REVIEW POINTS PACKET US HISTORY 3

WWII (1939-1945) US INVOLVEMENT (1941-1945)


RISE OF TOTALITARIANISM

ITALY BENITO MUSOLINI (1922-1945) FASCIST *AXIS

-WANTED TO CREATE ITALIAN EMPIRE

JAPAN EMPEROR HIROHITO HIDEKI TOJO *AXIS

-MILITARIST WANTED JAPANESE EMPIRE

GERMANY ADOLF HITLER (1933-1945) NAZI *AXIS

-WANTED TO CREATE A GERMAN EMPIRE

USSR JOSEPH STALIN SOVIET COMMUNISM

-WANTED TO INDUSTRIALIZE USSR


CAUSE OF WAR: AGGRESSION (EXPANSIONISM AND IMPERIALISM)

-GERMAN INVASION OF POLAND, SEPT. 1939


JAPAN- MANCHURIA, 1931 & CHINA, 1937

ITALY- ETHIOPIA, 1935

GERMANY- AUSTRIA, 1938

MUNICH CONFERENCE, SEPT 1938 SUDETENLAND

BR- NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN GER & IT

FR- EDOUARD DALADIER APPEASEMENT

NAZI-SOVIET NON-AGGRESSION PACT, 1939

***SEPTEMBER 1, 1939- GERMAN INVASION OF POLAND

BR & FR DECLARED WAR ON GERMANY

-SITZKRIEG & BLITZKRIEG

GER. ATTACKED USSR, JUNE 1941 -SCORCHED EARTH



US NEUTRALITY AND PREPARTATION FOR WAR:

STIMSON DOCTRINE, 1932

NYE MUNITIONS INVESTIGATION, 1934

NEUTRALITY ACTS, 1935, 1936, 1937 (CASH & CARRY), 1939

SELECTIVE SERVICE AND TRAINING ACT, 1940 (PEACETIME DRAFT)

LEND-LEASE ACT, MARCH 1941

ATLANTIC CHARTER, AUG 1941 FDR & CHURCHILL


US ENTRY INTO WWII:

JAPANESE ATTACKED PEARL HARBOR, HI DEC. 7, 1941

“A DAY WHICH WILL LIVE IN INFAMY”-FDR


US HOMEFRONT:

OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION, JAN. 1942

WAR PRODUCTION BOARD, JAN. 1942

NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD, JAN. 1942

OFFICE OF WAR INFORMATION, JUNE 1942


WAR BONDS



WWII (1939-1945) US INVOLVEMENT (1941-1945)


MINORITIES:

  1. A. PHILIP RANDOLPH & EST. OF FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES COMM.

TUSKEGEE AIRMEN

MEXICAN AMERICAN- ZOOT SUIT RIOTS BLUE DEVELS

NATIVE AMERICANS- NAVAJO CODE TALKERS

WOMEN-

JAPANESE AMERICANS- INTERNMENT


THE FIGHTING:

EUROPE

NORTH AFRICA- OP TORCH, NOV 1942

ITALY-OP HUSKY AND AVALANCHE, JULY 1943

FRANCE- OP OVERLORD, D-DAY, JUNE 6, 1944 NORMANDY

BATTLE OF THE BULGE, DECEMBER 1944

V-E DAY, MAY 8, 1945

EISENHOWER & PATTON


PACIFIC

DOOLITTLE DO’ED IT!

PHILIPPINES MACARTHUR “I SHALL RETURN”, BATAAN DEATH MARCH

BATTLE OF MIDWAY, JUNE 1942

ISLAND HOPPING CAMPAIGN CHESTER NIMITZ

IWO JIMA & OKINAWA

HIROSHIMA & NAGASAKI MANHATTAN PROJECT

V-J DAY

USS MISSOURI, OFFICIAL SURRENDER W/ MACARTHUR- SEPT 2, 1945


YALTA CONFERENCE, FEB 1945 -FDR


POTSDAM CONFERENCE, JULY 1945 -TRUMAN


HOLOCAUST & NUREMBERG TRIALS



LEGACY OF WWII:

-A NEW US POSITION. BECAME A SUPER POWER & HAD ATOMIC BOMB.

(ASSUMED LEADERSHIP IN WORLD AFFAIRS)

-DOMESTIC POST WAR BOOM. ECONOMICALLY STABLE.

