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Within this genus you can find tiny frogs of various colour. Their length ranging between 15 and 60 mm.
They originally come from a wide area in America going from the south of Nicaragua to Bolivia in Southern America.
Their natural habitat is rainforest and you can find them up to 1.000 meters above sea level.
For breeding we use tanks of the following dimensions: 70*60*50 cm.
It is advisable to plant a variety of plants there to achieve high air humidity (70 - 95%).
The plants we use are Java moss, Peperomias, Anthuriums, some kinds of orchids, Bromelias etc.
We find these plants very successful.
As a substrate we use aquarius sand or ceramic materials are more in use nowadays.
There should be a small dish with water - approx. 3 cm deep.
The water HAS to be chlorine free: to achieve this let the water stand at least for 24 hours before use.
The length of lighting should be about 11 - 12 hrs a day.
The most convenient lights are fluorescent lamps that are capable of heating the whole tank as well as they support the growth of plants well.
The temperature in tanks should be between 22 - 28C with tiny night deviation.
To feed the frogs we recommend young crickets, fruit flies, aphids and other small insects available.
All food should be dusted with a mixture of milled eggshells and a mixture of calcium, phosphor, magnesium and some basic vitamins (D, B, A etc.) in proportion one to one.
Young frogs should be fed daily and adult frogs twice a week.
To breed the frogs there is a couple of possibilities.
We can either let the male frog take care of the frogspawn or we can put the frogspawn into a Petri dish with a little water in it.
From spawn to a tadpole it takes about 14 days (depending on species and temperature) at a temperature of 20 - 25C.

Tadpoles then can be put into bigger tanks with water level of 3 - 6 cm.
The best food for tadpoles is dry fish food. Metamorphosis starts (again depending on species) after 2 - 4 months. At that time it is crucial to leave the frogs an access to dry land.
From the whole Dendrobatidae family (there are some 170 - 200 species) there are about 30 species bred commonly.
Here is a list of the most common ones: EPIPEDOBATES TRICOLOR from the south of Ecuador. Its length is around 25 mm.
It likes higher parts of the tank. Thats why it is quite suitable for keeping it with species, which prefer bottom parts like for example Phyllobates vittatus.
They mostly lay eggs on leaves. Their colour varies.
PHYLLOBATES VITTATUS is from the southwest of Costa Rica. They grow to the length of 30 mm.
Its a ground frog which lays eggs into hiding places (we use empty camera film cases). DENDROBATES AURATUS is probably the most common species to be kept in captivity.
It is spread from Nicaragua to Colombia. Colour is various; again its eggs are laid in hiding places. As this frog is larger we use empty coconut shells cut into halves and laid above a Petri dish.
Using these methods our breeding success is very high and we hope you will have a similar success.

We currently breed these:
Dendrobates auratus - green and blue type, Dendrobates ventrimaculatus- Ecuador Loreto, Dendrobates truncatus, Dendrobates azureus, Dendrobates galactonus, Eppipedobates boulengeri, Eppipedobates bilinguis, Eppipedobates tricolor, Phyllobates vittatus.

Miloslav Makovec & Radka Makovcova


Czech Republic