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                                                "Descents From Antiquity": gateway from Africa to Europe

                                                                the first Black African Empire

It appears that many Black Americans do not know the history of their race in Africa. This article is an attempt to address that problem. The whole of Central Africa in ancient times was inhabited by Black Africans. There were several off-shoots of the royal house of Kush/Sudan, among which was Ethiopia, which will be dealt with in another article.

The Kingdom of Kush [Nubia], called [The] "Sudan" ["The Black Land"], the ancient name for Central Africa, that is, the Kushite or Nubian Empire in Africa, whose first capital city was at (a) Qustul [the oldest city in Africa; called the site of the world's oldest monarchy], then, at (b) Khartoum, and, finally at (c) Kerma called (1) the pre-X-Group period, circa 3000-1000BC.

The Nubian Royal House was not Egypt's "Dynasty 0", as some would want to make it, for they were entirely separate dynasties, ethnic groups, and nations [though contemporary].

The Nubians are called Kushites in history-books, which is their earliest name. The Kushite emperors at one time extended their sway throughout the whole of Central Africa and had a great empire, which the Arabs called “The Black Land”, that stretched from sea to sea.

It has been overlooked by historians that the Moses of Bible fame sired a long line of kings. Deut. 9:13-14 records that God told Moses that "I will make of thee [Moses] a nation mightier and greater than they [the Hebrews]"; yet, though Moses interceded for the people [the Hebrews], and turned away God's wrath (v. 18-19, 22-29) it did not negate God's promise to make Moses a nation.

Moses married T[h]arbis, daughter of Perehu [Piori II], King of Kush [Sudan/Nubia], c 1500/1250BC, and, wife, Iteye [Eti] "The Corpulent", dau of Payuti [Pasote], King of Punt [Libya]. It is unsure exactly when Moses married the Nubian princess; whether then following the Nubian campaign, or he later sent for her after the death of his first wife? Later, T[h]arbis, who, due to protests of her marriage by Miriam, who was Moses’ sister, during an episode while encamped in the Sinai Peninsula (Num. 12:1), returned to her father’s court in Nubia carrying Moses' son (Josephus, "Antiquities", ii, 10.2), whose name is preserved in ancient texts as Awawa, who reigned as the first king of a new dynasty of the Kushite Empire, c 1350BC [dates BC are approximate].

MOSES, ancestor of Nubia's 3rd Dynasty, c 1500/1450BC, whom T[h]arbis met as "Prince of Egypt", during his Nubian campaign as the army-commander or commanding-general of the Egyptian forces attacking Nubia. The Nubian royal citadel at Saba, the Nubian city-state later called "Meroe", surrendered to Moses following a short siege.

Awawa, son, founds the 3rd Kushite Dynasty: the MOSAIC-DYNASTY, cap. at Kerma, c 1450/1250BC. The Nubian King Awawa was fiercely disliked by the Egyptians, who smashed sculptures of the Nubian King or anything onto which his name was found written when on one occasion the Egyptians overran the country [Kush/Nubia] and destroyed its capital-city, however, despite their intentions, his name survives!

Legend refers to a civil war in which the main-line of the Nubian dynasty [which relocated elsewhere] challenged the descendants of Moses. The supporters for the son, or heirs of Moses, prevailed in a civil war over those of the Kushite/Nubian crown-prince, Qadamawi Akbunas, representing the male-line of the Kushite royal house who relocated to Ethiopia, where he established his descendants as Ethiopia's first dynasty of kings. The first dynasty of Ethiopia at Axum, the Axumite Empire [Ethiopia], was an off-shoot of the Kushite royal house, and indications are that it was its senior-line overthrown by a secondary-line, the Mosaic-Line. The original Kushite dynasty of Ethiopia [52 monarchs] ended in the male-line with an heiress, Queen Makeda, the famous "Queen of Sheba", whose son by King Solomon of Israel, Menelik, founded another Axumite dynasty, which by male-line descent was Hebrew by race.

A later Kushite king, namely, Nedjeh, took over Egyptian forts along the Egypt-Nubia border during a period of the decline of Egypt's power and the beginnings of Nubian expansion, c 1000BC.

Later, the descendants of Moses, styled "Prince of Egypt", onetime heir to the Egyptian throne, ironically finally sat on Egypt's throne as Pharaohs, which was Egypt's 25th-Dynasty [the Black pharaohs]. It was at this time that the Nubian capital city was transferred from Kerma to Napata, near the Nile's Fourth Cataract, called (2) the Napatan Period 1000-500BC, but in the sixth century BC, after the collapse of Nubian power in Egypt, under threat from the Egyptians, who captured and destroyed Napata, the capital city was transferred further south to Meroe, situated between the Fifth and Sixth Cataracts, called (3) the Meroitic Period 500BC-AD339.

The Kushite Emperor Arkamaniqo [GK: Ergamenes], called "the Nubian Alexander", was famous throughout the civilized Mediterranean world, circa 275/250BC. He conquered the whole of Central Africa, and warred with King Ptolemy II "Philadelphos" of Egypt [285-246BC] in his expansion northwards.

