Family Tree                                                                                                                       by Sophocles   

Week 1:

Mon:  Students will write an essay focused on the validity of the law.  One might consider these these three questions: When is a law unjust?  When is it OK to break the law?  Are some laws higher than man's laws?  (God's law, individual conscience, etc.)  To assist in writing this essay, we will begin the week with discussion, by reading various texts, and by viewing short film clips. 

Prior knowledge discussion: Students are asked to think of other people that chose personal ethics over following government orders.  (They may think of those that hid Jews from Nazis
(Corrie Ten Boom; Anne Frank's Miep & Mr. Kraler), or workers on the Underground Railroad (Harriet Tubman, The Quakers), conscientious objectors to war (Quakers, Amish), or the French Resistance.

Read the quotes at the bottom right of this page. 
MacKenzie, Ian.  "The Pedestrian". 
Youtube:jimboy718.  Sept, 15, 2013. (5:00). 
Thoreau, Henry David.  "Civil Disobedience" 1 pg. 
(Excerpt from "Resistance to Civil Government)
Gandhi, Mohandas K.  "On Civil Disobedience" 1 pg. 
(Excerpt from 1916 speech). 

Antigone, film, dir. Yorgos Javellas/Yiorgos Tzavellas, 1961.  B&W, Greek language with English subtitles. 1 hour, 22 minutes.  YouTube:theaglaukopis.

Antigone, film, dir. & trans. Don Taylor; perf. Juliet Stevenson.  1984.  Color, English language, 1 hour, 52 minutes.  YouTube:ShakespeareAndMore.   

"Ten Orders We Will Not Obey".  Oath Keepers.  (Military and
XXX  police exercise their conscience with civil disobedience)
Suber, Peter.  "Civil Disobedience" 1999.  (objections to civil
XXX  disobedience and responses to those objections)
Casteel, Joshua .  "How I Became a Conscious Objector". 
XXX  Youtube:mennoStories.  (9:33) 

Fri: note-taking
Greek Drama Background Info and Terms: 

"Introduction to Greek Drama"
YouTube:chartersms.  (5:32). 
XX Clip taken from "Seven Wonders of Ancient Greece".  The
XX Discovery Channel. 
Notes On Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy  (video links included). 
Greek Drama Terms:
XXCatharsis                 Foil (review)          Hubris
XXChorus                     Ode
You may also wish to see:
Cleberg, Steve. "Unit 2; Section 9 Ancient Greek Tragedy". YouTube:SCCDVP.  Somerset Community College Digital Video Program. (6:50)

Grade 12 Disposition: Leadership Qualities

Big Ideas

vigilance                               balance
integrity                                conviction
civil vs. moral law                responsibility
conscience vs. authority       negotiation
justice                                   unjust laws
protest                                  non-violent action
civil disobedience               
effective writing and speaking abilities


Exercising our civic responsibilities provides balance in our participatory democracy.
Civil Disobedience is often a result of the loss of balance.
Vigilance on the part of the electorate reduces the likelihood of civil disobedience.
America's class structure depends on access to educational and economic opportunities.

Wed-Thurs: Class time will be given to write the essay.  Essay is due at the end of the hour Friday. 

Week 2:

vocabulary for Prologue 
carrion pg 693 
decree pg 693 
meddling pg 694 
sated pg 697 
swagger pg 697 

for scene 1 and Ode 1
comprehensive pg 702
lithe pg 705
sultry pg 705
senile pg 703
sententious pg 703

Tues: Oedipus Background Info:
Family Tree as a picture (you'll need this). 

Those absent for the should view both:

Clarkson, C.V. "Oedipus Background, Part 1". 
XX YouTube:SVClarkson.  (9:44).

Clarkson, C.V. "Oedipus Background, Part 2". 
XX YouTube:SVClarkson.  (9:14).   

And for humor, you might try:
"Oedipus Starring Vegetables". 
XX Wishnow.  (8:33).

Wed: Begin reading Antigone

Read aloud "The Prologue" and "Parodos" (page 691-697).  Also read "Ancient Greek Burial Practices" pg 696. 

Answer in writing questions 2, 7, 8, and 9 on page 699.

Read aloud "Scene 1" and "Ode 1" (pg 700-705).

Answer in writing questions 1, 7, 10, a, and d on page 706. 

Quiz over Scene 1 and Ode 1. 

Bring your individual novel to read after you have completed the quiz. 

Focus Questions
What dictates acceptable behavior in society?
What damage do we do to society when we use language that distances us from our government?
Can you accept the motto "that government is best which govern least?"
How do the laws of balance apply to you?

Essential Questions
How do I respond to improper use of power?
How do I determine when taking social action is appropriate?
What voice do I use to be heard?
What responsibility do I have to society?
What can I do to avoid repeating mistakes made in history?
How can I create the world I want to live in?
What qualities define a good world citizen?
Who is in a position to help me affect change?
How can I effectively articulate my opinions and perspectives?
What power do I have as an individual to make positive change?

