(c) Copyright February 27, 2002 by Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D., on behalf of author, a friend of mine who asked me to post it anonymously on my website which I did on that date. Copyright again on July 14, 2019 by Kenneth R. Conklin on behalf of the true author, the late Lehman Lloyd Lanakila “Bud” Henry, whose family-placed obituary was published in the Honolulu Star-Advertiser on Sunday July 14, 2019 on page B6 at
All rights reserved
The obituary is copied in full at the bottom of this webpage.
The following was sent to me by a kanaka maoli kupuna friend of mine, who has asked to remain anonymous. If anyone would like to ask questions or make comments on this material, Ken Conklin promises to forward them to the writer who may then choose to reply or not to reply. My friend signed the essay in the following way: "[Name withheld for obvious reasons. Facts remain fact and support bias judgment. The writer is not ready to have his iwi picked over in grand Hawaiian-style.]"
KS/BE vs GREED!
The Kamehameha Schools/Bernice
Pauahi Bishop Estate
(KS/BE) has been hosting a GREED! Show of sorts, or to
bring it up to date,
"Who Wants to be a millionaire?" for over forty years.
This is to document
how the Trustees, as players, and "caretakers"
(konohiki?) of the estate
have prevailed over those years. "Though long dead,"
as the Honolulu
Magazine Islander of ther Year in 1998, "Charles Reed
Bishop's (CRB) role in
writing the will of his wife, Princess Bernice Pauahi
Bishop, laid the
foundation for Kamehameha Schools Bishop Estate --
even if it didn't prevent
the $1 million-a-year trustees from self-destructing
in 1997. Now the trust
Bishop helped create calls itself simply "Kamehameha
THE TRUST BEGINS
Local author/researcher/historian Bob Dye, in the Forward of the January 1998 issue of Honolulu Magazine, writes,
"The property that went into
Bishop Estate belonged
to Hawaiian Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop. But the
man who really created
Bishop Estate in his own image was her haole husband,
Charles Reed Bishop
of interest, insider dealing, political influence,
micro-management -- all these were part of Bishop
Estate from the beginning.
It was Princess Pauahi Bishop's legacy, but the man
who shaped Bishop Estate
-- and sowed the seeds of all its curent controvercies
-- was Charles Reed
Bishop: The Man Pauahi Trusted".
businessman banker husband,
Charles Reed Bishop, was named one the five Trustees
of her Estate. She was
18 and Charles was 28 when they wed in 1850. Their
marriage was opposed by
her parents, Abner Paki and Kanaholo Konia. The other
four trustees named
were Samuel M. Damon, Charles M. Hyde, Charles M.
Cooke and William O.
Smith. Pauahi's will was compled in 1883 and two
codicils were added before
her painful death of cancer in 1884 at the age of 52.
Dye writes, "As the
sad news of Pauahu's death spread through Honolulu,
flags were lowered to
half-mast, shops and schools were closed and courts
recessed in memory of
the last of the Kamehamehas. The royal lands -- one
ninth of all land in
the islands -- passed now from an ali'i nui to five
THE SHOW BEGINS
The GREED! SHOW begins in March
1959. Hawaii Kai is
born. The Bishop Estate Trustees and Industrialist
Henry J. Kaiser
announced that a "resort-residential" community of
50,000 was being planned
for 6,000 acres of Bishop Estate land on Oahu's east
end. It would also
include other undeveloped lands of the Koko Head area,
extending from the
shores of Maunalua Bay to Makapuu Point. With a
present population of
about 40,000, development continues as it has for the
past forty years to
reach its goal at a growth rate of about 10,000 people
THE KAISER PLAN
The KS/BE Hawaii Kai Development
Plan provided for
family and townhouse units, condos, resort hotels,
schools, a marina with boating and water sports
facilities and other inter-
structure necessary for a modern community. Lease
agreements were to follow
established Bishop Estate policies which were for
thirty to fifty years on
residential and fifty years on commercial properties.
As families moved
into the area, Bishop Estate and Kaiser began to
receive the lease payments.
