An English translation by Nathan Sturman, MA, of Feng Menglong's late Ming 40 chapter version of an important Chinese historical novel with hyperlinks to study notes, all chapters up.


The Ping Yao Zhuan deals with the very important relationship between religious movements and the Chinese State. It is an important work of historical fiction, a rich source on Chinese folklore and popular belief, and a valuable linguistic resource for study of the development of the present day Chinese language. It presents us with the living discourse of representatives of various stations of life, created as real fleshed-out characters, complete with inner lives and conflicts. I hope you enjoy reading the book in English.

Naples, Florida, USA

Nathan Paul Sturman
At Laolongtou, the Old Dragon Head, end of the Great Wall in the Eastern Sea, very near the Meng Jiang Nu Temple, Shanhaiguan, Hebei Province, China, December 2001
The Ballad of Meng Jiang Nu Read by Nathan Sturman, Pt 1
The Ballad of Meng Jiang Nu Pt 2
Shengshengman: Translations of Ci Poems by Song Period Poetess Li Qingzhao (1084-1151?)
Translations of Ci by Southern Song poetess Zhu Shuzhen
My annotated translation of Qian Zi Wen: The Thousand Character Essay
Bai Jia Xing: The Hundred Families' Names, Annotated in English

Key words: China, Chinese, Chinese culture, Chinese literature, Chinese novel, Chinese religion, Chinese language, fiction, Ming, Song, Tang, Han, Zhou, Qi, Dynasty, state, popular religion,Confucian, sacrifice, rites, Buddhism, boddhisattva, Dao, Daoism, Daoist, priest, wizard, alchemy, Guanyin, Yaochi, Mother of Western Heaven, Xiwangmu, Jiutian Yudi, Jade Emperor, Beidou, Lord of the Polestar, Beizhou, Sizhou, xijiangyue, poetry, Yuan Gong, Xuannyu, Chunyu, Wu Zetian, Empress Wu, Wang Ze, usurpation, Hu Mei'r, Zuo Que'r, Zuo Chu, Holy Auntie, Sheng Gugu, Wen Yanbo, Renzong, Xuanzong, An Lushan, Revolt, Wang Ze, Hu Yong'r, Mandate of Heaven, Heaven, Charms, Codes, changes, secret, profound, abstruse, secret, mysterious, forbidden, Bonze Dan, Danzi Heshang, Sizhou Heshang, Sizhou, Lingnan, Dan, cinnabar, Pu Ji, Danshui, Kaifeng, Sutras, Heart Sutra Panruo Xinjing, fa, lun, tianlun, Heaven's law, Milefu, Maiyatreya, Emperor, Son of Heaven, Earth, Ninth Heaven, Wuding Lishi, Kaifeng, Dongjing, Heart Sutra, Shu, Qin, Taiping Yulan, Shan Hai Jing, Xuanzhongji, Guo Pu, Zhang Daoling, Taoyuan, Zhao, hujing, sword, state temple, swordsmanship, usurpation, usurper, metamorphosis, moon, stars, Mt Hua, Hua Yue, stars, sky, stones, earth, dragon, latent, sorcery, silver, gold, mercuric sulfide, estate, district, farmlands, slaves, salvation, sedition, charity, graft, officials, satire, public, private, incense, predestination, rebirth, fate, destiny, bitter, folk, women, curiositas, pregnancy, elixer, longevity, curse, hex, White Cloud Cave, Curtain of Fog, Compass Cart, thunderscript, Sanskrit, pulse, prescription, salve, fairy, immortal, Chen Bo, Li Bo, Shanting, Wen Yanbo, rocket, Ma Sui, Li Sui, Divine Sword, Zhuge Suizhi, tunnel, san sui, legitimacy, prince, worship, magistrate, fu, zhuang, xian, investiture, latifundia, farmlands, hamlet, witchcraft, sorcery, garlic, blocking, properties, qi, jing, history.


New Version of Hei You Den/Ping Yao Zhuan specially formatted and carefully proofread for Japanese readers of English and those in Japan or with Japanese language support.

E-books at University of Oregon

My Favorite Web Sites

Books on Line, Digital Library: 12,500+ free titles on line at the University of Pennsylvania's Van Pelt Library
Ping Yao Zhuan Table of Contents
Online Chinese Character Dictionary, has many lookup options (sijiaohaoma is back online.)
Confucian Teachings online, no font download required, the basic texts and translations for study
Chinese Classical Literature Website from Rick Harbough, no font download needed, includes electronic glossary and dictionary
Nathan Sturman's Homepage
Lin Yutang's Chinese-English Dictionary Online Edition from Chinese University of Hong Kong
East Asian E-Books at University of Oregon

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