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Mummy Table

History Timeline

Predynastic Period (5200 BC to 3100 BC): The first settlers of the Nile Valley hunt and fish, later switch to farming.

Archaic Period
(3100 BC to 2700 BC): Many kings rule the several districts spread throughout Egypt. A single leader conquers and unifies all of Egypt under one rule.

Old Kingdom
(2700 BC to 2181 BC): Pyramids become the tomb of choice for pharaohs. Egypt becomes a mighty nation.

First Intermediate Period
(2181 BC to 2133 BC): The government crumbles and civil war breaks out as several rival kingdoms fight for control of Egypt.

Middle Kingdom
(2133 BC to 1633): Egypt is reunited and once again becomes rich and powerful. Egypt expands into Nubia, and art and literature flourish.

Second Intermediate Period
(1633 BC to 1567 BC): Hyksos invaders rule Egypt for over 65 years. At least the Egyptians learned about bronze, new weapons, and horse-drawn chariots from them.

New Kingdom
(1567 BC to 1085 BC): A group of Egyptian princes drive the Hyksos out of Egypt. Egypt became a huge empire. Lots of conquering, lots of building, and lots of trading.

Third Intermediate Period
(1085 BC to 525 BC): Economic troubles and civil wars weaken Egypt. There are up to four kings ruling different parts of Egypt at the same time.

Late Period
(525 BC to 332 BC): The Persians rule Egypt.

Graeco-Roman Period
(332 BC to AD 641): The time of Greek (Alexander the Great) and Roman rulers and then the ultimate end of Egyptian culture.

One of the reasons why Ancient Egypt was such a successful country, despite being largely desert, is the Nile river which runs through Egypt from South, also known as Upper Egypt to North, known as Lower Egypt. 
The Egyptians relied on this river to survive. Once every year, starting in July, the river would flood, despositing river silt and making the soil excellent for farming. When the floods subsided in November, the farmers wouldplant their seeds.
The Nile no longer floods however. In the 1960s the government built a dam to store the floodwater for electricity generation and year-round irrigation of farmland.
Did you know that the ancient Egyptians were possibly the first people to use a 365 day calendar? They knew from monitoring the stars' positions in the night sky. The astronomers were very advanced for the time.