A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
a queen of the 12th dynasty, a lesser ranked wife of Amenemhet III. She was recorded as having died at the age of 35 and was buried at Dashur.
5th king of the 1st dynasty who is reported as ruling for 14 years during a time when the nome clans were resistant to unity. He used the title of King of Upper and Lower Egypt, but no evidence he had control of the entire area. His queen was Tarset or Betrest, a Memphite heiress who probably added legitimacy to his claim as a unifier of Egypt.
first king of the 1st dynasty, probably the legendary Menes because the name Men was among his royal titles. Aha, unlike the fabled Menes, was not the unifier of Egypt, but did begin the dynastic eras. Legend credits him as being the founder of Memphis. There were also two other legends. One that he was killed a hippopotamus, the other that he was attacked by wild dogs and saved by a crocodile. Thus he's credited with founding the city of Crocodilopolis. He's listed as having conducted a campaign against Nubians and was buried at Saqqara.
Ahhotep (I) a queen of the 17th dynasty, the daughter of Sekenenre-Tao and Queen Tetisheri. She married her brother, Sekenenre-Tao II who died in the war against the Hyksos. She had two sons, Kamose and Ahmose. She lived to the age of 90 and was buried beside Kamose at Thebes.
a queen of the 18th Dynasty, the daughter of Ahmose I and Queen Ahmose-Nefertari and wife of Amenhotep I. She was a vital queen of the early eras of the New Kingdom. She was the sister of Amenhotep and his ranking consort. Royal records list her as "King's Daughter, King's Wife, King's Mother," although Amenhotep I died without a heir to succeed him. This was solved in 1918 when the body of a baby boy was discovered at Deir el-Bahri. Insignias on his mummified form identified the baby as the son of Amenhotep I and Queen Ahhotep. His name was Prince Amunemhat. In the 20th dynasty his tomb had been violated, so the priests buried him near the body of his aunt, Princess Ahmose Merytamon.
Ahmose I (Nebpehtira)
first king of the 18th dynasty and the New Kingdom. He succeeded his brother, Wadj-Kheperre Kamose, both of whom were sons of Sekenenre-Tao II and Queen Ahhotep (I). Ahmose began his reign by continuing the war against the Hyksos. He ruled Egypt for almost 25 years and had his tomb in Thebes, and mortuary complex at Abydos. Mortuary rituals honoring him were conducted at his tomb for a considerable period after his death.
a queen of the 18th dynasty, the wife of Tuthmosis I, daughter of Ahmose I and probably lesser-ranked wife and sister of Amenhotep I. Queen Ahmose gave birth to 4 royal children and was depicted in reliefs of Deir el-Bahri as a consort of the god Amon.
a princess of the 18th dynasty, daughter of Ahmose I and Princes Inhapi. She has a stela in her memory in Thebes.
a queen of the 18th dynasty, daughter of Ahmose I and wife of Amenhotep I. Her remains were discovered at Deir el-Bahri. She appears to have died in her early 30s.
a queen of the 18th dynasty, wife of Ahmose I and daughter of Sekenere-Tao II and Queen Ahhotep. It is possible that she was married to Kamose and there is some speculation that she may have been only a half sister to Ahmose. She is mentioned on an inscription depicting the honors being given to Queen Tetisheri and her name was listed in the Sinai and on the island of Sai in inscriptions. A stela found at Karnak shows her with the king, bringing offerings to Amon. She had 4 daughters and 2 sons. She lived during the early part of the reign of her son, Amenhotep I. When she died she shared a mortuary temple and a tomb with him and her cult remained popular.
a nobleman of El-Kab who served in the military campaigns of the first kings of the 18th dynasty. His tomb inscriptions provided detailed information about this period.
a prince of the 18th dynasty, the son of Ahmose I and Queen Ahmose-Nefertiry. He may have served as regent or co-ruler with Ahmose because his tomb had the markings of a king. He died before he could succeed.
an official of the 18th dynasty, named viceroy of Nubia by Ahmose I. He was not a memeber of the royal family, but as viceroy, he had the title of "King's Son of Kush." His son, Tjuroy, succeeded him.
Ahmose, Son of Ebana
a nobleman of El-Kab who served in the army of Sekenenre-Tao II. His tomb provided information about the wars.
a princess of the 18th dynasty, daughter of Amenhotep I and Queen Ahhotep II. She outlived her parents and witnessed the reign of Tuthmosis I.
a royal consort of the 18th dynasty, married to Tuthmosis III. She was of royal blood but did not hold the title of queen.
originally Amenhotep IV (Neferkheprure Waenre), 9th king of the 18th dynasty an called the "heretic pharaoh" because of his break with the traditional religious structure. Son of Amenhotep II and Queen Tiy. After ascending to the throne he and his wife, Queen Nefertiti abandoned Thebes and moved to a site called Akhetaten, "Horizon of Aten", and established their court there (Amarna). From his new capital Akhenaten attacked the cults of the other deities.
a military official of the 18th dynasty who served Tuthmosis II and his son Amenhotep II. He had been introduced to Tuthmosis by his wife, a nurse for the royal family. He achieved the rank of general and maintained this rank and position during the reign of Amenhotep II.
Amenemhet I (Sehetepibre)
the first king of the 12th dynasty, a usurper who had served the previous dynasty as a vizier. He assumed the throne upon the death of the last 11th dynasty king and then sailed up and down the Nile to be sure his claim was recognized. He later claimed to have been prophetically named by a sage called Neferti. A commoner by birth, he was supposedly of Nubian descent on his mother side. He married several women. Nefrutotenen was a principal consort and probably mother of Senwosret I. Queen Sit-Hathor was mother of Princess Nenseb-Djebet and Queen Dedyet, Amenemhet's sister was yet another wife. Later, Queen Nefru-Sobek became a royal consort. A daughter named Nefrusheri became wife to Senwosret I and Princess Nyetneb was also his daughter. Amenemhet named Senwosret I co-ruler in 1971bc and dictated his famous Instructions to warn him against rivals.
Amenemhet II (Nubkaure)
3rd king of the 12th dynasty and son of Senwosret I and Queen Nefrusheri. Served 3 years with his father as co-ruler. His Queen was Mereryet, but Kemanub is also mentioned as a wife. He had 6 daughters: Ata, Atuart, Khnumt, Sit-Hathor, Sit-Hathor Hormeret and Sit-Hathor Meryt. Senwosret II was his son.
Amenemhet II (Nima'atre)
6th king of the 12th dynasty and son of Senwosret III and Queen Sebekshedty-Neferu. An outstanding king, he brought economic stability and prosperity to Egypt by completing the system of water regulation in the Faiyum. TO celebrate this reclamation, he raised two colossal statues of himself nearby. He also worked to ensure Egypt of natural resources from the Sinai, exploiting the copper mines there. He provided the mine workers with housing and fortification against raiding Bedouins. His consorts were A'at and Nefruptah.
Amenemhet IV (Ma'atkherure)
7th king of the 12th dynasty and probably son of Amenemhet III. Because of his father long reign he was of advanced years when he assumed the throne. HE died without a male heir and was succeeded by his sister, Nefru-Sobek.
Amenemhet V (Sekhemkare)
reportedly the 4th king of the 13th dynasty but little is known.
Amenemhet VII (Sedjefakare)
reportedly the 15th king of the 13th dynasty.
an official of the 18th dynasty and counselor to Queen-Pharaoh Hatshepsut and brother of Senenmut, he served as priest of Amon and supervisor of the bark of the god.
