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                THE "BELI MAWR PEDIGREE"

01. BELI "MAWR" ["THE GREAT"] stands at the top of some medieval versions of the genealogy of the Old British Royal House. He is supposed to have reigned circa 400-375BC. The events recorded in the historical record of the capture of Rome by the Celts in circa 390BC harmonize perfectly with the story of the Iron Age British King Beli "Mawr" [= "The Great"] given by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his "Historia", for which one may conclude that Beli "Mawr" was an historical figure. He is apparently to be identified with the Celtic King Belinus (Belgios), who, with his brother Brennus (Brennos), captured Rome about 390BC. Legend says that Beli Mawr was the father of two sons,

(2a) Lludd I, and

(2b) Llefelys,

and three daughters,

(2c) Formosa,

(2d) Arianrhod, &

(2e) Finuala.

02. LLUDD I, son, King of Britain c 375-350

[the name of his bro, "Llefelys" [var.: Levelez; Leueeis] is clearly based on a scribal misreading of "Leueeis", the Norman-French form of the name "Louis"] Legend says that Lludd I was the father of two sons:

(3a) Gwryth (Gwrwst; Garwst) and

(3b) Galamh (Milidh), one of three strong candidates to be identified with Milesius, who founded Ireland’s national-dynasty

03. GWRYTH (GWRWST; GARWST), son, King of Britain c 350-325BC

is mis-identified by Geoffrey of Monmouth with the 5th century AD British king Gurgust "Barbtruc", who is identified with Gorst "Farfdrwch" in the "Gwyr-y-Gogledd Genealogy"; his bro, Galamh (Milidh), married the daughter of the Egyptian Pharaoh Nectanebo II (360-343BC), which indicates diplomatic intercourse between Britain and the Mediterranean nations during this time. Legend says that Gwryth (Gwrwst; Garwst) married [name], dau of Bethides, Greek Governor, then, Emperor, son of Percefus, Greek Governor of Britain, and begot

04. PYR (PERYDD) (PIR), son, King of Britain c 325-300BC

son of the late British king Gwryth ["Perydd ap Gwryth"] and possibly a Greek princess, for his name appears to be a "celticized" Greek name

05. CAPOIR , son, King of Britain c 300-275BC

[also] stands at the top of some medieval versions of the genealogy of the Old British Royal House. He appears as the "ancestor-figure" in some versions of the genealogy of Britain’s royal house, which means that he was a great and renown king whose story was doubtless the subject of a lost British tale

06. DIGUEILLUS, son, King of Britain c 275-225BC; was the British king who submitted to Gallic vassalage at the time of the invasion and conquest of Britain by the Gauls/Gaels, circa 250BC; the father of three sons:

(7a) HELI [I] (225BC) (below),

(7b) MILE (225BC), &

(7c) KIAN (225BC) (below), who reigned together as co-kings


note: (7c) KIAN (225BC) (above), was the father of three sons:

(8a) LUGH I, the Welsh "Lugh ap Kian", may possibly be identified with Lleu "Llaw Gyffes" (200BC),

(8b) NWYVRE (200BC), &

(8c) DYLAN (200BC), who reigned together as co-kings


07. HELI [I] (225BC) (above), was the father of three sons:

(8a) LLUDD II (below),

(8b) NEMED II [Nemo], &

(8c) [name], un-named third son, who reigned together as co-kings until the expulsion of the 3rd son by his two older bros. The un-named third son may possibly be identified with Cas "The Exile" (below)


08. LLUDD II (LUD) (above), King of Britain c 200BC, was the father of

(9a) Ivor (Eborcus) (Iovir) (below)


09. IVOR (EBORCUS) (IOVIR) (above), King of Britain c 175/150BC

10. [name], son, King of Britain c 150/125BC

11. [name], son, King of Britain c 125/100BC

12. [name], son, King of Britain c 100/ 75BC

13. AEDD MAWR, c. 75/50 BC, see "Aedd Mawr Pedigree"


(continued from above)

