A Brief History of Citizenship and Voting Rights in Hawai'i (Kingdom, Republic, Territory, and State)

In Spring, 2002 a very important article was published by Patrick W. Hanifin in the Hawaii Bar Journal, Vol. V, No. 13, pp. 15-44. Its title is "To Dwell on the Earth in Unity: Rice, Arakaki, and the Growth of Citizenship and Voting Rights in Hawai'i"

Attorney Patrick W. Hanifin specializes in civil rights, land use and environmental law. He is a partner in the Honolulu law firm of Im Hanifin Parsons. He is also the Hawai'i attorney for the Pacific Legal Foundation, a nonprofit public interest law firm. He can be contacted as follows:

Patrick W. Hanifin, Esq.
Im Hanifin Parsons
1001 Bishop Street
Pacific Tower, Suite 2475
Honolulu, Hawaii 96813
Phone (direct line) : 808-585-7768
Fax: 808-585-0336
Email: patrick.hanifin@ihplaw.com

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To see the final version of the article as published in the Hawaii Bar Journal, click here:

An earlier draft of the article was written, and posted on this website in 2001. This draft was posted in ordinary html code, where it can be read without Acrobat Reader. It is easy to copy and paste any part, or all, of it; but there are no page numbers. The final version offered above in pdf format is now the "official" version.

To see the previous draft from the year 2001, click here:


Email: ken_conklin@yahoo.com