CHRISTIANITY: THE CHURCH & THE DESPOSYNI: THE CHURCH & THE DESPOSYNI
part 1: The royal pedigree of JESUS "THE CHRIST" [="MESSIAH"], the central-figure of Christianity and Human-History,is affirmed throughout the New Testament. The Gospels furnish two genealogies of Jesus, one in Matthew (Matt. 1:1-17) [ancestral-line of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father] and one in Luke (Luke 3:23-38) [ancestral-line of The Virgin Mary, Jesus' mother], and both are traced to Israel's King David. Throughout His ministry, Jesus allowed people to call Him the "son [="heir"] of David" (Mark 10:47 et al.). Paul said that Jesus sprang from David's line (Rom. 1:3; 2 Tim. 2:8). In the Book of Acts, which chronicles the early expansion of the church, the first reference to Jesus as the son of David occurs in an excerpt from one of Paul's sermons during his first missionary journey (Acts 13:23). The royal ancestry of Jesus must therefore have been a teaching of the church from the very beginning, see "Davidic Dynasty" at https://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/davidicdynasty.wps.htm, for His pedigree. For the story of Jesus' birth and His first three years, see "First Christmas" at https://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/first_christmas.wps.htm.
The name "Jesus" is the Greek translation of the anglicized Hebrew name "Y'hosu'a", which is a contraction of the Hebrew words "JEHOVAH ["Yah" + "Weh" = "I AM"] SAVES", or "Jehovah is salvation", hence, the name "Jesus" means "I AM salvation".
It was also the teaching from the very beginning that Jesus was God-incarnate. Like "past", "present", and "future" are three manifestations of time; whereas God exists simultaneously in the "past", "present", and "future", all at once, in the dimension of the so-called Eternal "Now". The "Trinity" is not three gods but three manifestations of the ONE true God. The "Father" is invisible except as He has embodied Himself and made Himself visible in the "Son". The "Son", Jesus, the visible human-incarnate of the "Father", who said He and the "Father" are "one", reveals the "Father" hitherto invisible. The "Father" is logically first, but not chronologically so; for , the "Son" exists as long as the "Father" exists, according to the Bible [Jn 1:1,2]. The "Father" acts and reveals Himself through the "Son". It is through the "Son" that the "Father" enters human life and fellowships with the human-race. As the "Son" came from the "Father", so the "Holy Spirit" in turn proceeds from the "Son". Jesus, the "Son", said just before His accession that in ten days He shall send His spirit, however, the "New Testament" says that the Spirit that came ten days hence was the "Holy Spirit", who "filled" the 120 people in the "Upper Room" when The Church was born at "Pentecost", thus, His Spirit is the "Holy Spirit". The invisible "Father" issuing into the visible "Son", proceeds from the "Son" into the "Holy Spirit" and becomes invisible again.
The Jews knew Jesus after Josephís death by the style "Son of David" (Mt 21:9) by which He accepted His royal heritage as the "royal Davidic heir"; for, His foster-father Joseph [who adopted Him] was the "royal Davidic heir" of his generation (Mt 1:20). Jesus was the only one in His time who had the "title" in conformity with Jewish practice, and there was a vacancy in the Babylonian Exilarchate [the monarchical office held by another branch of the Jewish Royal House which remained in exile], hence, Jesus had no dynastic rivals. The heir to the throne was always known, no matter what his station in life was, for the Jews were very careful to keep accurate records especially of the genealogy of their old royal house, which held them all together as one great worldwide family. Therefore, since Jesus was known as Josephís son He was also known as the "Son of David" after Josephís death and thus was the heir to the throne! The knowledge that Jesus was the rightful heir to the throne is not unbelievable. The tradition of Jesusí Davidic descent was early known (Rom 1:3); and we know from Hegesippus that Jesusí relatives were known to be of royal Davidic descent. The validity of Joseph's claim to the throne was never challenged by the Jewish authorities of that generation, for it appears that the genealogy of Joseph had been publicly verified by the records in the nationís archives; however, the Jewish authorities, who were cozy with the occupying Romans, appear to have challenged Jesus' claim to the throne on the basis of some early rumors that He was illegitimate and not really Josephís son. There were rumors that circulated that Mary had conceived Jesus out of harlotry from a Roman soldier on her visit to her aunt, Elizabeth. This allegation later became the official Jewish view of Jesusí birth. It is true that Joseph was not Jesusí father, but it is false that He was begotten out of harlotry, for He was virgin-born.
The Jews saw Jesus as just another "Son of David" [royal Davidic heir] in succession from King Davidís son, Solomon, and the Judahite kings, then, of course, the "brothers" of Jesus claimed the succession to the throne after Him, and they then expected not Jesus but one of themselves or a descendant of theirs to restore the "kingdom" and monarchy with the Davidic Dynasty back on the throne. But, to Christians, Jesus was more than a successor to King Davidís throne, but was the "eschatological-heir" to the throne.
The Christian View is that the Bible text that refer to a future king the Davidic Dynasty is suppose to produce, called "Messiah" ["Christ"], has already appeared in history as Jesus, who is called both "the root" and "offspring" of David (Rev 22:16), for since the "New Testament" Jesus is the incarnation of the "Old Testament" Jehovah [Yah-weh], All-Mighty God, the supreme-being, who existed before the world was. Jesus is both "the root" of David as well as David's "offspring", therefore, the throne was actually His [Jesus'] before David was even born, though, according to "the flesh", Jesus is Davidís "seed" or "offspring", and, as such was in the line of succession to the throne, of which He is the eschatological heir, who is to fulfill Godís covenant to David in an everlasting dynasty in Himself as Davidís "seed" (Rom 1:3), "according to the flesh", by His eternal-life, and, as God-Incarnate, realize the everlasting reign of God on the earth, and introduce an eternal "Golden Age". Jesus taught that at His "Second Coming" in great glory He would establish the kingdom of God on the earth, reign as world-king from His throne on "Mt. Zion" [="Zionism"], one of the five hills of Jerusalem [where King David built his castle], or, either on the Temple Mount, also called "Mount Moriah", and, to those who accept His rule in their lives, He is Savior-Messiah-Lord (Rom 10:9-15), but to those who reject His rule in their lives, He is judge (Jn 5:22; Rom 2:16). The Bible says that the entire human-race shall some future time pay Israel's Messiah obeisance as their absolute master.
As the eschatological-heir, Jesus fulfills all of the covenants God has made with man. The first covenant God made with the human race was the "Edenic-Covenant", which was made by God with Adam and Eve (Gen 3:15), which was illustrated to them by the blood and slaughter of a lamb to make their "coats of skin" [animal-hide], which was to picture the blood sacrifice of a sin-bearer. The "blood sacrifice" was the only way for sinful man to approach God, who is holy. Adam and Eve taught this to their children, for we see that Abel approached God by a "blood-sacrifice", which God accepted, but God rejected the "sacrifice of works" offered upon the altar by Cain [which, essentially, is the difference between Judeo-Christianity, representing Abel's "blood-sacrifice", and Islam, representing Cain's "works-sacrifice"]. The second covenant God made with man was the "Noahic-Covenant"; the third was the "Abrahamic-Covenant"; another was the "Mosaic-Covenant" [Judaism], by which the nation of Israel was created; another was the "Davidic-Covenant" [= "Zionism"], by which the Davidic Dynasty was given a divine mandate of world-rule; which all are fulfilled in the "New Covenant" made between God and Jesus, which is today called "Christianity", the fulfillment of Judaism.
The rabbis, scribes, and other religious leaders, rejected Jesus for what they thought were His blasphemous and exorbitant claims to be God-Incarnate. The penalty for blasphemy was death; for which they thought Jesus was guilty, but they were wrong! The miracles that Jesus performed testified to who He was, and energized the Jewish population with messianic hope. The Jewish authorities, fearful that the growing popularity of Jesus would cause an uprising, and that "the Romans would come and take their nation away", conspired to kill Jesus, to stop the movement for the restoration of the Davidic Dynasty and the revival of the Jewish Kingdom, for, indeed, Jesus was leading to a confrontation with the Romans, and the Temple priests paid "thirty pieces of silver" to Judas Iscariot, one of His twelve disciples, who betrayed Jesus with a kiss.
The perfection of divine rule was revealed by Jesus, who was called both the "Son of Man" and the "Son of God", whose kingship He taught would be marked by service to His people. He would serve them as their shepherd, so that they would be a well-cared for flock, and His people would in return attend upon Him as His servants and give Him worship. The ministry of Jesus included feeding the people, healing the people, and defending the people, which were the basic duties of the ancient Hebrew kings. [That would translate today as government assistance to the public for food, clothes, and housing, as well as free medicine and health care services.]
The climax of manís rejection of Godís rule was when Pilate presented Jesus to the people as their king, to which the people shouted back, saying: "we will not have this man to reign over us" (Lk 19:14b). It reminds one of the 1649 trial and execution of King Charles I of Britain by the kangaroo "rump-parliament"; as well as the 1689 "convention-parliament" which deposed King James II of Britain; and, a paraphrase of those very words are the essence of the "Declaration of Independence" in reference to King George III by the 1776 American "continental-congress", regardless that these three kings were each "The Lord's Anointed" with a divine mandate to rule, which were the three great rebellions against the British Crown. Jesus' mockery as king during His trials sounds remarkably like the Carabas incident reported by Philo in "Against Flaccus" [again, Crossan notes this], which also echoes the Barabbas episode. The crowd or riotous mob forced Pilate to condemn Jesus by threatening to report his delinquency to Caesar. Jesus was executed as a claimant to the throne according to the sign posted on the cross above His head which read: "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews" (Mk 15:26).The execution of Jesus as "King of the Jews" was described like that of the later Jewish King Simon Bar-Gjora outside Rome.
