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INFORMATION ABOUT POSTAGE STAMPS & PHILATELY

 

Authority to issue Postage Stamps on behalf of the Republic of Turkey has been vested in General Directorate of PTT under the Law No.5584. PTT with this authority vested in it by the Law, has been issuing continuing postage stamps, official postage stamps as well as commemoration stamps and surplus value commemoration stamps.

 

Circulation of continuing and official postage stamps has been determined according to the needs, which varies between 10 million and 100 million each.

 

Turkish administration starts carrying on its works for preparation of the stamp emission program in the month of March of the previous year.

 

Continuing postage stamps

They are printed usually in two colors and in numerous quantities under the said name for the payment of postal rates. On these stamps such subjects, mainly AtatŁrk, as Turkish Famous Scholars, Anatolian plants, wild flowers etc.

 

Official postage stamps

Postage stamps that are printed pursuant to Article-21 of the Postal Law No.5584 for using in payment of all postal rates of all kinds of mails posted by the national Budget, Annex Budget and Private Budget Organizations, Municipalities and their Administration and Institutions.

 

commemorative stamps

Stamps on which generally picture and motives pertaining to the particular event or person are printed thereon for commemoration. Primarily being our historical, social and cultural heritages, 50th, 100th, 250th, and 1000th anniversaries of significant events occurred in Turkey and abroad, and various subjects, mainly such as famous persons, tourism heritages, endemic plants and animals are being included. Commemorative stamps for are issued on 13 different subject at most by our Administration within a year. Circulation of commemoration stamps is 600.000, and this quantity is fixed. Commemoration stamps and commemoration blocks remain for sale for a period of 6 months as of the date on which they are put to sale, however they are continuously effective for use on mail.

 

Surplus Value Commemoration Stamps

Surplus values available on stamps are not effective in payment of postal rates, but amount of such values are paid to the Red Crescent and Social Services, Children Care Association at the end of the year pursuant to the law. Such stamps remain in circulation for sale by the end of the following year as of their issue date. Circulation of stamps with plus value and commemoration blocks is 300.000.

 

Stamp emission programs

are prepared annually. In selection of subjects to be included in the program, assorted proposals and recommendations received from Ministries, Presidency of the General Staff, Universities, Foundations and Associations, Public sector, anniversaries of important events determined by our section and various subjects are evaluated by a commission so created and given its final shape. Stamp emission program in its final shape after approval by the related Later on pictures of stamps are prepared according to their dates of issue for sale. Along with such materials as slide, photograph in pictures of stamp, pictures and graphics that were made generally by artists are used. For the purpose of benefiting in preparation of pictures for stamps, documents related with the subject are provided from the Institutions applied for issue of stamps. Along with stamps the first and special day covers are also prepared and put up for sale by our Administration. Another service is the first and special day postmarks

 

 

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS USED IN PHILATELY

Air-Mail Stamp : Stamps which are printed on postal rates envisaged for mailing articles to be forwarded by airmail on the basis of postal tariff and bearing pictures related with aviation on them.

Thematic Stamp: Stamps bearing pictures of certain subjects such as bird, flower, sports, famous people, paintings, etc.

T-Stamp : Stamps which are used for charges received from addressees or from their senders when necessary of mails for without stamps and underpayment. They cannot be used for other postal services. At present, we do not have such kind of stamp.

TÍte BÍche : It stands for two stamps printed as reverse to one another. They may be printed as reverse head to head, reverse side by side and reverse foot to foot. "TÍte BÍche" stamps may be used in payment of postal rates also one by one.

Souvenir Sheet : Small sheet of stamps on which one or several stamp(s) perforated or unperforated and bearing usually inscriptions at its sides.

Postage stamp overprint : It is printing job of new inscriptions, figures or designs on valuable papers or stamps by changing or unchanging values in order to commemorate another event or changing the purpose of issuing the stamp.

Variety: Printing of a stamp in various forms. Its difference from the "error" is that "variety" is to be printed under the control of Post Administration and in numerous quantities.

Center: Equality of opposite margins of a stamp, i.e. frame around a picture of stamp is printed just at the center of the sheet of stamp.

Portfolio: Philatelic file in which commemoration stamp printed for a commemoration, related FDCís ( first day cover), card or other publications are placed.

Series: A set involving each and every value of stamps issued under the same name.

Block: group of stamps consist of at least 4 stamps side by side or one over another.

Legend: Inscriptions on a stamp.

Charniťre: Small pieces of glued paper used for sticking stamps in album.

Philatelic Envelope: Special envelopes bearing the first day and special date stamp (postmark).

Envelope with the first day stamp: Special envelopes bearing inscriptions and designs and stamped with the first day stamp related with the subject, affixed thereon a series of commemoration or continuing stamp.

Special Date Cover: Special envelopes on which a special philatelic stamp is affixed, bearing inscriptions and designs related with the subject.

Margin: Non-printed sections left outside of the main body of stamp sheets and commemoration blocks and stamps.

Postcard: Postcards with or without pictures, bearing print of stamp, etc. showing postal rate and the inscription "postcard"

Stamped paper: Postcards bearing imprinted stamps

Perforation: Line of small holes between sheets of postal stamps and stamps on commemoration blocks for easy removal from one another.

Value: Amount of money shown in figures and additionally in writing on some of valuable papers used in mail and indicating their sales price or any one of stamps presented in a series.

Perforated: Serrated edges of stamps left at the end of perforation.

Emission: Issuing a valuable paper or stamp

Error: A defect occurred at the time of printing or perforation of valuable papers.

Specimen: The draft prints prepared by the printing office in order to show the last condition of the print. They are also called specimen of preparation. It is important in terms of seeing preparation of stamp. They are not sold; and kept in the museums and archives of Postal Administrations

Format: Size in mm. of a picture on the stamp (margin is not included) (e.g.25x40 mm.)

Watermark: The number of prints of stamps and valuable papers. A special design and mark such as inscription, figure or motif in some paper of stamps, visible when paper is held up to the light. It is used for preventing printing of fake stamps.

Maximum Card: Philatelic card with special postmark bearing a magnified picture on a postage stamp and carrying additionally the stamp itself as printed or affixed thereon.

POSTMARKS:

Normal Postmark: Postage stamps are used in mail only once. In order to ensure this single use, postage stamps are cancelled by stamping with postmark (normal, first day and special postmark) after they are affixed.

First day postmark: They are the date postmarks which are used only for cancellation of such postage stamps on the date on which they are issued and bearing on them inscriptions and designs related with the subject.

Special Day Postmark: Date postmarks which are used for cancellation of any current postage stamp or commemoration block and bearing on them inscription and designs concerning the event, on certain days for some important events for which commemoration stamps have not been issued and in postal offices at the places where events have occurred.