The Messengers of God


The Bible is not primarily a book about angels or demons.  It does mention them, to be sure, but even when it does, it is usually to make a bigger point.  This means that a study of angels and demons will be a study of that which is on the periphery of a Biblical focus.  There is nothing wrong with such a study, but it should be recognized that a study of such a side issue is exactly that.


Angels are seen from Genesis to Revelation.  They are mention over a hundred times in the Old Testament and some 165 times in the New Testament.





1 Praise the LORD!

Praise the LORD from the heavens;

Praise Him in the heights!

            2 Praise Him, all His angels;

Praise Him, all His hosts!

            3 Praise Him, sun and moon;

Praise Him, all stars of light!

4 Praise Him, highest heavens,

And the waters that are above the heavens!

5 Let them praise the name of the LORD,

For He commanded and they were created. (Psalm 148:1-5).


From the infinite solitude of eternity, God spoke and the universe sprang into existence.  In a single moment of time, the heavens were woven together in a glorious tapestry as newborn stars blazed forth their light, moving out to form spinning galaxies.  No man was present at that moment.  No human eye was there to gaze upon the wonders of creation.  No mortal was present to appreciate the handiwork of the Creator.


There were others who were there.  There were supernatural beings who witnessed the hand of the Architect of the universe at work.  These special servants of God gazed upon the grand design of the cosmos and they sang forth the praises of the God of creation.


4 Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?

Tell Me, if you have understanding,

5 Who set its measurements, since you know?

Or who stretched the line on it?

6 On what were its bases sunk?

Or who laid its cornerstone,

7 When the morning stars sang together,

And all the sons of God shouted for joy? (Job 38:4-7).


These special servants of the Lord who sang His praises at the creation are described by Job as “the sons of God.”  We know them as angels.  They are God’s created beings, glorious and mysterious and supernatural creatures.


How do we know that angels were created by God and that they did not come about in some other manner?  Because the Scriptures are specific to tell us about creation.


            For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities‑‑ all things have been created by Him and for Him. (Colossians 1:16).


Notice that it is not merely things or the earth of things that are visible that have been created by the Lord.  This is a universal statement of creation that deliberately takes in those invisible, heavenly beings we know as angels.





What is an angel?  Both the Hebrew as well as the Greek word for angel have the same meaning.  In both languages, the term refers to a messenger.  As such, it can refer to an earthly messenger or it can refer to a heavenly messenger.  It is the context that helps us to determine which is in view.


(1)       Our English word “angel” is a transliteration from the Greek word aggeloV, the word for a messenger.


(2)       The Hebrew word for “angel” is malach and also means “messenger.”


We see a number of instances throughout the Bible where supernatural creatures bear God’s message to mortal men.


           Two angels accompanied the Lord when He came and spoke to Abraham.


           Two angels met Lot in the city of Sodom and warned him of the coming judgment.


           An angel wrestled with Jacob in the night and blessed him and changed his name to Israel.


           An angel spoke to Joshua and gave him instructions on how to take the city of Jericho.


           An angel spoke to Gideon and commissioned him to drive the enemies of Israel from the land.


           An angel shut the mouths of the lions when Daniel was cast into the den of lions.


           A certain angel came to Mary and told her that she would give birth to the Messiah.


           Angels appeared to the shepherds and announced the birth of Christ.


One of the most significant ministries of angels in the Old Testament was the transmission of the Mosaic Law.  This is attested a number of times in the Scriptures.


            This is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness together with the angel who was speaking to him on Mount Sinai, and who was with our fathers; and he received living oracles to pass on to you. (Acts 7:38).


   who received the law as ordained by angels, and yet did not keep it. (Acts 7:53).


            Why the Law then? It was added because of transgressions, having been ordained through angels by the agency of a mediator... (Galatians 3:19a).


Angels were somehow involved in the transmission of the law to Moses at Mount Sinai.  Their involvement in this process is described to underscore the monumental importance of the law.





The Jews had a very high regard for angels.  They considered that if a message was given by an angel, it carried a much greater weight than if it had been spoken by a mere man.


The Jewish writings taught that angels served as mediators between God and men.  This was correct as far as it went, but they also taught that angels were involved in God’s decision making processes.  They thought that God always consulted His angels before making up His mind on what course of action He was going to take.  They pointed to Genesis 1:26 as a proof text for this belief.


