Floyd Reynold's partially
typed and handwritten notes. Courtesy of
Christine Edwards Williams.
Floyd Calvin Reynolds, 200th Coast Artillery
Dec. 22, 1947
TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN
I, Floyd C. Reynolds, Serial No. 20843574,
was a Sergeant in Battery E 200th C.A.(A.A.) when captured by
the Japanese April 9, 1942 on Bataan, Philippine Islands.
We were taken to Cabcaben Air Field and kept
that day and night. On the morning of April 10, 1942, we started
on the long hike known today as the “Death March”. We were six
days on this hike before we reached San Fernando. I was given
three hard beatings on this hike, each time I was trying to get
some water to drink, because of the very insufficient amount
After we reached San Fernando I was taken
from the Death March and was forced to drive a truck back into
Bataan to Mariveles. Here I stayed 5 days under fire from
Corregidor. Once when Corregidor blew up an ammunition dump
killing around 300 Japs, the remaining Japs took their spite out
on me by beating me almost to death.
I was moved to Guagua, Pampanga and kept
there in a truck battalion hauling supplies from Manila to San
Fernando. One night two of our companions escaped. The rest of
us were lined up and badly beaten. Our companions who had
escaped were caught and killed.
On about May 20, 1942, we were taken to
Olongapo and loaded on a Japanese troop ship, our destination
being Bacolod, Occidental Negros, one of the Philippine Islands.
While we were on this ship we stopped at Iloilo, Panay. While we
were there a typhoon blew in ruining some of the Japanese
equipment on board. For this, the Japanese in charge of the
ruined equipment and us were all lined up and we were all beaten
Some time in August 1942, I was severely
beaten again and lost four teeth in this deal.
While we were driving the trucks for
instance, water in the gasoline would stop the motor. We were
beaten for this. If a tire picked up a nail and went flat, if
the inner tube was ruined, we were beaten for this. Once the
truck I was driving ran out of gasoline. I was given the blame
because the tank wasn’t bigger. I was beaten for this, and today
I am partly deaf in my right ear from this whipping.
We would have to drive Japanese patrols into
the mountains to fight Filipino Guerrillas. If the Japanese lost
several men we were blamed for their losses. If we were ambushed
while driving down the road we were whipped for this.
Our treatment became so severe that on July
4, 1943, my 6 companions and I took a chance and escaped into
the mountains of Negros Occidental. We joined the Filipino
Guerrillas and fought the Japs for 12 months.
Today I am rated at 70% disabled from
disabilities I received while I was in the Philippines.
I could write a book on the treatment I
received while a prisoner of Japan but I want to be brief as
possible. I only want to give you an idea of what we had to go
Floyd Reynolds' Bronze Star.
Reynolds with grandson Jonathan Reynolds, early
1970s. Honor Guard at the burial of Floyd Calvin
Reynolds in Socorro, New Mexico, December 1980.
Courtesy of Jonathan Reynolds.
The 200th Coast Artillery's Floyd Reynolds,
Howard Chisco and Ramon Corona's story is told in Steven Trent
Smith's, "The Rescue: A True Story of Courage and Survival in
World War II."
Watch the 2001 C-SPAN2 Book TV program in which Steven Trent
Smith talks about the fleet submarine USS Crevalle and the
Americans it rescued in 1944 during WWII on Negros Island. He is
joined by Chief Yeoman of the Crevalle Al Dempster and rescued
American Bill Real.