A nomarch family involved in the New Kingdom dynasties, known as the Amunemope or Amen-em-Ope. This family served the kings in various capacities and proved unstinting in their loyalty and dedication.
a nomarch of Beni Hasan, listed some places at Ameni. He flourished in the reign of Senwosret I of the 12th dynasty where he was a military commander of the court.
a prince of the 20th Dynasty and son of Ramesses III. He had been the heir apparent until his death (perhaps in battle).
Amenhotep I (Djeserkare)
2nd king of the 18th dynasty and son of Ahmose I and Queen Ahmose Nefretiri. His older brother Ahmose Sipar appears to have been the original heir until his death. He died before reaching the age of 50 and left the throne to a military commander Tuthmosis I. He was buried with a coverlet of yellow, red and blue flowers. An wasp had settled onto the one of the flowers when it was placed on him and was found when he was unearthed.
Amenhotep II (Akheprure)
7th king of the 18th dynasty, son of Tuthmosis III and Queen Meryt-Re Hatshepsut. His queen consort was Merit-Amon, daughter of Tuthmosis II, but his heir, Tuthmosis IV was given to him by his other queen, Teo.
Amenhotep III (Nebma'atre)
9th king of the 18th dynasty and son of Tuthmosis IV and Queen Mutemwiya, he married a commoner named Tiy, daughter of the Hurrian master of horse Yuia. He spent years improving Karnak and celebrated the Sed festival on 3 separate occasions. His heir was Akhenaten and he had many children by those in the harem. His royal daughters given to him by Queen Yiy included the princesses Ast, Hentmeryheb, Sitamun, Hentaneb and Baketamon.
Amenhotep, Son of Hapu
an official of the 18th dynasty and one of Egypt's two official saints/demigods. He was a high-ranking priest in the temple of Athribis. Reaching the age of 80, young men came to the temple at Athribis to hear his counsels as he exerted considerable influence. In honor of his piety, his cult was established through Egypt in later years by royal decree and he thus shared divinity with Imhotep, the builder of the Step Pyramid.
an official of the 18th Dynasty serving Amenhotep II. He was a high official of hte treasury and concerned with the tabulation and distribution of gifts to court favorites and nome officials.
a prince of the 18th dynasty, son of Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose. Older brother of Queen-Pharaoh Hatshepsut. Records show he became a general before his death.
a queen of the 6th dynasty and consort of Pepi I. Some records imply she was involved in a harem plot to overthrow Pepi.
a prince of the 18th dynasty and infant son of Amenhotep I and Queen Ahhotep II. He died in the 1st or 2nd year of his life.
official of the 18th dynasty in teh reign of Amenhotep II. He was a high priest of the god Amon but also served in other capacities. AN accomplished architect and suprivised many royal projects.
a queen of the 11th dynasty and consort of Mentuhotpe II, called Amuniet in some records.
6th king of the 19th dynasty, involved in the reign of Seti II and possibly an usurper. Records indicate he was related to Ramesses II through his mother, Takhaet. His consorts were Baktwerel and possibly Tia who has been suggested as the mother of Siptah, his successor.
queen of the 13th dynasty and wife of Sebek-Hotpe I. Some records list her as mother of the princesses Ankhetitat and Fent-Ankhet.
an official of the 18th dynasty serving Amenhotep III. He was the high priest of Heliopolis' temple and brother of Queen Tiy.
Prince of the 4th dynasty and son of Snofru who served as vizier during one period of Kufu's reign.
originally called Ankhesenpa-aten, a queen of the 18th dynasty, daughter of Akhenaten and Queen Nefertiti. She was born at Amarna and was married to Tutankhamun and became the queen when he succeeded Smenkhkare in 1333bc. They ruled only 10 years, he was 8 and she 13 when they began their rule. After Tutankhamun's death, Ankhesenamon wrote to Shuppiluliumash of the Hittites, an emerging power, and offered herself and the throne of Egypt to one of his sons. Prince Zannaza set out for Egypt but was murdered at the border, probably by Horemhab's military agents. Aya, a master of horse in Thebes, was chosen to succeed Tutankhamun and as the royal widow, she was given to him as his bride. He died in 1319 bc, but Ankhesenamon had disappeared from the royal scene before that, giving way to Aya's wife, Tey.
a queen of the 6th dynasty and wife of Peip I, daughter of an official named Kui and sister of Djau and Ankhnesmery-Ra II. She was the mother of Nemtyemzaf and is reported to have died giving birth to her son and Pepi's heir.
a queen of the 6th dynasty and wife of Pepi I, daughter of an official named Kui and sister of Djau and Ankhnesmery-Ra I. She was mother of Pepi II. When her son succeeded to the throne, she served as regent.
a queen of the 6th dynasty, wife of Pepi II. She lived to see the foundation of the 8th Dynasty and was buried in a storage chamber.
queen of the 11th dynsty and consort of Inyotef II and mother of Mentuhotpe II.
a king of the 15th (Hyksos) dynasty ruling from Avaris, contemporary with the 17th Dynasty at Thebes. Apohps sent a missive to Sekenenre Tao II that the snorting hippopotami in the sacred temple pool at Thebes kept him awake at night (perhaps simply a literary device for the Thebans). Sekenenre Tao II declared it an insult since Apophis slept 400 miles away and declared official war.
a royal wife of the 11th dynasty, wife of Mentuhotpe II.
a prince of the 4th dynasty and son of Prince Hardedef. The Instructions of Hardedef were addressed to him.
27th ruler of the 13th dynasty and believed to have been a native of Avaris and a vassal of the Hyksos.
13th king of the 18th dynasty who ascended the throne upon Tutankhamun's death and apparently married the royal widow Akhenesenamon. When he died, Horemhab assumed the throne.
an official of the 19th dynasty serving Ramesses II. He was appointed the High Priest of Amon and was a member of the Amenemope clan of that era. He supervised the building of one of Ramesses' temples and erected sacred barques for the gods of Thebes.
a princess of the 18th dynasty and last daughter of King Amenhotep II and Queen Tiy. She was Akhenaten's sister and bore the name Baketaten in Amarna.
Bauerdat (aka Bauerded)
in some records, an official of the 5th dynasty serving Izezi. He is supposed to have return to court after a journey with a Dwarf. Dwarfs were highly prized in the Egyptian royal households in every era.
a prince of the 4th dynasty and son of Kufu he was brother of Hardedef, a renowned sage.
also known as Irsu, an official of the 19th dynasty serving both Siptah and Queen-Pharaoh Twosre. He was supposedly of Syrian descent, this irritated many nobles of the era.
an official of the 11th dynasty serving Mentuhotpe II. He was a chancellor and a nomarch and a hereditary nobleman of Dendera.
an official of the 18th dynasty serving Tuthmosis III. He was the royal architect and director of public works and overseer of the royal treasury. Was given the title of Tutor of Princess Merit-Amon, an honorary post.
a queen of the 1st dynasty, supposedly wife of Aha and probably ranking Memphite royal woman of the time.
Dagi (aka Dagy)
11th dynasty official serving as vizier and governor of the city of Mentuhotpe II at Deir el-Bahri. He was superintendent of the southern domains in Thebes.
an official of the 4th dynasty serving Kufu. He was a soothsayer who predicted the birth of the kings of the 5th dynasty.
an official of the 18th dynasty serving Tuthmosis II. He was a chief of the famed Medjay troops and served as Superintendent of the Western Deserts and was royal envoy to the tribes there.
