5. The Battle of Bunker Hill

On June 17, 1775, early in the Revolutionary War (1775-83), the British defeated the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts (map).

Despite their loss, the inexperienced colonial forces inflicted significant casualties against the enemy, and the battle provided them with an important confidence boost. Although commonly referred to as the Battle of Bunker Hill, most of the fighting occurred on nearby Breedís Hill.

 Click to enlarge and en study the following paintings

Watch this brief video about the battle:  http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/battle-of-bunker-hill

a) After reading more about the Battle of Bunker Hill, explain the different fighting methods or strategies used by both sides during the battle. The following sitesare a good place to start:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ziNJFVt99u0 OR



b) This link will show you a wide variety of illustrations of this famous battle (both primary source contemporary drawings and later artists impressions.) Draw and colour, or find, copy and paste, an illustration of each of the different uniforms worn by both sides in the conflict.

c) If the American forces were 'dug-in' on the high ground behind defensive earth embankments, why were the British able to defeat them? Write one or two paragraphs for your answer, and include in your argument a brief assessment of how important cannon fire was in the eventual British victory. (Note the sources or sites you use.)

As well of the sites you'll find through the above link, this map of the battle may help you in answering this question.

Also try these search words in Google's 'search/article' mode, and 'image' mode:
'british cannon used in the battle of bunker hill'.

The American Colonists Return Fire.