A lot of castles were built for defensive purposes.
Kilchurn Castle was the home of the Clan Campbell. Kilchurn Castle was a square tower, built by Colin Campbell of Glenorchy c1550. There are lot of examples of armorials located in different castles across Europe. Blair Castle in Scotland had one I had the privilege to view.
Here are some examples old armorials which show a variety of different styles of artist license. The armorials were devised for a variety of reason, like tournaments and battles.
LE BRETON ARMORIAL
- Dering Roll (c.1280)
- Armorial Lalaing
- Armorial Conninck
- Armorial Nieuwenhove
- Roll of St. George
- Armorial Ryneck (c.1474)
- Tournoi de Chauvency (c.1285)
- Role d'armes du traite de Guerande (c.1381)
- Parliamentary Roll (c.1312)
- Armorial de Guillaume Revel (c.1456)
- Role de Turin (c. 1312)
- Povey's Roll
- Armorial Gymnich (c.1445)
Content: 46 arms of Polish knights (4 arms were depicted twice, so in fact, only 42 arms) can be found.
Original: Brussels, Royal Library, ms.II, 6567 (Fonds Houwaert).
Published: Heymowski, Adam, Herby polskie w brukselskim Armorial Gymnich, in Studia zródloznawcze, vol.29/1985 (article in Polish about Polish arms within the Armorial).
- Camden Roll (c.1280)
- Ashomean Roll (c.1334)
- Armorial Bellenville (c.1370-1385)
Author: most probably Geldre Claes Heinen.
Content: among 1,722 armorial shields, of which 478 with helmets and crests, 24 armorial shields of Polish knights, (2 arms were depicted twice, so in fact, only 22 arms) can be found.
Published: Jequier, L. (ed.), L'Armorial Bellenville, in Cahier d'Heraldique, Paris, vol. 5/1983.
Reports in the Recueil du Ile Congres international des sciences genealogique et héraldique, Liége 29 of May - 2 of June 1972, (article in French).
- Armorial Bergshammer (c.1435-1450)
Content: 3,388 arms with or without helmet or crest; 70 armorial shields of Polish knights, dignitaries and clergymen, as well as some examples of civic heraldry (arms of provinces) can be found.
Original: Stockholm, Riksarkivet, Bergshammarsamlingen.
Published: Raneke, Hans, Bergshammarvapenboken, in Medeltidsheraldisk studie, Lund, 1975 (article in Swedish).
Heymowski, Adam, Herby polskie w sztokholmskim Codex Bergshammar, in Studia zrodloznawcze, vol.12/1967
- Armorial Gelre (c.1370-1386)
Author: Geldre Claes Heinen.
Content: among 1,755 achievements of arms in colour, 25 arms of Polish knights (this includes arms of 1 Hungarian and 3 Silesian knights who were owners of large estates in the Kingdom of Poland) can be found.
Original: Brussels, Royal Library, ms.15652-56.
Published: Galbreath, D. L., La Suisse féodale daaprds laArmorial de gelre, in Archives Heraldiques Suisses, vol.46/1932, (article in French).
Mikucki, Sylwiusz, Rycerstwo slowianskie w Wapenboek Gerlego, in Studia Zrodloznawcze, vol.3/1958, (article in Polish, concerned only with Slavic arms).
- 1st Dunstable Tournament (c.1308)
- 2nd Dunstable Tournament (c.1334)
- Armorial Urfe (c.1380-1400)
- Armorial Vermandois (c.1280-1300)
- Des Conrad Grunenberg (c.1483)
Content: Arms of hundred's of knights.
Original: Berlin, Private State Archives, Berlin-Dahlem, (contemporary copy: Munich, State Library).
Published: Stillfried R. von & Hildebrandt, A. M., Des Conrad Grünenberg Ritters und Bürgers zu Constanzer Wappenbuch or The Armorial of Conrad Grünenberg, Frankfurt am Main, publishing date unknown, (article in German).
- Armorial Wijnbergen (c.1270-1285)
- Role du Tournoi de Mons (c.1310)
- Role du Tournoi de Compeigne (1278)
- Armorial Uffenbach (1380)
- Armorial Equestre de la Toison d'Or (c.1470)
Author: most probably Jean Lefevre de Saint Remy.
Content: approx. 1000 armorial shields of knights, in colour; depiction of Kings, etc., in the tournamental attire; as well as examples of civic heraldry (arms of provinces) can be found.
Original: Paris, Bibliotheque de Arsenal, no.4790.
Published: Larchey, L., Armorial Ancien Equestre de la Toison daOr et de laEurope au XV siecle, Paris, 1890 (article in French).
Pinches, R. & Wood, A., An Armorial of Knights of the Golden Fleece and 15th Century Europe, London, 1971 (there is an introduction in English to Polish heraldry by B. J. Klec-Pilewski).
- Armorial of St. Christopher on Arlberg (c.1420)
Content: among the arms of the Brotherhood's members, 12 armorial shields of Polish knights can be found.
Original: Vienna, Österreichisches Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv.
Published: Hupp, Otto, Die Wappenbücher von Arlberg v.1: Die drei Orginal-Handschriften vom St.Christoph dem Arlberg aus den Jahren 1394 bis rund 1430, Berlin, 1937-1943 (article in German).
Polaczkowna, Helena, Ksiega bracka na Arlbergu w Tyrolu, in Miesiecznik Heraldyczny, vol.10/1931 (article in Polish).
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