            Then God said, "Let US make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." (Genesis 1:26).


This verse was interpreted by the Jewish rabbis to picture God talking to His angels, asking their advice concerning the creation of man.  The Jews also believe that the angels were responsible for keeping the stars in place, for holding back the sea, for the control of the weather and for the keeping of time.  They also believed there to be angels who served as prison wardens in hell and who tortured the people who were sent there.


By the New Testament times, there is evidence in the apocryphal writings that the Jews had entertained all sorts of extra-biblical ideas regarding angels.  Books such as Enoch and Tobit and 4th Esdras speaks of specific angels such as Uriel, Raphael, Peniel, Metatron.  The book of Enoch suggests that Enoch was elevated to the status of an angel when he walked with God.  It is possibly the result of such influences that leads to Paul’s cryptic warning in Colossians 2:18 against the worship of the angels.





The epistle to the Hebrews spends an entire chapter dealing with people who had been raised to believe many of the rabbinical concepts of angels.  As a result, they assumed that there could be nothing that was greater than the angels.  There were some who had even gone to the extreme of worshiping angels (Colossians 2:18).  Eventually, a teaching known as Gnosticism would arise that would teach Jesus was an angel.


The message of the book of Hebrews is that Jesus is better.  The covenant He brought is better than the first covenant that was brought by angels.  His covenant is a better covenant because He is better than the angels.


1.         Sons of God:  Having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they. 5 For to which of the angels did He ever say, "Thou art My Son, Today I have begotten Thee"? And again, "I will be a Father to Him And He shall be a Son to Me"? (Hebrews 1:4-5).


Even though the term “sons of God” is used in the Old Testament in a context that seems to refer to angels (Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7), that does not mean that angels are the sons of God in the same way that Jesus is the Son of God.  They are sons of God in the sense that they have been created by God Jesus is THE Son of God in a totally unique sense.


2.         Angels and Worship:  And when He again brings the first‑born into the world, He says, "And let all the angels of God worship Him." (Hebrews 1:6).


The next reason Jesus is better than the angels is because He is to be worshiped by the angels.  This passage is another quotation from the Old Testament.  It is a prophecy found in the book of Psalms.


Let all those be ashamed who serve graven images,

Who boast themselves of idols; Worship Him, all you gods. (Psalm 97:7).


This raises a question.  The psalm that is cited by the author to the Hebrews does not specifically mention angels.  It is only in the Greek Septuagint that the word translated “gods” (Elohim) is translated with the Greek aggeloi (angels).  The writer to the Hebrews is evidently citing the Septuagint and indicates this verse as containing a prophecy of Jesus that was fulfilled when the angels worshiped Him.


Do you recall the story of the angelic announcement at the birth of Jesus?  The scene was the rolling hills outside the village of Bethlehem.  A group of shepherds were gathered together in the cool of the night.  Suddenly the stillness of the night was broken.


            And an angel of the Lord suddenly stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them; and they were terribly frightened. (Luke 2:9).


The reaction to this angelic visitor was the reaction of which we normally read in the Bible when it describes people being confronted with angels.  It is the reaction of fear.  The shepherds were not merely frightened.  They were terribly frightened.  They were frightened with great fright.


As a result, the angel says to the shepherd the same thing that angels always say to people when they appear.  They tell them not to be afraid.


            And the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of a great joy which shall be for all the people; 11 for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 "And this will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in cloths, and lying in a manger." (Luke 2:10-12).


The angelic messenger had come with a very specific message.  It was to tell these shepherds of the birth of Jesus.  It was to given them the sign so they would be able to identify Him.

As great a sight as this angel was to the shepherds, his presence was to serve a still greater purpose.  He had come to bear witness of One that was greater than himself.  He was sent to announce the one who is Christ the Lord.  The fact that the lesser is bearing witness to the greater is seen in what takes place in the next two verses.


            And suddenly there appeared with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, 14 "Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace among men with whom He is pleased." (Luke 2:13-14).


The single angel gave way to a host of angels -- an entire army of angels.  These same angels who sang for joy at the creation of the cosmos are now pictured praising the Lord at the announcement of the birth of the One who created the cosmos.


3.         The Role of Angels:  And of the angels He says, "Who makes His angels winds, And His ministers a flame of fire." (Hebrews 1:7).


