In your book or folder, do the following activities: A to E

   A. Under the heading: Figures of speech - Similes and Metaphors, write out the following notes and examples.

A SIMILE is a figure of speech where X is compared to Y , using the words AS or LIKE .

For example:

heart       "My love's LIKE a red, red rose."            

       "He was AS cold AS ice."         

A METAPHOR is a figure of speech where X is compared to Y, and where X is said TO BE Y. A METAPHOR says that X IS Y.

For example:

    "It IS raining cats and dogs."

    "Juliet IS the sun."

    "My bedroom IS a tip."

    "Her eyes ARE homes of silent prayer."

Helpful Hint 1
'ARE' is the plural form of the verb 'IS.'
For example: The girl IS going. / The girls ARE going.

Helpful Hint 2
One use of an apostrophe (') is to show that letters are missing.
For example: The boy's here = The boy is here.

Authors use metaphors and similes to create IMAGES .

      B. Identify whether the following are similes or metaphors. BEWARE, there are some 
            trick ones in there!
( In your book write Simile or Metaphor next to the numbers 1-25. Then compare your list with the person next to you. Ask your teacher if you disagree on any.)

  1. "Juliet is the sun." (Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet.)

  2. Tracy felt as sick as a parrot.

  3. "..the perfect sky is torn." (Natalie Imbruglia, "Torn")

  4. The traffic is murder.

  5. Tom is as deaf as a post.

  6. "Life's but a walking shadow." (Shakespeare, Macbeth.)

  7. She ran like the wind.

  8. I'm as light as a feather.

  9. "The sun's a thief." (Shakespeare, Timon of Athens.)

  10. Kitty is the apple of her mother's eye.

  11. "Death lies upon her like an untimely frost." (Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet.)

  12. My feet are as warm as toast.

  13. "There's more life in a tramp's vest." (Stereophonics, "more life in a tramp's vest.")

  14. Tom is deaf.

  15. "Everyday is a winding road. " (Sheryl Crow, "Everyday is a winding road.")

  16. My eyes are blue.

  17. "England & is a fen of stagnant waters." (Wordsworth.)

  18. "Their smiles, wan as primroses." (Keats.)

  19. The cucumber is cool.

  20. Your beauty shines like the sun.

  21. "Love is blind, as far as the eye can see." (The Spice Girls, "Too Much.")

  22. She looked as pretty as a picture.

  23. James was as cool as a cucumber.

  24. His feet are as black as coal.

  25. "It's been a hard day's night / And I've been working like a dog." (Lennon and McCartney.)

    ( from
    Copyright 2000 English resources, all rights reserved)

C. In your book, write out some similes and metaphors from the following poem, and then draw and colour one of them.


I WANDERED lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.

Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.

The waves beside them danced; but they
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could never be gray, 
In such a jocund company:
I gazed--and gazed--but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought:

For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.

William Wordsworth 



D. a) Write out the following under the heading: Another figure of speech: Personification

Personifications are a different type of comparison. 
This kind of a figure of speech gives human characteristics to a non human subject.
For example: "The moon smiled down...; Father time; Whispering trees; Babbling brook"

     b) Find out from the Internet when
William Wordsworth lived, and note this in your book or folder. Then read and write out the title of one of his other poems.

     c) Write out some examples of personification from his poem:

E. a) Write out the following under the heading: Figures of Speech
A figure of speech is a way of expressing yourself where your words are not meant to have a literal meaning. The words are used in an unusual way, so they can show the incredible beauty of an image or share with you the emotions or feelings of the poet. Some important figures of speech are: simile, metaphor, personification and hyperbole. You can also use a symbol to express an additional idea.

    b) Find out for yourself from the Internet, what an hyperbole and a symbol is, when used in poetry. Find a good definition of each and write out some examples of each from different poems.
Try typing the words hyperbole poetry in a Google search, or literary terms.
For a definition try  and see this page about symbols. 

    c) Draw and colour an image of one of your examples, or find one to paste in your book or folder from the Internet.