Dedumose II (Djedneferre)
37th king of the 13th dynasty and a vassal of Hyksos.
a queen of the 12th dynasty, sister-wife of Amenemhet I. They were both commoners and of partial Nubian descent. She was not the Queen Consort or "Great Wife" of the king. Queen Nefru-totenen was the ranking royal woman of the reign.
4th king of the 1st dynasty listed as ruling approximately half a century and probably the son of Wadi. His name is associated with Queen Merenith who possibly served as regent during his infancy.
an official of the 11th dynasty serving in the reign of Mentuhotpe II. He was overseer of the royal Harem.
an official of the 12th dynasty serving Amenemhet II and Senwosret II. He was a nomarch
2nd king of the 1st dynasty at Memphis. Son of Aha and a lesser wife named Hent (Khenthap). He is reported to have ruled for approximately 50 years. His wife was Queen Herneith.
2nd king of the 3rd dynasty. Son of Khasekhemwy and a lesser ranked queen Hapnyma'at. A famine lasted for 7 years and Djoser counseled with Imhotep and with his governor of the south, Medir. Both advised him to sail to Elephantine at Aswan where the cult of the god Khnum was located. His wife was Hetephernebty, thought to be daughter of Kha'sekhemwy.
Hapnyma'at (aka Nyma'athap)
a queen of the 2nd and 3rd dynasties, the mother of Djoser and wife of Khasekhemwy, the last king of the 2nd dynasty.
an official of the 18th dynasty serving Tuthmosis II and Queen-Pharaoh Hatshepsut. High priest to Amon at Thebes and supervised many royal building projects. Also one of Hatshepsut's main supporters.
called Djedefhor in some lists, a prince of the 4th dynasty, son of Kufu and probably Queen Meritites.
an official of the 6th dynasty serving Pepi II.
9th king of the 13th dynasty, called the "Asiatic" in some lists.
Hatshepsut, of the 18th dynasty, was one of the few female pharaohs of Egypt. Although there were female pharaohs prior to her and after her, Hatshepsut was extraordinarily special. Although men dominated society, women in Egypt had an advantage over women in other societies. They were allowed to own property, to hold official positions, and to inherit from their parents or late husbands and she was permitted to take her case to court to defend her legal rights.
Hatshepsut had some help in dominating society. Due to Egypt’s “looseness” in allowing women significant amount of freedom and legal rights, especially compared to women in other ancient societies, help make it possible for a number of queens, prior and after Hatshepsut, to gain some influence over the kingdom of Egypt as regents. The 17th Dynasty had numerous important and influential queens. Ahmose-Nefertary, Tetisheri and Ahhotep IIwere all had some control over the government of Egypt. Because they succeeded each other, they had an important impact on the general view of women, and were able to maintain stability and order. This led the way for Hatshepsut to become the most extraordinary female to hold the title of Pharaoh in ancient Egypt.
Hatshepsut was the daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose I (a commoner and 3rd ruler of the 18th Dynasty) and Queen Ahmoes Nefertari. She was born in 1503 BCE (Before Common Era). Hatshepsut received her sovereign rights by right of maternal descent from the 12th Dynasty Queen Nefertari (Neferteti), who supposedly was the true daughter of the god Amun.
~ Thutmose was able to rule because his wife was a descendant of the god and it had become tradition that one could only rule Egypt if they were the descendant of Ra or Amun or if they were married to one. It was the Queens and Princess who carried the right of.~
Hatshepsut was not originally the Heiress-Princess but became so when her three older siblings died: her brothers, Wadjmose and Amenmose and her sister, Neferuity. There are many conflicting stories as to when Hatshepsut began her rule, one (that I choose to believe) is that she ruled as Queen and Queen-Regent while her father was still alive. Perhaps as a way to teach Hatshepsut the ways of governing rather quickly. You must remember that all Hatshepsut had been taught, up till her sibling’s deaths, was how to be a “good” wife. With her older sibling’s death, Hatshepsut had to be brought up to speed on what was going on in court. Many have taken it that Pharaoh Thutmose favored Hatshepsut over his son, Hatshepsut’s stepbrother. Generally, history agrees that Thutmose II was a less then good leader and that it was only natural for someone to take over, it repeats constantly in history. Although most probably didn’t expect Hatshepsut to take over as well as she did, but then they also forget that Hatshepsut ruled for many years as her father’s co-ruler before he died.
When Thutmose I died his son, Thutmose II, married his co-ruler, Hatshepsut, and succeeded him. Thutmose II had no choice in this arrangement if he wished to be Pharaoh. He had no royal blood. His mother was a foreigner and his father had been a commoner before the Pharaoh before him married him to his daughter (although some say sister), who did have royal blood. At the time of Thutmose I’s death, Hatshepsut was the only female Egyptian (only females can bare children and know who their offspring are) with royal blood. Thutmose II had to marry Hatshepsut. Thutmose II and Hatshepsut had 1 daughter (some say 2, the second being Hatasu-Meri) together: Neferu-Ra (also known as Neferure). Thutmose II had one son, Thutmose II, by the concubine Isis. When Thutmose III was still an infant and Hatasu-Meri barely older than a toddler, Thutmose II died, possibly in the year 1479 or 1504 BCE. Hatasu-Meri and Thutmose III were married or betrothed and Hatshepsut became Thutmose’s regent.
This is where some confusion comes in. Hatshepsut ruled as Queen and Queen-Regent while her father was still alive, then she ruled as Thutmose II’s Queen for a dozen or so years, until Thutmose II’s death. And here is the conflict: whether Hatshepsut proclaimed herself Pharaoh right after Thutmose II’s death or waited. Many say she named herself Regent - of her young nephew-son, Thutmose III and then proclaimed herself Pharaoh. Others say she went straight to the title of Pharaoh and ruled as such for approximately 15 years. Hatshepsut’s total reign was somewhere around 34 years.
Hatshepsut named Hatasu-Meri “Heiress-Princess,” as she was once called. This was apparently done to excluded Thutmose III from the order of succession. Some feel that Hatshepsut meant to start a Dynasty of women rulers, but there is no proof to this. Hatasu-Meri was married to Thutmose III, supposedly so that Hatshepsut wouldn’t appear to be a usurper.
Thutmose II died, possibly in the year of 1479 BC, (2) and Thutmose III became Pharaoh. With Thutmose III being a minor at this time, his aunt, Hatshepsut, stepped in as his regent. Thutmose III and Hatshepsut ruled together until 1473 BC, when she appointed herself Pharaoh.
a queen of the 4th dynasty, a lesser ranked wife of Khephren and mother of Prince Sekhenkare.
an official fo the 6th dynasty serving Pepi II as commander of troops and a leader of expeditions to the Read Sea.
a prince of the 4th dynasty and son of Prince Neferma'at and Princess Atet and nephew of Kufu. He served as vizier and royal seal bearer
an official of the 11th dynasty serving Mentuhotpe II as steward and overseer of herds. He collected taxes and represented the king in various regions.
a queen of the 11th dynasty, wife of Mentuhotpe II.
a queen of the 12th dynasty and wife of Senwosret II.
a queen of the 4th dynasty, wife of Kufu and mother of Prince Khufu-Khaf and possibly Khephren.
an official fo the 12th dynasty serving Senwosret I and a nomarch of Assiut. His wife, Princess Sennuwy had a beautiful statue that was located at Kerma.
an official of the 20th dynasty who usurped the throne. He served as high priest of Amon in the reign of Ramesses XI
a princess of the 15th dynasty, daughter of the Hyksos Apophis.
a queen of the 4th dynasty, wife of Snofru and mother of Khufu
a queen of the 4th dynasty, wife of Prince Kewab who was the rightful heir to Khufu's throne but was murdered by Radjedef who then married Hetepheres. Her daughter, Queen Meresankh II was honored with an elaborate tomb.
a queen of the 3rd dynasty, consort of Djoser and believed to have been the daughter of Khasekhemwy, the last ruler of the 2nd dynasty
1st king of the 2nd dynasty. His name meant "The Two Mighty Ones Are at Rest" in reference to the gods Horus and Seth. Believed to have to have ruled for 35 years and possibly overthrown by Reneb, his successor.
