Clark County was
credited with fielding 1,560 soldiers during the Civil
War. However, during my studies, I found that number increased to
with enlistments in other state regiments, such as Missouri and
Indiana. Additionally, I included in this number the many men who
the war who moved to Clark County later in life and made it their home.
This number included 10 who served in the Confederate army. Officially,
the men from Clark County formed 14 companies in 11 regiments.
If anyone has a particular soldier to inquire
feel free to contact me.
SOLDIERS PER TOWNSHIP
479; Westfield= 221; Wabash= 221; Casey= 198; Martinsville= 197; York=
Darwin= 131; Melrose= 89; Orange= 55; Johnson= 43; Dolson= 23; Auburn=
Anderson= 15; Parker= 14; Douglas= 10
to these men, 309 were found to have enlisted from the county without
a specific residency.
CLARK COUNTY LOSSES
52 killed/died, 32 captured
Martinsville= 27 killed/died, 1 captured
Melrose= 26 killed/died, 5 captured
Westfield= 23 killed/died, 3 captured
Darwin= 23 killed/died, 4 captured
York= 13 killed/died, 8 captured
Wabash= 12 killed/died
Casey= 11 killed/died, 3 captured
Orange= 5 killed/died
Johnson= 4 killed/died
Anderson= 1 killed/died
Dolson= 1 killed/died
Parker= 1 killed/died
Douglas= No casualties
Auburn= No casualties, 1 captured
Unknown Township= 37 killed/died, 2 captured
Casualties= 235 killed/died, 59 captured.
During the war, Clark County lost 47 men on the battlefield. Listed
are the battles, in order of casualties. It is interesting to note,
2 men were killed merely 30 miles away in Charleston, Coles County,
when the 54th Regiment, on furlough, ran across an angry group of
lead by the county sheriff. The skirmish was placed in the records as a
battle and it can be found by searching the links below.
KY= 11 killed
Stone's River, TN= 10 killed
Atlanta Campaign, GA= 8 killed
Farmington, MS= 2 killed
Vicksburg, MS= 2 killed
Tullahoma Campaign, TN= 2 killed
Chickamauga, GA= 2 killed
Selma, AL= 2 killed
Charleston, IL= 2 killed
Missionary Ridge, TN= 1 killed
Fort Donelson, TN= 1 killed
Belmont, MO= 1 killed
Pea Ridge, AR= 1 killed
Bentonville, NC= 1 killed.
Seventy-nine Clark County men wore the shoulder straps of a Union
The breakdown of officers by township were as follows:
28; Westfield= 14; Casey= 10; Martinsville= 8; York= 6; Melrose= 2;
1; Anderson= 1
of the remaining five officers is unknown.
Lieutenants= 24; First Lieutenants= 25; Captains= 25; Majors= 3; and
PRISONERS OF WAR
Fifty-six Clark County men were held prisoners during the war. Some
fortunate enough to be paroled early in the war, but others were forced
to endure the hardships in makeshift prisons, such as Andersonville in
Georgia. Indeed, eleven Clark County men died as prisoners of war,
of which were in Andersonville. Below is a list of those who died as
Freemon, Harmon- Danville Prison, VA.
Edmund- Andersonville Prison, GA. He died 6/11/1864, diarrhea, grave#
Fisher, John- Andersonville Prison, GA. He died 9/27/1864, grave# 9845.
Nathan- Andersonville Prison, GA. He died 10/4/1864, scorbutus, grave#
Robert- Andersonville Prison, GA. He died 9/4/1864, diarrhea, grave#
George- Danville Prison, VA.
McCrory, Evermont- Richmond, VA.
Rolston, Joseph- Andersonville Prison, GA. He died 7/8/1864, fever,
White, William- Danville Prison, VA.
Craig, John- Andersonville Prison, GA. He died 1/22/1865, grave# 12506.
MEDAL OF HONOR-
Nineveh S. McKeen
The State of Illinois played a role in the lives of 105 Civil War
of the Medal of Honor. Of these, 80 were enlisted men and 25 were
One man from Clark County was awarded the medal. Although little is
of him, the following report was found:
21st Illinois Infantry, Co. H, First Lieutenant.
Born: Clark County, Illinois.
Residence: Marshall, Clark County, Illinois.
Action: "Conspicuous in the charge, where he was three times wounded."
Stone's River, Tennessee, December 30, 1862.
Action: "Captured the colors of the 8th Arkansas Infantry, CSA."
Gap, Tennessee, June 25, 1863.
Medal Issued: June 23, 1890.
For those interested in learning more about individual Clark County
you may write to me for information. The book, Rally Cry! The
Boys in the Civi War. The History of Clark County, Illinois in the War
Between the States, includes an index of the men, regiments,
dates, burial locations, and much more. Simply write to me with the
name, and I will forward what information is available.