2:1-10. Advice of David to Solomon.

K  o  1-. David. End near.
    p  q  -1-4. For good. Solomon.
        r  5,6. For retribution. Joab.
    p  q  7. For good. Barzillai.
        r  8,9. For retribution. Shimei.
   o  10. Death.

921 to 920 B.C.

1Kings 2)

1: Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die;

and he charged Solomon his son (cp. Josh. 1:6-9), saying,
2: “I go the way of all the earth (cp. Josh.23:14): be you resolute therefore (necessary advice for Solomon, whose name = the peaceable), and show yourself a man;
3: And keep the charge of the Lord your God (cp. Lev. 18:30), to walk in His ways, and to keep His statutes, and His commandments, and His judgments, and His testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses (cp. Deut. 17:18,19. Josh. 1:6-8. Note the emphasis laid on God's Word written. See Ex. 17:14), that you may do wisely in all that you do, and to which ever place you turn yourself:
4: That the Lord may establish His word which He spoke concerning me, saying, ‘If your sons take heed to their way (cp. 2 Sam. 7:8,11-16), to walk before Me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail you {said He} a man on the throne of Israel.

5: Moreover you know also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me (David's own sister's son. David does not mention the worst sin, the death of Absalom), and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, to Abner the son of Ner (cp. 2 Sam. 3:27,39), and to Amasa the son of Jether (cp. 2 Sam. 20:9-11; 19:18-23), whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet.
6: Do therefore according to your wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace (Heb. Sheõl. Note "the", not "a". Cp. v.9).

7: But show kindness to the sons of Barzillai (= iron, i.e. strong. Cp. 2 Sam. 17:27,29; 19:31,32) the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at your table: for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom your brother.

8: And, behold, you have with you Shimei the son of Gera (cp. 2 Sam. 16:5-13; 19:18-23), a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I swore to him by the Lord (cp. 2 Sam. 19-23), saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’
9: Now therefore hold him not guiltless: {for you are a wise man, and know what you ought to do to him}; neither his hoar head bring you down to the grave with blood. (Solomon obeyed David's former alternative and did not "hold him guiltless" [v.36]; but punished him for a fresh offense [vv.42-46])

10: So David slept with his fathers (see Deut. 31:16), and was buried in the city of David.

960 to 920 B.C.

11: And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.

2:10 – 11:43. Solomon.

  R  2:12-. Solomon. Accession.
     S  2:-12-11:40. Reign. Events.
     S  11:41,42. Reign. Record of events.
    R  11:43. Solomon. Death and burial.

920 B.C.

12: Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father (born in 940. Now 20 years old. #20 = redemption);

2:-12 – 11:40. Reign. Events.

S  T  2:-12-46. Government.
    U  3:1. Marriage.
   T  3:2-10:29. Government.
    U  11:1-40. Marriages, &c.

2:-12-46. Government.

T  V  -12. Establishment of kingdom.
    W  X¹  13-25. Execution. Adonijah.
        Y¹  26,27. Deposition. Abiathar.
       X²  28-34. Execution. Joab.
        Y²  35. Substitution. Benaiah and Zadok.
       X³  36-46-. Execution. Shimei.
    V  -46. Establishment of kingdom.

and his kingdom was established greatly.

13-25. Execution. Adonijah.

X¹  s  13-16. Bath-sheba. Approached by Adonijah.
     t  17. Adonijah's request.
      u  18. Promise made.
    s  19,20. Bath-sheba. Approach to Solomon.
     t  21. Adonijah's request.
      u  22-25. Promise fulfilled. Result.

13: And Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bath-sheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, “Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably.”
14: He said moreover, “I have somewhat to say to you.” And she said to him, “Say on.”
15: And he said, “You know that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel set their faces on me, that I should reign: however the kingdom is turned about, and is become my brother's: for it was his from the Lord.
16: And now I ask one petition of you, deny me not.” (Heb. idiom = "turn not away my face": face being put for whole person) And she said to him, “Say on.”

17: And he said, “Speak, I pray you, to Solomon the king, {for he will not say turn away your face,} that he give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife.”

18: And Bath-sheba said, “Good; I will speak for you to the king.”

19: Bath-sheba therefore went to king Solomon, to speak to him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself to her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a throne to be set for the king's mother; and she sat on his right hand.
20: Then she said, “I desire one small petition of you; I pray you, say to me not no.” And the king said to her, “Ask on, my mother: for I will not say to you no.”

21: And she said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother to wife” (the verb is masc., as it usually is when a woman acts a man's part).

22: And king Solomon answered and said to his mother, “And why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is my elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.”
23: Then king Solomon swore by the Lord, saying, “God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own soul.
24: Now therefore, according as the Lord lives, Which has established me, and set me on the throne of David my father, and Who has made me an house, as He promised (cp. 2 Sam. 7:12,15), Adonijah shall be put to death this day.”
25: And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him that he died.

26: And to Abiathar the priest said the king, “Get you to Anathoth (cp. Josh.21:18), to your own fields (some codices read "estate"); for you are worthy of death (Heb. idiom = "a man of death" = doomed to death): but I will not at this time put you to death, because you bore the Ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because you have been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted.”
27: So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest to the Lord; that he might fulfill the word of the Lord (cp. 1 Sam. 2:31,36. Already partially fulfilled [1 Sam.4:11; and now, wholly, in v.35), which He spoke concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh (cp. 1 Sam. 2:35).

28: Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom (the Vulg. reads "Solomon"). And Joab fled to the tent of the Lord, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
29: And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled to the tent of the Lord; and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, “Go, fall upon him.”
30: And Benaiah came to the tent of the Lord, and said to him, “Thus says the king, ‘Come forth.’ ” And he said, “No; but I will die here” (the famous Mugah codex quoted in the Massorah adds "to him"). And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, “Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.”
31: And the king said to him, “Do as he has said, and fall upon him, and bury him; that you may take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father.
32: And the Lord shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah.
33: Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the Lord.”
34: So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.

35: And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.

36: And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said to him, “Build you a house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth from that place to this place and to that place.
37: For it shall be, that on the day you go out (same as Gen.2:17. Here several days must have elapsed), and pass over the brook Kidron, you shall know for certain that you shall surely die: your blood shall be upon yourself.”
38: And Shimei said to the king, “The saying is good: as my lord the king has said, so will your servant do.” And Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days.
39: And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away to Achish son of Maachah king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, “Behold, your servants be in Gath.” (64 miles away. Therefore the expression "in the day" must refer to a longer period)
40: And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.
41: And it was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and was come again.
42: And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said to him, “Did I not make you to swear by the Lord (Yehovah), and protested to you, saying, ‘Know for certain, on the day you go out, and walk abroad to any place, that you shall surely die?’ and you said to me, ‘The word that I have heard is good.’
43: Why then have you not kept the oath of the Lord, and the commandment that I have charged you with?”
44: The king said moreover to Shimei, “You know all the wickedness which your heart is privy to, that you did to David my father: therefore the Lord shall return your wickedness upon your own head;
45: And king Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the Lord for ever.”
46: So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; which went out, and fell upon him, that he died.

And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.

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