Population Geography

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Population Geography


Thomas Malthus

Components of Population Change

Factors affecting fertility

  1. Religion: most major religions favour family development so very religious populations have a high fertility.
  2. Social customs and taboos, eg as regards contraception
  3. Education. There is an inverse relationship between education level and the number of children .

Factors affecting mortality

  1. Endogenetic processes. These refer to internal/bodily factors, such as disease.
  2. Exogenetic processes. These refer to external factors such as the environment.


Ravenstein's Laws of Migration

Push-Pull Theory

Gravity Model

Consequences of Migration

  1. Demographic Consequences:
  2. Social Consequences:
  3. Economic Consequnces:

Sex Structure

Age Structure

Progressive Type