The Kushite [Nubian] royal house also gave Meroe at least three queens whose name was Candice: (1) the Nubian queen Candice whom Alexander “The Great” slept with 332BC, the mother of one of his many illegitimate sons, who appears to have spawned a new Nubian dynasty [the "Alexander" dynasty], which only produced one king; (2) there is another Queen Candice alive in 30BC, and, she must be identified with Queen Amanirenas, who defeated the Roman forces, under General Petronius, in battles at Aswan, Philae, and Elephantine, 24-21BC; and (3) the Queen Candice alive in AD35 who is mentioned in Acts (8:27), and, who was to later allow the Roman centurions of the Roman Emperor Nero to pass through Meroe on their way to search for the source of the Nile in AD60.

There was an uninterrupted line of succession for over a thousand years until AD 339, when the Kushite or Nubian Empire of Sudan [Nubia] was conquered by King Aeizanes of Axum [Ethiopia]; who took captive the members of the Nubian Royal Family back to Ethiopia at first as prisoners, who were later released and became powerful Ethiopian chieftains, whose descendants in Ethiopia became the Agew tribe, whose hereditary chieftains were Ethiopia's Zagwe Dynasty, whose name "Zagwe" is thought to be derived from the words "Ze" + "Agew" [= which means "of Agew"], whose tribal seat was located at various sites, including modern Gojjam, and eventually establishing themselves at Rhoa in the Ethiopian province of Lasta.

Meantime, the crippled Nubian Nation continued to be governed by three rival contenders of the dispossessed Old Nubian Royal House, supported by their own political parties, established three rivaling governments-in-exile; (a) one at Faras, (b) another at Dongola, and (c) the third at Shobo [which was also called the Alwah kingdom], which were the three successor-states to the Nubian Kingdom of Meroe. The dynasties of these three city-states represented three branches of the Meroitic Royal House, meantime, another branch, the Zawge, flourished in the Ethiopian province of Lasta, which is called (4) the sub-X-Group period AD 300s-1300s; after then the Nubians were conquered by Islamic Arabians who destroyed the three Nubian kingdoms. The remnants of the Nubians established themselves in many petty-states in Central Africa on the Niger River, one of which, Mbanza Kongo, capital-city of (5) the Congo kingdom, called the new-X-Group period, grew to be the capital-city of the great Congolese empire, which was the last great native Kushite/Nubian empire in Africa of the Pre-European Period, circa AD 1300s to the 1500s.

The kingdom fell into decline after the death of King Nzinga-Mpangu, whose son, Henrique, was pressured to abdicate by the Portugese, in 1568, ending the great age of the ancient dynasty of the Kushite kings/emperors.

Meantime, the Zagwe [the Mosaic Line] thrived in Ethiopia and even onetime established itself on the Ethiopian throne. The Zagwe usurped the Ethiopian throne and held it for about 300 years. There were eleven Zagwe emperors. The last was overthrown by the "rightful [Solomonic] heir", Yekonu Amlak, who took the throne.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------


note: all dates are approximate; also, the equal sign "=" means marriage

1st Kushite Dynasty [list incomplete], cap. at Qustul, c 3000-2000BC

[note: the city-state of Qustul is the oldest cultural complex in Africa, whose dynasty of kings held sway even earlier than Egypt's First-Dynasty pharaohs]

01. AETHIOPS, mythological-figure, traditional founder of Nubia's 1st Dynasty; identified with Nimrod, 1st Sumerian emperor, son of Cush [GK: Chaos] (Gen. 10:8), a high-priest

= Semiramis, Queen (02), regent for son

03. BAAL [BELUS], posthumous son

the father or ancestor of

04. HORI, founds 1st Kushite [Nubian] Dynasty: House of [H]Ori

05. Khariakh [I], son

06. Khankam, ancestor of

#07-#13: successors

14. Borsa, queen, represents the end of the main-line

15. Khariakh II, descendant of his namesake

16. Tagmawi I, son

17. Djan, son, ancestor of

#18-#26: successors

27. [name], dau, queen; she doubtless yielded to the gigantic power of Egypt, which was in its pyramid period of history; she married the Egyptian pharaoh Snefru, who founded another Nubian line of kings

= SNEFRU, King of Egypt [4th Dynasty], his 4th/or 5th marriage

28. [name], son, represents another dynasty however reigns under the name of the previous one as his mother's son

29. Zeenab-Zamin, native prince, restores old line

30. Sahlie, son

31. Alarya, son


32. name unsure, called Nimrod, unlikely to be his name, but name maybe a vehicle that designates the succession of another branch of the dynasty upon the possible failure of the previous descent-line

#33-#42: successors

43. Aylouka, queen, represents the end of this branch of the royal house


44. Zalek

45. Kharid

46. Hogeb

47. Makaus

48. Assa

49. Aphor

50. Elani

51. Tehagui [called 21st & last generation of his branch]


another branch succeeds


52. Khout

53. Habassi

54. Sebtah

55. El-Ektro

56. Nefer

57.QADAMAWI AMENAS [Amen [I]], King of Nubia/Kushite Emperor, last king of Nubia's 1st Dynasty

58. NEHASSET-NAIS, Queen of Nubia/Kushite Empress, queen, was the second wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Senwosret (below)

2= SENWOSRET I, Pharaoh of Egypt [12th-Dyn.]; completed the conquest of Nubia begun by his father, Ammenemes I (2000BC); and, after an interval of about an hundred years, Sesostris III resumed military operations in Nubia, which had re-emerged as a power in the meantime; and reduced Nubia to a vassal-state