14th king of the 13th dynasty.
14th and last king of the 18th dynasty who's name meant "Horus is in festival". He claimed nome aristocracy and was appointed chief of the army by Tutankhamun and served as an escort for the boy king on one campaign. When he died Horemhab remained in favor with Aya, his successor. When Aya died, Horemhab assumed the throne, marrying Queen Mutnodjmet. He moved the capital to Memphis and set about restoring Egypt's internal condition. He returned all that had been confiscated by Akhenaten and dated his reign to the death of Amenhotep III, thus erasing the Amarna era.
a priest of the 5th dynasty serving the sun temple of Kakai at Abusir.
5th king of the 3rd dynasty, he built a fort at Elephantine and started a pyramid at Meidum. His queen Meresankh I was mother of Snofru. The famous sage Kagemni was vizier during his reign.
an official of the 6th dynasty, cousin of Pepi II and son of the vizier Djau. He served as Governor of the South, Old Kingdom term for Viceroy of Nubia. the two queens ANkhenesmery-Ra were his aunts.
called Idut in some records, an official of the 6th dynasty serving Pepi I as supervisor of mortuary priests.
called Ikhernofret in some records, an official of the 12th dynasty serving in the reign of Senwosret III as supervisor of mining operations and chief of artisans for royal projects and as a treasurer for his nome. His main work was the restoration of the Abydos temple complexes.
an official of the 12th dynasty serving in the reign of Senwosret I.
Imhotep (Imouthes in Greek)
an official of the 3rd dynasty who served 4 kings of Egypt but is best known for his role as vizier and high priest of Ptah during the reign of Djoser I. An commoner, he rose through the ranks and was called the "Son of Ptah" but did not limit his interest or abilities to religious matters. He was a gifted poet, architect, and priest-physician, equated with the Greek God Asclepios. The Step Pyramid at Saqqara was his greatest achievement. It is written those seeking medical aid would go to his temple to receive a healing. Imhotep was one of only two saints/demigods in the Egyptian pantheon.
called Yem in some records, a queen of the 11th dynasty, mother of Mentuhotpe IV
an official of the 18th dynasty serving Tuthmosis I and Queen-Pharaoh Hatshepsut. He was one of the most famous architects of his age and supervised various projects at Karnak.
a princess of the 18th dynasty and a lesser wife of Ahmose I, mother of Princess Ahmose Hent Tenemu.
an official of the 12th dynasty serving in the reign of Amenemhet I as a leader of expeditions for the king and a prophet of the temple of the god Min.
an official of the 18th dynasty serving Tuthmosis III. Became a royal herald as a result of his dedication and loyalty.
Inyotef I (Sehertawy)
called the "Elder" and founder of the Theban 11th dynasty and listed as the son of Mentuhotpe I. He faced a divided Egypt and began to unite the southern nomes so that Upper Egypt could remain independent.
Inyotef II (Wahankh)
2nd king of the Theban 11th dynasty and belived to be the younger brother of Inyotef I.
Inyotef III (Nakhtnebtepnufer)
3rd king of the Theban 11th dynasty his queen was called Aoh the mother of Mentuhotpe II, his daughter Neferu married the heir. Henite was a second queen.
Inyotef V (Nubkheperre)
1st king of the second group of the 17th Theban dynasty. He is noted for his Coptos Decree that punished a nobleman named Teti who was guilty of theft of temple materials.
an official of the 12th dynasty serving Senwosret I and was governor of the pyramidal complex of Amennemhet I
an official of the 18th dynasty serving Amenhotep II
a queen of the 6th dynasty and wife of Pepi III, daughter of Pepi I or Nemtyemzaf
a queen of the 6th dynasty, wife of Teti and mother of Pepi I, believed to have been the daughter of Wenis
a queen of the 19th dynasty, daughter of Ramesses II and wife of Merneptah
a queen of the 19th dynasty a second ranked wife of Ramesses II who bore him many children, among them: Merneptah (Ramesses' heir), Prince Khaemweset, Binth-Anath. She replaced Queen Nefertari sometime after the dedication of the temples at Abu Simbel. She may have died or retired into the harem. Istnofret soon followed her.
last king of the 10th dynasty of Herrakleopolis, probably the obscure successor of Merikare who’s reign was cut short by the arrival of the armies of Mentuhotpe II (Of the Theban 11th dynasty) and put an end to the First Intermediate Period of Egypt in 2040 bc
an official of the 19th dynasty serving Seti I and Ramesses II as viceroy of Nubia.
an official of the 5th dynasty serving Izi as a scribe in the royal archives and then steward of royal lands and prophet of the enduring mortuary cult of Khufu
8th king of the 5th dynasty credited with using the quarries and mines at the Wadi Hammamat and Sinai regions. Prince Remkuy was his heir but died before he could assume the throne
6th king of the 5th dynasty who is famed for his solar temple at Abu Gorob and his pyramid at Abusir.
an official who lived in the reigns of Huni, the last king of the 3rd dynasty and Snofru, first king of the 4th dynasty.
3rd king of the 5th dynasty believed to be the brother of Sahure.
15th and last king of the 17th Theban dynasty, son of Sekenenre Tao II and Queen Ahhotep and brother of Ahmose I. His mummy was discovered, but was so poorly embalmed it disintegrated when it was removed from its coffin.
a royal companion of Mentuhotpe II of the 11th dynasty. Her sarcophagus lists her as the "Sole Favorite of the King"
Kemsit (aka Kemsiyet and Khemsait)
royal companion of Mentuhtpe II of the 11th dynasty. Her sarcophagus lists her as "Sole Favorite of the King"
an 18th dynasty official, serving in the reign of Amenhotep II. He was a steward of the royal estates in the northern territories.
a prince of the 4th dynasty, son of Khufu. He was married to Princess Hetepheres II and father of Queen Meresankh III. He was probably the crown prince but either died early or was murdered by Ra'djedef.
an 18th dynasty official serving during the reigns of Amen-hotep II, Tuthmosis IV and Amenhotep III. He was an architect.