-TENSION B/ US & USSR (COLD WAR)



SERVICEMEN’S READJUSTMENT ACT (G.I. BILL), 1944





COLD WAR POST WWII TENSIONS BETWEEN USSR & US (1945-1991)


TRUMAN: 1945-1953

“CONTAINMENT”, 1946 GEORGE KENNAN

“IRON CURTAIN”, BR-CHURCHILL, 1946

TRUMAN DOCTRINE, 1947 TURKEY & GREECE

-STOP COMMUNIST AGGRESSION, $ FOR ECONOMIC & MILITARY AID

NATIONAL SECURITY ACT, 1947

-EST. DEPT OF DEFENSE, NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL & CIA

MARSHALL PLAN (EUROPEAN RECOVERY PROGRAM), 1948-1952

-A STABLE EUROPEAN ECONOMY GOOD FOR US & DEMOCRACY

-PROVIDE $ FOR ECONOMIC PURPOSES. USSR & SATELLITES REJECT

BERLIN AIRLIFT, 1948-1949 SOVIET BLOCKADE OF WEST BERLIN.

-US, FR, & BR FLY SUPPLIES IN.

NATO EST, 1949

CHINA FELL TO COMMUNISM, 1949 (MAO ZEDONG)

USSR TESTS ATOMIC BOMB, SEPT 1949


KOREAN WAR JUNE 25, 1950- JULY 1953 (IKE)

-USSR REBUILT NORTH KOREA & US REBUILT SOUTH KOREA

KIM IL SUNG SYNGMAN RHEE

-38TH PARALLEL, NK ATTACKED SK

-UN TO THE RESCUE LED BY GEN. DOUGLAS MACARTHUR

-FIRED BY TRUMAN, WANTED TO ATTACK CHINA, TOO OUTSPOKEN

-STALEMATE, CEASE FIRE LINE EST. NEAR 38TH PARALLEL


EISENHOWER: 1953-1961

BRINKMANSHIP, 1953-59, JOHN F. DULLES (SEC OF STATE)

VIETNAM-GENEVA ACCORDS, 1954 (FRENCH WANT OUT, DIEN BIEN PHU)

-SV (DIEM) SIAGON, 17TH PARALLEL, NV (HO CHI MINH) HANOI

-ELECTIONS SET FOR 1956, WILL NOT HAPPEN

-VIETMINH

-VIETCONG & NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT & HO CHI MINH TRAIL

-US SUPPORTS SV WITH $ AND ADVISORS

DOMINO THEORY, 1954 SE ASIA

CIA OVERTHREW: IRAN PREMIER, 1953

GUATEMALA COUP, 1954

SUEZ CANAL CRISIS, 1956

EISENHOWER DOCTRINE, 1957 FOR MIDDLE EAST COUNTRIES

-US $ FOR ECONOMIC AND MILITARY AID, FIGHT COMMUNISTS

SUMMIT MEETINGS, “OPEN SKIES” PLAN, 1955 & 1957

CUBA, 1959 CASTRO OVERTHREW BATISTA REGIME

U-2 SPY PLAIN AFFAIR, 1960

-PILOT FRANCIS GARY POWERS

-MORE TENSION WITH USSR

COLD WAR POST WWII TENSIONS BETWEEN USSR & US (1945-1991).


JFK: 1961-1963

“FLEXIBLE RESPONSE”

BAY OF PIGS, APRIL 17, 1961

BERLIN WALL, AUG. 1961

-STOP COMMUNISTS FROM ESCAPING TO DEMOCRATIC WEST BERLIN

CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS, OCT 1962

-US NAVAL & AIR BLOCKADE OF CUBA

-USSR AGREED TO REMOVE MISSILES

NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY, 1963

-STOP TESTING OF NUKES IN ATMOSPHERE

VIETNAM CONFLICT

-INCREASED NUMBER OF ADVISORS FROM 700 TO 15,500

-SUPPORTED MILITARY COUP IN SV OVERTHROWING DIEM, 1963


LBJ 1963-1969

VIETNAM CONFLICT GEN. WESTMORELAND

-TONKIN GULF RESOLUTION, 1964 USS MADDOX

-RESOLUTION ALLOWED FOR ESCALATION

-BOMBING OF NV BEGAN, 1965

-PACIFICATION AND RELOCATION

-TET OFFENSIVE, 1968 ARE WE WINNING?