59. HOR-KHEM, son, founds 2nd Kushite [Nubian] Dynasty, cap. at Khartoum, c 2000-1500BC

60. Takhmawi Saba; his sister, Khnemetneferhedjet, was primary wife of Senwosret II, King of Egypt

61. Sofar [Zofar]

62. Askndou

63. Hohey

64. Galada

65. Adgala

66. Lakniduga

67. Nowarari

68. Tutimheb

69. Hor-Hathor I

70. Tagmawi II

71. Senuka I

72. Bonu I

73. Mumaza, queen, represents the end of this branch of the royal house


74. Aruasa, relative, queen, transitional-figure


75. Amen Asro, represents another branch of the royal house

76. Hori II

77. Piori I

78. Amenemhat

79. Tsawi

80. Aktissana

81. Mande

82. Protawos [Brutus]

83. Amoy

84. Konsi Hendawi

85. Bonu II

86. Sebe III [Kefe]

87. Djagons

88. Senuka II

89. Zaka Laarwe

90. Miamur

91. Manturae

92. Rakhu

93. Qadamawi Saba

94. Azakan

95. Zozel Atozana [Sousel Atozanis]

96. Tagmawi Amen [Amen II]

97. Ramenpahte

98. Wanuna

99. Perehu [Piori II], King of Kush, c 1500/1250BC

= Iteye [Eti] "The Corpulent", dau of Payuti [Pasote], King of Punt [Libya]

100B. T[h]arbis (dau), sis of (100A) Qadamawi Akbunas

= MOSES, ancestor of Nubia's 3rd Dynasty, c 1500/1450BC, whom T[h]arbis met as "Prince of Egypt", during his Nubian campaign as the army-commander or commanding-general of the Egyptian forces

101. Awawa, son, founds the 3rd Kushite Dynasty: the MOSAIC-DYNASTY, cap. at Kerma, c 1450/1250BC, expelled his uncle, [mother's brother] Qadamawi Akbunas, who founds the first Ethiopian dynasty, and, Awawa/Agaua reigns as the first king of a new Nubian dynasty, c 1350BC

102. Zagwe, eponymous ancestor of Ethiopia's Zagwe Dynasty


X. Nedjeh, a later Kushite king, occupied Egyptian forts along his northern-border/or Egypt's southern border during a decline in Egypt's power, circa 1050BC


the Mosaic descent-line continued, gap of about 500 years (c1350-900BC): about 20 generations


3rd Dynasty [continued]: the Kermaite-Napatan-Meroitic Kings; numeration of Nubian monarchs starts over with this descent-line

900-875BC 1. name unknown, first king, his tomb discovered at Napata

875-850BC 2. name unknown, his tomb discovered at Napata

850-825BC 3. name unknown, his tomb discovered at Napata

825-800 4. Piye [I], King of Kush [about the 20th generation from Moses, counting Moses as the 1st generation]; =1 X; =2 Kenensat

800-775 5. Alara, son, called "the inaugurator of a new age" by his successors

= Kasaqa, full-sis of Kashta [# 6]


5.1 Tabiri (dau), 1st wife of Piye [# 7]

775-751 6. Kashta, half-brother, extended sway northwards as far as Aswan, Egypt

=1 Pebatma

=2 Shapenuapit [I], daughter & heiress of Osorkon III, last 22nd-Dynasty King of Egypt

=3 Nefruke

issue of 1st wife:

a. Peksatre, wife of half-bro

issue of 2nd wife:

b. Piye [# 7]

c. Abar, father of [# 10] Tarharqo

issue of 3rd wife:

d. Abhjar, 3rd wife of half-bro Piye [# 7]

751-716 7. Piye [II] [Piankhi II of Egypt], son, conquered Egypt 747/6, founded Egypt's 25th-Dynasty; adopted Egyptian royal styles & titles

=1 Tabiri [cousin]

=2 Amenardis Akuluka, Queen

=3 Abhjar [half-sis]

issue of 1st wife:

a. Shabako [# 8]

b. Shebiyqo [# 9]

issue of 2nd wife:

c. Arty-Qalhata, wife of half-bro

issue of 3rd wife:

d. Khaliut, father of Mentuemhat [I], who, of his wife, Wadjrenes [daughter of Hor, an Egyptian prince], begot Pasherenmut, father of Mentuemhat [II], father of Akheqa [1st wife of Amtalqa, # 17] & Ankher [5th wife of Amtalqa, # 17]

(730) X. Amenirdis Akuluka [A], Queen, 2nd wife, was deified along with her husband and his family members modeled on the Egyptian state-system

716-698 8. Shabaka [Shabaqo], son of Piye & 1st =

=1 Neferu [cousin]

=2 Abhjar [cousin], sisters of Taharqa [# 10]

issue of 1st wife:

a. Piqankharti, 2nd wife of Tenutamon [# 11]

b. Istemkheb, 4th wife of Tenutamon [# 11]

issue of 2nd wife:

c. Harmakhe, the father of Harkhebi, the father of Harsiese, the father of Mehtenusekht, 1st wife of King Psamtik I of Egypt

698-690 9. Shebitku [Shabataka] [Shebitqo] [Sebichos], bro

= Arty-Qalhata, half-sis


a. Tenutamon [# 11]