4th king of 3rd dynasty and is belived to have built the pyramid at Zawiet el-Aryan
a prince of the 18th dynasty, son of Ramesses II and Queen Istnofret. While in the temple of Ptah at Memphis he designed a burial for the Bulls of Apis. His mortuary cult lasted until the Roman era.
a princess of the 4th dynasty, the daughter of Menkaure and wife of the courtier Ptah-Shepses.
a queen of the 4th dynasty, wife of Khephren and mother of Khamerernebty II (probably)
a queen of the 4th dynasty, daughter of Khephren and wife of Menkaure and mother of Prince Khunere.
a 18th dynasty official serving under Tuthmosis IV and Amenhotep III as court treasure and overseer of
the royal building projects.
last king of the Hykosos 15th dynasty and negotiated the exit of the Hyksos from Egypt after Ahmose I's successful siege of Avaris
5th king of the 2nd dynasty who is believed to have been the actual unifier of Upper and Lower Egypt, his queen was Hapnyma'at, mother of Djoser
17th king of the 13th dynasty
12th dynasty official serving Senwosret III as royal treasurer and leader of mining expeditions
18th dynasty sage noted for his Maxims, they were religious in nature meant to remind Egyptians to do things the right and religious way
a 12th dynasty official serving Amenemhet II as royal treasurer
a 4th dynasty queen and daughter of Menkaure or Radjedef and wife of Shepseskhaf
4th king of the 4th dynasty, son of Khufu and probably Queen Henutsen, known for his pyramid at Giza and the Great Sphinx (Sphinx is accredited with him, however, there is no proof he acutaly built it)
3rd king of the Hyksos 15th dynasty one of the "great Hyksos". Scarabs and seals with his name on it
were found on Crete
Khnumt (aka Khnumyt and Khnumit)
a princess of the 12th dynasty and duaghter of Amenemhet II
2nd king of the 4th dynasty, son of Snofru and Queen Hetepheres I and builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Married to Queen Meritites but not mother of his heir Khephren.
a 12th dynasty official serving Senwosret III as military commander during campaigns in Nubia and Syria
6th dynasty official, he was nomarch and his two daughters Ankhnesmery-Ras became the wives of Pepi
18th dynasty queen, lesser-ranked wife of Akhenaten and listed as "The Favorite." Possibly the foreign princess, Tadukhipa, who was sent from Mitanni as wife for Akhenaten's father.
a 19th dynasty queen married to Ramesses II, she was probably a Hittite Princess wed to Ramesses as a result of the alliance. She ruled beside queens Bint Anath and Merytamon in Ramesses' later years.
18th dynasty official, companion of Amenhotep II, he was a Nubian
a 18th dynasty official serving in the reign of Akehnaten as commander of the police units of Amarna
a 18th dynasty official serving Akhenaten. He was a hereditary aristocrat and commanded troops
a 3rd dynasty official serving Djoser as governor of certain territories of Upper Egypt.
a 19th dynasty official serving Seti I. His role during the reign is uncertain as agents for Ramesses II struck at his mortuary reliefs and images
a 18th dynasty princess and daughter of Akhenaten and Queen Nerfertiti. Paintings depict the royal couple mourning her and show a nurse holding a newborn giving rise to the thought that she died during childbirth
a 11th dynasty official serving Mentuhotpe II as chancellor and chief steward of the nation
legendary unifier of ancient Egypt, now thought to be the 1st king of Egypt, Aha.
famous royal wife of the 18th dynasty married to Tuthomsis III. She is believed to be daughter of a Syrian chief
5th king of the 4th dynasty, son of Khephren and probably Queen Per(senti?)
7th king of hte 5th dynasty, not very well known.
4th dynasty prince, son of Khufu by a lesser wife and became vizier for Khephren
a 18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis III as high priest of Amon and chief architect and controlled the "Gold and Silver Houses" (poetic term for the royal residence)
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis IV
listed as a late king of the 13th dynasty
Mentuhotpe II (nebheptre)
4th king of the 11th dynasty, son of Inyotef III and Queen Aoh
Mentuhotpe III (Sankhkare)
5th king of the 11th dynasty, son of Mentuhotpe II and Queen Tem
Mentuhotpe IV (Nebtawyre)
6th king of the 11th dynasty, son of Mentuhotpe III and Queen Imi
famous royal wife of the 18th dynasty married to Tuthmosis III
1st dynasty queen, believed to be the wife of Wadj and probably mother of Den
6th dynasty official serving Teti as vizier. He married Princess Shesheshet, daughter of the king
3rd dynasty queen, lesser ranked consort of Huni and mother of Snofru
4th dynasty queen, wife of Khephren and daughter of Prince Kewab and Hetepheres II and mother of Prince Nebmakhet
12th dynasty official serving Senwosret I as supervisor of the king's pyramid at Lisht
a king of the Herakleopolitan 10th dynasty, probably son of Khety III
18th dynasty official serving Amenhotep III as high priest of the god Amon
18th dynasty queen and wife of Amenhotep II and daughter of Tuthmosis III and queen Meryt-Ra-Hatshepsut
4th dynasty queen, wife of Khufu and believed to be mother of Prince Kewab and queen Hetepheres II
4th king of the 19th dynasty, son of Ramesses II and queen Istnofret and apparently the 14th son of Ramesses.
a famous royal wife of the 18th dynasty of Tuthmosis III
18th dynasty official serving Akhenaten as high priest of the Aten and held the title of Great Seer of Aten, when Akhenaten choose to share religious powers near the end
18th dynasty official serving Akhenaten as superintendent of Queen Nefertiti's royal household and affairs
Meryt-Amon (aka Meryt-Aten)
18th dynasty queen, wife of Smenkhkare and daughter of Akhenaten and Queen Nefertiti. When Nefertiti left Akhenaten's palace to take residence in her own mansion, Meryt-Aten became queen in her place
19th dynasty queen, eldest daughter of Ramesses II and queen Nefertari
19th dynasty prince, son of Ramesses II and Queen Nefertari, became high priest of Ra
18th dynasty queen, wife of Tuthmosis III, mother of Amenhotep II
Metjen (aka Methen)
3rd dynasty Official serving Djoser, a famous biographer of the era
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis III as mayor of Thinis and overseer of the Priests of Anhur and archery instructor of Amenhotep II, crown prince.
5th dynasty official serving as provincial administrator of royal territories
18th dynasty queen, wife of Tuthmosis IV and possibly a Mitanni princess, mother of Amenhotep III
18th dynasty queen, consort of Horemhab
18th dynasty queen, mother of Tuthmosis II and a lesser-ranked wife of Tuthmosis I but appears to have royal titles in her own right
11th dynasty royal female in the reign to of Mentuhotpe II, she died when she was 5
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis IV as priest-astronomer
19th dynasty prince, son of Merneptah. He supposedly discovered the magical books of the god Thoth. He supposedly made a copy, ate it, washed it down with beer, and thought he would absorb the knowledge that way
one of the last predynastic kings, associated with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. Supposedly came from Hierakonpolis, capital and shrine city of Horus during the predynastic eras
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis IV and Amenhotep III as commander of the Theban state police force
18th dynasty artisan and serving Amenhotep II as sculptor and supervisor of many royal building projects
4th dynasty prince, son of Khephren and Queen Meresankh III, he became a priest for the royal cult
19th dynasty official serving Seti I and Ramesses II as high priest of Amon. He was a nome aristocrat appointed high priest in the 17th year of Ramesses reign, his son Paser became vizier in the same era
1st dynasty official serving Den
6th king of the 17th dynasty, credited with a stela erected at Karnak
11th dynasty noblewoman, heiress of the estates of the Elephantine Island at Aswan and mother of Princess Neferukayt
19th dynasty royal wife, married to Ramesses II as a minor queen
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II as high priest of Osiris at Abydos, he also served Hatshepsut
19th dynasty official serving Ramesses II as high priest of Amon and king's first prophet of Hathor and Anhur
5th dynasty princess, daughter of Kakai married to official named Ti, the sons of this marriage were allowed to inherit the rank of prince as a special royal favor
Neferhotep I (Khasekhemre)
22nd king of the 13th dynasty, not of royal blood
Neferhotep III (Sekhemresankhyawy)
one of the last kings of the 13th dynasty, supposedly the first to have worn the khepresh (the war crown made of electrum)
18th dynasty official serving Aya and Horemhab as scribe of Amon and superintendent of royal lands
4th dynasty prince, son of Snofru and Princess Nefertkau (Snofru's daughter). His wife was Itet, their son was Hemiunu, vizier of Khufu
18th dynasty official serving Ahmose I as superintendent of royal building projects
19th dynasty queen, wife of Ramesses II, holding the rank of consort/great wife. Her sons were Prince Amonhirwonmef and Prehirwonmef and Princess Merytamon and Mertatum.
