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Country Profile
Facts and Figures
Population 846 million (1991 Census)
Area 3.3 million square kilometers
Geographical location Lies between latitudes 8 4' and 37 6 ' north
and longitudes 68 7 ' and 97 25' east
Coastline length 7,600 km
Languages 17 major languages, 844 dialects
Major religions Hinduism, Islam, Christianity,
Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism
National anthem Jan gana mana written by Rabindranath Tagore
National emblem Replica of the Lion Capital of Sarnath
National flag Horizontal tricolor in equal proportion of deep
saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark
green at the bottom. In the center of the white
band is a wheel in navy blue colour.
National animal Tiger, Panthera tigris
National bird Peacock
National flower Lotus
National tree Banyan
National fruit Mango
National currency Rupees (One Rupees=100 paise)

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