"Reasonable" lease rents began to fill the Estate's
In the 60's
the Trustees of the Estate were Frank K. Midkiff
(President), Edwin P.
Murray, Atherton Richards, Richard "Papa" Lyman, and
Herbert K. Keppler.
These guys basically found a way to develop Bernice
Pauahi Bishop's land the
missionary way. Stated in her will, appointment of
the Bishop Estate
Trustees was to be made by the Hawaii State Supreme
Court. The Governor was
Democrat John A. Burns. Hung Wo Ching, a "financial
wizard," came on board
in 1968 and left in 1982.
In the mid-1970's the Bishop Estate
leasehold policy was
challenged by the State of Hawaii, and, to make a long
story short, through
Hawaii's Supreme Court, a ruling was made that leased
land could now be
acquired in "fee simple" by the lease holders. The
people had hit the
jackpot so it seemed; a gain for the leaseholders who
could now be land
owners and a loss of some Bishop Estate land ownership
... good/bad? The
make up of the Trustees had changed somewhat. They
were now Midkiff,
Richards, Lyman, Hung Wo Ching and Matsuo "Massy"
Takabuki, a controversial
appointment, but another "financial wizard" like Hung
Wo Ching. Richards
was replaced by Myron "Pinky" Thompson, a former State
Director of Social
Services. The Governor was Democrat George Arioyshi.
In the 1980s, the Bishop Estate
put high values on
their lease-to-fee properties. The change in the law
also applied to all of
the other large landed Estates (Campbell, Robinson,
etc.) without any
hoopla. The Bishop Estate hired a "hard ass, no
scruples," Real Estate
Broker (Savio) to "negotiate" with individuals or
groups on a
"take-it-or-leave-it" basis. Unbeknownst to most, at
that time, the Bishop
Estate Trustees also wore Real Estate Broker hats. As
such, as the hired
principal broker was "raking it in" his cut, the
Trustees were also "raking
in" their portion of the take as Real Estate Broker
fees for themselves. A
1986 photo shows the composition of the Trustees as
Papa Lyman (President),
William Richardson; the former Chief Justice of the
Hawaii State Supreme
Court, the body that selected Bishop Estate Trustees
Henry H. Peters; the Speaker of the Hawaiii State
House of Representatives
appointed by Democrat Hawaiian Governor John Waihee
Pinky Thompson (Secretary) and Massy Takabuki
THE PEAK PAY-OFF
During the peak lease-to-fee
conversion years of the
1980's and 1990's, broker fees to the five Trustees
were moving upward
towards five million dollars per year (divided among
themselves). In 1991
the Trustees were Richardson (Chairman), Peters (1st
still kept his seat at the Hawaii House of
Representatives), Oswald K.
Stender; newly appointed former CEO of the Campbell
Vice-Chairman), Thompson (Secretary) and Takabuki
GLITCH IN THE SYSTEM
Here's the tricky part.
According to Mrs.
Bishop's seemingly steadfast Will created by her
husband, Charles Reed
Bishop, and other influential lawyers of the time, the
members of the
Hawaii Supreme Court were forever to appoint the
Trustees of her Estate.
After over a 100 years, the sitting members of the
Hawaii Supreme Court
opted out of that duty -- they weren't going to do
that any more. In
essense, by not honoring the wishes of Pauahi's Will,
they "broke" one of
the main pillars of her legacy that had stood the test
of time. Simply
stated, "They broke her Will." It ended up where the
Chief Justice of the
Hawaii Supreme Court took on the one-person job of
appointing the Bishop
Estate Trustees. This is Hawaii's Democratic
political power in action.
The last generation of Bishop Estate
Trustees were basically
Richard "Dickie" Wong (former President of the
Hawai=8Ci State Senate and
another Waihee appointee); Peters, Stender, Marion Mae
(former Maui County School District Superintendent who
turned out to be "the
weakest link") and Gerard A. Jervis (an insider-lawyer
and member of the
Hawaii State Judicial Selection Commission that
The last generation of Trustees,
Papa Lyman would
probably call them, "da poor buggas," took the fall
for a myriad number of
wrong-doings at the Bishop Estate over the years that
led to their ouster
from what became very lucrative positions up to
$1,000,000 each. This did
not bode will with the people. This did not seem
pono. "Enough, was
enough," was the loud cry of the Kamehameha Ohana as
they marched against
the da buggas! The full story can be traced back to
those who nurtured
their demise during those lease-to-fee windfall years
that started at least
three Bishop Estate Trustee-Generations ago.