12th dynasty lector-priest at Bubastis in the reign of Amenemhet I and wrote a pseduo-prophetic account supposedly dating to the 4th dynasty.
18th dynasty queen and wife of Akhenaten, her name means "the beautiful one/woman has come". She lived with Akhenaten in Amarna and was mother to 6 daughters. Upon the death of Maketaten she disappeared from court and retired to her own mansion.
12th dynasty official serving Senwosret I as overseer of transportation and trade in Nubia
12th dynasty queen and consort of Amenemhet I (who was not of royal blood). Its uncertain if she was of royal blood but it can be assumed that she was at least an important heiress.
18th dynasty princess, daughter of Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose, supposedly the elder sister of Hatshepsut
Neferukhayt (aka Neferu-kayt)
11th dynasty queen, probably the wife of King Mentuhotpe II and the daughter of Princess Nebt, the heiress of Elephantine.
18th dynasty princess, half-sister and possible wife of Tuthmosis III, daughter of Tuthmosis II and Hatshepsut, she played an important part in the reign of her mother. She and Senenmut died around the 11th year of Hatshepsut's reign
8th ruler of the 12th dynasty, she was a Queen-Pharaoh, probably the daughter of Amenemhet III and half-sister of Amenemhet IV (who she succeeded)
18th dynasty official serving Hatshepsut as chancellor and treasurer of Amon
18th dynasty official, Viceroy of Nubia under Tuthmosis III. His title was "King's Son of Kush" and was stationed at Elephantine Island at Aswan
4th dynasty prince, son of Khephren
6th dynasty official, serving Pepi I as an architect and construction superintendent for the royal projects
5th dynasty official serving Userkhaf
3rd king of the 6th dynasty, son of Pepi I and Queen Ankhnesmery-ra, his wife was Queen Nit, a daughter of Pepi, she married Pepi II after she was widowed
5th dynasty official serving Sahure as a physician to the royal court
Nenwef (aka Nen-waf)
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis III as a military commander, active in the newly formed cavalry units
12th dynasty official serving Senwosret I but began his career in the reign of Amenemhet I as a military commander
3rd king of the 2nd dynasty
4th dynasty princess, wife of Prince Rehotep, the son of Snofru
11th dynasty queen, consort of Mentuhotpe II
a line of officials probably connected to the same nome clan. One served Amenhotep II in the 18th dynasty as a military commander, another served Seti and Ramesses II as vizier and another served Ramesses IX as the mayor of the eastern shore of Thebes
18th dynasty official serving Akhenaten and Horemhab. A high priest of Ra, he saw the demise of the Aten religion and the return of the cults
18th dynasty official serving Akhenaten as a legate of Amurru. He witnessed a decline in Egyptian power because Akhenaten refused to defend the nation with force
20th dynasty official serving Ramesses IX as mayor of the western shore of Thebes. He was a hereditary prince, a count and the chief of necropolis police and was involved in the great tomb robbery scandal
Penno (aka Penni or Penne)
20th dynasty official serving Ramesses IV as governor of the region called Wawat below the First Cataract
18th dynasty official serving Akhenaten as the royal physician
Pepi I (Meryre)
3rd king of the 6th dynasty, son of Teti and Queen Ipwet
Pepi II (Neferkare)
5th king of the 6th dynasty, son of Pepi I and Queen Ankhnes-Mery-Ra II, he succeeded to the throne at the age of 6 after Nemtyemzaf died, his mother served as regent, his uncle Djau served as Vizier.
6th dynasty nobleman serving Pepi II as Viceroy of Nubia and governor of the lands below the First Cataract
4th king of the 2nd dynasty, possibly an outsider of usurper. He used the Seth designation in his titles (instead of Horus)
19th dynasty prince, son of Ramesses II and Queen Nefertari, he was active in his father's military campaigns but died before he could inherit
5th dynasty sage
4th dynasty official serving Shepseskhaf, he married Princess Khama'at
7th king of the 1st dynasty
6th dynasty official servign Pepi I as chancellor of the court and as a priest and librarian/archivist
3d king of the 4th dynasty, son of Khufu and one of his lesser wives. Its believed he murdered his brother Kewab, he married his brother's widow, Hetepheres II but his chief wife was Kenetenka
Ramesses I (Menpehtire)
1st king of the 19th dynasty, son of a military veteran commander named Seti, he succeeded to the throne after Horemhab died. His name means "Ra fashioned him" and his throne name means "Enduring is the might of Ra"
Ramesses II (Userma'atresetephenre)
3rd king of the 19th dynasty, one of the longest lived pharaohs. Son of Seti I and Queen Tuya, he accompanied his father on a campaign into Libya at the age of 14 or 15. In Seti's 7th year he was named co-ruler and took the name Userma'atre which means "Strong in right is Ra." His chief queen and consort at the beginning of his reign was Nefertari, when she died or retired to the harem, Queen Istnofret became his companion and consort, similarly, when she died or retired, his daughters Binth-anath and Merytamon took her place as well as the Hittite princess renamed Ma'athorneferure
Ramesses III (Userma'atremeryamun)
2nd king of the 20th dynasty and last great pharaoh of the New King dome, son of Sethnakhte, the 20th dynasty founder.