The Jews did NOT kill Jesus! For Jesus Himself said that "no man taketh my life; I can lay it down and I can take it up again", which He did proving that He was the Old Testament God Jehovah come incarnate in the New Testament as Jesus. The same God that appeared in the "burning-bush" to Moses and again later on Mount Sinai where He authorized the religion of "Judaism" and gave Moses the "Ten Commandments", came incarnate to fulfill Judaism, which gave birth to Christianity, Judaism's fulfillment!
There are many instances in the synoptic gospels in which the messianic status of Jesus is affirmed through supernatural means: (a) on the occasion of Jesusí baptism when a heavenly voice believed to be the voice of God-Almighty declares, "Thou art My beloved Son" (Mt 3:17; Mk 1:11; Lk 3:22; compare Jn 1:34); (b) on the occasion of Jesusí transfiguration into a surrealistic-being when a heavenly voice declares, "This is My beloved Son"; hear ye Him!" (Mt 17:5; Mk 9:7; Lk 9:35); (c) "Peterís Confession" that Jesus was Messiah/Christ (Mt 16:16; Mk 8:29; Lk 9:20) which also exhibits a divine oracle [The Holy Spirit] (Mt 16:17). Jesus said He would build His Church upon "Peter's Confession". It was this Bible verse that gave rise to the fourth-century heresy that Jesus was referring not to "Peterís Confession" but to Peter himself as the foundation-stone of the Church, though Jesus is clearly called "the foundation-stone" of the Church in scripture. Too, a series of angelic disclosures and prophetic utterances revealed the messianic status of Jesus.
Jesus, whom Christians revere as "Godís Christ", or the Jewish Messiah, the very incarnation of the Hebrew God Yahweh/Jehovah, who, virgin-born as His own "Son" of a mortal-woman, "The Virgin Mary", a scion of the ancient Jewish Davidic royal house, is the focus of Christianity as "The Holy One", who was slain by crucifixion as a human-sacrifice for the sins of the human-race on a cross on Skull Hill [Calvary] outside of Jerusalem at the time of the Jewish Feast of Passover when the paschal-lamb is slain, which lamb and sacrifice was a picture of Jesus, our "paschal-lamb", and His passion; which tradition was begun by Moses [who prophesied of Jesus, as "that prophet"] to illustrate to the Jewish people the [then, future] "Sacrifice of Jesus", the 14th of Nissan (circa AD29/33). The "Passover" fell on a Friday on (a) 15 April AD 29; (b) 7 April AD 30; (c) 3 April AD33; and, for the Wednesday-Theorists, "Passover" fell on a Wednesday on 9 April AD 31. The AD 33 date for the crucifixion of Jesus has appeal in that there is astronomical evidence that the Passover Sabbath fell on the seventh-day Sabbath day on the night of the full moon which occurred after the spring equinox. According to this date, the day the full moon occurred was on Friday, April 3rd, at 5:13 p.m.; and, the 14th day of Jewish month Nisan in AD 33.
There is a verse in the Bible which has the phrase "Jesus, our Passover", speaking what the prophet John "The Baptist" meant when he called Jesus "The Lamb of God"; for when the Hebrew patriarch Isaac asked his father Abraham where the lamb was for the sacrifice that Abraham replied saying God Himself would provide "The Lamb". And, by the "Sacrifice of Jesus", God could reclaim His lost creation. For, by His sacrifice, the price was paid by Jesus for the sins of the human-race. This is the "New Covenant" instituted by Jesus at The "Last Supper" with the sacraments of the bread, repressing His body "broken" in sacrifice, and, the wine, representing His blood shed in sacrifice, which essentially was the same ritual recorded in Genesis 14:18, in which a pre-incarnation of Jehovah-Jesus, Melchizedek, makes a covenant with Abraham with the bread and wine sacraments.
The body of Jesus was claimed on St. Mary's behalf by her next-of-kin, her uncle, Joseph of Arimathea, and, as the authorities were then arguing about how to dispose of Jesus' body, either by burying it in "the potterís field" or by burning it in the trash heaps outside the cityís gates, they had to give Jesus' body over to Joseph of Arimathea, who had Pilate's orders. The body of Jesus was taken down from The Cross by Joseph of Arimathea assisted by the Pharisee Nicodemus as well as by the three Marys; and laid the body in a garden tomb, cause it was nigh and it was fast approaching sunset.
The sins of the human-race took Jesus to Hell, but Death and Hell could not hold Him, because they were not His sins. Jesus was the first human-being [the human-side of Jesus in contrast to His divine side] to be "born-again" [as He says we all must be]. Indeed, in the torments of Hell is where Jesus was "born again". He burst out of Hell, defeated Satan and all his forces of evil spirits, and put Satan on public display before his defeated forces in the spirit-world which is another dimension. The Bible compared it to a Roman "triumph" with Jesus as "The Mighty Conqueror" and victor over Satan and his demonic kingdom, "since He rent the veil in two".
Then, early in the morning on the third day Jesus re-entered His body, which had lain in a tomb for three days, which underwent a metamorphosis, and rose from the dead in a glorified-immortal human form, the 17th of Nissan, to the shock and horror of the guards posted at His tomb. The initial radiation-flash that began the metamorphosis left a photocopy of Jesusí battered dead corpse on the "Shroud of Turin", Jesusí burial cloth [called The "Mandylion" in ancient times], which is a witness to the world that Jesus is alive!
Then, Jesus collected His Holy Blood [which could not corrupt] into a cup, called "The Holy Chalice", the celestial-version of the terrestrial-model of the "Holy Grail", which He sat on the "mercy-seat" of the celestial-prototype of the "ark-of-the-covenant" in "The-Holy-of-Holies", in the celestial-prototype of the tabernacle and temple, Heavenís Temple, "built without hands" upon His ascension. The "Holy Grail" is the symbol of the "New Covenant" announced by Jesus, just like the "ark-of-the-covenant" is the symbol of the "Old Covenant" announced by Moses.
"Paradise" [called "Abrahamís Bosom"], deep in the bowels of the earth, was emptied by Jesus of all the Old Testament saints that is, from Adam and Eve to the repentant thief crucified next to Jesus on the Cross; either Dismas or Gestas, the two thieves crucified on His either side; and, the Old Testament saints were witnesses of Jesus in Jerusalem and Judea for forty-days following the resurrection (Mt 27:52-53); after which Jesus gathered His disciples on the Mount-of-Olives and ascended up into the sky to Heaven. He took with Him all the Old Testament saints whom He had liberated from the "Terrestrial-Paradise" in a "triumphal procession" on the main-street of Heaven, the "Celestial-Paradise", to the cheers of all of God's angels. And, Jesus, "The Mighty Conqueror", the victorious savior of the souls of the former-occupants of the earth's bowels, presented them as trophies to God-Almighty on His universal-throne in Heaven. [The reference to a mineral "Eden" [Paradise] in Ezekiel 28:13 contrasts to the vegetable "Eden" [Paradise] in Genesis 2:8, hence, we have more than one place called "Paradise" in scripture.]
Today, Jesus sits on Godís throne in Heaven, attended to by millions of angels, but He promised before His ascension to return to earth ["Second-Advent"] as a victorious conqueror and establish a one-world government and reign forever in great glory as world-king from His palace in Jerusalem, Israel, on Mount Zion [one of the five hills upon which Jerusalem is built] and restore the human-race back to "Paradise" by bringing Heaven to earth.
Meantime, the Holy-Spirit is operating now in the earth collecting a body-of-people from the earth's population to be Christís "Bride". The Church Universal is Jesus' future wife. For, as the "first" Adam had a bride, Eve; so, the "last" [sometimes "second"] Adam, i.e., Christ, will also have a bride. The harem of King Solomon's 1000 wives is a proto-type of the 1000x1000 wives Jesus will have in His future kingdom on this earth. Jesus never married during His human experience, despite the opinions of the authors of "Holy Blood, Holy Grail", "Da Vinci Code", "Jesus Dynasty", and other books like these, that He surely did not break the "Nazarite Vow" [see "Unger's Bible Dictionary", pages 779-780, for the provisions of the "Nazarite Vow"]. He was obliged to and remained celibate during His human experience, for it was not a part of His mission during His incarnation to marry; but, waited then and still waits today for his future bride, the Church Universal, His 1000x1000 wives.
part 2: the "JESUS DYNASTY", "The Master's Kin": called the "Desposyni"/or "Desposynoi"
The Bible mentions Jesus' (so-called) "brothers" and "sisters", the sons and daughters of Ptolas and Escha [Catholic], or Joseph and Escha [Orthodox], or Joseph and "The Virgin Mary" [Protestant]. The names of the four "brothers" are given as "Saint" James, Jose[ph] "Ha-Rama-Theo", Simon, and Jude "of Galilee"; while the names of His "sisters" are not given in scripture they are found in apocryphal literature, where they are given as Mary [Miriam], Salome, and Anne [Hannah]. The names of two of Jesusí sisters are called Miriam (Mary) and Salome by Epiphanus (Pan 78:8;1; the order is revered in 78:9:6); the text of "Ancoratus" (60:1) gives the names Anne and Salome. Sophronius of Jerusalem, who knew of Jesus' three "sisters", harmonized the texts and gave Jesus the sisters, Mary, Salome, and Anne (Blinzler, 1976, pp 36-8). There are references made to Jesus' "brothers" and "sisters" (so-called) by the early Byzantine writers: Sophronius of Jerusalem; Anastasius of Sinai; Theophylact, Euthymius Zibagenus; and, by Nicephorus Callistus. The Coptic "History of Joseph" gives his "daughters" the names: Lydia, Assia, and Lysia; who appear elsewhere as his "nieces", as the daughters of Josephís older half-sister, Miriam (Mary). The misidentification with Josephís sister "Mary" and his wife "The Virgin" Mary; made them the daughters of Josephís wife in the Coptic gospels. This raises the questions: was Mary, ever virgin?; and, if so, who are the identities of these (so-called) "brothers" and "sisters" of Jesus, "The Christ"?