The angels are seen in contrast to Jesus as regards their separate roles.  The angels are described as spirits and ministers.  The quotation is taken from the Psalms.  Psalm 104 is a song of praise.  It describes God as the One who controls all of creation.


He makes the winds His messengers,

Flaming fire His ministers. (Psalm 104:4).


This is a picture of the sovereign God.  He controls the universe.  The wind and the rain and the lightning all do His bidding.


Notice that the Hebrews passage substitutes the word “angel” for “messenger.”  This is because they are the same word in both the Greek and the Hebrew.  In the context of the Psalms, the writer is speaking of the physical world and of God’s control of the winds.  But here in the epistle to the Hebrews, a higher truth is in view.  Here we see that God is in control of the spiritual world as well as the physical world.


This brings us to another question.  Why are angels identified as “winds?”  The Greek word translated “winds” is pneumata, the plural of pneuma.  It can be translated “wind.”  The same Greek word can also be translated “spirit.”  It is the latter meaning that is used by the writer to the Hebrews.


Angels are spirit beings.  They are spirit oriented.  They can see spiritual events in the same way that we can see physical events.  The spiritual world is just as real and as experiential to them as the physical world is real and experiential to us.


I believe in the spiritual world, but I cannot see the spiritual world.  I cannot see my prayers ascending to heaven.  I cannot see my sins being forgiven.  I cannot see the spiritual conflict going on around me.  These things are intangible to me.  But I am not so certain that they are intangible to the angels.  This is because angels are made differently than we are.  The possess a different set of senses.  They have a different kind of body.


4.         Ministering Spirits:  But to which of the angels has He ever said, "Sit at My right hand, Until I make Thine enemies A footstool for Thy feet "? 14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation? (Hebrews 1:13-14).


The next point of contrast between Jesus Christ and the angels is that God has made Jesus the sovereign ruler over all things:  Sit at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet (1:13).  This was never said to angels.  They were never invited to sit in the seat of honor at the right hand of God.  On the contrary, angels have the role of servanthood.  They are ministering spirits.  They have a ministry.  Their ministry is one of rendering service.  They have been assigned the task of rendering service to those who will inherit salvation.


Now let me ask you a question.  Who are the heirs of salvation?  We are!  When a person believes in Jesus Christ and trusts in Him as Savior and Lord, he becomes an heir of God’s salvation.


Here is a fantastic truth.  These supernatural beings have been assigned the task of ministering to you.  You are not aware of all the dangers that face you through the day.  But God is aware.  And He has assigned His holy angels to protect you. They keep harm from coming your way.  They allow nothing to touch you that has not been approved by the Lord.  And, when the day finally comes that you are called home, they will act as your royal escort to heaven (Luke 16:22).





There are two basic categories of angels described in the Bible, just as there are two basic kinds of people.  There are those who love the Lord and who seek to follow Him and there are those who do not.


1.         Designations of Angels.


There are several different designations that are used to describe those angels who are aligned with the Lord and in His service.


Holy Angels

Jesus described the Son of Man coming in His glory with the HOLY ANGELS (Mark 8:38; Luke 9:26)

Angels of God

Jacob’s vision of a ladder stretching to heaven was populated with the angels of God (Genesis 28:12; John 1:51).

Angels of heaven

Jesus speaks in Matthew 24:36 of how not even the angels of heaven know the timetable of His coming.

Chosen Angels

Paul speaks of the witness of the chosen angels in 1 Timothy 5:21).  This suggests that the destiny of the angels rest ultimately in the hands of the one who chose them.


2.         Characteristics of Angels.


They cannot die

...those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage; 36 for neither can they die anymore, for they are like angels (Luke 20:35-36).

They are mighty

...the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire (2 Thessalonians 1:7).

They are subordinate to Christ

...Jesus Christ, 22 who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him. (1 Peter 3:22).

They cannot tell what we are thinking

This is suggested in the prayer of Solomon as he speaks to the Lord, saying:  Thou alone dost know the hearts of all the sons of men (1 Kings 8:39).


Perhaps it is only happenstance that angels are always described in the masculine gender.  They occasionally appear in the form of men, but we never read of them appearing in feminine form.  This is not to suggest that such a thing is impossible.


3.         The Role of the Angels.


• They shall gather the elect at the second coming of Christ (Matthew 24:31).