690-664 10. Taharqo [Tirhakah] [Tharsikes], cousin, son of Abar [& his wife Peksatre, his half-sis], the bro of King Piye [# 7] (above); referred to in the Bible (Isa. 37:9 = 1 Ki. 19:9); defeated by Assyrians under Esarhaddon in 671BC

=1 Tekahatamun

=2 Atakhebasqen

=3 Naparaye

=4 Tabekenamun

=5 Khasalke

issue of 1:

a. Yeturow, 1st wife of half-bro

issue of 2:

b. Esanhure[t]

c. Eshowtfene

d. Maletarel [Malotaral] [I], 2nd wife of half-bro

issue of 3:

e. Ushanhuru [Istemabet], 1st wife of Pharaoh Necho I of Egypt

f. Neshutefenut [Nesishutefnut], 2nd wife of Pharaoh Necho I of Egypt

g. Amenirdis [II], 3rd wife Pharaoh Necho I of Egypt

issue of 4:

h. dau

issue of 5:

i. Atanersa [# 12]

664-653 11. Tenutamon [Tanwetamani] [Tinwatamun] [Tanotamun] [Tanetamen] [Tementhes], cousin's son, son of Shebitku [# 9] (above); defeated by Assyrians under Ashurbanipal in 663BC; the Nubians were driven out of Egypt by 656BC; end of Egypt's 25th Dynasty

=1 Malaqaye

=2 Pikankha[rti]

=3 Paabtamere

=4 Istemkheb

=5 Malaysia

issue of 2nd wife:

a. Shapenuapit [Shepenwepet] [II], 2nd wife of King Psamtik I of Egypt

issue of 3rd wife:

b. Adoratrix [son]

issue of 3rd wife:

c. Khalese [Khaliset], 3rd wife of Atlanersa [# 12]

653-643 12. Atlanersa, [2nd] cousin

son of Taharqa [# 10] (above)

=1 Yeturow, half-sis

=2 Maletarel [Malotaral] [I], half-sis

=3 Khaliset, relative

=4 Peltasen

=5 Taba[…]

643-623 13. Senkamanisken [Senkamenseken], son, by 2nd wife

=1 Nasalsya; =2 Ananimalela; =3 Masalaye, prob. half-sisters

issue of 1:

a. Anlameni [# 14]

issue of 2:

b. Aspelta [# 15]

issue of 3

c. Knemibre [# 16]

623-593 14. Anlameni [Anlamani], son

= Madiqen

593 X. Ankhare, unnumbered king, prob. son

593-580 15. Aspelta [Aspalta], half-bro of # 14, warred with King Psamtik II of Egypt, whose troops defeated the Nubian Army in 593BC; overran Nubia; captured, sacked, and burned its cap. city of Napata in 591BC

=1 Asartaha;

=2 Henuttakhebit, an Egyptian princess

=3 Meqemale

issue by 2nd wife, a son, Amtalqa [# 17]

580-570 16. Knemibre [Arikakamani], half-bro

570-560 17. Amtalqa [Aramatelqo], nephew, bro of Aspelta [# 15] & Anlameni [# 14]

son of Aspelta [# 15] (above)

=1 Akheqa

=2 Amanitakaye

=3 Atmataka

=4 Maletase

=5 Ankher

issue of 1st wife:

a. Yesruamen [# 18]

issue of 2nd wife:

b. Malonaqen [# 19]

issue of 3rd wife:

c. Khaletali [# 20]

560-555 18. Yesruamani [Yesruamen], son

555-542 19. Malonaqen [Maleneqen], bro

= Tagtale


a. Analmaaye [# 21]

542-538 20. Khaletali [Kaltaly], bro

538-533 21. Analmaaye [Nelmai] [Nalmaaye], nephew

533-519 22. Amaninatakelebte [Netaklatathamen], son

519-510 23. Karkamani [Karkaman; Kargamen], son

510-490 24. Amaniastabarqo, son

490-487 25. Astabarqamen[i], bro

487-478 26. Asasheraq, son

478 27. Weterik, son

478 28. Kariben, bro

478-458 29. Siaspiqo [Sa'asheriqa], father's cousin

son of Amaniastabarqo [# 24]

= Piankhqewqe

458-453 30. Nasakhma[t], son

= Sakataye


a. Maluibamen [# 31]

b. Talakhamen [# 32]

453-435 31. Malowiebamani [Maluibamen], son

= Akhrasan, she = 2ndly her husband's successor


a. Amanineteyerike [# 33]

b. Baskakeren [# 34]

c. Herinutarekamen [# 35]

435-430 32. Talakhamani [Talakhamen], bro

= Akhrasan, his late bro's widow


a. Atasamale, wife of half-bro [same mother]

430-425 33. Amanineteyerike [Amaniete-Yerike] [Arike-Amanote], nephew;

= Atasamale, half-sis


a. Harsiotef [# 36]

425-415 34. Baskakeren, bro

415-404 35. Herinutarekamen, bro

404-369 36. Harsiotef [Harsiyotef], nephew

son of Amanineteyerike [# 33]

=1 Batahaliye

=2 Pelkha

=3 Henutirdis

issue of 1st wife:

a. son, name unknown [# 37]

issue of 2nd wife:

b. Akhariten [# 39]

issue of 3rd wife:

c. Nastasen [# 41]

369-353 37. name unknown, son

353-350 38. Piankhalari [Pankhalera]

son of Baskakeren [# 34]

= Maletarel [II] [cousin], dau of # 35

350-345 39. Akhariten

son of Harsiotef [# 36]

