15.  Heb. 9:24; 11:14.  Cp. the Sept. use for Heb hodia (Ex. 33:13); and for amar (Est. 2:22).

v.  phaneroo = to bring to light, make manifest.  Cp. phaneros = manifest in No. viii below.

vi.  optomai = to see with the eye, referring to the thing seen (objectively); thus differing from blepo (see Ap. 133. I. 5), which denotes the act of seeing or of using the eye.

vii.  erchomai = to come.  Rendered "appear" only in Acts 22:30, where all the critical texts (See Ap. 94) read sunerchomai = "come together".

viii.  eimi phaneros = to be visible, manifest, or open to sight (phaneros, adj. of No. v, above, with eimi = to be).  So rendered only in 1Tim. 4:15.

ix.  apokalupto = to unveil so as to be visible to the eye.

II.  APPEARING (The Noun).

i.  apokalupsis = unveiling, revelation, manifestation.  Hence Eng. "Apocalypse".  From apo = from  (Ap. 104. iv), and kalupto, to cover = uncovering, or unveiling.  When used of a person it always denotes that he is visible.  Occurs Luke 2:32.  Rom. 2:5; 8:19; 16:25.  1Cor. 1:7; 14:6, 26.  2Cor. 12:1, 7.   Gal. 1:12; 2:2.  Eph. 1:17; 3:3.  2Thess. 1:7.  1Pet 1:7, 13; 4:31.  Rev. 1:1.

ii.  epiphaneia a shining forth upon.  Hence, Eng. epiphany.  From No. iii, above.