• They carry the saved to heaven (Luke 16:22).

• They served as messengers to bring the law (Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19).

• They are ministers to the elect (Hebrews 1:14).




1.         The Angel of the Lord.


The reference to that angel of the Lord is often used in a way that suggests it to be a manifestation of God Himself.  For example, in Genesis 31:11-13, the angel of the Lord appears to Jacob in a dream and identifies Himself as “the god of Bethel.”  Similarly, in Exodus 3:2 the angel of the Lord appears to Moses in the burning bush and identifies Himself in verse 6 as the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.


2.         Cherubim.


This is the plural form of the singular “cherub.”  Modern English has rendered this term to conjure up an image of a winged baby with fat little cheeks, but the Hebrew carries no such idea.  The Hebrew cherub seems to be related to the Akkadian verb, “to bless.”


3.         Seraphim.


The seraphim are mentioned only in Isaiah 6.  The Hebrew term saraph means “to burn.”  These are therefore the “burning ones.”  This is in keeping with the description of Hebrews 1:7 where the Lord is seen as the one who makes His angels winds, and His ministers a flame of fire.





There are only two angels in the Bible that are specifically named and designated.  They are Michael and Gabriel.


1.         Michael the Archangel.


Michael is mentioned by name as “one of the chief princes” in the angelic community in Daniel 10:13 where he comes to the aid of another angelic messenger.  He is mentioned again in Daniel 12:1 as the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people.  This guardianship is alluded to in Jude 1:9 when we read of Michael disputing with Satan over the body of Moses.


In Revelation 12:7-9, we are treated to a vision in which Michael leads the holy angels into a war against Satan and his forces.  The end comes when Michael and his hosts cast out Satan and his followers.


2.         Gabriel.


The angel Gabriel is known for his announcements to Daniel (Daniel 8:16; 9:21), to Zacharias (Luke 1:11-20) and to Mary (Luke 1:26-37).  He describes himself as the one who stands in the presence of God (Luke 1:19).





1.         Names and Designations.


Our English name “Satan” is a transliteration of the Hebrew, which means “enemy.”  The verbal form means “to oppose.”  It is interesting to note that the first Biblical use of this word describes the angel of the Lord:


            But God was angry because he was going, and the angel of the LORD took his stand in the way as an adversary against him. Now he was riding on his donkey and his two servants were with him. (Numbers 22:22).


Another example of where satan refers to someone other than Satan is in the account of those who rose up in opposition to the reign of Solomon.


            Then the LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the royal line in Edom. (1 Kings 11:14).


There are several other designations and titles for Satan.  He is called most often in the New Testament o` dia,boloj (ho diabolos), “the slanderer” or “the schemer.”  This term was often used in the Septuagint to translate satan, not only when it referred to the supernatural enemy of God, but even when it spoke of a normal adversary.  Other titles for Satan include:

           The tempter (Matthew 4:3).

           Beelzebul (Matthew 12:24).

           The evil one (Matthew 13:19).

           The father of lies (John 8:44).

           The ruler of this world (John 12:31).

           Belial (2 Corinthians 6:15).

           The prince of the power of the air (Ephesians 2:2).

           The adversary (1 Peter 5:8).

           Abaddon and Apollyon, both of which mean “destroyer” (Revelation 9:11).

           Deceiver of the whole world (Revelation 12:9).

           The Great Dragon (Revelation 12:9).

           Accuser of the brethren (Revelation 12:10).


2.         The Fall of Satan.


The prophet Ezekiel gives a series of lamentations over the ancient city of Tyre and against its leadership.  In the midst of one of these lamentations, he begins to speak of the “king of Tyre” in a way that seems to go beyond the identity of a mere mortal.


            12 Son of man, take up a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say to him, "Thus says the Lord God,

'You had the seal of perfection,

Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.

13 You were in Eden, the garden of God;

Every precious stone was your covering:

The ruby, the topaz, and the diamond;

The beryl, the onyx, and the jasper;

The lapis lazuli, the turquoise, and the emerald;

And the gold, the workmanship of your settings and sockets,

Was in you.

On the day that you were created

They were prepared.

14 You were the anointed cherub who covers,

And I placed you there.

You were on the holy mountain of God;

You walked in the midst of the stones of fire.

15 You were blameless in your ways

From the day you were created,

Until unrighteousness was found in you.

