KINGS OF PONTUS

01. Orontobades [Rhodobates], satrap of Cius [on the Propontis] (d401BC)

02. Mithridates I, Prince of Cius (d363)

03. Ariobarzanes, Prince of Cius, Governor of Phrygia (d337)

04. Mithridates II, Prince of Cius 337-302, bro of Ariobarzanes [I], King 362-337, submitted to Alexander "The Great"

05. Mithridates III/I "Ktistes", Prince of Cius 302, King of Pontus 296-266

06. Ariobarzanes [II], King of Pontus 266-255/250

07. Mithridates II, King of Pontus 255/250-220

note: some combine Mithridates II & Mithridates III into one person, Mithridates II, with his regnal years c. 250-190/185

08. Mithridates III, King 220-190/185

= Laodice, dau of Antiochus II "Theos", King of Syria

issue:

(a) Pharnaces I

(b) Mithridates IV [or III] Philopator Philadelphus

(c) Laodice (dau), wife of Antiochus III "The Great", King of Syria

09. Pharnaces I, King of Pontus 190/185-169, bro of Mithridates IV [or III] Philopator Philadelphus, King 169-156

= Nysas, dau of Antiochus, a Syrian prince

issue:

10. Mithridates V Euergetes, King of Pontus 156-121

= Laodice, dau of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, King of Syria, regent 121-115

issue:

(a) Mithridates VI Eupator Dionysius "The Great"

(b) Laodice "Major" (dau), wife of Ariarathes VI, King of Cappadocia (d110)

(c) Laodice "Minor" (dau), one of her brother's wives

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11. Mithridates VI Eupator Dionysius "The Great", King of Pontus 121-63BC

[note: order of wives unsure]

=1 Komosarye, dau of Parisades V, King of Bosphore

see: https://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/bosphore.wps.htm

=2 Stratonice, dau of Ariarathes V "Philopator", King of Cappadocia

=3 Antiochis, dau of Attalus II "Philadelphus", King of Pergamus

=4 Aspasia, dau of Pylamenes II, King of Paphlagonia

=5 Cleopatra, dau of Alexander [VII] of Athamanie

see: https://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/ancient2moderngreece.wps.htm

=6 Hypsicratea, Queen of Colchis [Georgia], descendant of Amazon Queen Hippolyta

=7 Monime, dau of Bakru II, King of Osrhoene

=8 Berenice, dau of Ptolemy, King of Commagene

=9 Ditizele, dau of Nicomedes II, King of Bithynia

=10+ others, inclu his sister, Laodice "Minor"

=x Adobogiona [mistress], sis of Brogitarus, King of Galatia, wife of Menodotus [Menedemus] of Pergamus

issue: 12 sons & 9 daus, include:

issue of 1:

(a) Mithridates, prince (d83)

(b) Machares, King of Bosphore 81-65

(c) Pharnaces [II], King of Bosphore 63-47, father of Dynamis, Queen of Bosphore 8BC-AD7, mother of Aspurgus, King of Bosphore AD 10-37, ancestor of the Aspurgids

issue of 2:

(d) Archelaus

(e) Xiphares [V]

(f) Stratonice (dau), wife of Deiotarus, King of Galatia 63/59-40/39

issue of 3:

(g) Arcathias (d86)

(h) Artaphernes

(i) Aribarzanes

(j) Artemisia (dau)

(k) Athenais (dau)

(l) Anagoria (dau)

issue of 4:

(m) Taxilles

(n) Oxathres

(o) Darius

issue of 5:

(p) Cleopatra (dau), [1st] wife of Tigranes II "The Great", King of Armenia 95-55BC, mother of 3 daus, namely,

(1) dau, wife of Chairemon of Nysa;

(2) dau, wife of Parnabaz II of Iberia [Georgia]; &

(3) dau, wife of Mithradates III of Parthia

issue of 6:

(q) Nysas (dau)

issue of 7:

(r) Mithridatis (dau)

issue of 8:

(s) Neoptolemos

(t) Berenice (dau)

issue of 9:

(u) Eupatra (dau)

issue by mis:

(v) Mithridates "of Pergamus" [illegitimate son]

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12. Pharnaces II, King of Pontus 63-47, son of Mithridates VI "The Great"

issue:

(a) Darius, King of Pontus

(b) Dynamis, queen of Bosphore

13. Deiotarus "of Galatia", King of Pontus 47-39, husband of Stratonice, dau of Mithridates VI "The Great"

14. Darius, King of Pontus 39-37

issue:

(a) Mithridates VII, King of Pontus

15. Polemo[n] I, King of Pontus 37-8BC, 1st husband of Pythodoris, Queen of Pontus, dau of Pythodorus of Tralles [by wife, Antonia, dau of Mark Anthony & Tryphaena, a Seleucide princess], son of [another] Pythodorus, son of Chairemon of Nysa & [name], daughter of Tigranes II "The Great" of Armenia & wife, Cleopatra, dau of Mithridates VI "The Great" of Pontus & his 5th wife

(15B) Mithridates VII, King of Pontus

issue:

(a) Mithridates VIII, King of Pontus

16. Pythodoris, Queen of Pontus 8BC-AD23

dau of Pythodorus of Tralles [by wife, Antonia, dau of Mark Anthony & Tryphaena, a Seleucide princess], son of [another] Pythodorus, son of Chairemon of Nysa & [name], daughter of Tigranes II "The Great" of Armenia & wife, Cleopatra, dau of Mithridates VI "The Great" of Pontus & his 5th wife

=1 Polemo[n] [I], King of Pontus 37-8BC [his 2nd =]

=2 Archelaus I, King of Cappadocia 36BC-AD17

issue of 1st =

(a) M. Antonius Polemo, K of Cilicie 15-25 (d37?)

(b) Zeno[n]-Artaxias III/IV, King of Cilicie 25-34, father of a dau, Antonia

(c) Antonia Tryphaena (dau), wife of Cotys VIII [IV], King of Thrace AD 13-19, the parents of a son, Polemo[n] II, King of Pontus, &, a dau, Gepaepyris, Queen of Bosphore, the ancestress of later kings of Bosphore

see: https://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/bosphore.wps.htm

issue of 2nd =

(d) Archelaus II, King of Cappadocia

(e) Glaphyra (dau), wife of Alexander, son of Herod "The Great", King of Judea

(16B) Mithridates VIII, King of Pontus, expelled

17. Polemo[n] II, King of Pontus 23-63, last one

son of Cotys VIII [IV] of Thrace & wife Antonia Tryphaena, dau of Polemo[n] I, King of Pontus, & wife Pythodoris, Queen of Pontus 8BC-AD23

see: https://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/thrace.wps.htm

=1 Berenice of Judea

=2 Mamaea of Emesa

issue: 2 sons

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David Hughes, 2006, RdavidH218@AOL.com

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index page: https://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/index.wps.htm