19:1–21:25. Internal Disorders.

B  A  19:1-. "No king".
    B  C  19:-1-28. The Provocation.
        D  19:29–20:11. Resentment.
    B  C  20:12-46. The civil war.
        D  20:47–21:24. The Regret.
   A  21:25. "No king".

1423-1383 B.C.

19) 1: And it came to pass in those days (in the same days as ch 18:1. Soon after the death of Joshua), when there was no king in Israel (see 18:1),

19:-1-28. The Provocation.

C  a  -1-9. At father-in-law's house.
    b  10-15. Journey.
   a  16-26. At old man's house.
    b  27,28. Journey.

that there was a certain Levite (the house of God neglected. Priests and Levites unemployed and wandering about. Cp. 17:7) sojourning on the side of the hill country of Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Beth-lehem-judah.
2: And his concubine played the whore against him, and went away from him to her father's house to Beth-lehem-judah, and was there four whole months (Heb. "days, four months", so some think = "a year and for months").
3: And her husband arose, and went after her, to speak friendly to her (Heb. "to her heart" = affectionately), and to bring her again, having his servant with him, and a couple of asses: and she brought him into her father's house: and when the father of the damsel saw him, he rejoiced to meet him.
4: And his father in law, the damsel's father, retained him; and he abode with him three days: so they did eat and drink, and lodged there.
5: And it came to pass on the fourth day, when they arose early in the morning, that he rose up to depart: and the damsel's father said to his son in law, “Comfort your heart with a morsel of bread, and afterward go your way.”
6: And they sat down, and did eat and drink both of them together: for the damsel's father had said to the man, “Be content, I pray you, and tarry all night, and let your heart be merry.”
7: And when the man rose up to depart, his father in law urged him: therefore he lodged there again.
8: And he arose early in the morning on the fifth day to depart: and the damsel's father said, “Comfort your heart, I pray you.” And they tarried until afternoon, and they did eat both of them.
9: And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel's father, said to him, “Behold, now the day draws toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day grows to an end, lodge here, that your heart may be merry; and tomorrow get you early on your way, that you may go home.”

10: But the man would not tarry that night, but he rose up and departed, and came over against Jebus (at that time still occupied by Canaanites. See Josh.10:1; 15:63), which is Jerusalem; and there were with him two asses saddled, his concubine also was with him.
11: And when they were by Jebus, the day was far spent; and the servant said to his master, “Come, I pray you, and let us turn in into this city of the Jebusites, and lodge in it.”
12: And his master said to him, “We will not turn aside to this place into the city of a stranger, that is not of the sons of Israel; we will pass over to Gibeah.” (City of Benjamin; later, the residence of Saul [1 Sam.10:26; 11:4])
13: And he said to his servant, “Come, and let us draw near to one of these places to lodge all night, in Gibeah, or in Ramah.”
14: And they passed on and went their way; and the sun went down upon them when they were by Gibeah, which belongs to Benjamin.
15: And they turned aside to that place, to go in and to lodge in Gibeah: and when he went in, he sat him down in an open place of the city: for there was no man that took them into his house to lodging.

16: And, behold, there came an old man from his work out of the field at even, which was also of mount Ephraim; and he sojourned in Gibeah: but the men of the place were Benjamites.
17: And when he had lifted up his eyes, he saw a wayfaring man in the street of the city: and the old man said, “To which place go you? and from which place come you?”
18: And he said to him, “We are passing from Beth-lehem-judah toward the side of mount Ephraim; from that place am I: and I went to Beth-lehem-judah, but I am now going (his direction was towards mount Ephraim, not Shiloh!) to the house of the Lord (so Micah's temple was already called. Cp. 18:31); and there is no man that receives me to house.
19: Yet there is both straw and provender for our asses; and there is bread and wine also for me, and for your handmaid, and for the young man which is with your servant: there is no want of any thing.”
20: And the old man said, “Peace be with you; howsoever let all your wants lie upon me; only lodge not in the street.”
21: So he brought him into his house, and gave provender to the asses: and they washed their feet, and did eat and drink.
22: Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain sons of Belial (= worthless scoundrels, sons of the devil), beset the house round about, and beat at the door (like Sodom [Gen.19:4], a sign of the moral corruption which follows apostasy and accompanies idolatry), and spoke to the master of the house, the old man, saying, “Bring forth the man that came into your house, that we may know him.”
23: And the man (another Lot in another Sodom), the master of the house, went out to them, “No, my brethren, no, I pray you, do not so wickedly; seeing that this man is come into my house, do not this folly.
24: Behold, here is my daughter a maiden, and his concubine; them I will bring out now, and humble you all them, and do with them what seems good to you: but to this man do not so vile a thing.”
25: But the men would not listen to him: so the man took his concubine, and brought her forth to them; and they knew her, and abused her all the night until the morning: and when the day began to spring, they let her go.
26: Then came the woman in the dawning of the day, and fell down at the entrance of the man's house where her lord was, till it was light.

27: And her lord rose up in the morning, and opened the doors of the house, and went out to go his way: and, behold, the woman his concubine was fallen down at the entrance of the house, and her hands were upon the threshold.
28: And he said to her, “Up, and let us be going.” But none answered. Then the man took her up upon the ass, and the man rose up, and got him to his place.

19:29–20:11. Resentment.

D  c  19:29,30. Mesage to tribes.
    d  20:1-3. Unanimity.
   c  20:4-7. Recital to tribes.
    d  20:8-11. Unanimity.

29: And when he was come into his house, he took a knife, and laid hold on his concubine, and divided her, together with her bones, into twelve pieces, and sent her into all the borders of Israel.
30: And it was so, that all that saw it said, “There was no such deed done ("The days of Gibeah" became proverbial. Cp. Hos. 9:9; 10:9) nor seen from the day that the sons of Israel came up out of the land of Egypt to this day: consider of it, take advice, and speak your minds.”

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