D e1 1,2-. General. f1 -2. Reason. e2 3-. Uncleanness. f2 -3. Reason. e3 4-8-. Leprous. f3 -8. Reason. e4 9-16-. Strangers. f4 -16. Reason.
1 And the LORD (Yahaveh) spoke to Moses (see 5:14), saying,
2 "Speak to Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from (when subject to the following disabilities) the holy (see Ex. 3:5 = set apart) things of the sons of Israel, and that they profane not My holy name in those things which they hallow (see Ex. 12:4) unto Me:
I am the LORD.
3 Say to them, 'Whosoever he be of all your seed among your generations, that goes to the holy things, which the sons of Israel hallow unto the LORD, having his uncleanness upon him, that soul (Hebrew nephesh) shall be cut off from My presence': (Occurs only here in the Pentateuch: elsewhere. "cut of from his people". See not on 7:20. Account for here by the seriousness of he offense.)
I am the LORD.
4 What man soever of the seed of Aaron is a leper, or has a running issue; he shall not eat of the holy things, until he be clean. And whoso touches any thing that is unclean by the dead (Heb. = "a dead soul". Cp. v. 11), or a man whose seed goes (see 15:16.) from him;
5 Or whosoever touches any creeping thing, whereby he may be made unclean, or a man of whom he may take uncleanness, whatsoever uncleanness he has;
6 The soul which has touched any such shall be unclean until even, and shall not eat of the holy things, unless he bathe (see 14:9) his flesh with water.
7 And when the sun is down, he shall be clean, and shall afterward eat of the holy things; because it is his food.
8 That which dies of itself, or is torn with beasts, he shall not eat to defile himself therewith;
I am the LORD.
9 They shall therefore observe My charge, lest they bear penalty for it, and die therefore, if they profane it: I the LORD do sanctify them.
10 There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.
11 But if the priest buy any soul (put for any person, i.e. a heathen slave) with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat (= any kind of food).
12 If the priest's daughter also be married to a man (i.e. an Israelite, but not of Aaron's seed [Num. 16:40), she may not eat of a heave offering of the holy things.
13 But if the priest's daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned to her father's house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father's meat: but there shall be no stranger eat thereof.
14 And if a man eat of the holy thing unwittingly (i.e. through ignorance. See 4:2,22,27; 5:15,18), then he shall put the fifth part thereof to it, and shall give it to the priest with the holy thing.
15 And they shall not profane the holy things of the sons of Israel, which they offer up to the LORD;
16 Or suffer them to bear the penalty of trespass, when they eat their holy things:
for I the LORD do sanctify (see 21:8) them".
C2 K 17,18-. General charge. L -18-21. Burnt offerings and peace offerings. M 22-25. Offerings; their perfection. M 26-28. Offerings; their age. L 29,30. Meal offering. K 31-33. General charge.
17 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
18 "Speak to Aaron, and to his sons, and to all the sons of Israel, and say to them,
'What man soever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that will bring near his oblation for all his vows, and for all his freewill offerings (cp. Ps. 40:8. John 10:17,18; 17:4. Phil. 2:7,8), which they will offer to the LORD for a burnt offering;
19 You shall offer for your acceptance (for this kind of offering, see note on 7:15,16) a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats.
20 But whatsoever has a blemish, that shall you not bring near: for it shall not be acceptable for you.
21 And whosoever brings near a sacrifice of peace offerings to the LORD to accomplish his vow, or a freewill offering in beeves or sheep, it shall be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no blemish therein.
22 Blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scurvy, or scabbed, you shall not bring near these to the LORD, nor make an offering by fire of them upon the altar to the LORD.
23 Either a bullock or a lamb that has any thing superfluous or lacking in his parts, that may you prepare for a freewill offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted.
24 You shall not bring near to the LORD that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut; neither shall you make any offering thereof in your land.
25 Neither from a stranger's hand shall you bring near the food of your God (Elohim) of any of these; because their corruption is in them, and blemishes be in them: they shall not be accepted for you.' "
26 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
27 "When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, then it shall be seven days under the dam; and from the eighth day and thenceforth it shall be accepted for an approach offering made by fire to the LORD.
28 And whether it be cow, or ewe, you shall not kill it and her young both in one day.
29 And when you will kill [an offering] as a scarifice of thanksgiving to the LORD, offer it for your acceptance.
30 On the same day it shall be eaten up; you shall leave none of it until the next day: I am the LORD.
31 Therefore shall you keep My commandments, and do them: I am the LORD.
32 Neither shall you profane My holy name; but I will be hallowed among the sons of Israel: I am the LORD which hallow you, (= Set apart.)
33 That brought you out (see 11:45) of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD".