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Organization of the North Carolina
1st Cavalry Regiment

(aka 9th Regiment North Carolina State Troops)

Shortly after the secession of North Carolina, the state legislature authorized the organization of ten regiments to be enlisted for three years or for the duration of the war. Eight of these regiments were to be infantry, one cavalry, and one artillery. The ninth regiment formed by this act of the legislature was designated the ninth Regiment, North Carolina State Troops (cavalry). Recruiting began in mid-May 1861 and all ten companies were filled by early June 1861. Organized at Camp Beauregard, Ridgeway, Warren County, NC, on August 12, 1861. The regiment was mustered into Confederate States service while at Richmond, VA and was recognized by Confederate States authorities as the 1st Regiment North Carolina Cavalry on OCTOBER 12, 1861. The 1st North Carolina Cavalry Regiment's organization is noted below.

The ten companies were identified as follows:

"A" Jefferson, Ashe County, 23 April 1861

"B" Rich Square, Northhampton County, 12 June 1861

"C" Mecklenburg Rangers, Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, 25 May 1861

"D" Watauga Rangers, Boone, Watauga County, 11 May 1861

"E" Warrenton, Warrenton (Now Warren) County, June 1861

"F" Cabarrus Rangers, Concord Cabarrus County, 15 June 1861

"G" Buncombe Rangers, Ashville, Buncombe County, 20 May 1861

"H" Goldsboro, Wayne County, 20 June 1861

"I" Kenansville, Duplin County, 17 June 1861

"K" Nantahala Rangers, Franklin, Macon County, 13 June 1861


Regimental Staff:

Colonel Robert Ransom Jr.

Lieutenant Colonel Lawrence S. Baker

Major James B. Gordon

Major Victor C. Barringer

Adjutant J.L. Henry

Quartermaster R.J. Shaw

Commissary M.D.L. McLeod

Sergeant Major R.T. Fulghuer

Surgeon Dr. D.W.S. Hilliard

Surgeon Dr. Chas. J. O'Hagan


Company A

Captain E.N. (or T.N.) Crumpler

1st Lieut. W.H.H. Cowles

2nd Lieut. D.S.R. Smith

2nd Lieut. John S. Forrester

70 men from Ashe County


Company B

Captain J.H. Whitaker

1st Lieut. A.B. Andrews

2nd Lieut. W.R. Williams

2nd Lieut. J.W. Price

89 men from Northampton City


Company C

Captain J.M. Miller

1st Lieut. M.D.L. McLeod

2nd Lieut. R.H. Maxwell

2nd Lieut. J.L. Morrow

67 men from Mechlinburg County

Company D

Captain G.N. Folk (Polk)

1st Lieut. S.P. Caldwell

2nd Lieut. J.W. Council

2nd Lieut. J.C. Blair

70 men from Watauga City


Company E

Captain W.H. Cheek

1st Lieut. R.J. Shaw

2nd Lieut. J.H.W. Person

77 men from Warren County


Company F

Captain Rufus Barringer

1st Lieut. J.A. Fisher

2nd Lieut. J.L. Grier

2nd Lieut. N.P. Foard

98 men from Cabarrus City


Company G

Captain Wm. R. Wood

1st Lieut. J.L. Henry

2nd Lieut. Wm. E. Broduax

2nd Lieut. Jms. Gaine

85 men from Buncombe County


Company H

Captain Hon. Thomas Ruffin

1st Lieut. Thomas L. Vail

2nd Lieut. J.H. Bryan

2nd Lieut. F. Kornegay

95 men from Wayne City


Company I

Captain Wm. J. Houston

1st Lieut. W.A. Barrier

2nd Lieut. Kerr Craige

71 men from Duplin County


Company K

Captain T.P. Silar

1st Lieut. W.M. Addington

2nd Lieut. W.H. Roane

2nd Lieut. B.P. Elles

68 men from Macon County



The officers represented the best character and military skill of the State - one being an ex-member of Congress. Five of them, Crumpler, Ruffin, Andrews, Houston, and Whitaker, fell in battle. The latter two fell during the ten days of incessant attacks by Union General Pleasanton at Aldie, Middleburg, Upperville and Fairfax. Actions that occurred a few days after the Cavalry Battle of Brandy Station, June 9, 1863. At Jack's Shop, on Sept. 22, 1863, the gallant Captain A.B. Andrews fell while cheering his men on, shot through the lungs. Standing near each other, Captain Andrews was caught as he fell, by then Captain Rufus Barringer.

During the brief life of the 1st North Carolina Cavalry Regiment the following officers were promoted:



Colonel Robert Ransom, Jr.: West Point Graduate, promoted to Brigadier and later Major General - Transferred.