345-332 40. Candace, dau, queen, she had a nat. son by Alexander "The Great" of Greece, namely Amanislo [# 52]

332-325 41. Nastasen, uncle, fought the Egyptian heir, Khabbash, in his capacity both as his predecessor's army-commander, then, as king 335-332

= Sakhmakh


a. Amanibakhi [# 42]

b. Arnekhamani [# 43]

c. Arakakamani [# 44]

325-315 42. Amanibakhi, son

315-310 43. Arnekhamani, bro

310-305 44. Arakakamani, bro

305 45. Aktisanes, nephew

son of Amanibakhi [# 42]

305 46. Aryamanes, bro

305-300 47. Arkamani I [Arqamani], cousin

son of Arnekhamani [# 43]

300-295 48. Amenbarkeli, cousin

son of Arakakamani [# 44]

295-290 49. Kashmerjamen, son

290-285 50. Piankhyerikeqo [Ayrikepiyeqo] [Piyeqo-Yerike], bro

285-280 51. Sabrakamani, bro

280-275 52. Amanislo, relative

son of Alexander "The Great" & Queen Candice [# 40]

275-250 53. Arkamaniqo [I], son of Sabrakamani [# 51], id. with Ergamenes, called "the Nubian Alexander", mentioned in ancient Greek literature, warred and brought the whole of Central Africa under his sway; warred with King Ptolemy II of Egypt [285-246] for periods in his policy of expansion

= Bartare, Queen [# 54]


a. Amaniterkha [# 55]

b. Arnekpnayka [# 56]

275-250 54. Bartare, queen

= Arkamaniqo [I] [# 53] (above)

issue: see # 53 above

250-240 55. Amaniterkha [Amaniterka], son

240-235 56. Arnekpnayka, bro

235-230 57. Hinayka, son

230-225 58. M-n[…]m[…]-t-[…]re, cousin

son of Amaniterkha [# 55]

225-220 59. Shesepankhenamen Setepenre, bro

220-200 60. Arkamaniqo II, son, contemporary of King Ptolemy IV "Philopator" of Egypt [222-205]

200-195 61. Tabirqo, son

195-190 62. Adikhalamani, bro

190-185 63. Arkamani II, bro

185-180 64. […]merit, son/dau of Tabirqo [# 61]

180-175 65. […]iwal, son/dau of Tabirqo [# 61]

175-170 66. un-named son of Adikhalamani [# 62]

170-165 67. Nahirqe, queen

dau of Arkamani II [# 63]

165-150 68. Shanakdakhete, queen

dau of [# 66], un-named son of Adikhalamani [# 62]

150-145 69. name unknown, son

145-140 70. Naqyerisan [Naqyrinsan]

son, or ygr bro of Queen Nahirqa [# 67], relationship unsure

140-135 71. Taneyidamani [Tanyidamani]

son of either # 64 or # 65, sons/daus of Tabirqo [# 61]

135-105 72. […]khale, dau, queen

105-75 73. Aqakamani

son of Queen Nahirqe [# 67]

75-55BC 74. Teriteqas, son

55-36BC 75. Teraraman I [Teraramani], bro/or son

36-18BC 76. Amanirenas, dau of either # 74 or # 75, queen, also called "Candice", repulsed the Roman Army in three battles that Octavius had sent to conquer Nubia 24-21BC [following his conquest of Egypt in 30BC], & maintained Nubian independence

18-15BC 77. Akinidadas, son

15-12BC 78. Amanishakhete, dau, queen

12-9BC 79. Nawidemak [Naldamak], dau, queen

= Apedemakhe, prince, cousin


a. Arikhankharer [Arikharer] [# 84]

b. Arikakahtani [# 85]

c. Alakhebasken [# 86]

d. Amanitaraqide I [# 87]

e. Ashyesbekhe [# 88]

9-5BC 80. Amanikhabale, half-uncle

5BC-AD5 81. Netekamani [Natakamani], son

5BC-AD5 82. Amanitore [Amanitere], wife, queen


a. Shoraker [Shorkaror] [Sherakarer] [Sarakaror] [# 83]

b. Pisakhor [# 89]

AD5-10 83. Shoraker, son, at Meroe

10-15 84. Arikharer [Arikhankharer], cousin, at Napata

son of queen Nawidemak & prince Apedemakhe

15-20 85. Arikakahtani, bro, at Napata

20-25 86. Alakhebasken, bro, at Napata

25-30 87. Amanitaraqide I, bro, at Napata

30 88. Ashyesbekhe, bro, at Napata

30-35 89. Pisakhor, cousin, at Meroe

35 90. Amanitenmemide, son of Ashyesbekhe [# 88], at Napata

35-65 91. Candice, dau of Pisakhor [# 89], queen, at Meroe

65-75 92. Amanikhatashan, dau of Amanitenmemide [# 90], queen, at Napata

75-85 93. Takizeman I [Taqideamani], relative

son of Arikakahtani [# 85]

85-100 94. Tarikendal I [Tarekendial][Tarekeniwal], son

100-105 95. Amanikhalika, son

105-125 96. Aritenyesbokhe, bro

125-130 97. Aqrakamani, bro

130-135 98. Amanikhedolo, nephew

son of Amanikhalika [# 95]

135-145 99. Adeqetali, cousin

son of Aritenyesbokhe [# 96]