Jesus and his brothers and other kinsmen were of the House of David, and the descendants of Jesus' (so-called) "brothers" came to be known as the "Desposyni"/"Desposynoi", meaning literally in Greek "The Masterís Kin", took the surname "Kyriakon", meaning "The Lord's House". This name was reserved exclusively for Jesus' earthly relatives. The Jerusalem Church from its beginning, was governed by the original Jewish descendants of Jesus' human relatives, i.e., the "Desposyni". The "Desposyni"/"Desposynoi", that is, the "kindred" of Jesus, and their male-line descendants were honored in very high degree both by Christians and by various Jewish interest groups alike, as heirs of ancient Jewish royalty, and/or as earthly representatives of "Christ", the eternal king of the universe.
In the Davidic Covenant God promised David an everlasting kingdom ruled by a Davidic heir of his line, which position is now forever filled by our Messiah, Jesus. On that much all believers agree. What some don't see, though, is that God also promised David a HOUSE to continue before him forever - forever means forever! A "house" in this context is an earthly royal family to carry on Jesus' Dynasty, which in this case is the earthly interests of both the "Davidic House" and the "Jesus Dynasty" combined together in one cause.
How was David's House [i.e. patriarchal family] being rebuilt and restored in apostolic times? It is clear that this has the Messiahship of Jesus as the principle feature in view. However, it goes beyond that to the restoration of the Davidic Dynasty back upon Israel's throne. In point of fact, James himself, as a royal Davidic heir, was proof of the fulfillment of this. Through the restoration of Davidic leadership God was gathering both the "Remnant" of Israel and "all the Gentiles who bear His [the Lord's] name" as "Christians".
The Jews regarded the series of "patriarchs" of the "Nazarene-Sanhedrin", what Christians called the successive "bishops"/"apostles" of the Church, "the [original] papacy", that is, the "n'tzarim" as "the successors of Jesus, through St. James" as though Jesus was Himself just one more successor to the Israeli/Palestinian "Nasi'im", that is, the successors of the ancient Judahite kings, who could be succeeded by the next in line to the throne, which at that time in history was Christianity's "Holy Family", i.e., the "Desposyni".
Many early Christian churches were governed by a "desposynos" [desposynic prince], during the first, second, and third centuries of our common era. The Desposyni preserved the "memory of their royal extraction" throughout the NT period. They would not have done that had they felt their Davidic lineage to be irrelevant. Their claims to be the successors of "another king", one, Jesus, other than Caesar (Acts 17:7), made them rivals of the Roman emperors, and, as such the emperors Domitian, Trajan, and Hadrian, carried out proceedings against the "Desposyn[o]i", i.e., descendants of Christianity's "Holy Family".
The emblem, or coats-of-arms of the "Desposyni" varied from a depiction of the "madonna and child", to a depiction of the "paschal lamb" crucified on a cross, to a depiction of "The Holy Grail" painted on a round shield with the supporters of a lion [representing "Judah"] and a unicorn [representing the "Desposyni"], and, its crest was the six-pointed "Star of David" inside the circle of the sun shining at its strength and splendor.
The "Jesus Dynasty" is first found as kings/or princes of the Roman province of "Province" in Southern France, where the Romans had settled the 100,000 [or more] Jews taken captive following the 1st Roman War (66-73). When, naked beaten Jewish soldiers in chains led by their king, Simon Bar Gjora, who also was naked and beaten by Roman soldiers, were featured by the Roman Emperor Titus in his "Triumph" through the streets of Rome. More Jewish captives were settled in Province, Southern France, following the 2nd Roman War (132-135), such that Province evolved culturally into a Jewish/Christian state inside the Roman Empire which was still pagan. The "Jesus Dynasty", that is, the descendants of "Saint James", were the hereditary prefects of Province. The dynastic house of the Prefect of Province divided into three families in the early fifth century, one of which [the main-line] became extinct when the Visi-Goths conquered "Province", slaying its last marquis Nascien III in 412, when Province was lost to the Roman Empire and settled by barbarians.
Next, the "Jesus Dynasty" reappears as kings of Armorica [Brittany; Bretagne] (circa 383-990). In AD 383 the Roman Emperor Maximus gave the French province of Bretagne (English: Brittany), then, called "Armorica", to the desposynic prince Conan "Meriadoc" as his estate, who became its first king, and, the founder of the dynasty that ruled Bretagne to AD 990, when the dynasty's main-line ends with an heiress, however, there were several secondary-lines which suddenly came forward presenting their claims to the royal succession.
Another great family of the "Jesus Dynasty" gave France its first king, Faramond, in 418, but his house became extinct in the male line upon the murder of Faramond's son following Faramond's own death, in 428.
Then, the "Jesus Dynasty" reappears as the Stewarts/Stuarts of Scotland and England who today perpetuate the "sacred blood" in their veins.
part 3: Church, Papacy, & the Desposyni
Ten days after The Ascension, The Church ["ekklesia"], referred to as the Nazarene-Sanhedrin by the Jews, that is, the Orthodox Catholic Church, was founded at Jerusalem with 120 original members in an "upper room" on the Feast of Pentecost when The Holy Spirit manifest Himself to them, indwelling them, and Christians emerge as a distinct religious sect embracing the "gospel" ["good news"] that since God incarnate as a human in the person of Jesus took upon Himself His own judgment against the human-race for its sins He can therefore forgive the sins of the human-race and can grant eternal-life to those who by faith accept His sacrifice on their behalf and trust in Him as their "Savior" despite their sinfulness.
This is The NEW COVENANT [Christianity] to replace The OLD COVENANT [Judaism]: compare Hebrews 8:8-11 & Jeremiah 31:31-32: ... Behold the days come says The Lord God, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand and lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, says The Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says The Lord; I will put my laws into their minds, and write them in their hearts: and I will be unto them their God, and they shall be unto me a people. And they shall not teach every man his neighbor and every man his brother, saying, know The Lord God: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
"The Way" was what Christianity was originally called by Christians; and Christians themselves were originally called "Nazarenes" before they were first called "Christians" at Antioch, which was originally a nickname, according to history, out of derision for those that followed "The Way". "The Way"? What is "The Way"? Jesus said that He was "The Way", whose sacrifice is "The Way" to approach God by which God can restore the human-race to its original estate as immortals with glorified human bodies, and by which "Paradise-Lost" may be re-gained, which will take place when Jesus returns at the "Second Advent" establishing on earth a world-wide kingdom, and reigns as God, king, and sacrifice, in Jerusalem, as Israelís eternal-king.
After the Ascension of Jesus, the followers of this Jewish Messiah formed the "Nazarene Ecclesia", that is, the Jerusalem Church. The disciples were well aware they had a corporate ministry developing on their hands which is why they immediately found it necessary to appoint a replacement for Judas, to bring the number back up to twelve. The so-called Jerusalem Church, the Orthodox Catholic Church, was recognized as the Mother Church of what would later become Christianity. The models used for the organization of the "Nazarene Ecclesia" were apparent, including the Essene structure, Jesus ministerial organization (Luke 10:1), the Mosaic model (Numbers 11:16-17), and the Sanhedrin [= the "Seventy Elders"]. The political structure of the newly organized "Nazarene Ecclesia" was, (1) the Apostle "Saint" James, who was both the "Royal-Heir" and "High-Priest", who is presented in "Acts of the Apostles" as a "wise interpreter of scriptures who presides over the Council and gives his rulings"; (2) the Apostle "Saint" John became the Deputy as from his priestly background he could deal with doctrine and congregational organization issues; and (3) the Apostle "Saint" Peter became the General Supervisor.
James, eldest brother of the Messiah [Jesus "Christ"], the next heir of the "Davidic Dynasty", was given primary leadership over the believing Remnant of Israel, for after Jesus' resurrection He appeared to James whom He made the first bishop [or, apostle] over the church, i.e., "Believing Israel"; then, the Lord made a final appearance to the disciples for the last time, likely informing them at that time regarding James' leadership role, some of which is recorded in Acts One, which may have been a factor in their question to Yeshua/Jesus; "Are you restoring the [Davidic] Kingdom to Israel at this time?" ; then He ascended to heaven as they looked on.
James was the oldest half-brother [or, cousin] of Jesus "The Christ" (Matt 13:55; Mark 6:3; Gal 1:19). James did not believe in Jesus during His earthly ministry (Jno 7:5), but after witnessing Christ's appearance following His resurrection (1 Cor 15:7), he became a believer. He was among those who assembled together after the ascension of Jesus Christ to Heaven (Acts 1:14) and on whom the Holy Spirit was poured out on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1-4). He afterwards appears as the leader of the church in Jerusalem (Acts 12:17; 15:13-21; Gal. 1:19). Paul mentions James in 1 Cor 9:5 in a way that suggests James had been married and was a widower; and Jude (Judas) called "the son of James" in Luke 6:16 is generally regarded as his son. It is said of Saint James "Major" that after his wife's death and his last child came of age that he dedicated himself to God's service, and took the "Nazarite vow". He quit drinking wine, and began to keep all of the Mosaic laws, even the dietary laws abstaining from all non-kosher foods. He never wore woolen, only linen garments, which is commanded by God to priests. He let his hair and beard grow long and his story may be compared to the story of England's King Edward The Confessor. His esteem and respect cannot be overestimated for over time he became larger than life in the economy of the Jewish people.
