The Anasazi: The Ancient Ones
Navajo Indians of the desert Southwest have a common name for
the peoples who inhabited the region before they, themselves, became the
dominant tribes. These people are called the Anasazi. The word
can be translated into two different meanings. The first translation
reads "Ancient Ones", the second is more foreboding. The "Ancient
Enemy". The Navajo have no history, even an unwritten one, that explains
why the Anasazi came to the area, when they came, or even when they left.
Stone Buildings built along the sides
and under the cliffs of Mesas are the best known archaeological sites to
find the history of the Anasazi. These places are now public attractions
that are gaining in popularity. The most well-known of these sites
is Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado. There is also a huge area
of ruins around Chaco Canyon near the Four Corners Region of New Mexico.
The growing popularity of this last site has forced some of the ruins to
be closed to visitors. When I was in Chaco Canyon last, the Great
Kiva's entrance had been sealed off. I was forced to crawl over the
top and drop into the kiva.
Kiva is a large, stone-lined pit with a thatched or wooden-beamed
roof. These were used for ceremonial purposes and women were not
often admitted. Women would be admitted only when the Kiva served no religious
purpose. Often weaving and other activities were done inside the
kiva because it was a cool area below ground. These kivas still exist
today, although many remain unexcavated. The rooves have long decomposed,
so many are now open to the air. This is the view of the inside of
a kiva as one descends through the stairway entrance.
Kiva has several different parts. This diagram shows the
different sections of the kiva. The kiva's steps were symbolic of
the descent into the underworld.
Click Below for More Anasazi Building Information:
Actually a link to another site.
Internal Kiva Views and
Some interesting pictures from the above link with my ideas attached.
Pueblo Bonito Ruins
These pictures and information will be added to by my own photographs
Click Below for More Information of Anasazi Culture:
Cool Anasazi Links
For more on translations