"If a law is unjust, a man is not only right to disobey it, he is obligated to do so."  Thomas Jefferson
"When leaders act contrary to conscience, we must act contrary to leaders." Anonymous
Dare to do things worthy of imprisonment if you mean to be of consequence. ~Juvenal
Laws control the lesser man. Right conduct controls the greater one. ~Chinese Proverb
Never do anything against conscience even if the state demands it. ~Albert Einstein
It is dangerous to be right in matters on which the established authorities are wrong. ~Voltaire
You're not supposed to be so blind with patriotism that you can't face reality. Wrong is wrong, no matter who says it. ~Malcolm X
Each man must for himself alone decide what is right and what is wrong, which course is patriotic and which isn't. You cannot shirk this and be a man. To decide against your conviction is to be an unqualified and excusable traitor, both to yourself and to your country, let men label you as they may. ~Mark Twain
If we desire respect for the law, we must first make the law respectable. ~Louis D. Brandeis
We cannot, by total reliance on law, escape the duty to judge right and wrong.... There are good laws and there are occasionally bad laws, and it conforms to the highest traditions of a free society to offer resistance to bad laws, and to disobey them. ~Alexander Bickel
It is not what a lawyer tells me I
may do; but what humanity, reason, and justice tell me I ought to do. ~Edmund Burke, Second Speech on Conciliation, 1775
I am free, no matter what rules surround me. If I find them tolerable, I tolerate them; if I find them too obnoxious, I break them. I am free because I know that I alone am morally responsible for everything I do. ~Robert A. Heinlein, The Moon is a Harsh Mistress

Week 3:

vocabulary  scene 2

pg 709
pg 709
pg 708
pg 713
pg 712
vocabulary scene 3 & 4
deference pg 716 scene 3
pg 716 scene 3
pg 720 scene 3
pg 720 scene 3
pg 724, scene 4

Read aloud "Scene 2" and "Ode 2" (pg 707-713).

Answer in writing questions 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 on page 714. 

Quiz over scene 2

Read aloud "Scene 3" and "Ode 3" (pg 716-721).  Answer in writing Qs 1, 4, 6, 7, 8 on page 722. 

Read aloud "Scene 4" and "Ode 4" (pg 723-726).  Answer in writing Qs 4-7 & 9 on pg 727. 

Quiz over scene 3 & 4

Week 4:

Mon: Vocab for Scene 5
barrow pg 734
pg 728
pg 733
defile pg 729
pg 735
pg 734
recoil pg 729
pg 729

Read aloud "Scene 5" and "Exodos" (pg 728-737).

Read Kernan, Alvin B. "One Good Opposed to Another Good".   pg 740. 
Review Notes On Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy 

Answer in writing Qs 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 on pg 741. 

Quiz over scene 5 & Exodos

Final Reading for this unit:
Martin Luther King, Jr.  "Letter from Birmingham Jail" pg 744.

See suggestions below or
2 Answer one of the "Focus Questions" or "Essential Questions" to the right. 

Argumentative Essay 1
In "Letter from Birmingham Jail," Martin Luther King, Jr., defines the four basic steps of a nonviolent campaign: 1) collect facts to determine whether injustices are alive; 2) negotiate; 3) self-purify; and 4) act directly.  Write an essay in which you analyze the Montgomery Boycott or other nonviolent protest action for the four necessary steps. Why is each necessary?

Argumentative Essay 2
Who is the tragic hero in the play
Antigone? Is it Antigone or Creon? Answer the question by (1) putting forward your own definition of tragic hero and (2) using quotes from the text.  Identify the tragic flaw or flaws in the hero.

Persuasive Essay
Suppose you believe that a teacher is treating a friend unfairly. You want to voice your opinion in her favor but there is a very real probability that your own evaluation will be influenced by doing so.  What would you do?  What factors would you have to take into consideration either way?  What further information would you need to make a decision?  Explain your position.

Expository Essay
Trace origins of our responsibilities as citizens.  Include a review of "The Constitution of the United States of America"
- What is the outcome of the Constitution?
- What functions of the U.S. Constitution ensure that we honor the past, the present, and prepare for the future?
- What provides the balance in our decision making?

4th Quarter Exam Review Checklist
as per ELA 12 Michigan Merit Curriculum Requirements, Page 65-66

Glossary Link 1: Meyer Literature Site               Glossary Link 2: U of N C, Pembroke
Our glossary is on pgs 1189-1203

Narrative Text
Genre Study
classical Greek tragedy
film study
Literary Elements
structure of Greek drama
role of actors and chorus
point of view
Literary Devices

Features of Film
setting (geographical, historical, social milieu)
atmosphere (mood)
cinematography (camera placement and movement, lighting, color, focus, frame)
lighting (realistic, romantic, expressive, "dark," "surreal")
pace (fast-paced, slow-paced, "meditative," "poetic")
sound (realistic, expressive, simple vs. multi-layered)
music (soundtrack vs. source)
editing (cutting for continuity, cutting within a scene, cross-cutting, parallel editing, metaphorical/symbolic cutting)
character (complexity, development, believability)
acting (professional/non-professional, realistic, stylized/symbolic)
plot (story, subplots, drama)

Informational Text
Genre Study
protest essay
historical account
Organizational Patterns
"Civil Disobedience"
division into parts
literary devices
supporting ideas
statistical evidence
Historical/Cultural Perspectives
Historical and contemporary perspective
Critical Perspectives
Connect to self - own perspective on issues of leadership and propaganda
facts and opinions
writer's tone, e.g., bias
Critically analyze Thoreau's "Civil Disobedience" for elements of argumentation and historical significance.
Text Criteria
ACT Characteristics of Complex Text

Elements of Political Cartoons
- balloons
- captions
- enemata
- labels
- signs
- narrative blocks
Design and layout
- border
- gutter
- panels (open, splash)
- bleed
- close-up
- longshot
- reverse
Historical/Cultural Perspectives
Historical Examples of Civil Disobedience
American Revolution
Civil Rights Movement
South Africa
Anti-Vietnam War Protests
Current Examples of Civil Disobedience
War protests
Nuclear arms protests