Lt. Colonel Laurence S. Baker: West Point Graduate, promoted to Colonel, and later Brigadier General. Severely wounded in the arm (the arm bones had been shattered) on July 31, 1863 while repulsing a Federal sortie across the Rappahannock River. This wound ended his career as a Cavalryman. Assigned to command the Military District of North Carolina.

Colonel Thomas Ruffin: Captain, promoted to Major, Lieut. Colonel, Colonel. On the 13th of October, 1863, at the Battle of Auburn, the gallant Colonel Ruffin fell mortally wounded at the first fire of musketry while charging a line of infantry. He was at the head of the 1st North Carolina Cavalry Regiment, leading the charge, sabers drawn.

Major James B. Gordon: Promoted to Lt. Colonel, then Colonel, and later Brigadier General. Severely wounded near Brook Church, just outside of Richmond. A bullet struck his arm and exited his elbow. The wound was not mortal but erysipelas set in and ravaged the wounded general. Gordon died from his wound, May 18, 1864. His loss cost the North Carolina Cavalry Brigade its fighting edge. "The Esprit de Corps was gone".

Captain Rufus Barringer: Promoted to Major, Lieut. Colonel, Colonel and later Brigadier General. Severely wounded at the Cavalry Battle of Brandy Station. Returned to fight again. Led the Brigade after Gordon's death. Captured at Namozine Church, only a few days before Appomatox.

Captain William H. Cheek: Later promoted to Major, Lieut. Colonel, then Colonel. Severely wounded near Yellow Tavern, 9th of May, 1864. Returned to fight again. After Barringer's capture, the command devolved upon Colonel Cheek but two days afterwards he also fell into enemy hands.

1st Lt. William H.H. Cowles: Promoted to Captain, then to Major, Lieut. Colonel, and later Colonel of the "Fighting 1st" on the 6th of June, 1864. March, 31, 1865, shot in the head while leading a desperate assault on the right of the enemy near Petersburg. Thought killed, was left unconscious to fall into the hands of the enemy. Survived the war.

Captain Thomas N. Crumpler: Promoted to Major. Fell in battle.

Adjutant George Dewey: Promoted to Captain, H Company, then to Major.

1st Lt. Marcus L. McLeod: Promoted up to the rank of Major

Captain John H. Whitaker: Promoted to Major. Fell in battle.

1ST Lt. A.B. Andrews: Promoted to Captain. Fell in battle.

2nd Lt. N.P. Foard: Promoted to Captain.

1st Lt. W.M. Addington: Promoted to Captain.



Cavalry Brigade, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia. October 1861-March 1862

Ransom's Brigade, Department of North Carolina. April-May 1861.

Cavalry Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia (ANV). June-July 1862

Ransom's Brigade, Department of North Carolina, Companies A and B. May-August 1862

Hampton's-Baker's Brigade, Cavalry Division, ANV. July-September 1862.

Gordan's Brigade, Hampton's Division, Stuart's Cavalry Corps, ANV. Established on Sept 9, 1863. The first ever North Carolina Brigade consisting of the 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 5th North Carolina Cavalry Regiments.

Barringer's Brigade, W.H.F. Lee's Division, Hampton's Cavalry Corps. May 1864-April 1865.



The 1st North Carolina did not participate in Stuart's ride around the Union Army in mid-June and saw only limited action during the Seven Days Campaign. The Regiment did take part in the campaigns of Second Manassas and Sharpsburg. Significant cavalry clashes included the battle at Brandy Station on June 9, 1863. In that hotly contested engagement, the Regiment made a dismounted charge upon Union infantry and undertook two mounted charges upon Union cavalry. It was Captain Cowles who led the charge that drove the 10th N.Y. Cavalry out of line and to the rear , routing them, capturing its flag and over 130 troopers. Twelve days later, on June 21, at Upperville, Virginia, Hampton's brigade engaged the Union brigade of Kilpatrick. The opponents crashed into each other in and around the village in a chaotic struggle marked by hand-to-hand combat. Colonel Laurence Baker's (Regimental commander at the time) 1st North Carolinians were in the midst of the fury and fought well. At Gettysburg, on July 3, Hampton's brigade once again bore a crucial role. During the infamous cavalry engagement east of the main battlefield (near Hunterstown), the 1st North Carolina and the Jeff Davis Legion broke through the Federal ranks and pursued. Encountering Union reserves, the two forces fought hand-to-hand. Hampton received a head wound (claimed by Captain Hampton S. Thomas of the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry, who cut his way through the Confederate column to confront Hampton) and Baker, as senior colonel, took command of the brigade and extricated it, leaving Lt. Colonel Gordon in charge of the 1st North Carolina Cavalry Regiment. A few months later, on October 18, 1863, Brigadier General Gordon and the 1st North Carolina Regiment played a major role in the "Buckland Races", near Buckland's Mills, VA.

The Regiment participated in more than 160 various types of combat (engagements, skirmishes, actions, sieges, operations, battles and campaigns).