145-150 100.Teqerideamani I [Teqorideamani] [Teqorideaman], cousin

son of Aqrakamani [# 97]

150-170 101. Maskhedakhel, son

170-175 102. Amanikhareqerem, son

175-184 103. Takizemani II, son

184-194 104. Tarikendal II, bro

194-209 105. Teritedakhatei, son

209-228 106. Aryesbokhe, son

228-235 107. Teritnide, son

235-240 108. Aretnide, bro

240-245 109. Amanitaraqide II, nephew

son of Teritnide [# 107], &, father of Pisapade [# 110]

245-253 110. Pisapade, son

253-265 111.Teqerideamani II [Teqorideamani] [Teqorideaman]

son of Aretnide [# 108]

265-283 112. Tamelordeamun [Tamelerdaemani] [Tamelordeamani], son

283-300 113. Yesbokhaman [Yesbekheamani], son

300-304 114. Lakhideamani, id. with […]k[…], son

304-308 115. […]p[…]nin], bro

308-317 116. Maleqorobar [Maloqorebar; Maleqerebar], bro

317-320 117. Teraramani II, nephew

son of […]p[…]nin [# 115]


a. Angabenawi, prince, father of two sons, Yesaka & Butale

320-325 118. Patrapeameni, cousin, queen

dau of Lakhidaemani [# 114]

325-335 119. Amanipilade, cousin, queen

dau of Maleqorobar [# 116]

335-339 120. Manitrarize, son, 120th monarch & last King of Kush [Nubia; Sudan] [Kerma-Napata-Meroe]; about the 50th generation from Moses; country conquered by the Axumite King Aezanes of Ethiopia [c. AD 325-375]; taken hostage by their Ethiopian conquerors; from whom descends the "Zagwe" governors/kings of Lasta, an Ethiopian province. His capture was followed by rivaling contenders of the Nubian royal house who escaped capture, and, supported by their own political parties, established three rivaling governments-in-exile; (a) one at Faras [now Begrash, Sudan], (b) another at Dongola; and (c) the third at Shobo, also called the Alwah state; the kings of (a) Faras, claimed descent from the eldest son of Manitrarize, the 120th & last king of the Nubian Nation, & last Kushite emperor, who escaped capture by the Ethiopian conquerors (AD339), and held out at the Faras Fort, and, was the ancestor of Silko, its first Christian king (AD 536); while the kings of (b) Dongola descended from "Prince" Yesaka, son of "Prince" Angabenawi, son of Teraramani II, the 117th King of Nubia, [cousin of the Nubian Queen Amanipilade]; while the kings of (c) Shobo/Alwah, descended from the brother of "Prince" Yesaka, namely, "Prince" Butale, the two of whom established themselves in their strongholds at the time of the conquest of Nubia/Sudan &/or Central Africa by the Ethiopians (AD339). Meantime, the descendants of the former Nubian royal house in exile in Ethiopia came to be known as the "Zagwe", and were given the Lasta province as their estate. The Zagwe reigned as hereditary kings in Ethiopia's Lasta province from around AD350 until the Ethiopian Revolution in the 20th Century. [Reminds one that the former imperial house of Aztec Mexico & Central America still resides in Spain, the country of their conquerors, although no longer as captives.]


the "Zawge" descent-line from the Napatan-Meroitic Kings; gap of about 500 years (339-916): about 20 generations


886-916 X. Gudite [Yodite], called Queen Bani al-Hamwiyyah [Agawmeder], conqueror, Falashite [Jewish] Empress of Ethiopia; allied with Beta Israel faction, defeated the last Axumite King Del-Naad in battle, stormed the royal citadel at Dabra Damo and slew the Ethiopian Emperor and nearly the whole Aksumite royal house except for a few members who escaped the massacre; she is sometimes numbered among the Zagwe usurpers

916-919 95. Terda-Gabaz; estimate 95th in descent from Moses; aka Morari Takle-Haymanot, Governor of Lasta [the Zagwe ancestral-estate], at Bugna, [then] the provincial-capital, usurper to Ethiopian throne, 1st Zagwe Emperor, dates vary; moved capital-city to Adafa, then, to Roha

= Masoba-Warq, dau of Del-Naad, the Ethiopian Emperor [Solomonic Dynasty], whom the Zagwe Queen Gudite had overthrown and slain

begot 3 sons:

(a) Totadem [Pantadem] 2nd Zagwe Emperor 919-959;

(b) Zan-Seyum, 3rd Zagwe Emperor 959-999; &

(c) Germa-Seyum, 4th Zagwe Emperor 999-1039.

The Zagwe Dynasty long held to its descent from Moses. The descendants of Moses continued to flourish on their ancestral-estate in Ethiopia, in the province called "Lasta", where the family had earlier been settled by their Ethiopian captors in AD 339 following the destruction of their kingdom, Sudan [Nubia], which once held sway over the whole of Central Africa "from sea to sea". Mara Takle Haymanot, founder of the Zagwe dynasty, married Masoba-Warq, a daughter of the last Aksumite king, that is, the Ethiopian Emperor Delnaad, whom Mara Takle-Haymanot had overthrown. The phrase, "[...] rise of Zagwe as result of marriage between an Aksumite princess called Mesoba Warq [ëBasket of Goldí] and the Zagwe prince, called Terda Gabaz in king-lists"; there were eleven Zagwe emperors; their heirs bore the title "Wagshum" from 1270 to the Revolution of 1974. The Abdication Settlement grants them the right to sit on a throne, to have the great "negarit" drum beaten for them in salute on certain occasions, and were allowed to maintain their own militia. They were granted the privilege of being seated in the imperial presence, so long as the Ethiopian Emperor was also seated. The Solomonic Emperors honored this treaty until the fall of the Ethiopian Monrachy eight centuries later in Year 1974.

