V L 1. The Lord. Teaching. M 2-. Question of Pharisees. N -2. Temptation. O 3. What did Moses say? O 4. What Moses says. N 5-9. Confrontation. M 10. Question of Disciples. L 11,12. The Lord. Teaching.
1 And He arose from there, and comes into the borders of Judaea by the other side of Jordan: and the crowds resort to Him again; and, as He was costumed, He began teaching them again.
2 And the Pharisees came to Him, and asked Him,
"If its it lawful for a husband to put away his wife?" tempting Him.
3 And He answered and said to them, "What did Moses command you?"
4 And they said, "Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away." (See Deut. 24:1. Gr. biblion, a little book or scroll. Latin libellus, where our "libel" = a written accusation)
5 And Jesus answered and said to them, "In view the hardness of your heart he wrote for you this [authoritative] mandate.
6 But from the beginning of the creation (See John 8:44) God made them male and female. (Therefore no evolution. See Gen. 1:27)
7 On account of this cause shall a man leave utterly his father and mother, and shall be joined to his wife;
8 And they two shall be one flesh: so then they are no longer two, but shall be one flesh. (Quoted from Gen. 2:24)
9 What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder." (Regarding the 2 as 1. The converse is true; what God has divided, let no man join. Note the bearing of this on 2 Tim. 2:15)
10 And in the house His disciples asked Him again concerning the same matter.
11 And He says to them, "Whosoever shall have put away his wife, and marry another, commits adultery against her.
12 And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she commits adultery." (Condition being problematical, because not acc. to Jewish law; it was Greek and Roman law.)
W r 13-. Request. Made. s -13. Rebuke of Disciples. s 14,15. Encouragement of the Lord. r 16. Request. Complied with.
13 And they were carrying young children to Him (i.e. as He went on His way), that He should touch them:
and His disciples were reprimanding those that brought them. (i.e. as they were successively brought.)
14 But when Jesus saw it, He was indignant, and said to them, "Suffer the little children to come to Me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.
15 Truly I say to you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall by no means enter into it."
16 And He kept taking them up in His arms (a Divine supplement, here. Cp. Matt. 19:13. Luke 18:15), put His hands upon them, and kept blessing them.
V P t 17. Question of one to the Lord. u 18. Question of the Lord. Q v 19. Answer of the Lord. "Do all." w 20. Young man. Response. Q v 21. Answer of the Lord. Do these. w 22. Young man. Effect. P u 23. Comment of the Lord. t 24. Answer of the Lord to Disciples.
17 And when He was gone forth into the way, there came one running up (a Divine supplement, here), and kneeling down to Him (a Divine supplement, here), and asked Him, "Good Teacher, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?" (Ever the question of natural man, from Gen. 4:3 onward.)
18 And Jesus said to him, "Why do you call me good? there is none good but One, that is, God.
19 You know the commandments (if it is a matter of doing, ALL must be done. Jas. 2:10:11. The Lord cites only some, and these not in order, to convict the questioner more rapidly: the 7th, 6th, 8th, 9th, and 5th), Do not commit adultery, Do not murder, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honor your father and mother." (Quoted from Deut. 5:17-20. Defraud not - This is a summary of what proceeds. Cp. Rom. 13:7-10.))
20 And he answered and said to Him, "Teacher, all these have I observed from my youth." (Not so. The command which follows convicts him of a breach of the 10th.)
21 Then Jesus looking upon him loved him, and said to him, "One thing you lack: go your way, sell whatsoever you have (this was the 10th commandment. This command was suitable for the period prior to the rejection of the kingdom, for the King Himself was present, and what could any of His subjects lack?. Cp. Ps. 145:13-16), and give to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow Me."
22 And he was sad upon [hearing] that saying, and went away grieved: for he had many possessions.
23 And Jesus looked round about, and said to His disciples, "How with difficulty shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!" (Because of their reluctance to part with riches: not from denial of God's mercy.)
24 And the disciples were astonished at His words. But Jesus answered again, and said to them, "Children, how hard [a struggle] is it for them that rely upon riches (referring to feeling rather than to faith) to enter into the kingdom of God!
25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God." (See Matt. 19:24)
W x 26. Disciples. Question: "Who?" asked. y 27. The Lord. Answer: Possible and Impossible. x 28. Disciples. Question: [What] (implied). y 29-31. The Lord's answer.
26 And they were astonished out of measure, saying to themselves, "Who then can be saved?"
27 And Jesus looking upon them says, "With men it is impossible (see Matt. 19:26), but not with God: for with God all things are possible."