08. CAS "THE EXILE", fl. 200/175BC, parentage unsure, possibly the un-named brother of Lludd II & Nemed II (above), or possibly an exiled prince from another British royal house. The spelling of his name is unknown. "Cas[...]" are the first three letters of his name, and the other letters are lost. He may be identified with either: (a) the un-named brother of the British kings Lud [Lludd II] and Nemo [Nemed II] who was expelled by them, which is probably the correct identification and would make him a Brutiad prince; (b) the son of the Gallic prince Noe[...], the son of either Brennus [Bran] or Belgios [Beli], two brothers, the sons of the Gallic king Akichorix (275/225BC), which would mean if this identification was true that Cas[...] was not an exile from Britain, but rather an exile from Gaul which is the reverse of what is generally believed to be the case; or (c) the son of Dua[ch] "The Dark", the last king of the Irish "Tuathe-De", or "Fir-De", i.e., the "People of God", who fell in battle fighting the invading Gaels, about 250BC; and, if this identification was true, then, it would mean that Cas was not a Brutiad prince, but descended from one of the contemporary Irish dynasties.

09. HUU "THE MIGHTY", son, the Welsh Hw "Gadarn", also identified with Hu "Ysgwn", or Hu "The Great" (Hugonius Magnus), in some early British folk tales. His name translates into French as Hugo "The Strong" or Hugh "Le Fort". He is called the "1st" Cymric King, or "1st" king of the Kymri. Huu "The Mighty" conquered Southern England at the time of the Gallo-Belgic Migration, circa 150BC. He is reckoned the founder of a new dynasty, or the founder of a new branch of the old dynasty.

10. LUGIOS "THE SHINING ONE" (LUGORIX; LUGOVES), aka LUG[H] II (LUGH II "LAMFHOTA"), identified with GM's LOCRINE, son, King of Britain c 150-100BC

was one of Britain’s great legendary kings; one of the (so-called) "barbarian kings" who fought the Romans on the European continent in the "Second Celtic Storm" (113-101BC)

=1 Moru, dau of the King of Ireland; =2 Dwyn, dau of the King of Ulster; =3 Gwen [GM's Gwendolen], daughter/descendant of the Cornish king Corineus; =4 Tang, dau of the Scandinavian king Boiorix; =5 Asta, dau of the German king Teutbal

issue of 1:

(11a) Heli (Heilyn) (Helias) (below) &

(11b) Mile (Milidh) (Millus);

issue of 3:

(11c) Modh (Midas) (below),

(11d) Blad (Bluto), &

(11e) Llyr (Lyrus), identified with the Welsh "Llyr [m]ap Lugh" (below)

11. HELI (HEILYN) (HELIAS) (above)

also called Beli and/or variants of the name; possibly identified with DOLOBELLUS, who fought against Julius Caesar's first invasion 55BC;

begot three sons:

(12a) Lludd III (Lluyd; Lydus), King of Britain (d56BC) (below),

(12b) Caswallawn (below), &

(12c) Nennius (Nynnyaw) [Nemed II] (d55BC),

and, a daughter,

(12d) Aryanrot, mother of Hyrglas (Hirelglas) (Hirlas)


12a LLUDD III (LLUYD; LYDUS), King of Britain (d56BC) (above)

the father of

(13a) ANDROGEUS (ANDRAGIUS; ANDROGIUS) (ANTEDRIGOS; ANTEDRIGUS) (AVARICUS; AUARWIUS) (AFRAWG) (AVARWY), King 45-30BC, the father of [14] Scaeva, crown-prince, d before 25BC

(13b) Tenvantius (Theomantius) (Tenevan), regent 49-45BC, king 30-25BC, the father of [14] DIRAS, usurper 4BC

(13c) daughter, the mother of [14] Cuelin (Cuhelyn), a prince


12. CASWALLAWN (CASSIVELLAUNUS) (CADWALLO) (above), King of Britain, fought against Julius Caesar's second invasion 54BC (d48BC)


(13a) Addedomaros (Added), father of [14] DUBNOVELLUS (DUMNOVELLANUS) (DUNVALLO) [whom Geoffrey of Monmouth mis-identified with the 5th century AD "Dark Age" British king Dunvallo "Molmutius"] [expelled AD5], father of two sons: (15a) BELI (Belus) [husband of ANNE] [see: "Beli & Anne Pedigree"], and (15b) Bran "The Fisher-King"

(13b) Andocoveros (Andoco) (also called Andocommius) (below)