Ramesses IV (Hegama'atresetepenamun)
3rd king of the 20th dynasty, he was crown prince and survived the Harem conspiracy that tried to foil the claims. He was in his 40s when he succeeded to the throne
Ramesses V (Userma'atresekheperenre)
4th king of the 20th dynasty, son of Ramesses IV and Queen Ta-Opet, he died after a reign of only 4 years, possibly of smallpox at the age of 35
Ramesses VI (Nebma'atremeryamun)
5th king of the 20th dynasty, uncle of Ramesses V and son of Ramesses III he usurped the throne and tomb of his predecessor
Ramesses VIII (Userma'atresetepenremeryamun)
6th king of the 20th dynasty, probably son of Ramesses VI
Ramesses VIII (Userma'atreakhenamun)
7th king of the 20th dynasty, probably a son of Ramesses III
Ramesses IX (Neferkaresetenre)
8th king of the 20th dynasty, he was involved in the tomb robbery scandal in the Theban necropolis
Ramesses X (Khenerma'atresetepenre)
9th king of the 20th dynasty, during his reign, unpaid workers left a tomb in the Valley of the Kings on strike
19th dynasty prince, first born son of Ramesses II and Queen Istnofret, he became a general and was crown prince until his death
19th dynasty prince, son of Ramesses II, he was a hunchback and died at the age of 30
18th dynasty official serving Amenhotep III and Akhenaten as vizier
19th dynasty official serving Ramesses II as chief administrator and as a scribe, son of a court official who began his career in the reign of Tuthmosis IV of the 18th dynasty
5th king of the 5th dynasty
5th dynasty official serving as a priest of the temples of Ptah and Sokar
5th dynasty official serving Kakai as a ritual priest
3rd dynasty princess, possibly the daughter of Djoser
5th dynasty prince, son of Izezi
4th dynasty prince, son of Snofru, he served as high priest at Heliopolis and married Princess Nofret
Rehu-erdjersenb (aka Rehurardjersen)
12th dynasty official serving Amenemhet I as chancellor of the court
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis III as vizier
2nd king of the 2nd dynasty, possibly an usurper
19th dynasty official serving Amehnotep I as mayor of El-Kab and overseer of the priests of various
Ro-an (aka Roen, Ra-an)
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis III as a mortuary priest supervising the rituals at the tomb of queen Ahhotep, the mother of Ahmose
5th dynasty official serving Khufu as counselor and head of the priest who took care of the royal mortuary complex at Giza
father of Queen Tuya, the wife of Seti I
1st dynasty official serving Qa'a as counselor of the court
6th dynasty official serving Pepi II as crown governor for the territory of Aswan
officials of the 5th and 6th dynasty serving Wenis and Teti, he served Wenis until Teti founded the new dynasty then he took the role of high priest of Ptah at Memphis
11th dynasty princess, daughter of concubine of Mentuhotpe II, listed as "Sole Favorite of the King" a term to denote a lesser-ranked wife of the era, possibly daughter of Queen Ashait
2nd king of the 5th dynasty, possibly son of Queen Khentkawes, credited with having established the Egyptian navy
1st king of the 15th dynasty of the Hyksos, also called "sultan" and his Asiatic name was probably "Sharek"
12th dynasty official serving Senwosret I as mayor of Khnum, he also oversaw the priest of the local temples
legendary predynastic warrior who began the war to unite Upper and Lower Egypt. He is called Zekhen in some lists. He is identified by a ceremonial mace-head discovered at Hierakonpolis . It depicts a temple founding ceremony where he is digging the first trench
term to denote a confederation of roving people, listed as Sherden, Sheklesh, Lukka, Tursha and Akawasha, who attacked settlements on the Great Green (Mediterranean coast) during the 20th dynasty
Sebekamzaf I (Sekhemre-wadjkhau)
3rd king of the 17th dynasty at Thebes
Sebekamzaf II (Sekhemre-shadtawy)
10th king of the 17th dynasty at Thebes
Sebekhotpe I (Ka'ankhre)
12th king of the 13th dynasty
Sebekhotep II (Sekhemre'khutawy)
16th king of the 13th dynasty
Sebekhotpe III (Sekhemre'swadjtawy)
21st king of the 13th dynasty, a commoner
Sebekhotpe IV (Kha'neferre)
24th king of the 13th dynasty, a commoner
Sebekhotpe V (Kha'hotpere)
25th king of the 13th dynasty
12th dynasty official serving Senwosret III as a military commander
6ht dynasty official serving Pepi II as an expeditionary leader, the son of an official murdered on the coast of the Red Sea
12th dynasty official serving Senwosret III and Amenemhet III as treasurer, known for his Loyalist Instructions
3rd king of the 3rd dynasty
6th king of the 1st dynasty, son of Adjib and Queen Bentrest
18th dynasty official serving as counselor to Hatshepsut and as tutor to Princess Neferu-ra, architect of various projects, including Deir El-Bahri, in total he gained 80 titles as an official and administrator of the royal court. It is rumored that he was Hatshepsut's lover and he died, roughly, in year 19 of her reign
18th dynasty official serving Amenhotep II as mayor of Thebes, his wife was a royal nurse
Senwosret I (Kheperkare)
2nd king of the 12th dynasty, son of Amenemhet I and Queen Nefrutoten. Prior to assuming the throne he served as co-ruler with his father for more then a decade
Senwosret II (Khakheperre)
4th king of the 12th dynasty, son of Amenemhet II, he served as a co-ruler with his father before his father's death
Senwosret III (Khakaure)
5th king of the 12th dynasty, son of Senwosret II. He is a famous Middle Kingdom Pharaoh for limiting the power of the noble families of the Nomes and supporting the rise of a middle class of artisans, merchants, traders and farmers. His wives included queens Mereryet, Merseger, Merysankh, Neferhent, Neferu, but Queen Sebekshedty-Neferu was mother of his heir Amenemhet III
6th dynasty princess, daughter of Teti, married to the official Mereruka
19th dynasty official serving Ramesses II as viceroy of Nubia and then as high priest of AMon at Thebes. He repaired the temple at Abu Simbel after an earthquake caused damage
1st king of the 20th dynasty, he dated his reign to the end of Seti II's rule, refusing to acknowledge the last monarchs of the 19th dynasty. His origins are unknown, but he took control as an old man and managed a restoration of peace in order in a short while
Seti I (Menma'atre)
2nd king of the 19th dynasty, son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre
Seti II (Userkhepruresetepenre)
5th king of the 19th dynasty, son of Merneptah and Queen Isetnofret
6th king of the 4th dynasty, heir of Menkaure. His queen was possibly Khentkawes (who may have been his daughter), the "Mother of the 5th Dynasty", another queen was Bunefer
2nd king of the 15th dynasty, designated "Great Hyksos"
12th dynasty official serving Amenemhet II as supervisor of mines in the Sinai, considered an expert on turquoise and thus favored by Hathor
12th dynasty official serving Amenemhet II as the "Chief of Works" for the court and a royal scribe, and probably administrative duties in the king's own Harem
Sinuhe the Sailor:
7th king of the 19th dynasty, a minor of un-established royal heritage and possibly related to Seti II somehow, he inherited the throne while very young and Queen Twosre, widow of Seti II, was named his regent, she was aided by a counselor named Bay
18th dynasty princess, daughter of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiy, possibly the mother of Smenkhkare and Tutankhamun
12th dynasty princess, daughter of Senwosret II
19th dynasty queen, wife of Ramesses I and mother of Seti I
Smendes (aka Nesbaneb-Djedet)
20th dynasty official serving Ramesses XI, an usurper, as well as high priest of Amon and viceroy of Lower Egypt. He worked with Herihor, high priest of Amon also and viceroy of Upper Egypt. Together they kept Ramesses XI secluded on his estates and upon his death divided Egypt and began the 21st dynasty
11th king of the 18th dynasty, heir of Akhenaten. He married Princess Merytamon, he appears to have assumed the religious title of Nefertiti, leading to speculation on who he really might have been. He died at the age of 25
1st king of the 4th dynasty, son of Huni and Queen Meresankh I, or that he came from Menat-Khufu. He was deified by the kings of the 12th dynasty, his queen was Hetepheres I, mother of Khufu
Tabuba (aka Tabubna)