NIXON 1969-1974

“DÉTENTE”-EASING OF TENSIONS W/ USSR REALPOLITIC, KISSINGER

OPEN RELATIONS WITH CHINA, 1971-1973 NIXON VISITED, 1972

NIXON WENT TO USSR

SALT I, 1972

VIETNAM CONFLICT

-VIETNAMIZATION, W/DRAW US TROOPS

-SECRET BOMBING OF CAMBODIA, APR 1969

-INVASION OF CAMBODIA, APR 1970

*KENT STATE AND JACKSON STATE PROTESTS

-PENTAGON PAPERS

-26TH AMENDMENT, 1971 18 YEAR OLD SUFFRAGE

-PARIS ACCORDS, “PEACE IS AT HAND”- HENRY KISSINGER, 1972

JAN. 27, 1963 WAR OVER. SV & NV BOTH EXIST

-WAR POWERS RESOLUTION, 1973

LIMIT ABILITY OF PRES. TO ENGAGE IN LONG TERM WAR.


GERALD FORD 1974-1977

-DÉTENTE & REALPOLITIC CONTINUE, KISSINGER (SEC OF STATE)

VIETNAM CONFLICT

-NV INVADED SV, JAN. 1975 (SAIGON FELL IN APRIL 1975)

MAYAGUEZ, 1975 US MERCHANT SHIP & CAMBODIA (KHMER ROUGE)


POST-WWII AMERICA


TRUMAN: 1945-1953 “FAIR DEAL”

LABOR STRIKES FOLLOWING WWII

TAFT-HARTLEY ACT, 1947 ANTI-UNION LEGISLATION

FAIR DEAL LEGISLATION:

-NATIONAL HOUSING ACT, 1949

-INCREASED MINIMUM WAGE

-EXTENDED SOCIAL SECURITY


2ND RED SCARE:

-HOUSE UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES COMMITTEE (HUAC), 1938

1947, NEW INVESTIGATIONS HOLLYWOOD TEN

-FEDERAL LOYALTY PROGRAM, 1947

REVIEW LOYALTY OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES

-ALGER HISS (EX STATE DEPT.) & WHITTAKER CHAMBERS (SOVIET SPY)

-MCCARRAN INTERNAL SECURITY ACT, 1950

COMMUNIST ORGANIZATIONS TO REGISTER WITH GOV’T

-ETHEL & JULIUS ROSENBERG, 1951 ATOMIC ESPIONAGE

-MCCARTHYISM, 1950-54 STATE DEPT. & ARMY ALLEGATIONS

JOSEPH MCCARTHY, WISCONSIN SENATOR

EISENHOWER: 1953-1961

DEPT. OF HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE (HEW), 1953

COORDINATED ALL GOV’T WELFARE AGENCIES

FEDERAL AID HIGHWAY ACT, 1956

TO BUILD INTERSTATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM


1950S: TELEVISION BEAT MOVEMENT

BABY BOOM, 1946-64 AFL-CIO, 1955

KEYNESIAN ECONOMIC THEORY SUBURBIA


JFK: 1961-1963 “NEW FRONTIER”

1960 1st TV DEBATES

HOUSING ACT, 1961

APOLLO MISSIONS- MOON (1969)

ALLIANCE FOR PROGRESS, 1961

PEACE CORPS, 1961

EQUAL PAY ACT, 1963

ASSASSINATION- LEE HARVEY OSWALD & JACK RUBY, NOV. 22, 1963

WARREN COMMISSION REPORT

POST-WWII AMERICA


LBJ 1963-1969 “GREAT SOCIETY”

24TH AMENDMENT, 1964

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT, 1964

“WAR ON POVERTY” THE OTHER AMERICA, HARRINGTON, 1962

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ACT, 1964

-OP HEAD START

-JOB CORPS

- VOLUNTEERS IN SERVICE TO AMERICA (VISTA), 1964

EST. DEPT. OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HUD)

MEDICARE, 1965

MEDICAID, 1965

ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT, 1965

VOTING RIGHTS ACT, 1965

IMMIGRATION ACT, 1965

ENVIRONMENT & CONSUMER ADVICASY LEGISLATION (R. NADER)

MIRANDA V. ARIZONA, 1966


NIXON 1969-1974 “NEW FEDERALISM”

STAGFLATION

SILENT MAJORITY

FAMILY ASSISTANCE PLAN

CLEAN AIR ACT, 1970

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, 1970

CLEAN WATER ACT, 1972

SPIRO AGNEW RESIGNATION, OCT. 11, 1973

“SOUTHERN STRATEGY”