16 By the abundance of your trade

You were internally filled with violence,

And you sinned;

Therefore I have cast you as profane

From the mountain of God.

And I have destroyed you, O covering cherub,

From the midst of the stones of fire.

17 Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty;

You corrupted your wisdom by reason of your splendor.

I cast you to the ground; I put you before kings,

That they may see you.

18 By the multitude of your iniquities,

In the unrighteousness of your trade,

You profaned your sanctuaries.

Therefore I have brought fire from the midst of you;

It has consumed you,

And I have turned you to ashes on the earth In the eyes of all who see you.

19 All who know you among the peoples

Are appalled at you;

You have become terrified,

And you will be no more."'" (Ezekiel 28:12‑19).


This is part of a larger oracle against the city of Tyre. The earlier part of this chapter speaks out against the "Prince of Tyre." Now the address changes. These verses are directed against the "King" of Tyre. He is the real power behind the throne. There are some things said of this person that lead some Bible scholars to believe that this is a reference to Satan.


           He was in Eden, the garden of God (28:13).


           He was created (28:13).


           He was the anointed cherub (28:14).


           He was on the holy mountain of God (28:14).


This description seems to go beyond the realm of mortal man. Though some scholars would see this description as mere Semitic poetry describing an exalted monarch, it seems to me that there is meant to be a greater understanding and that the one in view is Satan himself.


3.         Satan in Eden.


Satan is not mentioned by name in the Pentateuch.  However, we can see him behind the scenes in the early chapters of Genesis.  We read of the temptation by the serpent in Genesis 3 and we can note that one of the titles given to Satan is  that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan (Revelation 12:9).


Rabbinic legend has it that the serpent originally walked erect and that it was not until God’s curse on this animal in Genesis 3:14 that it was reduced to moving upon its belly as it does today.


The unusual aspect about the serpent was that it manifested the ability to speak to the woman.  This brings us to a dilemma.  Snakes cannot talk.  The most likely resolve to this issue is to view Satan himself as the speaking power behind the serpent.  Such a phenomenon is not unknown to the Scriptures.  Satan is regularly seen working through intermediate agencies.  He uses his demons and he uses human agents, either through possession or through indirect manipulation.  The use of animals is seen in Matthew 8:28-32 where Jesus casts demons out of two men and permits them to enter into a herd of pigs.


4.         The Satanic Conflict.


Genesis 3 introduces a cosmic conflict between the followers of Satan and One who is described as the Seed of the woman.


14 And the LORD God said to the serpent,

"Because you have done this,

Cursed are you more than all cattle,

And more than every beast of the field;

On your belly shall you go,

And dust shall you eat

All the days of your life;

15 And I will put enmity

Between you and the woman,

And between your seed and her seed;

He shall bruise you on the head,

And you shall bruise him on the heel." (Genesis 3:14-15).


This conflict is ordained between the seed of the serpent and the Seed of the woman.  Just as the woman had been involved in the transgression, so also now she would be involved in the redemption.  As through her came sin, so also through her would come the Savior.


            But when the fulness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law (Galatians 4:4).


The “seed of the woman” anticipates the coming of One who would be born, not of the seed of a man, but exclusively through a woman.  This promise finds its eventual fulfillment in the One who was born of a virgin and apart from the seed of a man.


At the same time, Jesus was a man of flesh and blood so that He could live and die as a man and pay in His own body the penalty for the sins of men.


            Since then the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil (Hebrews 2:14).


The defeat of Satan is accomplished in two parts.  First, Christ defeated Satan when He died for sins upon the cross and then rose in victory from the grave.


            ...having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us and which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. 15 When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him. (Colossians 2:14-15).


The rulers and authorities that Jesus disarmed through His death were not the Roman or Jewish officials.  This is speaking of spiritual rulers and authorities.


Satan’s defeat came through the death of Christ.  What appeared to be a defeat for the Seed of the woman was instead the way to victory over the serpent and his seed.


Seed of the Serpent

Seed of the Woman


Jesus Christ

Fatally bruised for all eternity

Temporarily bruised upon the cross

Pictured by a bruise to the head

Pictured by a bruise to the heel


The picture is of a man who stomps upon the head of a snake, being bitten on his foot in the process.  He wins the conflict over the serpent, but only at the cost of great pain.


