US History Course Review
US History 1870 to Present
Grade 11
HHS

1941 - 1945

1941(1)
Lend-Lease Act--weapons to Britain in return for military bases on British territory in the Western Hemisphere
Atlantic Charter--Roosevelt and Churchill agreed on basic principles
Germany attacks the USSR
Tuskegee Airmen unit formed in AL

1941(2)
Pearl Harbor (Dec. 7th-Japan attacks naval base at Oahu in Hawaii)--"A date which will live in infamy"; the US declares war on Japan
Axis Powers Germany and Italy declare war on the US, providing the government a war to directly intervene in the European Theater of Operations (Eisenhower will become "Supreme Allied Commander" in the west)

1941(3)
"Europe First" strategy agreed to by Roosevelt and Churchill leads to the defeat of Germany and Italy before the defeat of Japan in the Pacific Theater of Operations (MacArthur will become "Supreme Allied Commander“ in the Pacific)

1942 (1)
Japanese-American on the West Coast interned during the remainder of the war
The Holocaust--"Final solution“--Wannsee Conference: decision by Hitler, Himmler, Heydrich, and other Nazi leaders to enlarge existing concentration camps and create specific areas for the elimination of "undesirables," particularly individuals with Jewish and Gypsy heritage--an estimated 6 million individuals were killed during the Nazi regime not including war dead

1942 (2)
Manhattan Project--atomic bomb project formed from previous research projects
Congress of Racial Equality(CORE) formed
Operation Torch/North Africa
Bataan Death March, Doolittle Raid, Battle of Midway, Guadalcanal

1943
Operations Husky and Avalanche in Italy
Tarawa Island
Island-hopping begins

1944
Operation Overlord (D-Day): invasion of France
Battle of the Philippines
Battle of the Bulge--Dec 1944 through Jan 1945
Serviceman's Readjustment Act (G.I. Bill)

1945 (1)
War ends in May 8th (V-E Day)
Iwo Jima and Okinawa
August 6th atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
August 9th atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
Japan surrenders September 2nd (V-J Day)

1945 (2)
Yalta Conference to decide post-war issues (Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin)
FDR dies in April ; HST becomes president
Potsdam Conference completes post-war planning (Truman, Churchill, Attlee, Stalin)