The office of "the papacy" corresponds to that of a "priest-king". St. James appears in early Christian literature as a high-priest, for Hegesippus (Eusebius, ii. 23. 6) says "he [St. James] alone was permitted to enter into the holy place" [the sanctuary in the Jerusalem Church where upon the high-altar sat the "Holy Grail"]. Saint James served as the high priest of the "Christians" [or "Nazarenes"] in Christ's office after the Order of Melchizadek, and not after the Aaronic Order. He was in the habit of entering the Holy Place alone once a year on the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, under the eyes of King Agrippa of Judea and the Roman governor. He was often to be found upon his knees in the temple praying, so that over the years his knees became as hard as "camelís hide".
James convened and presided over the Jerusalem Church Councils. Two important councils of church leaders were held under his direction. These are recorded in Acts 15, which as Hervé Ponsot has noted seems to combine two different meetings in one account. The first of these Councils appears to have met in AD 39 at the beginning of Paul's missionary travels. The focus of its concern was the question of the necessity of requiring Gentile converts to adopt the Jewish custom of circumcision. The second Council occurred around AD 52/or 53 after the controversy at Antioch about whether Jewish members of the church should be allowed to share meals with Gentile members.
Too, St. James appears as a king sitting upon a throne, called "Saint James' Throne", as the "overseer" of all Christians everywhere, for Christ's Church was seen as a Nation [Christendom] united in Christ by the "nítzari paqid" or "pope", the occupant of the "Holy See", that is, the "papacy", and its monarchical government-system, who and his successors "held in trust" the Throne of Jesus, as Christís vicar. St. James was the leader of public worship, and presided over all Christian gatherings. St. James was called "chief apostle", and associated with him were a college of twelve presbyters, also called apostles (Acts 11:30). The monarchial episcopate of Saint James extended over all churches everywhere; and, the first duty of every Christian was to enroll into the membership of their local church. St James was martyred in AD62. His was survived by three sons, who were:
(a) Jude, id. with Judas [Justus I] "Gaiso", 3rd Bishop 107-111, ancestor of the Prefects of Province
(b) John, "the brother of Jude", was another of James' sons, ancestor of a descent-line of some of the bishops of the Jerusalem Church, 1st & 2nd series
(c) Jose [whose epithet was "Mar"], who was said to have been a son of James, "the Lord's brother", was the ancestor of the hereditary bishops of Seleucia, in Syria, the last one of whom was Papa (d329), upon whose childless death his descent-line fails.
The "Nazarene Ecclesia", i.e., the "Jerusalem Church", early became associated with the "Holy Family", that is, the House of Jesus, Joseph and Mary. It was the son of Joseph and Mary, Jesus, who as a rabbi of Israel through the most extra-ordinary events of history was thrust into the role of a Davidic royal claimant of Israel's throne, which He actually was.
The fact that Jesus had siblings needed to be explained as the doctrine of Mary's perpetual virginity became widespread and eventually universally accepted as true. They had to be harmonized with the dogma, so brothers and sisters became cousins, step-siblings, etc.
The Christian Caliphate, the "Desposyni", i.e., the Heirs of Jesus, i.e., Jesus' Dynasty, had apparently functioned at least for Israeli/Palestinian Christianity as a dynastic Christian Caliphate similar to the Alid succession of Shi'ite Islam or the succession of the Hasmonean brothers. The Apostle, Saint James, was supreme administrator, judge, and general of the "Nazarenes" [one of the names by which "Christians" called themselves]. The office of Jesus' successor, the successive "apostles" of the Jerusalem Church, were chosen by a conclave [of the "twelve"] from among Jesus' earthly relatives, i.e., the "Desposyni". In theory the office was hereditary, however, it was elective in choice. That is, all Desposynic scions were equally eligible for St. James' Throne. The "Nesi'im", i.e., the "Patriarchs" of Jerusalem, to c.132 AD were all or in the main relatives of the Messiah ["Christ"] and for this reason called the "Desposyni". There were several well known and authentic descent-lines of legitimate blood descendants from Christianity's "Holy Family". The Roman Catholic historian Malachi Martin attempts to confine these lines of "Desposyni" as follows: ...
Pilate was recalled by Roman Emperor Tiberius in AD 36 over his mismanaging of Judea's affairs. No procurator was appointed and Vitellius was to assume Roman authority over Judea. He appointed Jonathan Ananias [son of Annas] to be High Priest on his visit to Jerusalem during the Passover, AD 36, and gave power of "de facto" rulership as he was involved in preparation for war with the Arabs who had beat Herod in battle. From the Passover, AD 36, to the Pentecost, AD 37, when Vittelian returned to visit, Jonathan had full reign to take revenge on the infant Nazarene [Jerusalem] Church. This led to the stoning and death of St. Stephen, "Christianity's First Martyr", in AD 36.
Tradition says at the first persecution of the Jerusalem Church in AD36 that the disciples, the Lordís brethren, His mother, and many other of Jesusí relatives and followers were scattered everywhere. "The Virgin" Mary, Jesusí mother, who had been taken into the home of John "The Evangelist", a disciple, appears to have accompanied John "The Evangelist" with a party of other Christians to Antioch, in AD 36, where they waited-out the storm in Jerusalem of the first persecution of the Jerusalem Church, however, had returned to Jerusalem by AD 48.
part 4: the Papacy & the Church
The Resurrected Lord Jesus appointed his "brother", according to the flesh, "Saint" James, as the first Bishop of His Church [not St. Peter] before His Ascension. The office of apostle [pope] of the Jerusalem Church was elective by the toss of lots, however, confined to the "Desposyni"/"Desposynoi" [= "The Master's Kin"], thus, the office was hereditary in one family-group, though, open to any member of that family-group, and, was the "original papacy", called the "n'tzarim" [= "overseer of the Nazarenes", which was an early name for "Christians"], which was either abolished by the Roman Emperor Diocletian in AD 304 and/or was usurped by the Bishops of Rome.
The first "pope" was St. James, not St. Peter! St. Peter, however, was the first Bishop of Rome. There is a difference! St. Peter [Simon Bar Jonas], called "Rocky", not "The Rock", which epithet is illustrative of Christ, the "Rock of Ages" (Mt 16:18; 1 Cor 10:4; Eph 2:20), appears as the spokesman of the disciples during Jesusí ministry and immediately following the ascension, however, after the organization of the Church into an institution, we see that the status of St. Peter changed drastically, such that now Peter appears simply as one of the committee of "The Twelve" [presbyters] of the Jerusalem Church, "The Mother-Church", who was on the "Board of Deacons" "under" Saint James, the Pastor [or Bishop]. St. Peter in 1 Peter 2:6-9 explains Christ's remark recorded by Matthew (Mt 16:18) "upon this rock I will build my church" that Christ is to be identified with the "rock"; and, the semantics of the remark suggests that Christ was referring NOT to St. Peter but rather to St. Peter's confession. St. Peter (1 Peter 2:5) described Christians as "living stones", saying that Christians "are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ"; meaning that all Christians are priests by which one must conclude that the specialized priesthood of the Roman Catholic Church is unauthorized and unbiblical, and was a later addition to the church's constitution, which begs the question "why then is there one?". Alas, when faced with scripture which says something different than the teachings of the church, do you defend the teachings of the church or do you conform to scripture? If you defend the church rather than "renewing your mind" according to scripture then you make yourself God which was Satan's original sin.
The "papacy", that is, the "nítzarim", according to some historians, grew over several centuries, however, according to the so-called "Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals", a book that appeared about 857, containing documents that purported to be letters and decrees of church-councils of the 2nd & 3rd centuries, show the "papacy" to have been complete and unchangeable from the very beginning. The thing is that it was founded not by St. Peter, but by Jesus "The Christ", who after His resurrection but before His ascension He appeared to St. James to whom He gave the mandate of dynastic apostolic succession, founding the original "papacy", according to Hegesippus, who says in his "Commentaries" that "Saint" James received the mandate or commission giving him authority over The Church; and, another wrote that "the Lord's brother" James received the hereditary episcopate of Jerusalem by appointment from Jesus "The Christ" Himself as the "first" bishop of His church. And, Eusebius, still another early writer, says in his "Ecclesiastical History" that Saint James received his office as "chief apostle" directly from Jesus to preside over His Church during His absence. The "Apostolic Constitutions", a 2nd-century document, says the same thing that Saint James was directly appointed by the risen Christ to be the "first" Bishop of His Church. The appearance of the risen Christ to Saint James is noted in the Bible in 1 Cor 15:7, but what was said or done there is not recorded in scripture. The record of what was said during Jesus' post-resurrection appearance to Saint James was written in the "Nazarene Gospel", which is now lost, but is known from numerous quotations of early Christian writers. The "original papacy", the "nítzarim", was invested by Jesus to the eldest of His so-called brothers, Saint James [not Saint Peter]. Saint James emerges in "Acts" as the highest authority in the early Church, to whose rulings all must defer. Important rulings directly attributed to James as the "overseer" of the first Church Council forms the subject matter of chapter fifteen of "Acts". "Acts" even records directives by Saint James to other communities outside Jerusalem and overseas on the matter of what was to be required of Gentile believers. He writes to the twelve [Hebrew] tribes scattered abroad (Jas 1:1), and was the author of the epistle that bears his name. It is clear in Saint Paul's epistle to the "Galatians" that whatever we may think Saint Peter was, he was not considered by Saint Paul to have been the "head" of Church in his time. Saint James, called "The Just" or "The Great" to distinguish him from others of that name, one of Jesusí so-called brothers (Mt 13:55), who originally was not a disciple (Jn 7:5), is not to be confused with James "The Less", the son of Alphaeus (Mt 10:3), who was one of the twelve disciples (Lk 6:15). From Acts 1:14 we conclude that his early skepticism was gone, as it says there that "His [Jesus'] brethren" continued with "the disciples" and the others in "the upper room" after the ascension no doubt due to the appearance of the risen Christ to him when he received his commission, or mandate. Like the eleven disciples, and Saint Paul, Saint James received the title "apostle" (Gal 1:19), and was recognized by the other apostles as their leader (Gal 2:12). Saint James, accompanied by the Church elders, receive Saint Paul on his return from his third missionary tour in AD 57 (Acts 21:18). St. Peter was dispatched by the Jerusalem Church on a missionary-tour during which he founded the Church at Rome, in AD 42, and became its first bishop, according to St. Jeromeís translation of the "Chronicon" of Eusebius. The passage says: "Peter, the Apostle, after first founding the Church at Antioch, was sent by the Jerusalem Church to Rome, in the second year of the emperor Claudius (AD 42), where he founded another church and served as its pastor, or bishop, preaching the gospel there for twenty-five years."