BROKEN TRUST VS. GREEDY TRUSTEES
The spotlight of
the latest "Broken
Trust" era that caused the fatal ending (1999-2000),
overshadowed the less
lighted, but "silent and effective," Arioyshi and
Waihee years of the truely
"Greedy Trustees" prior to that time. The wheeling
and dealing during those
formative years should be looked at in light of what
happened to the "fall
guys" (mentioned again for emphasis).
The Trustees of The Kamehameha
Bishop Estate thought they were Alii. They did not
honor the fact that
they worked for "Ke Alii Pauahi" and that they were
"pseudo-konohiki" of her holdings. During their
GREED! Show they were
"sharks that walked upon the [her] land" that just
wanted to be
millionaires. That's the final answer.
Pseudo Aloha - I mua Kamehameha!
** Family-placed obituary published in Honolulu Star-Advertiser on Sunday, July 14, 2019 on page B6 (it was accompanied by a fairly recent photo of him, along with the U.S. flag shown in all obituaries of U.S. military veterans):
Lehman Lloyd Lanakila "Bud" Henry
Lehman Lloyd Lanakila 89, of Kaneohe passed away June 4, 2019. He was born on March 26, 1930 in Hilo and attended the Kamehameha School for Boys (KSB'47). He served in the U.S. Air Force where he was commissioned as a 2nd Lt as a Navigator assigned to the Strategic Air Command's 308th Air Refueling Squadron at Hunter AFB. When he left the Air Force he returned to Hawaii to attend the University of Hawaii where he received his Masters Degree in Geography. His thesis was a 16mm movie (a first at the time for UH) and text that documented the area in East Oahu that is now known as Hawaii Kai. He was also on the UH geography team that created the first map of the State of Hawaii in 1959.
In 1961, he became a Geographic Intelligence Officer with the U.S. Army Map Service, working out of Tokyo. He then worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs as the Economic Development Officer for the Ute Indian Tribe at Ft. Duchesne, UT. In 1968 he returned to Hawaii to work as an Operations Research Analyst for the Commander-in-Chief, Pacific (USCINCPAC). In 1976, he was selected as the Outstanding Non-supervisory Federal Employee of the Year. He retired from the U.S. Federal Government in 1990.
A Kaneohe resident for many years, Bud was active in researching, documenting and preserving the ecology and culture of the area where he lived. He was a charter member of the Kaneohe Neighborhood Board and a founding member of The Friends of Heeia State Park and served as the Chairperson of the Board of Directors for over 10 years. Intent on the preservation of ancient Hawaiian fishponds, his book on the subject, with focus on Heeia Fishpond, was published in 1993. In 1998, he was presented the Historic Preservation Honor Award by the Historic Hawaii Foundation. In 2001, Bud received a City and County of Honolulu Outstanding Senior Citizen Award for his work with Friends of Heeia State Park, and in 2002 he was inducted into the University of Hawaii and UH Alumni Association Golden Scholar Society.
Bud's interest in travel took him all over the world. Places that had specific impact are Rapa Nui, Vietnam, Tibet, Indonesia, Laos and the Pacific Nations he visited - Tuvalu, Samoa, Fiji, the Cook Islands, French Polynesia, and the Tuamotus and Marquesas Islands.
Bud is predeceased by wife Anita S. (High) Henry. He is survived by daughters Lisa Henry-Hamilton (George) and Lee Henry-Chang (Brad); grandchildren Laura Chang, Christopher Hamilton, Hiilani Chang, Faith Hamilton; and brother Leslie M. Henry. Inurnment at National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific. Private Services Held.
Arrangements Provided By: Hawaiian Memorial Park Mortuary
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