Glossary of terms:
SARTEX: Search And Rescue Training EXercises
AED: (Automated External Defibrillator) A device providing a specialized current to shock a fibrillating (chaotically beating) heart back to a normal rhythmic beat.
DCAP-BTLS: A mnemonic used by EMS personnel for assessment in which areas of the body are evaluated for Deformities, Contusions, Abrasions, Punctures/Penetrations, Burns, Tenderness, Lacerations and Swelling.
Dope & Booze: ammo, man, take ammo
Code 4: Lights and Sirens
Code 9: require law-enforcement assistance
CPR: Cardio-pulmonary resucitation, compressions of the chest cavity and artifical respirations.
CQB: Close Quarter Battle, room to room fighting
CSAR: (pronounced sea-sar) Combat Search And Rescue -more
EMS: (Emergency Medical Services) A multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of numerous professionals and agencies to provide pre-hospital emergency care for the sick and injured.
EMT: Emergency Medical Technician
EMT-A: see above, Advanced
FTX: field training exercises
Glock 17: The 9mm Glock pistol, of Austrian manufacture, has become a market leader in only ten years. Built with a high-impact polymer frame is has only 33 parts and is highly reliable. Press reports that it was x-ray proof and thus a terrorist's dream were nonsense: it has a steel barrel and slide.
GPS: Global Positioning System, orbiting satellites provide signals for hand held units to accurately locate a position +/- 20 ft.
Grundgies: general technical term to describe anything disgusting, i.e. " I had grundgies splattered all over the back of the unit..."
GSG-9: The Grenzschutzgruppe Neun, or Border Protection Group Nine, elite West German counter-terrorism unit.
HAHO: High Altitude High Opening method of insertion in which an operator exits the aircraft at 10,000 meters and immediately opens his parachute. This allows him to glide up to 40 kms under ideal conditions to an LZ, allowing the aircraft to follow commercial aircraft routes or avoid dangerous airspace.
HALO: High Altitude Low Opening form of parachuting in which a specialist exits the aircraft at approximately 10,000 meters, then free falls to approximately 1,000 meters before opening his chute.
Heckler & Koch MP5: One of the most widely used 9mm submachine guns in service. Although the MP5 is more complex and considerably more expensive than most other SMG's, its accuracy means that it is the favored weapon of special forces units around the world.
Heeblies: polite way of describing vomit
Heeblets: Small heeblies
Hemorrhage: Bleeding, can be controlled using direct and indirect pressure, elevation and rest.
Hoo-ah: see here
Hot LZ: landing zone with numerous enemy personnel nearby
IV: Intravenous; method to insert medications, blood transfusions or fluid replacement directly into a vein.
JTF-2: Joint Task Force Two, Newly created and Top Secret Canadian counter-terrorist/hostage rescue team. Snipers from this unit have been reported to be active in Afghanistan and Kosovo. JTF-2 has taken the responsibility of hostage-rescue/barricade situations from the RCMP's Emergency Response Team (ERT) that was disbanded in April 1993.
Little Bird: OH-6 Light Observation Helicopter, military version of the MD500 Defender, outfitted with 2.75 in rocket pods, 7.62mm mini-guns and highly maneuverable.
LOC: Level of Consciousness, used to determine status of patient
LZ: Landing Zone
M998 HMMWV: High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle, also known as the "Hummer", which replaced the M151 Jeep in the U.S. inventory.
M16A2: Standard 5.56mm (.223 caliber) assault rifle, carbine, or shortened version which is the M4 used regularly by Delta operators.
Mini-gun: Multi-barreled machine gun, originally designed by Gatling, that fires 3000-6000 rounds per minute, used for suppression. -pic
MedEvac: Medical Evacuation of a patient
NVG: Night Vision Goggles, system that amplifies ambient light by 200,000+ times making night look like day.
OPFOR: OPposing FORces
Package: to fully immobilize a patient usually in a spine board.
Pneumothorax: A dangerous condition when air enters the chest cavity causing a lung to collapse, usually the result of penetrating trauma, i.e. bullets, knives etc.
RTB: Return to Base
SAR: search and Rescue
Schmegglies: diseases, mucous, bodily contents/parts, brain matter, partially digested food, open sores, boils, first-aiders, intestines etc.
Sikorsky UH-60 Blackhawk: Built primarily as an assault helicopter to replace the venerable UH-1 Huey of Vietnam fame, it is an extremely robust chopper that can be configured for a variety of missions. Versions include: air ambulance, electronic-warfare, rescue, command & control, and special forces versions known as MH-60 Pavehawks are in usage with the famous SOAR-160(A).
SOAR-160(A): The 160th. Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne) Night Stalkers, unquestionably one of the finest helicopter units in the world, they fly an assortment of aircraft including MH-60 Pavehawks, MH-6 Little Birds, and MH-47 Chinooks.
Spine Board: Fiberglass or wooden, utilized to carry patients with spinal injuries
SWAT: Special Weapons And Tactics
Trauma: an injury induced by an outside force
TRS: (Technical Rescue Situation) A rescue of a patient(s) that requires special technical skills and equipment in one of numerous areas, i.e. confined space, swift-water, ice, alpine, high-angle/rope, vehicular etc.