part 5: the Papacy & the Desposyni
St. James, and his successors, were the original series of supreme pontiffs ["chief apostle"] of all the churches worldwide, as Bishop of the "Jerusalem" Church, which was the "Mother-Church", also called the "N'tzari Paqid" [= "overseer of the Nazarenes", which was the first term for "Christians"], which office, "The Holy See", was semi-hereditary in "The Holy Family" and their descendants, called the "desposyni" or "desposynoi", meaning "The Masterís Kin". The office of the papacy was a family "caliphate", that is, a dynastic succession confined to "Jesus' Dynasty" in a monarchical episcopate, much like the highest authority in early Islam passed down through the family of its founder, Mohammed "The Prophet of Islam". Thus, it is no surprise that the Jerusalem Church was structured as an hereditary monarchy, just as one would expect of the royal Davidic bloodline. It was the (so-called) "Dynasty of Jesus", or the "Jesuite Dynasty", that is, the descendants of His [Jesus'] "earthly relatives", the "desposyn[o]i", who held in trust the "world-throne" until He [Jesus], whose right it is, returns" (Eze 21:27). The patriarch of the Nazarene Sanhedrin, that is, the Jerusalem Church, the Orthodox Catholic Church, was apostolic as well as monarchial in its nature. Its first bishop, "Saint" James, held three titles, which were: (a) "chief-apostle", (b) "the Lordís brother", and (c) "Servant of God". The phrase "Servant of God" was the title of authority by which King David was known, referring to his royal office, and its use as one of Saint James' titles was that by which Saint James was setting forth his claim to King David's throne.
The office of "The Holy See" was chosen "by lots" from a committee of twelve apostles, but the candidate had to belong to the "desposyni"/"desposynoi" [referring to Jesusí relatives], which term clearly indicates that the Early Church was governed by the successors to Jesus as a dynasty, and has connotations of a royal family sharing in Jesus the messianic kingís rule.
The "Chief Apostle", Supreme Pontiff or "Nítzari Paqid" of the Orthodox Catholic Church sat on a throne, called "St. Jamesí Throne", which doubled for Davidís Throne, i.e., the "world-throne", i.e., the messianic throne. The term "nítzari paqid" meaning "overseer of the Nazarenes", which "Christians" were originally called, was the first term for "pope", as Christís vicar. Epiphanus, Bishop of Salamis (367-404), wrote: "Saint James, the first to whom Jesus, The Lord, entrusted His Throne upon the earth..., until His return." This is an extremely interesting piece of information. It provides testimony that is was Jesus Himself who entrusted His throne on earth to His (so-called) brother, "Saint" James, and his successors, by the words "the first", indicating a dynastic succession. In "Acts" (2:30) there is an allusion to a throne, that is, Davidís Throne, now, however, to be Jesusí Throne, and presumably in succession to Him, entrusted it to "Saint" James, who would pass it on after his demise. Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea (264-340), repeatedly refers to "St. James' Throne" as a holy relic of some kind as perhaps a chair somehow connected to Jesus [doubtless He once sat upon it] that "has been preserved to this day with great care"; and, said that all of the successive pontiffs of The Holy See were ceremoniously inaugurated on that throne until the time of Hermes, the last "desposynic" Supreme-Pontiff or Chief-Apostle of the Jerusalem Church, who was the last to be installed upon it. He was martyred during the terrible persecution of the Roman Emperor Diocletian in 304 when the chair itself disappears from history. The chair reappears several centuries later, and may be seen today [vacant] in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
St. James as Supreme-Pontiff alone had the power to convene church councils, which James did and oversaw: especially the famous Council of AD 49 when it was ruled that one need not become a Jew before one could become a Christian, and used the rite of circumcision as the vehicle to argue.
The descent-line from Saint James, or rather his great-grandson, Nahshon, to the family of Geronticus, Prefect of Viennensis, is a medieval genealogical tract that has been around for hundreds of years. The problem was that somehow the descent-line dropped out of The Holy Family's genealogy during medieval times, and just floated around afterwards in medieval literature. Apparently, it was forgotten into which genealogy this descent-line went, that is, until modern times when Nahshon was re-discovered to be identified with Nascien I, Prefect of Provinciae, and, was restored to The Holy Family's genealogy. Heretofore, this genealogical tract was inserted by medieval genealogists into about every genealogy that had a gap in it, to fill in those gaps, but fortunately modern scholarship has identified and restored this descent-line to The Holy Family's genealogy. The genealogy of the family of Geronticus, his grandson, Conan Meriadoc, 1st King of Brittany, and the brother of Geronticus, namely, Fridolin[us], and Fridolin[us]'s grandson, Faramond, 1st King of France, seems to have only been rediscovered in the last century in a decaying manuscript in one of Europe's monasteries. The genealogy of The Holy Family was apparently suppressed by Constantine The Great, and was only translated from Hebrew into a European language in the twentieth century.
The genealogy of The Holy Family appears in bits and pieces in the writings of early church fathers. The genealogy of The Holy Family has always been known by the Jews, and appears in early Jewish literature. The genealogy of the "Desposyni" is gleaned from various ancient and medieval works, among which are: "V Corinthians", by Clement of Rome (c AD 95) [note: "III & IV" written by St. Paul are lost]; "Epistle to the Trallians" & "Smyrnaeans", by Ignatius; the "Didache" (c AD 120); "Bar Cochbaís Revolt", by Aristo (100-160); "2 Clement", by Agrippa Castor; "Epistola Apostolorum", by Papias of Hierapolis (c 145); "Acts of The Church", by Hegesippus (c 155); "Letter to Dionysius", by Pinytus; "Diatessaron", by Tatian (c 160) [which has a royal Davidic genealogical tract in it]; "Gospel of Peter" [contains the "Quo Vadis" story], by Serapion (140-210); [note: Celidoine, Bishop of Alexandria (c 150), was a desposyni-prince and kept family records, which were found in a monastery during the Carolingian Renaissance]; Apollonius (150-220), wrote, and gives some genealogical-data; "Dialogues", by Bardaisan (154-222); [note: Julius Africanus (170-245), wrote and speaks of the "desposyni", and, says that King Herod was unsuccessful in destroying the official-genealogies of the families of royal Davidic ancestry, and even survived the holocaust of AD 70, for as late as the reign of the Roman emperor, Hadrian, we are told that he had King Davidís descendants looked-up in the imperial archives; and, in 135, conducted another persecution of the "desposyni". He also confirmed the existence of private records of royal Davidic genealogies.]; "Contra Celsus", by Origen (c 235) [gives genealogical data on the Holy Family taken from the anti-Christian works of Celsus, who wrote a treatise]; "Letter to Fabius", by Cornelius (200-252); "Letter to Maximus", the Roman Emperor, by Malchi[on], a desposyni-prince; "Letter to Thmuites", by Phileas (220-307); [note: Eusebius (264-340), Bishop of Caesarea, in a work mentions the persecution of the Davidic royal house, the "desposyni", by the Roman emperors, Vespasian (AD 79), Domition (AD 96) and Trajan (107). He also mentions official-lists of the genealogies of the Davidic Dynasty & its descendants kept in library-archives.]; [note: Epiphanius (367-404) mentions the activities of the "desposyni", & gives genealogical-data, and tells of various persecutions of the "desposyni" or other heirs of royal Davidic ancestry [the 318 persecution was the last authorized one]; "I-Clement", by St. Cyril of Jerusalem (375-444) [in which he settles "the papacy" on "Saint" James and the "desposyni"]; "The Holy Grail" (AD 375), by the Roman Emperor Theodosius "The Great" [which he doubtless had his clerics research, and, who probably wrote the story themselves], in which is given the pedigree of the Grail-Kings to his time. The pedigree was kept up to date by medieval clerics until the middle sixth century, when entries suddenly stopped and the manuscript was lost until the Carolingian Renaissance. However, it was not until modern times that someone compiled the genealogical data in these early writings as one puts together a puzzle to make a whole picture, and reconstructed the genealogy of the "Holy Family" and their descendants, the "Desposyni".
