1. Read the following and study the diagram showing the hierarchical feudal structure of medieval Japan.
    Then under the above heading, write out the sentences in italics below the diagram of their feudal system.

What is feudalism?

A country is often too big for a King to control on his own.

Feudal or feudalism is a type of government where the King or Emperor divides up the land and gives area
s of
land (fiefs) to his Lords or Barons (called Daimyo in Japan)
to look after.

The Lords
(Daimyo) promise in return to pay some tax money to the Emperor each year, and be loyal to
Emperor and help him in time
s of war.

If some Lords (Daimyo) are given too much land to control on their own, they gave some of their land to their
faithful and loyal knights (called Samurai in Japan) to look after.

The Knights (Samurai) promise in return to pay some tax money to their Lord (Daimyo) each year, and be loyal to
their Lord (Daimyo) and fight for him in times of war.

Across the country peasants are given land to grow food, and in return for this and protection, they give some of
their food each year to their local Lord (Daimyo or Samurai.)

The lower the level in this social class structure, the less power and influence the people have. In Medieval Japan the
 classes lower than the peasants were the artisans (craftsmen), merchants and Eta.

They were the lowest because they produced no food for themselves.

In the feudal system in Japan, there was an extra level in the hierarchy of land control and power.
    Just under the Emperor, one Lord or Daimyo gained more military control than all the other Daimyo or even the Emperor.
    He was called the Shogun.

2. Study the above diagram and read the notes about feudalism at the top of the page.
    Explain why the merchants were lower than the peasants in social status in the feudal system in medieval Japan.

3. Summarise the following passage and use this word bank to fill in the missing words.

           religious       Feudalism      Civil        Yamato       land     700 Emperor           Shogun       peasants      1336         Samurai

Use the following web site to help you and write your notes in your book.
(https://sites.google.com/site/mrvailsclass2/feudal-japan )

• Until 1185 an ______________ruled all of Japan.
• He was also a ______________ leader and was thought to have descended from a God.
• The Emperor had armies of _______________ warriors, however, he was defeated by a
group of Daimyo Lords in a ________ war in the year ______


• So he would not lose his throne, the Emperor made the head Daimyo _____________ or
chief military leader of all of Japan.

• This began a new form of control in Japan, where the Daimyo leaders with their
samurai armies controlled small areas of the land, rather than one emperor controlling
everything - this is usually called Feudal control or _____________

Study the following map. At one time there were 300 different daimyo lords:
Map of Feudal Japan showing the lands belonging to the different Feudal Lords or Daimyo.

• The wealthy Daimyo landholders relied on ___________ (serfs) to farm the land similar to Medieval Europe.

• Some of the Daimyo’s Samurai were also given smaller pieces of _______ to control with the help
of their own peasants.

• The ___________ family remained as emperor. He appeared at ceremonies, celebrations, and parades, but
 the emperor had no real control over the people.

• During the next ________ years of Feudal Japan, different shoguns (shogunates) controlled Japan.

4. a) Compare this diagram of the hierarchical feudal system in medieval England with the Japanese feudal system.
    Briefly note the ways in which the two systems were similar.

b) Conduct your own research into the Samurai and then print off and complete this
        Venn diagram comparing the Japanese Samurai with European Medieval Knights.
        This page would be a good place to sstart.
        You could work in pairs and help each other to find similarities and differences.


5. Write the following points in your book under the heading: The Tokugawa Period

In 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu became Shogun and their family ruled japan with strict controls for 264 years.

• The Tokugawa Shogun moved his capital to Edo (now called Tokyo) - This period from 1603 to 1868 is known as the Tokugawa Period or the Edo Period.

• The Tokugawa controlled the richest 25% of the country.

• The Tokugawa imposed strict rules and restrictions on the other 260 daimyo - so that the other daimyo could not become rich or powerful enough to threaten the Tokugawa shogun's control.

6. Draw a mind map on a new page in your book - turn your page sideways.


In the centre of your page write the topic: Rules Imposed on the Daimyo

Around this include the following information in your mind map:

Some of his family had to live in Edo where they were like hostages.

He could only build one castle and had to apply before he could make any building changes. He had to spend every

second year in Edo and travel with his samurai soldiers for protection at his own expense. He had to get permission

 to marry and follow strict and expensive dress codes. He could not make treaties with other daimyo and was only

allowed a limited number of samurai.


7. Print off and fill in this chart about the Japanese feudal system.
    Use this web page to find information to fill in your chart. Paste it in your book when complete.