26TH AMENDMENT, 1971

ROE V. WADE, 1973

ENERGY CRISIS, OPEC, 1973-74

WATERGATE SCANDAL, JUNE 1972-AUGUST 9, 1974


FORD 1974-1977

PARDON FOR NIXON, SEPT 1974

HELSINKI ACCORDS, 1975

MAYAGUEZ, 1975


CARTER 1977-1981

PANAMA CANAL TO PANAMA TREATY

NATIONAL ENERGY ACT

CAMP DAVID ACCORDS, 1979

IRAN HOSTAGE CRISIS, 1979-1981

HUMAN RIGHTS FOREIGN POLICY





POST-WWII AMERICA


REFORM MOVEMENTS:

NATIVE AMERICANS

AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT (AIM), 1968

-MILITANT

-ALCATRAZ ISLAND, NOV 1969

-TRAIL OF BROKEN TREATIES, 1972

-WOUNDED KNEE CONFLICT, 1973


HISPANIC AMERICANS:

UNITED FARM WORKERS, EARLY 60S

-CESAR CHAVEZ

-MIGRANT WORKERS


LA RAZA UNIDA (UNITED PEOPLE PARTY), 1970


WOMEN:

FEMINISM

BETTY FRIEDAN, THE FEMININE MYSTIQUE, 1963

NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN (NOW), 1966

-WANT EQUAL OPPORTUNITY

NATIONAL WOMEN’S POLITICAL CAUCUS

-GLORIA STEINEM


EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT, 1972

-ERA NEVER RATIFIED.

-PHYLLIS SCHLAFLY AGAINST ERA


ROE V. WADE, 1973




ANTI-WAR

STUDENTS FOR A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY (SDS), 1959


FREE SPEECH MOVEMENT, 1964



1960S- ANTI WAR & MASS CULTURE (HIPPIES)

1970S- ENVIRONNMENT



NEW LEFT & NEW RIGHT

CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT


RECONSTRUCTION (1867-1877)

13TH, 14TH & 15TH AMENDMENTS

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1875

COMPROMISE OF 1877 REDEEMER PERIOD IN SOUTH


ATLANTA COMPROMISE, 1895 BOOKER T. WASHINGTON

PLESSY V. FERGUSSON, 1896

WILLIAMS V. MISSISSIPPI, 1898


NIAGARA CONFERENCE, 1905 W.E.B. DUBOIS

NAACP ESTABLISHED, 1909


FDR ELECTION OF 1936

ENDED DISCRIMINATION IN WAR INDUSTRIES (WWII ONLY) B/C OF

THREAT OF WASHINGTON MARCH BY A. P. RANDOLF (1940)


TRUMAN EST. TEMPORARY COMMITTEE ON CIVIL RIGHTS, 1946-1947

DESEGREGATED MILITARY IN 1948


EISENHOWER

BROWN V BOARD OF EDUCATION (TOPEKA, KANSAS), 1954 ***SC

MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT, 1956-57 ***SC

LITTLE ROCK 9 (ARKANSAS) IKE USED FEDERAL TROOPS, 1957

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957- EST. COMMISSION OF CIVIL RIGHTS

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1960


JFK

FREEDOM RIDES, 1961 ***SC

JAMES MEREDITH INTEGRATED OLE MISS, SEPT 1962

SPEECH CALLING FOR CIVIL RIGHTS & M. EVERS DEATH JUNE 12, 1963

MARCH ON WASHINGTON, MLK, JR AUG 28, 1963


LBJ

1964 FREEDOM SUMMER

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964

FANNIE LOU HAMER AND THE MFDP, 1964

VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965

SELMA MARCH, 1965

WATTS RIOTS AND OTHER URBAN RIOTS, 1965

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, SEPT 1965

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1968


NIXON

SOUTHERN STRATEGY, 1968-1969

CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT


GROUPS:

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE, NAACP


CONGRESS OF RACIAL EQUALITY, CORE EST. 1942


SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE, SCLC EST. 1957


STUDENT NON VIOLENT COORDINATING COMMITTEE, SNCC EST. 1960


COUNCIL OF FEDERATED ORGANIZATION, COFO 1964


NATION OF ISLAM


BLACK PANTHERS


LEADERS:

BOOKER T. WASHINGTON

W. E. B. DUBOIS

A. P. RANDOLF

MLK, JR

MALCOLM X

ROSA PARKS

JAMES MEREDITH

MEDGAR EVERS

ROBERT MOSES

THURGOOD MARSHALL

EARL WARREN



DE FACTO SEGREGATION

DE JURE SEGREGATION

CALIFORNIA V. BAKKE, 1978

INTEGRATION

JIM CROW