In AD 62/63, about the time the "Gospel of John" was written, the Sanhedrin excommunicated and excluded from the synagogue anyone who recognized Jesus as the Messiah (Jn 9:22), and stripped all Jewish Christians of their citizenship in the Jewish Nation. This was followed by a terrible persecution of the Christians by the Jews. James the Just was tried by the Sanhedrin for blasphemy. There on the parapet of the temple of Herod, he was murdered by clubbing to death by the priests under Ananus the Younger. His body was thrown over the parapet of the temple to the Kidron Valley below. There outside the walls of the temple in the Kidron Valley below, the members of the "Nazarene Ecclesia" recovered the body of their revered leader and buried Saint James in an "ossuary" or human bone box which has recently been discovered and on the side of the simple and non-ornamented bone box was inscribed the simple yet riveting inscription in Aramaic, "Ya'akov bar Yosef akhui diYeshua", saying, "James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus".
Peter appears in "Acts" (8:14 & 11:1-4) as a missionary of the Jerusalem Church. Peter appears "under" the authority of Saint James and subject to his instructions, because he must defer to him and obey his instructions when his representatives arrive from Jerusalem (Gal 2:12). The letters from Peter to James, and from Clement to James, which introduce the pseudo-clementine "Homilies", are framed in the nature of first-person reports of overseas missionaries to the home office in Jerusalem. In them St. Peter addresses St. James as "chief apostle" or "Bishop of Bishops" and "supreme governor" of The Church. Though, St. Peter founded the first Church in Rome and was the first of its series of elective bishops; it is clear from scripture and early Christian literature, most notably the writings of Hegesippus, Clement of Alexandria, and Eusebius, that, not St. Peter, but St. James, the eldest of Jesus' (so-called) "brothers", was the first bishop of the Early Church, that is, the Jerusalem Assembly, "The Mother-Church", which was called the Orthodox Catholic Church, however, after the Roman Emperor Diocletian closed the Jerusalem Church in AD 304 its heritage of the "papacy" was usurped by St. Peterís successors of the "First-Church" at Rome.
In AD 64 Roman Emperor Nero began persecution of the "Christians"; St. Peter was martyred. In AD 68 St. Paul was martyred by Roman Emperor Nero. The persecution was so intense that the Christian community of Jerusalem had to flee the city, under the leadership of St. Simeon, the cousin of St. James, and found refuge at Pella, a town beyond in the Jordan River, where they rode out the 1st Jewish War of 66-73.
After the martyrdom of Saint James those of the Apostles and Disciples of the Lord who were still alive, together with those that were related to the Lord according to the flesh, assembled from all parts [the 'Jerusalem Assembly' or 'Church' again] ... to choose a fit person as successor to James. The Hebrew Nazarene leadership unanimously elected St. Simeon [the son of Clopas], mentioned in the Gospel narratives, to succeed Saint James in the Christian Caliphate and occupy the Episcopal Throne as the overseer of the "Nazarene Nation", who, so they say, was the Lord's "cousin".
Simeon was known in history and according to Eusebius was "named" in the "gospel narrative." The position that he assumed was called the "throne" not the bishopric but as the high priest or the "nasi'im" [="princes"] of the "Nazarene Ecclesia" [= "Church"].
Note: that the twelve apostles did not appoint a successor to James apart from counsel with the Lord's kinsmen. In fact, one of their own, of the House of David, was appointed to fill the position. He was Symeon, James' cousin. This implies that all involved realized a Davidic descendant was needed in this foremost earthly leadership position of "Believing Israel", as James had been. So another of the "Desposyni" was chosen to lead "Believing Israel", i.e., the Church. The account of his death at the extended age of 120 years gives more light on the subject. Hegesippus is quoted by Eusebius as writing; "Certain of these heretics brought accusation against Symeon, the son of Clopas, on the ground that he was a descendant of David and a Christian; and thus he suffered martyrdom, at the age of one hundred and twenty years, while Trajan was emperor and Atticus was governor." And the same writer says that his accusers also, when search was made for the descendants of David, were arrested as belonging to that royal family.
St. Simon, succeeded St. James as the 2nd Bishop of the Jerusalem Church. He was chosen "chief apostle" by the conclave of "The Twelve" apostles of the Jerusalem Church from among several candidates, among whom was Thebouthis, all of whom were Jesusí relatives, that is, the "Desposyn[o]i", by "lots", which was interpreted as Godís ordinance. The Christian Community at Pella returned to Jerusalem, under the leadership of Bishop Simon, after the First Jewish War.
The election of Simeon to the throne of the Hebrew Nazarene Ecclesia was not uncontested. There was also another candidate, Thebouthis, described by Hegesippus as also being "another cousin of the Lord" (Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History 4:22, 4ff). Here we begin to see the makings of a dynasty of the family of Jesus being the religious heirs to the leadership of the "Nazarene Ecclesia". Yet, being a relative of Jesus was no guarantee of religious purity of the transmission of thoughts and words of Jesus. Who was this Thebouthis?; possibly one of Jesus' cousins? He was one of the sons of Jesus' aunt, Miriam, older half-sister of St. Joseph & The Twins.
None could then conceive what power that a dynasty of the members of Jesusí Holy Family could have. Had they not watched the apparent successful use of power and control by one family in the politics of the Jewish religion for over thirty years? Without achieving the mantra of authority which he sought, Thebouthis, according to Eusebiusí testimony, set up his own sects or groups of followers around himself. These would eventually come to be recognized as the "seven heresies".
Simeon early made his mark in the Nazarene society. Simeon was known for his leadership ability in times of crisis. He has also come down in history as a teacher and a scholar. Like his cousin, Jacob the Just, Simeon came from recognized desposynic lineage and served as the High Priest who entered the Holy of Holiest in the years of 63, 64 and 65 AD.
In Year 63, the 1st imperial persecution, under Nero, began. Vespasian, after the capture of Jerusalem, AD 70, issued an order to ensure that no one who was of royal stock should be left alive among the Jews, that all descendants of King David should be ferreted out, and for this reason a further widespread persecution was again inflicted upon the Davidids, both Christian and Jewish branches.
In Year 81, the 2nd imperial persecution, under Domitian, began
"...There still survived of the Lord's family:
(a) three sons of St James, the eldest of the Lord's brothers, who were: (1) Jude, id. with Judas [Justus I] "Gaisco", 3rd Bp of Jeru c107-111; & his brothers (2) John & (3) Jose "Mar";
(b) Josue El-Harami & Jasna "Piliste", the two sons of Jose[ph] "Ha-Rama-Theo", another of the Lord's brothers;
(c) Zakkai, 4th Bp of Jeru Church, son of Simon, one of the Lord's brothers;
(d) the grandsons of Jude "of Galilee", another of the Lord's brothers, namely, James & Zoker. These were informed against as being of David's line and brought...before Domitian Caesar...Domitian asked them whether they were descended from David, and they admitted it...."
The Roman emperors feared the Davidic Dynasty and Jesus, representing another descent-line. The Jerusalem Christian Bishops were all drawn from the same blood relations of Jesus. They claimed spiritual and sometimes even temporal authority by divine right. It was believed of the "Jesus' Dynasty" members that their very physical blood was unique by being the same as that of the Savior, Jesus Christ. Their Davidic/Jesus bloodline is the basis on which they controlled much of Christianity and had final authority in all theological disputes that occurred among the world's churches and united Christians everywhere under themselves as king-like figures.
It was in AD 96 that Domitian, as Emperor, hunting down all potential aspirants to the Throne of David, transported James and Zoker [the grandsons of Jude "of Galilee", one of The Lord's brothers"] to Rome to be questioned by the Emperor. They were released when it became clear they were poor peasants, owning 39 acres of land, which they tilled for a living and had no political or religious aspirations.
This historic record informs us that Davidic leadership continued in the Churches into the 2nd century after the original twelve apostles had died off the scene. This leadership of the churches by members of the House of David had held the heretics in check from taking over the Church. During this period the churches enjoyed profound peace from the Lord, being in submission to Messiahís Davidic Kingdom government. However, a plot to take over the leadership of the Church from the Despsoyni was hatched and employed by an underground heretical element. By betraying Symeon to death and stirring up the ire of the Roman government against the House of David the apostates were able to drive the Desposyni underground and take over the temporal leadership of the Church. This was a pivotal event in Church History, though given little if any mention by Church historians, since this power-grab established the element of illegitimate Church authority that developed in time into the apostate Roman Church. Of course, from the time of itís ungodly rise to power, the Roman Church has played down the role of the "Desposyni" so as to portray itself as the rightful heir by "Apostolic Succession." No doubt important historical records were ferreted out and destroyed to cover up the Gentile power grab, which is why the cover-up has apparently succeeded to this day.
In Year 98: the 3rd imperial persecution, under Trajan, began
Apparently one of these "heretics" of Davidian blood informed the Roman authorities that Simeon ben Cleopas was a Davidian and a follower of Yahshua [Jesus]. By this date, the followers were known to the Romans as "Christians" at least to Eusebius two centuries later.
The descendants of the House of David were thus seen as a thorn in the side of worldly rulers from Herod's time forward. That does not mean Davidís House, which the Lord swore "will endure forever" no longer exists. To illustrate, Yeshua/Jesus was only about 40 generations removed from His forefather, David. According to the "thousand generations" rule of Exodus 20:6 above, Davidís line would be blessed for another 960 generations, or so, after the coming of Messiah! We are therefore safe in saying God has preserved Davidís House even if man has attempted to destroy the records. This has been the case with the House of David ever since the official records were destroyed, and was the case with Saint James, the Lordís brother and fellow-kinsman of David, whose role in the Early Church was semi-hereditary.