an ancient literary character, supposedly the daughter of a Bastite priest in the reign of Ramesses II, she was beautiful enough to attract a royal prince, but then subjected him to unspeakable torments
a Mitanni princess who was sent to marry Amenhotep III of the 18th dynasty and is believed by some to be Queen Kiya, wife of Akhenaten, she was the nice of the Mitanni princess Khirgipa who had married Amenhotep earlier. She arrived shortly before or after Amenhotep's death
Tao I (Djehutio) (Senakhtenre)
13th king of the 17th dynasty at Thebes
Tao II (Djehutio) (Sekenere)
called "the Brave", 14th king of the Theban 17th dynasty, son of Tao I and Queen Tetisheri, he received an insult from Apophis at Avaris and began the revolt. He was married to his sister-wife Queen Ahhotep, who gave him two sons, Kamose and Ahmose and many daughters
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis IV as a royal scribe and military commander
19th dynasty official serving Merneptah as a royal scribe and office of messages
11th dynasty queen married to Mentuhotpe II, believed to be the mother of Mentuhotpe III
6th dynasty founder, his queen, Ipwet, is believed to have been a daughter of Wenis, last king of the 5th dynasty
17th dynasty queen in Thebes, commoner wife of Tao I, called the "Mother of the New Kingdom" because of her influence over its founders, she lived to the age of 70
18th dynasty official serving Tuthmosis III as a scribe and artistic overseer
18th dynasty royal woman married to Ahmose I and held a lesser rank in court, mother of Princess Hent-Temehu
5th dynasty official serving Sahure as a treasure, counselor and companion. His father had a tomb prepared for him when he was a small child, Theshen cherished it and added to it over the years
11th dynasty official serving Inyotef II as chief treasurer and companion of the king,
18th dynasty official serving Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis II and possibly Tuthmosis I, he led the expedition to Punt in Hatshepsut's name
Ti (aka Tiy)
5th dynasty official serving Kakai, he was married to Princess Neferhetepes, daughter of Kakai, his sons inherited royal rank
19th dynasty princess, sister of Ramesses II and daughter of Seti I, she marred an official named Tia who was a royal scribe
18th dynasty queen , married to Amenhotep III, daughter of Yuia, a provincial priest of Akhmin and Tuia, a servant of the queen mother Mutemwiya, she probably married Amenhotep while he was a prince. She was the mother of Akhenaten and a number of royal daughters. Amenhotep retired to his own palace with his women and allowed Tiy to run the state with counselors and officials
20th dynasty queen married to Ramesses III, she was involved in the Harem plot which sought to assassinate the king and place her son on the throne
18th dynasty official serving Ahmose I and probably Amenhotep I, son of Ahmose-Sitayet, the viceroy of Nubia. As a hereditary nobleman he inherited his father's titles and the office of regulating the affairs of the lands below the cataracts
12th king of the 18th dynasty and most well known due to his rich tomb. He was only 8 or 9 before he succeeded Smenkhkare. He married Ankhesenamon, 3rd daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti. At the age of 19 he apparently died from a head wound. The nature of the wound makes it likely that it was the result of battle injury or accident and not an assassin
Tuthmosis I (Akheperkare)
3rd king of the 18th dynasty, a commoner by birth with possible distant relation of hte king or an heir of the Theban nome aristocracy. His mother, Senisonbe is only identified as "King's Mother" which marks her as an aristocrat or a commoner. He married Ahmose, a sister of Amenhotep I and was later named heir when Amenhotep I died childless. He had two daughters, Neferukheb and Hatshepsut and two sons Wadjmose and Amenmose. They were passed over in favor of Tuthmosis II, born to Mutnofret, a lesser-ranked royal woman and possible nome heiress. He was the first empire builder of the New Kingdom
Tuthmosis II (Akheperenre)
4th king of the 18th dynasty, son of Tuthmosis I and Mutnofret, a lesser-ranked wife. He was frail and sickly and was overshadowed by Hatshepsut, his queen. He did conduct at least one campaign against the Asiatics
Tuthmosis III (Menkheperre)
5th king of the 18th dynasty (if one chooses to ignore Hatshepsut, who dated her reign at the start of Tutmosis III), son of Tuthmosis II and Isis, a harem woman. He is considered the "Napoleon of Egypt" due to his expansive military adventures. He was possibly married to Neferu-Re, who died young and then to Meryt-Re-Hatshepsut, probably a Memphite heiress who gave him a son, Amenhotep II and several daughters
Tuthmosis IV (Menkheprure)
8th king of the 18th dynasty, son of Amenhotep II and Queen Teo. As a prince he served in his father's army and received the title of "Conqueror of Syria." His wife was Queen Mutemwiya who may have been a Mitanni princess
Tuta (aka Tutu)
18th dynasty official serving Akhenaten as chamberlain of his court, a legate and a diplomat
19th dynasty queen, married to Seti I. She was a commoner, daughter of Ruia and Raia, she had married Seti before he was elevated to royal status. His father, Ramesses I had been bequeathed the throne by Horemhab. She gave birth to a son who died in infancy and then to Ramesses II. Her daughters were Tia and Hentmire
8th and last ruler of 19th dynasty, a queen-pharaoh, the widow of Seti II, she served as regent for the heir, Siptah, but he disappeared after four years
title for the high priest of Ptah at Memphis, called the "Great Chief of the Artificers"
Uer-ma'a (aka Wer-ma)
title held by the high priest of Heliopolis, known as the Great Seer
19th dynasty official serving Seti I as a military commander and then general, he was of foreign descent
18th dynasty official serving Amenhotep II starting his career as a scribe
(Might of Brow is Amon" the name of the bark presented to the god Amon at Karnak by Ahmose I of the 18th dynasty to celebrate the expulsion of the Hyksos
5th dynasty founder, his mother may have been Neferhetepes, daughter of RaDjedef. He possibly married Khentkaues to ally himself with the main royal line
3rd king of the 1st dynasty, his wife was probably Queen Mereneith, who served as regent for his heir, Den
18th dynasty prince, son of Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose, he either died or was set aside for Tuthmosis II
1st king of the 13th dynasty
a real or fictional official of Ramesses XI and protagonist of hte Report of Wenamon
6th dynasty official serving Pepi I and Nemtyemzaf. Under Nemtyemzaf he became governor of Upper Egypt. He was asked by the king to investigate a harem plot involving a royal wife
Wenis (aka Unas)
9th king of the 5th dynasty. His wife was Queen Nebet, mother of Prince Wenisankh (or Unasankh)
Wersu (aka Worsu)
18th dynasty official serving Amenhotep II as superintendent of the gold mining operation sand possibly as Viceroy of Nubia
5th dynasty official serving Sahure and Kakai. He started his reign under Sahure and later became vizier under Kakai, he was a noted architect and chief justice of the nation
1st king of the 3rd dynasty, believed to have been Djoser's older brother
a Hittite Prince sent by his father Shuppiluliumash at the request of Queen Ankhesenamon after Tutankhamun died to be her husband. He was killed at Egypt’s border, probably by agents of Horemhab
See Scorpion King
1st king of the 3rd dynasty, believed to have been Djoser's older brother
a Hittite Prince sent by his father Shuppiluliumash at the request of Queen Ankhesenamon after Tutankhamun died to be her husband. He was killed at Egypt’s border, probably by agents of Horemhab
See Scorpion King
The information here was gathered from several sources, notably M. Bunson's ©1991 Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt.
Egyptian Gods from A to H
Egyptian Gods from I to Z
Defintions from A to H
Defintions from I to Z
Return to Makara's Homesite
Everything on my sites is either mine or used from somewhere else with the thought that it was okay to be used on this non-comercial site. If this isn't true email me and I'll fix it. I've provided links to the sites where I got some of my information and pictures. If I missed something, email me and I'll fix it.
Please email me with comments at: TheMakara@aol.com