959-999 96. (2) Zan-Seyum, 3rd Zagwe Emperor; & [his bro] (3) Germa-Seyum, 4th Zagwe Emperor 999-1039 [father of Yemrehana Krestos, 5th Zagwe Emperor 1039-1079]

X(1000)X 97. Mairari, Prince, son of Zan-Seyum, 3rd Zagwe Emperor (above); was the father of two sons & a daughter, who were (1) Kedus Herbe [Harbre I], 6th Zagwe Emperor 1079-1119 [father of Naakweto Laab, 8th Zagew Emperor 1159-1207]; (2) Lalibela, 7th Zagwe Emperor 1119-1159 [father of Yetbarak, 9th Zagwe Emperor]; and, their sister, (3) Qirwerne (below)

1119-1159 98. Lalibela, 7th Zawge Emperor, whose sister, Qirwerne, was an ancestress of Queen Elizabeth II of Britain, through a female-link in Queen Elizabeth's pedigree

The most famous Zagwe Emperor of Ethiopia was Lalibela. The "History of the Patriarchs", which usually just refers to the kings anonymously, calls him, "Lalibala son of Shanuda ["the Lion"], of the race of al-Nakba". Other sources add his throne-name, Gabra Masqal, and an epithet, '_be'esi `azzal_', `the strong man'.

There is a story that the Ethiopian Emperor Lalibela, who, accompanied by his "troublesome" sister, Qirwerne, traveled to the Holy Land and visited the Byzantine Emperor at Constantinople. There at the imperial court he and his sister appear to have met Izyaslav II of Kiev/Russia who was there visiting the emperor during the time of their visit. There are also undocumented legends about Lalibela and his sister that probably are based on actual events. Qirwerne remained at the imperial court at Constantinople after Lalibela returned to Ethiopia. Meantime, the Ethiopian Princess married twice: once [in 1153] to Izyaslav II of Kiev/Russia (d1154), and, upon returning to Constantinople after her first husband's death, Qirwerne married secondly [in 1158] to Andronikos Dukas Kamateros, a Byzantine prince (d1176), by whom she was the mother of Euphrosyne (d1211), wife/empress of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius III (d1210), which gives a "gateway" from Africa to Europe (see below). The story about the involvement of an un-named widow of an un-named king and Andronikos Kamateros [reminds one of the story of the sister of England's King Henry VIII, namely, Princess/Queen Mary, widow of King Louis XII of France, and her subsequent involvement and marriage to Charles Brandon, an English squire] is the basis for the identification of the second husband of the Ethiopian princess, for circumstantial evidence clearly identifies this un-named widow to have been Lalibela's "troublesome" sister, Qirwerne, and the un-named king to have been Izyaslav II, her first husband [his 3rd marriage] who died shortly after their marriage.

1207-1247 99. Yetbarak, 9th Zagwe Emperor

1247-1262 100. Mairari, 10th Zagwe Emperor [dates synchronized from here onwards]

1262-1270 101. Harbai [Harbe II], 11th Zagwe Emperor, defeated in a civil war by the Ethiopian prince Yekano-Amlak, was persuaded to abdicate in favor of the Axumite ["Solomonic"] Prince Yekano-Amlak, i.e., descendant of the Kings at Shoa [who were descendants of the Kings of Axum].

After that, the Zagwe reigned as territorial governors or princes or chieftains of the Lasta province with the hereditary title "Wagshum", with the district of "Wag" as an hereditary fief of the imperial Ethiopian empire

X(1270)X 102. Delanda, claimant versus the Axumite [Solomonic] Prince Yekano-Amlak

X(1300)X 103. Zena-Petros, claimant, one of the last scions of the Zagwe line, was captured and killed by Motalame, the vassal-king of Damot

X(1330)X 104. Bahr-Saf, claimant, following the civil wars was granted by treaty his ancestral-estate at Rhoa in Lasta by the Axumite Emperor; and, became the ancestor of a dynasty of princes [governors] of Lasta

X(1360)X 105. Akoteta, Ras [governor] of Lasta, son

X(1395)X 106. Bemonet, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1420)X 107. Asediga, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1450)X 108. Ymrehe, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1480)X 109. Hareyene, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1510)X 110. Teshome, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1540)X 111. Elmaknun, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1570)X 112. Sibuhay, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1600)X 113. Mayrari, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1630)X 114. Khedede, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1660)X 115. Mengisine, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1690)X 116. Yikebbe, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1725)X 117. Daniel, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1750)Z 118. Hansani, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1775)X 119. Pantaw, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1800)X 120. Khenfu, Ras of Lasta, son

X(1825)X 121. Tafari-Wossen, Ras of Lasta, son (below)

?-1858 122. Gebre-Medhin, Ras of Lasta, son, who had a brother, Wossen, (below)