(13c) Aesubelinus, father of [14] Bellanus [expelled AD5], father of [15A] Subidasto, [15B] Modrains, & [15C] Antedius, father of [16] Prasutagus, King AD 54-60, who, by Queen BOADICEA, was father of [17A] dau, wife of Marius, King of Britain, & [17B] dau, wife of Feradach Find Fechtnach, King of Ireland


11c Modh (Midas) (Madoc) (above), King of Britain c 102-95BC, son of [#10] LUGIOS, GM's LOCRINE

=1 [name]; =2 Etain

issue of 1:

(12a) Luna (dau), wife of Lludd III

issue of 2:

(12b) Malin, mur 55BC by bro

(12c) Manan (Imanuentius) (IMANUENTIUS) (IMANNUETITUS; INIANUUETITUS; INIANUUETUTUS) (Manus), King 55-54BC, father of


[14] EVROG (EFROG) (EBRACUS) (EVRAWG; EFRAWG; EVORIC), King 52-49BC, deposed, carried to Rome with royal family, executed 46BC, survived by

[15] sons & daus


11e LLYR [I] (LYRUS) (LEIR; LEAR), identified with the Welsh "Llyr [m]ap Lugh" (above), King of Britain 92-62 & 59-56BC, son of [#10] LUGIOS, GM's LOCRINE, was Shakespeare’s "KING LEAR"; misidentified by Geoffrey of Monmouth with Llyr II, son of Bladud [of whom later];

=1 X; =2 Etain, his late bro's widow [her 2nd = too]; =3 X

issue of 3rd wife:

(12a) Gonerila (dau), wife of Maglwn (d59BC), parents of Margan (d56BC)

(12b) Rigontia (dau), wife of Henwyn (d59BC), parents of Cundag (d56BC)

(12c) CORDELIA (below)


12c CORDELIA (above), queen 56BC & 55-54BC

=1 Divico (Divitiacus), King of Gaul (d58BC)

=2 Julius Caesar, the Welsh IWL CAISAR; the Irish UKESSAR, Roman triumvir & general 55/54BC

begot by 2:

(13) CAER (CESAIR; KESAIR) (CAESARA), dau, queen

=1 ["…"]Oroix [son of Ambigatus, the Gallic king], a Gallic prince, was Governor of Gaul in Roman service, and,

was the mother of his

(14a) son, Ante["…"], Governor of Gaul, and

(14b) dau, Kesair [III], wife of the Irish King Ugaine "Mor" (Hugony "The Great")

=2 AEDD "MAWR", King of Britain 43-34BC [his 2nd = too], and,

was the mother of his

(14c) son, Brut[us] [II] "Green-Shield", (Prydain "Darianlas"/"Taryanlas"), King of Britain 34-4BC

=3 Olave "Folta" , King of Ireland, and,

was the mother of his

(14d) son, Geide [Gede; Gedhe; Ghede] "Ol-Gothach" , King of Ireland

[upon the death of the Irish king, Olave "Folta", his widow, Cesair/Kesair, expelled her step-son, Oilioll "Ollfinnachta", who was her late husband’s son of a previous wife, and set her son, Gede, a minor, on the Irish throne, and reigned herself during his minority]


13b Andocoveros (Andoco) (also called Andocommius) (above),

son of [# 12] King CASWALLAWN (CASSIVELLAUNUS) (CADWALLO), &, father of

14. TASCIOVANUS (Teuhant; Tehvant), King of Britain 4BC-AD9, sole king from AD 5


(15a) CUNOBELINUS (below)

(15b) Epaticcus (Epatticus)

(15c) COGIDUBINUS (COGIDUS), King of Britain 47-8, 70/71, 76-87, father of Claudia, wife of Pudens, a Roman senator (d96), mother of 2 sons & 2 daus

15. CUNOBELINUS (above) [immortalized by Shakespeare as CYMBELINE], the Welsh CINBELIN (CYNFELYN), called "Kimbelinus, son of Tenuantius" in "HRB"; called "Cynfelyn map Tenefan" in "BYB"; King of Britain ["Rex Britanniae"] AD 9-39

issue of 1st wife:

(16a) Polydore

(16b) Cadwallo

(16c) Imogen (dau), wife of Leonatus, a Roman senator

issue of 2nd wife:

(16d) Cloten[us], step-son, was his 2nd wife's son of a previous marriage

issue of 3rd wife:

(16e) ADMINIUS, King 39-40 dep

(16f) Pomponia Grecina, wife of Aulus Plautius, "1st" Roman Governor of Britain 43-47

issue of 4th wife:

(16g) GUIDERIUS (Gueithaet) (Gwyddyr)


(16i) CARATACUS (CARACTACUS) (CARATAUC) (CRIDOUS) (CERDIC [I]), King of Britain 40-43; deposed by Romans; resistance-leader 43-50; died in exile in Rome AD 54; had issue, see "HEIRS OF CARATACUS"

(16j) Togodumn (d43)

(16k) ARVIRAGUS (ARFYRAG) (below)


16. ARVIRAGUS (ARFYRAG), (above) King of Britain 62-76, rebelled 69 & 76

= Vanessa, illegit. daughter of Roman Emperor Claudius

17. MARIUS, son, King of Britain 87-94

= [name], daughter of Queen BOADICEA & King Prasutagus

18. COILUS [I] ["OLD KING COLE"], son, King of Britain 94-154

[his sis, Athilda, =1st Marcomir, a Frankish chief/king; &, =2 Afallach, a British prince]

=1 Claudia, dau of the Roman Governor Tiberius Claudius, later, [1st] Duke of Gloucester, illegitimate son of Roman Emperor Claudius

=2 Marcellina, sis of L. Neriatus Marcellus, a Roman Governor of Britain, related to Roman Emperor Nerva

=3 Lucille, dau of Lucius Artorius Castus, the Prefect of Legion-VI-Victrix


issue of 1st wife:

(19a) Amerita (Emerite) (Claudia), wife of the British prince Eugen[us] & mother of [20] Brutus (Britannicus), onetime King Cole's heir-presumptive

none issue of 2nd wife

issue of 3rd wife:

(19b) LUCIUS ST. (ST. LUKE) (below)


19. LUCIUS (ST. LUKE) (LLEUVER) (LLES) "THE SAINT" (above) [posthumous son], King of Britain 155-180, became a Christian in 176

= Gwladys, dau of Sarclotus, a "desposynic prince", & Eurgain, dau of Coellyn, [1st] King of Ewyas, son of CARATACUS, King of Britain (above)

20. Gwladys (179-235), heiress of the main-line, wife of Cadfan, Lord of Cumbria

from whom descends later British royalty


[REF: "A Welsh Classical Dictionary", by Peter C. Bartrum, 1993; "Celtic Researches", by Edward Davies, 1804; "Dictionary of Celtic Mythology", by Peter B. Ellis, 1992; "The Coins of the Ancient Britons", by John Evans, 1864; "The Historia Regnum Britanniae of Geoffrey of Monmouth: with contributions to the study of its place in early British history", by Acton Griscom (ed.) & Robert Jones (tr.), 1977; "A Welsh Window on the Iron Age: Manawydan, Mandubracios", by John Koch, in "Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies", vol. 14 (1987) pp 17-52; "Dictionary of Celtic Mythology", by James MacKillop, 1998; "Celtic Civilization", by Jean Markale, 1978; "The Legend of Julius Caesar’s British Conquest", by Homer Nearing Jr., in "Publications of the Modern Language Association of America", vol. 64 (1949) pp 889-929; & his "Local Traditions of Caesar in Britain", in "Speculum", vol. XXIV (1949) pp 218-227; "The Pre-Roman King-List", by Stuart Piggot, in "Antiquity", vol. XV (1941) pp 269-286; the works of Beale Poste (a) "Britannic Researches: or, New Facts and rectifications of Ancient British History" (1853); (b) "Britannia Antiqua, or Ancient Britain: brought within limits of authentic history" (1857); & (c) "Celtic Inscriptions on Gaulish and British coins: intended to supply materials for the early history of Great Britain" (1861); "Britain Between The Invasions (B.C. 54-A.D. 43): A Study of Ancient Diplomacy", by Courtenay E. Stevens, in "Aspects of Archaeology in Britain and Beyond", ch. XX, pp 332-344, ed. by William F. Grimes, 1951; "Early British History and Chronology", by N. Tolstoy, in "Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion" (1964), pp 236-312; &, " The Roman Invasion of Britain", by Graham Webster, 1980]


David Hughes, 2005,, genealogical charts available


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