The ultimate and final defeat of Satan is still in the future.  Paul tells us that the God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet (Romans 16:20).  Just as the snake is destroyed by striking him on the head, that most vulnerable part of his body, so Jesus Christ will neutralize Satan.


5.         The Continuing Conflict:  Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls about like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. (1 Peter 5:8).


Though Satan was defeated upon the cross, there is an element of the conflict that still continues today.  Like a lion that has been mortally wounded, he is still able to cause great damage.  The good news is that he can be resisted.


            But resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world. (1 Peter 5:9).


            Submit therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. (James 4:7).


The devil is pictured as a hungry, roaring lion in search of a meal.  The good news is that we worship the God who is able to close the mouths of hungry, roaring lions.


One of the lessons we learn from the book of Job is that Satan can do nothing unless he receives permission from the throne of heaven.  God is sovereign over all creation and even Satan cannot ultimately resist His will.


            You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in you than he who is in the world. (1 John 4:4).


Our victory is found in the person of Christ.  Because He has won the victory in His victorious resurrection, so we enjoy the status of victors in the Satanic conflict.  At the same time, there continues a spiritual struggle.


            For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places. (Ephesians 6:12).


Our battle in this ongoing conflict is of a spiritual nature.  When it degenerates into flesh and blood, it is because we have lost sight of the true nature of the conflict.  The real battle is found in a spiritual realm for spiritual goals -- the very souls of men.


Just as the conflict is of a spiritual nature, so also the weapons of our warfare are of a spiritual nature.


           Your loins girded with truth (6:14).

           The breastplate of righteousness (6:14).

           Your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace (6:15).

           The shield of faith with which you will be able to extinguish all the flaming missiles of the evil one (6:16).

           The helmet of salvation (7:17).

           The sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God (7:17).


Of course, we also need to be aware of the Satanic strategy.  Satan does not show up with a pitchfork and a red union suit.  He tries to pass himself off as a counterfeit of the truth.


             For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. 14 And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their deeds. (2 Corinthians 11:13-15).


Much of what passes under the guise of human religion today has the prince of darkness at its center.





The evil angels are given several designations in the Bible.  They are known under a variety of labels.


1.         Demons.


Our English word “demon” comes from the Greek daimonion.  Both in secular Greek as well as in the Septuagint, it referred to a spiritual influence, either good or bad.  Such a secular usage is seen in Acts 17:18 where some of the Greeks viewed Paul as a proclaimer of strange deities, literally, a “proclaimer of strange demons.”  Most other references to demons in the New Testament refer to the demonic fallen angels who follow after Satan.


2.         The Devil’s Angels.


Jesus spoke of the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels (Matthew 25:41).


3.         Fallen Angels.


Jude speaks of the angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode (Jude 1:6).  They are said to be kept under bonds as they await their judgment.  These seem to be a reference to angels who were cast into hell and committed to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment (2 Peter 2:4).


4.         Spirits.

These are seen alternately as unclean spirits (Matthew 10:1; Mark 1:27; 3:11; 5:13; 6:7), evil spirits (Acts 19:12-13), seducing spirits (1 Timothy 4:1) and spirits of devils (Revelation 16:13-14).


Based upon some of these passages, we can conclude that there are two types of fallen angels.


Those who are Free

Those who are Bound

When Jesus confronted the man with the legion of demons who were possessing him, they begged not to be thrown into the abyss.  Jesus allowed them instead to enter a herd of swine (Luke 8:26-33).

God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment (2 Peter 2:4).

Angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day. (Jude 1:6).

If the demons at Gardassa did not want to be bound, then the implication is that there are some demons who have been bound.


           Demons believe in God:  You believe that God is one. You do well; the demons also believe, and shudder (James 2:19).


           Demons were able to recognize Jesus:  And there was a man in the synagogue possessed by the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 34 "Ha! What do we have to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are‑‑ the Holy One of God!" (Luke 4:33-34).


           Demons have their own teachings:   But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons (1 Timothy 4:1).


           The disciples were given power and authority over the demons:  And He called the twelve together, and gave them power and authority over all the demons, and to heal diseases. (Luke 9:1).


           Even unbelievers have on occasion been able to cast out demons:   Many will say to Me on that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?' 23 And then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness.' (Matthew 7:22-23).


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