United States Forces
KEY - CV = Fleet Carrier / CVL = Light Fleet Carrier / BB = Battleship / CA = Heavy Cruiser / CL = Light Cruiser / DD = Destroyer
(Admiral Raymond A. Spruance in heavy cruiser Indianapolis)
Fifth Fleet consisted primarily of the landing forces
("Joint Expeditionary Force") under Vice Admiral R.K. Turner, and the fast
carriers and their escorts (Task Force 58) under Vice Admiral Mitscher.
The amphibious force was the ultimate target of the Japanese operation, but in the event it was not engaged in the battle, which consisted of a struggle between the Japanese carrier forces on one side, and Mitscher's Task Force 58 (and the American submarines) on the other.
Task Force 58
(Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher in carrier Lexington)
7 fleet carriers, 8 light fleet carriers, 7 battleships, 8 heavy cruisers, 12 light cruisers, 67 destroyers.
Task Force 58 was organised into four carrier groups, plus Vice Admiral Lee's Battle Line, as detailed below.
Task Group One (TG58.1)
(Rear Admiral J.J. Clark in carrier Hornet)
2 fleet carriers, 2 light fleet carriers, 2 heavy cruisers, 2 light cruisers, 14 destroyers.
(Captain W.D. Sample) Air Group 2 (Commander
CV-10 Yorktown (Captain R.E. Jennings) Air Group 1 (Commander J.M. Peters)
CVL-24 Belleau Wood (Captain John Perry) Air Group 24 (Lt. Commander E.M. Link)
CVL-29 Bataan (Captain V.H. Schaeffer) Air Group 50 (Lt. Commander J.C. Strange USNR)
CL Anti-aircraft light cruiser Oakland
CL Anti-aircraft light cruiser San Juan
Task Group Two (TG38.2)
(Rear Admiral A.E. Montgomery in carrier Bunker Hill)
2 fleet carriers, 2 light fleet carriers, 1 heavy cruiser, 4 light cruisers, 12 destroyers.
CV-17 Bunker Hill
(Captain T.P. Jeter) Air Group 8 (Commander R.L. Shipley)
CV-18 Wasp (Captain C.A.F. Sprague) Air Group 14 (Commander W.C. Wingard)
CVL-26 Monterey (Captain S.H. Ingersoll) Air Group 28 (Lt. Commander R.W. Mehle USNR)
CVL-28 Cabot (Captain S.J. Michael) Air Group 31 (Lt. Commander R.A. Winston)
CL Santa Fe
DD Stephen Potter
DD The Sullivans
DD Lewis Hancock
Task Group Three, TG58.3
(Rear Admiral J.W. Reeves in carrier Enterprise)
2 fleet carriers, 2 light fleet carriers, 1 heavy cruiser, 4 light cruisers, 13 destroyers.
CV-6 Enterprise (Captain
M.B. Gardner) Air Group 10 (Commander W.R. Kane)
CV-16 Lexington (Captain E.W. Litch) Air Group 16 (Commander E.M. Snowden)
CVL-23 Princeton (Captain W.H. Buracker) Air Group 27 (Lt. Commander E.W. Wood)
CVL-30 San Jacinto (Captain H.M. Martin) Air Group 51 (Lt. Commander C.L. Moore)
DD Clarence K. Bronson
Task Group Four, TG58.4
(Rear Admiral W.K. Harrill in carrier Essex)
1 fleet carrier, 2 light fleet carriers, 4 light cruisers, 14 destroyers.
(Captain R.A. Ofstie) Air Group 15 (Commander
CVL-25 Cowpens (Captain H.W. Taylor) Air Group 25 (Lt. Commander R.H. Price)
CVL-27 Langley (Captain W.M. Dillon) Air Group 32 (Lt. Commander E.C. Outlaw)
CL Anti-aircraft light cruiser San Diego
DD Charles Ausburne
Task Group 58.7, Battle Line
(Vice Admiral Willis A. Lee in battleship Washington)
7 battleships, 4 heavy cruisers, 14 destroyers.
BB Washington (Captain T.R. Cooley)
BB North Carolina (Captain F.P. Thomas)
BB Iowa (Captain A.R. McCann)
BB New Jersey (Captain C.F. Holden)
BB South Dakota (Captain C.B. Momsen)
BB Alabama (Captain V.R. Murphy)
BB Indiana (Captain T.J. Keliher)
CA New Orleans
CA San Fransisco
PHILLIPINE SEA - INDEX PAGE
Main source for this order
of battle was - Samuel Eliot Morison "History of US Naval Operations in
World War II" (Little Brown & Co., Boston), Vol.VIII