=1 Woizero Aitchesh

=2 Dejazmatch Wolde Kirkos

had issue of 1st wife to:

a. Gobayze

b. Biru-Gebre (d1897), the father of Gwangul-Biru (d1904)

c. Laqetch-Gebre, the father of Talke Haymanot, aka Tesemme-Goshu (d1901)

had issue of 2nd wife to:

d. Hailu Wolde Kiros

= Woizero Tisseme Darge, dau of Ras Darge Sahle Selassie

parents of Ras Kassa Hailu, senior heir, father of "Prince" Asrate Kassa

1868-1871 123. Gobayze, "Wagshum" or "Ras" of Lasta, became Takle-Giyorgis II, Emperor of Ethiopia, usurper, deposed, d1876

= Dinkinesh Mercha, sister of Dejazmatch Kassa Mercha [future Emperor Yohannes IV]; she =2 Dejazmatch Gebre Kidan

(1850-1900) 124. Abera-Gobayze, the estimate 124th generation in male-line descent from Moses, Prince of Egypt, King of Nubia, Lord of Libya, First "Judge" [or Governor] of Israel, etc.

(1900-1950) 125. AMESA, prince, 20th Century representative of the Mosiac "Zagwe" Dynasty

issue: unknown


X(1825)X 121. Tafari-Wossen, Ras of Lasta (above)

X(1850)X 122. Wossen, Ras of Lasta, bro of Gebre-Medhin

X(1875)X 123. Tafari-Wossen, Ras of Lasta, d1873, the emperor's cousin

X(1900)X 124. Kabada-Tafari, Ras of Lasta

X(1925)X 125. Hailu-Kabbada, Ras of Lasta, ex 1936/7 by Italians

X(1950)X 126. Wossen Hailu, prince,

X(1975) X 127. Lij-Hailu, prince

issue: unknown



98. Qirwerne[je], sister of Zagwe Ethiopian Emperor Lalibela (above)

= Andronikos Dukas Kamateros of Byzantium [her 2nd husband & his 2nd wife]

99. Euphrosyne (d1211)

= Alexius III, Byzantine Emperor 1195-1203 dep, d1210

100. Irene (d1205)

= Alexis Palaeologus

101. Andronicus Palaeologus (d1247)

= Theodora [cousin], dau of Alexios Palaeologus [& Irene], son of Georgios Palaeologus [& Aspae, dau of Queen Rusudan of Georgia & King David of Ossetia], son of Alexios Palaeologus

102. Michael VIII, Byzantine Emperor 1261-1282

= Theodora (d1303), dau of Byzantine Emperor John III "Vatatzes"

103. Andronicus II, Byzantine Emperor 1282-1328 dep, d1332

= Yolande of Monferrat [2nd wife]

104. Theodore of Montferrat (d1338)

= Argentina Spinola

105. Yolande (d1342)

= Aimon, Count of Savoy, d 1343

106. Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy, d1383

= Bona, dau of Pierre I, Duke of Bourbon

107. Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy, d1391

= Bona, dau of John/Jean I, Duke of Berri

108. Amadeus VIII, Count of Savoy, d 1451, aka Pope Felix V 1439-1449

= Marie, dau of Philip II, Duke of Burgundy

109. Louis (Luigi), Count of Savoy 1434-1465

= Anne Lusignan, heiress of Cyprus, Jerusalem, Armenia, etc.

110. Margaret (d1483)

= Pierre II, Count of St. Pol (d1482), her 2nd =

111. Marie (d1546)

= Francis de Bourbon, Count of Vendome, d1495

112. Antoinette (d1583)

= Claude of Lorraine, Duke of Guise, d1550

113. Marie (d1560)

= James V, King of Scotland, d1542

114. Mary, Queen of Scots, d1587

= Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (d1567) [cousin], her 2nd =

115. JAMES I [VI], King of England-Wales, Scotland, & Ireland, who commissioned the "King James Bible"

116. Elizabeth (d1662)

= Frederick V of Bohemia, Count-Palatine

117. Sophia (d1714)

= Ernest Augustus of Hanover

118. George I, King of Britain, etc

= Sophia Dorothea of Celle

119. George II, King of Britain, etc

= Caroline of Anspach

120. Frederick-Lewis, Prince of Wales

= Augusta of Saxe-Gotha

121. George III, King of Britain, etc

= Charlotte of Mecklenburg, dau of Karl Ludwig of Mecklenburg-Strelitz & Elizabeth-Albertine, natural daughter of Albertine of Erbach, wife of Ernest-Frederick of Saxe-Hildburghausen, by Ibrahim Hannibal, an Ethiopian prince [note: Ibrahim Hannibal was entertained by several European nobles whose wives were fascinated by the novelty of his African features, and sired at least two [or more] royal bastards, among whom was Albertine of Erbach, Queen Charlotte's grandmother, hence Queen Charlotte's negro features]

122. Edward, Duke of Kent (d1820)

= Victoria of Saxe-Saalfeld

123. Victoria, Queen/Empress

= Albert of Saxe-Coburg

124. Edward VII, King of Britain, etc

= Alexandra of Denmark

125. George V, King of Britain, etc

= Mary of Teck

126. George VI, King of Britain, etc

= Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

127. Elizabeth II, now reigning, the 30th generation from Qirwerne, sister of Ethiopian Emperor Lalibela, &, through her Zagwe ancestors, the estimate 127th generation from Moses !


copyright by David Hughes, 2012,


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