It was considered a crime to be of the House of David, and Simon, leader of the Church, was deprived of his life because of this "crime." Simonís Davidic lineage was the defining fact of who he was. It was both the reason he was installed as leader of the Church and the reason he was betrayed and murdered by the Romans. Notice also that an active search was made to hunt down the remaining members of the Royal Family of King David. Why? Because their royal lineage made them a threat to the Empire, as well as to the heretics that sought to take over the leadership of the Church.
Hegessipus [as recounted by Eusebius] says, Simon was killed about AD 106 during a time of persecution under the emperor Trajan (Ecclesiastical History 3:32). One intent of this persecution, which began with an order by Domitian, was to eliminate all Jews of the Davidic line, which would have included the "Desposyni" among the Jewish kindred of Jesus Christ.
The persecution was renewed 111-113, under Roman Emperor Trajan, and every Davidian was pursued in the Roman provinces.
Following the 2nd Jewish War, 132-135, Hadrian closed the Jerusalem Church, ousted the true Essene successors of Jesus out of Jerusalem and appoints his own anti-Essene leadership to office. Eusebius, in his "History of the Church", says that the "Nítzari Paqid" [their phrase for "pope"] [lit. "overseer of the Nazarenes"] and all the Jewish Christians were expelled from Jerusalem by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 135, however, following Hadrianís death in 138 the "Desposyni", with Roman names, returned to Jerusalem and re-opened the Jerusalem Church.
LIST OF BISHOPS OF JERUSALEM CHURCH
01. "Saint James", Bp c 30s-kld AD 62
02. St. Simon (Symeon), Bp 62-107
03. Justus I "Gaiso", identified with Jude, son of "Saint" James, Bp 107-?, in the "Apostolic Constitutions" (7:46)
05. Tobias, son of Zakkai (# 4), d117
06. Benjamin, son of John, son of ďSaintĒ James (# 1)
07. John, son of Benjamin (# 6)
08. Matthias, son of Zakkai (# 4)
09. Philip, son of Mattias (# 8)
10. Senikus (Seneca), brother of Philip (# 9)
11. Justus II, brother of Philip (# 9)
12. Levi, son of Benjamin (# 6)
13. Ephres (Aphre) (AD130), son of Zakkai (# 4)
14. Joseph, son of Seneca (# 10), d132
15. Jude [surname: Kyriakos], son of Benjamin (# 6), Bp 132-135
 Mark, the son of Jude (# 15), educated abroad, claimant, Bp 136-8, executed
part 6: Gentilization of God's Church in the Christian Diaspora
2nd series: List of the " apostles" or "n'tzarim", genealogies lost, were of the several "gentilized" branches of the "desposyni"
17. Cassian[us], c 138, the election of St. Hyginus, a desposynic prince, as Bishop of Rome, causes a schism in the papacy, or the "nítzarim".
In 138, the members of the "desposyni" in Palestine, all took Roman names to hide their Jewish heritage, rebuilt the Jerusalem Church and revived "the papacy", under the desposynic prince Cassian[us], however, the tradition of "the papacy" had already been brought to Rome by other "desposynic" members, creating a schism in the papacy from 139-168 during the reigns of St. Hyginus, 9th Bishop of Rome 139-142, St. Pius, 10th Bishop 142-154, and St. Anicetus, 11th Bishop 154-168, all of whom were desposynic princes, who all held office as bishop of Rome the same-time they occupied "the papacy", representing a rival papacy which merged into the office of the Bishop of Rome during their reigns, resulting in a rivalry for primacy between the Jerusalem Church and the First Church of Rome. The Desposyni Bishops still held positions in the Church, however, the power of the Roman bishop steadily grew and began to eclipse the "Jesus Bloodline" Church, which thought they were the rightful heirs to the entire Christian Church owing to their blood descent from King David and Jesus' Holy Family.
The papal schism resulted in the re-invention of the "papacy" by the "gentile" Bishops of Rome, who usurped the papal-throne.
In 161 the 4th imperial persecution took place under Roman Emperor Marcuis Aurelius. In 193 the 5th imperial persecution took place under Roman Emperor Severus. In 235 the 6th imperial persecution took place under Roman Emperor Maximinus. In 249 the 7th imperial persecution took place under Roman Emperor Decius. In 253 the 8th imperial persecution took place under Roman Emperor Valerian. In 270 the 9th imperial persecution took place under Roman Emperor Aurelian.
The tenth and last imperial persecution of the Church, and the most severe took place in 303 under the Roman Emperor Diocletian. The Jerusalem Church was closed, and the last "desposynic" pope or "nítzari paqid" [Holy See] of the Jerusalem "Mother-Church", namely, Hermes, 294-303/4, was martyred during the terrible persecution. He was the last to sit upon Saint James' Throne.
In AD 313 Christianity was legalized by the Roman Emperor Constantine "The Great" by his Edict of Tolerance [or, Edict of Milan]. The Church immediately became an institution of vast importance in world politics. And, overnight the "First Church" at Rome came into prominence, as the "first" church of the empireís capital-city, whose bishop, Sylvester (314-335), suddenly was exalted in status. He revived the theory of apostolic-succession from St. Peter on the basis of the Bible verse Mt 16:18; first proposed a century earlier by Calixtus, Bishop of Rome, 218-223, in his efforts to wrestle "the papacy" from the Jerusalem Church by re-defining it [for which Tertullian, Bishop of Carthage, called him an "usurper", supporting the primacy of the Bishop/Chief-Apostle of the Jerusalem Church]. Too, the feeling was growing that Rome, the capital-city, should be the headquarters of the Church, even as it was the seat of the imperial government of the empire. The re-invention of the "papacy" by the bishops of Rome accomplished this.
part 7: the Desposyni
3rd series: List of the Bishops of the Jerusalem Church, continued
were non-desposynic & reduced in status, under primacy of the Church of Rome
(36) 314 Makarius I
Constantine re-opened the Jerusalem Church, and appointed another bishop, Makarius, but he was not of the "desposynic house" and could not claimed their heritage; ending the primacy debate and putting the Jerusalem Church on equal status with the other great churches of the empire.
The five great churches of the empire were those at Rome, Constantinople, Antioch, Jerusalem, and Alexandria. After the division of the empire, in AD 395, into East and West, the bishops [patriarchs] of Antioch, Jerusalem, and Alexandria, came to acknowledge the leadership of the bishop of Constantinople; hence, the struggle for primacy of Christendom eventually came to be between Rome and Constantinople.
In 318 the Bishop of Rome [Pope] Sylvester gave audience in the Lateran Palace in Rome to a delegation of eight desposynic princes. The eight desposynic princes were reported to have requested (1) that the confirmation of Christian bishops of Jerusalem, Antioch, and Alexandria be revoked, and that these bishoprics be conferred instead on members of the Desposyni; (2) that "the papacy" be restored to the "Desposyni", that is, that the office of the pope [or "supreme-pontiff" = "nítzari paqid"] of the Orthodox "Universal" ["Catholic"] Church ought to be an hereditary "desposynic" prince, as originally he was, and as Jesus originally intended the office so should be; and (3) that Christian churches 'resume' sending money to the Jerusalem Church, which was to be regarded as the definitive Mother Church of Christendom.
note: the known desposynic princes in Year AD 318 were:
(01)Ionans [Johannes; Yohanna], Prefect of Province [in Roman service], descended from Jude (Judas) [aka Justus I] "Gaiso", 3rd Bishop of the Jerusalem Church, the eldest son of "Saint" James, 1st Bishop of the Jerusalem Church, the eldest of Jesus' so-called "brothers", whose family had been transported by the Romans to the Jewish colony in Provence, France, over which they ruled in exile as "King of the Jews" by Roman commission.
(02) Papa (Pappas), Bishop of Seleucia, in Syria (d329), descended from Jose "Mar" [male-line extinct 329?, upon death of St. Papa], brother of John [male-line extinct 314?, upon martyrdom of St. Hermes, the last "desposynic" Bishop of Jerusalem], & Jude [male-line continues], sons of "Saint" James, eldest of Jesus' so-called "brothers"
(03) Jose[ph] (Josue), descended from Jose[ph] "Ha-Rama-Theo", one of Jesus' so-called "brothers", who came from Nazareth to Rome and visits the pope Year 318. His line was pre-eminent in Palestine since the senior-line [descended from St. James] was in exile, in Provence, France. His son was the ancestor of the Harami Family, which still resides in the Middle East.