28 Then Peter began to say to Him, "Lo, we have left all, and have followed You."
29 And Jesus answered and said, "Truly I say to you, There is no man that has left behind house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for My sake, and the gospel's,
30 But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this season, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, in association with persecutions (these details are a Divine supplement, here); and in the coming age eternal life.
31 But many that are first shall be last; and the last first."
T a 32-. Jerusalem. b -32. Announcement. a 33-. Jerusalem. b -33,34. Announcement.
32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus was going before them: and they were amazed (this sudden awe is a Divine supplement, here); and as they followed, they were afraid.
And He took aside again the twelve (this is the 3rd announcement of His sufferings), and began to tell them what things should happen to Him,
33 Saying, Behold, we are go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered to the chief priests, and to the scribes;
and they shall condemn Him to death, and shall deliver Him to the Gentiles:
34 And they shall mock Him (this is a Divine supplement, here), and shall scourge Him, and shall spit upon Him, and shall kill Him: and the third day He shall rise again.
U c1 35. Disciples. Request of Two. d1 36. Lord. Inquiry. c2 37. Disciples. Definition by the Two. d2 38. The Lord. Answer and Question. c3 39-. Disciples. Answer of the Two. d3 -39,40. The Lord. Answer. Non-compliance. c4 41. Disciples. The Ten. Indignation. d4 42. The Lord. Teaching and Illustration.
35 And James and John, the [two] sons of Zebedee, come to Him, saying, "Teacher, we desire that You should do for us whatsoever we shall ask.
36 And He said to them, "What desire you that I should do for you?"
37 They said to Him, "Grant to us that we may sit [in state], one at Your right hand, and the other at Your left hand, in Your glory." (Wondrous faith, coming immediately after the 3rd announcement of His suffering as resurrection. It was not a "Jewish notion" that the kingdom which had been proclaimed was a grand reality. It was a revealed truth.)
38 But Jesus said to them, "You know not what you ask: are you able to drink of the cup that I drink of? (denoting the inward suffering. Cp. Matt. 26:29) and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?" (Denoting the outward suffering)
39 And they said to him, "We are able." (And they were able , by grace. James [Acts 12:2]; and John, if, according to tradition, he died in boiling oil)
And Jesus said to them, "You shall indeed drink of the cup that I drink of; and with the baptism that I am baptized withal shall you be baptized:
40 But to sit on My right hand and on My left hand is not Mine to give; but it is theirs of whom it is prepared." (Cp. Matt. 20:23)
41 And when the ten heard it, they began to be indignant concerning James and John.
42 But Jesus called them to Him, and said to them, "You know that they which are deemed ruler over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them.
43 But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever desire to become great among you, shall be your minister (Gr. diakomosa free servant):
44 And whosoever of you will be the first, shall be bondsman of all.
45 For even the Son of man came not to be served, but to minister, and to give (this is the 4th announcement of his sufferings) His soul a ransom instead of many."
S e 46. Blind man sitting by the way. f 47,48. Request for healing. g 49-. Command. h -49-. Encouragement from the Lord. h -49. Encouragement from the people. g 50. Obedience. f 51,52-. Compliance and healing. e -52. Blind man following in the way.
46 And they came to Jericho (this is the 2nd mention in the N.T. Cp. Matt. 20:29, the 1st. Over 100,000 inhabitants [according to Epiphanius, Bishop of Cyprus, 368-403]): and as He was going out from Jericho with His disciples and a great number of people (the 3 cases of healing here were:  as He drew near [Luke 18:35];  "as He was going out" ; and  after He had left "two" [not beggars] who sat by the wayside), blind Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, was sitting beside the highway side begging. (The wonder is, not that there were 4, but that there ere only 4. Blindness and eye disease are very common in the Est; said to be 1 out of 5.)
47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out, and say, "Jesus, You son of David (see Matt. 15:22), have pity on me."
48 And many were reprimanding him, and told him to hold his tongue: but he kept crying the more a great deal, "Thou son of David, have pity on me."
49 And Jesus stopped, and commanded him to be called. (Note the differences with the other cases)
And they call the blind man, saying to him, "Be of good courage, rise; He calls you."
50 And he, casting aside his garment (cp. Rom. 11:15), rose, and came to Jesus.
51 And Jesus answered and said to him, "What desire you that I should do for you?" The blind man said to Him, "Lord (Rabboni. Aramaic for "my Mater", as in John 20:16), that I might regain my sight."
52 And Jesus said to him, "Go your way; your faith has saved you."
And immediately he received his sight, and followed Him in the way. (Towards Jerusalem)