Slave Narrative of Joe Bouy (Buie)

Remembering Joseph Buie
Transcribed by Linda Durr Rudd

Joseph Buie was born in 1852. His death certificate names his father as Joe Buie and his mother as unknown. His wife was Sarah Jane Buie born about 1862, died 24 Apr 1904. Their children were Mary b. 1878, Ellis b. 1880, Josie, b. 1882, Rodney b. 1883, Hallie b. 1884, Israel b. 1885, Missouri b. 1886, John b. 1887, and Willie b. 1889, Archie b. 1892, Sarah Jane b. 1894, and Henry b. 1898. Farming was his occupation on the Prentiss Buie's place. Joe died June 15, 1939 in Bogue Chitto, Lincoln County, MS. He was buried at the Zion Chapel Church Cemetery in Caseyville, MS, where he was considered an outstanding member.

Narrative of Joseph Buie

I found Joe Bouy out in the woods back of his house lying prone on the ground in the full glare of the strong, sweet sunshine drinking in its warmth like it was a life giving medicine.

Feeble and emanciated, hair and beard snow white, back bent over as he wobbles along with the aid of a crooked cane, Joe Bouy gives every appearance of being blown away with the next strong wind.

He is eight-nine years old and was born on the Bouy plantation located three miles from Caseville. His speech is more or less of a mumble and hardly discernable due to the loss of all his teeth. As he told his story his mind rambled and his imagination betrayed him. The following pages reproduce his eloquence as accurately as it is possible to quote the inimitable old negro.

"Hmmmmmm-- --- Ah 'members when de wah was stahted. Ah 'members Marse John cum ridin' up on his black hoss a 'shoutin', 'Ma' Ma' --Wahs' been de'clahed.' Out in the quarters we was might up sat. We was scart' de Yankees gwine get us an' cut our necks off.

Ah was borned on de Bouy plantation an' de house still stans' thar an' Marse John, he libs dar now. I don know whar ma' mammy cum frum, but ma pappy cum frum South Carolina. Ah had five sisters an three brothers. Ah 'members one day two, three yeahs 'fore de wah, Abraham Lincoln was trabling 'long out our way an' he stop at our place an' stay de night an res. Tall, sparse man. He pat me on de haid when he fixin' to leave. Ah 'members dat.

Old Man Dan Bouy had six chillun. Only one of de sons went to wah. Ah 'members how thin he be when he cum home on furlow.

Dar was three colored women woukin' in de big house. De res o' de men an' women wuk out in de fiels. Us chullun din do no kin' wuk till we was sixteen.

De Yankees stop at our house all de' time. We got right use to 'em, an dey din bothah us much.

We had weddins' an' musicals an dances an lots o' good times regulah'. De folks in de big house use com' down to de' quarters on Sattidy nights an mek' us sing. We sho did some cuttin' up. Ah use to be able to do some right smaht jiggin' when Ah was a youngster.

De Marster whip de slaves when he katch em runnin' away or takin things. Ah got a whippin jes one time. Dat night we was all a'sittin' roun de fiah' an Ah seen de Marster a'comin' frum de big house wif de whip in his hands an' Ah knowed right away he was a huntin' me. Ma pahtner an' me had killed one o' de hogs fer ourselves sos' we could hev some fresh meat. De Marster whip me good an' plenty.

Ah seen a man hung onct. He ran off wid de Yankees an com sneakin back tryin' to get som O' de res o' de niggahs to go off wid him. De white folks takin' him off an Ah put de rope roun his neck. Ole Mars Bouy took de rope an' flung it roun ma' haid after dey had hung the niggah. Ah was plumb scairet' den, sho nuf. But he was only playin'.

After de wah, ma mammy had died, an me an' pappy trable roun de country wukin'. De women usual got ten or fifteen dollah' a month an' de men got twenty-fi'. Ah finally got married an' had six chillun. Ahs' libin wif one o' ma sons now.

Ahs' glad dey ain't no mo slaves. Ahs' glad to be free.

Slave Owner
Daniel Buie was born July 15, 1797 in NC. He died September 17, 1862 in MS. His wife was Mary Lemons. Their children were Elizabeth, John, Neil Henry, Dorothy, Daniel, Jr., Zachariah, and Mary. Daniel owned 76 slaves in 1860 according to the 1860 Copiah County Slave Schedule. His 1862 inventory listing of slaves numbered 83. Included on the list were two Joes. One was valued at $1000.00 and the other was valued at $900.00.

Federal Census Records

1870 - Not Found

1880 - Lincoln County, Caseyville, MS - Page 130
Joseph Buie, 28; Sarah I., wife, 18; Mary Buie, dau, 2; Ellis, dau, 1

1900 - Lincoln County, Beat 5, MS - Page 183
Joe Ban (Buie), 56; Sarah Jane, wife, 60; Mary, dau, 22; Ellis, son, 20; Josie, son, 17; Israel, son, 15; Johnnie, son, 13; Willie, son, 10; Archie, 8, son; Edgar, 7, son; Rodney, son, 5; Hallie, dau, 4; Masarrah, dau, 2; Anger, son, 7/12

1910 - Lincoln County, Beat 5, MS - Page 262
Joe Buie, 61; Mary Brown, dau, 27; Rodney Buie, son, 17; Hallie Buie, dau, 16; Missouri Buie, dau, 14; Angian Buie, son, 8; Sarah Jane Buie, dau, 6; Daniel Brown, gson, 9; Rosanna Brown, gdau, 6; Gola Brown, gdau, 1/12

1920 - Lincoln County, Red Star, MS - Page 232
Joe Buie, 68, Wd; Henry, son, 18; Sarah Jane, dau, 12; Rosanna Coleman, gdau, 18

1930 - Not Found


1880 Lincoln County Federal Census
1900 Lincoln County Federal Census
Educable Children - Lincoln County, MS 1892, complied by John Smith
State Wide Historical Research Project, Lincoln County, Microfilm Number: 4671
Copiah County Wills, Microfilm Number: 87
Joe Buie's Death Certificate, #1939-10683
Records found at MS Dept. of Archives and History, Jackson, MS
and Lincoln-Lawrence-Franklin County Regional Library, Brookhaven, MS
Buie Homepage

Mississippi Buie Death Index - 1912-1943

Remembering Their Names