(04) Marchudd, who resided on an estate in Wales, Britain, descended from Jasna "Piliste", brother of Josue El-Harami, the sons of Jose[ph] "Ha-Rama-Theo", one of Jesus' so-called "brothers" [male-line extinct in 493?, upon death of St. Patrick]
(05) Zachery (Zakkai), descended from Zakheas (Zakkai), 4th Bishop of the Jerusalem Church, son of Simon, one of Jesus' so-called "brothers", visits pope 318; his son (350) is thought to have been the ancestor of one of Europe's noble/or royal houses, but unsure which one
(06) Simon, descended from James [who appeared before Caesar along with his brother Zoker in AD 96], son of Jacob, 1st son of Jude "of Galilee", one of Jesus' so-called "brothers", visits pope 318
(07) Joses, descended from Zoker [who appeared before Caesar along with his brother James in AD 96], son of Jacob, 1st son of Jude "of Galilee", one of Jesus' so-called "brothers", visits pope 318
(08) name, descended from Menahem, 2nd son of Jude "of Galilee", one of Jesus' so-called "brothers
(09) Mikar, descended from Simon, 3rd son of Jude "of Galilee", one of Jesus' so-called "brothers
(10) name, Jesus' cousin, descended through a lineage of bishops from Evarist[us], 5th Bishop of Rome (d105), grandson of James "Minor" [or, "The Less"], 1st son of Clopas (Kleophas; Alphaeus), younger brother of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father
(11) name, Jesus' cousin, descended from Jose[s] (Joseph) "Barsabas" Justus, 2nd son of Clopas (Kleophas; Alphaeus), younger brother of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father, visits pope 318;
(12) sons of Simon, 2nd Bishop of Jerusalem Church, 3rd son of Clopas (Kleophas; Alphaeus), younger brother of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father, were all executed by the Romans along with their father
(13) John, Jesus' cousin, descended from Papa (Pappos) (185), son of Jude "Thaddeus" or "Lebbaeus", 4th son of Clopas (Kleophas; Alphaeus), younger brother of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father, visits pope 318
(14) Matthias, descended from Matthias, son of Theudas, a Davidic prince, who represented another descent-line, and, wife, Miriam, the older half-sister of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father, visits pope 318
(15) name, descended from Jesus (d69), son of Thebouthis, middle son of Theudas, a Davidic prince, who represented another descent-line, and, wife, Miriam, the older half-sister of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father
(16) Adelphius, Bishop of Britain, descended through a lineage of bishops from Andronicus, one of the five sons of Theudas, a Davidic prince, who represented another descent-line, and, wife, Miriam, the older half-sister of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father
(17) Urban[us], descended from Hizkiah "The Zealot", uncle of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father (fl. 318), father of Mansuetus, father of Symetrius, father of Martialis (d419), ancestor of the Counts of Salm [now extinct in the male-line]
(18) Maximus, "Fisher-King", descended through a lineage of "fisher-kings" (so-called) from Jesus Bar-Joseph "of Gamala", grandson of Judas "of Gamala", the uncle of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father (fl 318), ancestor of the Merovingians of France
(19) Valentinus, descended from Judas "of Gamala", the uncle of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father (fl. 318), father of Johannes (John), fl 350, grandfather of the Roman Emperor Johannes, usurper, whose son was the ancestor of an European noble house, which one unsure, ?possibly the Hapsburgs
(20) Pelagius, descended from Tholomi (Ptolemy), son of Judas "of Gamala", the uncle of St. Joseph, Jesus' foster-father, &, was the ancestor of an European noble house, which one unsure
(21) Ahura Mazda (Mazadan), "Grail-King" (fl. 318), descended through a lineage of "grail-kings" (so-called) from The Virgin Mary's uncle, Joseph of Arimathea
(22) others, were all contemporary
The descendants of Jesus' Heirs posed an enormous threat to the Bishops of Rome because they were the dynastic leaders of the true Nazarene Church, as well as scions of Israel's Davidic Dynasty.
Sylvester, not surprisingly, refused to surrender the primacy of the Church at Rome to the Jerusalem Church, and, threatened by the claims of the "Desposyni", who claimed universal jurisdiction over the Church by divine mandate, sought to eliminate the "Desposyni" to secure "the papacy" for the "Roman Catholic Church".
We know that as late as AD 350 the "Desposyni" are referred to in historical text as claiming to be descendants of the "brothers" of Jesus Christ, or Jesus' "cousins", and, were dispersed among the nations.
The House of David has been hated and persecuted by Roman "Christendom" from the 2nd century forward. Why? Because the early Church was led by Davidic descendants related to the Lord Jesus, called "the Desposyni." The Roman Church wanted to eliminate the Davidic House, seeing the rightful leadership role of the Davidic House as a threat to Rome's usurped authority over the Church.
He reported to the Roman Emperor Constantine "The Great" that the "Desposyni" were a threat to his throne, for Constantine regarded himself as "world-king" sitting upon "Christ's Throne", and now there were rivals to that throne, the "Desposyni", who were its true heirs. Emperor Constantine responded by a systematic persecution of the "Desposyni".
The "Davidians" were a potential threat to Caesar in Rome as they also were not only the legitimate heirs to the throne of Israel, but also to the "world-throne" of "Jesus' Heirs", known as the "Desposynoi", who left a heritage to their familyís descendants, who were hunted by the Roman authorities for many years.
St. Martin exposes the Catholic Church in his writings; yet he still promotes its mythology and the myth of some continuity between Paulistic religion and Messianic Yahwism. The desposyni were soon to be dispossessed by Pope Silvester, who had his authority from Emperor Constantine.
The fate of Pope Sylvester is an utter condemnation of the religion of Jesus Christ that he claimed to represent. For, he hunted down and killed Jesus' relatives because they stood in condemnation of the system that purported to represent Him.
The Bishops of Rome wanted to eliminate the Davidic House, seeing the rightful leadership role of the Davidic House as a threat to Rome's usurped authority over the Holy Christian Church, and, the state wanted to eliminate the Davidic House also as it posing a threat to the empire's imperial house as a rival dynasty to the caesars. Eusebius quotes the historian Hegesippus regarding the role of the Desposyni in the 2nd century and the persecutions brought against them. St. Martin records that from this time the Desposyni had no place in the church system, but was banned by the emperor at Sylvester's connivance. The "Desposyni" managed to survive until the first decades of the fifth century while one by one the "rex deus" families disappeared from the historical record; and Jesus' Heirs were eclipsed by the Bishops of Rome. The Bishops of Rome were enabled to reinforce their claim to holy authority by means of a self-devised system of succession. The principle of "apostolic succession" prevailed over the hereditary principle of "covenant succession". It was a contrived succession from Saint Peter, and the candidature was a farce because the truth was generally known among the public.
Why was it necessary to systematically murder the descendants of Jesus' (so called) "brothers" in attempt to destroy King David's Royal Line?
The 3rd-century writer, Julius Africanus, who lived in Egypt but had lived part of his life in Palestine, wrote in his "Letter to Aristides" that the "desposyni" ["the Masterís kin"], a term which he explains was used to designate Jesusí relatives and their descendants, the "rex deus" families, who were widely dispersed by his time, and, were the most influential and respected leaders of the Christian movement; at first along with the original twelve disciples/apostles and later more exclusively as the original disciples/apostles died-off, and, surviving to his time, the "desposyni" were said to be the bishops of churches scattered all over the Roman empire. Julius Africanus goes on in the letter to confirm the "desposyni" as Davidides ["gens davidica"], saying that theirs was the sacred legacy of the old Jewish Davidic royal house perpetuated through the descendants of Jesus' relatives, that is, Christianity's "Holy Family".
The desposynic princes went underground suppressing their desposynic descent and adopting other identities, for to claim to be of King David's House was to invite their persecution and extinction, since the worldly authorities of the day would never abide even perceived competition from King David's House. As surely as they had crucified Jesus as Davidic "king of the Jews [Israel]" they would do the same to all His kinsmen given the slightest provocation. Many found refuge among various church congregations all over Europe. The rest were hunted down by Roman troops and slain as outlaws, or in some cases the desposyni suppressed their true identities and became either farmers in the countryside or merchants and financiers in the cities, and were the ancestors of some of Europe's great medieval families.
That the "desposyni" disappeared so rapidly and completely from recorded history can only be attributed to the efficiency of the emperorís agents, as well as the inquisitors dispatched by the Bishop of Rome. Here the "Priory of Zion" was founded in Year 325 by the eight desposynic princes and their followers to protect the messianic blood-line [= the "sangreal" or "sang real"], that is, Jesusí earthly dynastic heirs; and, was re-constituted as a religious order in 1099 by Geoffrey of Bouillon, another Davidic prince, who represented another "desposynic" descent-line.
The Merovingians of France were a desposynic descent-line, now extinct in the male-line. Its ancestor, Merovee, a desposynic prince, used the Davidic/Jesus Dynasty link to justify why his family should rule the other great families of France. They ruled France from 448 to 751.
The Hapsburgs of Switzerland-Austria were very likely a desposynic descent-line. The family has three different origin stories which were invented at the time of their dissemination for political purpose. Home: Hawk's Castle, at the confluence of the Aare and Reuss rivers in the modern Swiss canton of Aargau.
In 1166 the chronicler Benjamin of Tudela reported that there were still estates held by contemporary royal Davidic heirs, some of whom were desposynic heirs, however, he does not give any names.
There was a tendency in the Roman Church in early times and throughout the medieval era of electing bishops who were blood relations to one another. Anastasius I (399-401) was the father of Innocent I (401-417); Silverius (536-537), was the son of Hormisdas (514-523); Constantine (708-709), was the brother of Sisinnius (708). Likewise, Stephen I (752-757), was succeeded by his brother Paul I (757-767), whose family, the Orsini, provided three more bishops: Celestine III (1191-8), Nicholas II (1277-80), and Benedict XII (1724-30). Several members of the Anici family became bishops of Rome, including Felix III (483-492), Agapietus I (535-6) and Gregory I (590-604). The Conti family of Tusculum established a papal dynasty and considered the papacy to be their own private domain. These families were among the "rex deus" families of the "desposyni".
108. 1235 John X, deposed 1244 by Islamic conquerors
109. 1244 [name], titular-bishop, at Acre
110. 1265 [name], titular-bishop, at Acre
111.1280 [name], titular-bishop, at Acre
his death in 1291 was followed by another interim
David Hughes, 2006, RdavidH218@AOL.com