http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution brief intro. videos
The war was the result of the political American Revolution.
When the American colonist's boycotted British taxes, London responded by ending self-government in Massachusetts. England also reacted by putting Massachusetts under the control of the British army with General Thomas Gage as governor.
In April 1775 Gage learned that weapons were being gathered in Concord, and he sent British troops to seize and destroy them. Local militia, known as 'minutemen,' confronted the troops and exchanged fire in what are now know as The Battles of Lexington and Concord.
These clashes at
Lexington and Concord in
Massachusetts proved to be the start of
the American Revolution.
France, Spain and the Dutch Republic all secretly provided supplies, ammunition and weapons to the revolutionaries starting early in 1776. After early British success, the war became a standoff.
The British used their naval
superiority to capture and occupy
American coastal cities while the rebels
largely controlled the countryside,
where 90 percent of the population
lived. British strategy relied on
militia, and was never fully realized.
Spain and the Dutch Republic—French allies—also went to war with Britain over the next two years, threatening an invasion of Great Britain and severely testing British military strength with campaigns in Europe.
Spain's involvement culminated
in the expulsion
of British armies from West
Florida, securing the American southern
Revolutionary War battles through Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York.
The war, in which France helped the revolutionary forces under General George Washington, went on for five more years of active fighting, ending with the British surrender at Yorktown in 1781.
In 1783, the Treaty of Paris ended the war and recognized the sovereignty of the United States over the territory bounded roughly by what is now Canada to the north, Florida to the south, and the Mississippi River to the west.
2. Explore this Interactive Map, and answer in your book in complete sentences, (using some of the key words from the question in your answer) the three questions on the site.
3. What are the main reasons for why the revolutionary American colonists were able to defeat the British and gain their independence?
Briefly list the key reasons given at the start of this video: