Gospel of Thomas
and Ezekiel's First Vision
Side by Side with Key Word Connections
What may be the Original and Everlasting Gospel of Christ is aligned
with Ezekiels's first vision comparing connections in thought, word, and rhetoric.
Ezekiel prophesies of a special two sided scroll held out to the son of man.
This same imagery is echoed in the Book of Revelation and may be a direct reference
to the two sided scroll more commonly known as the Gospel of Thomas.
|Ezekiel sees a vision full
of poignant images. Many of these same ideas also occur in The
Gospel of Thomas. Others
are seen in Genesis one,
Book of Revelation. Many
of these same ideas, and how they relate to the revelation
seven thunders may be considered further in The
Testimony of Christ. Relevant
images to watch for include the living creature and creatures,
the son of man
standing holding the
scroll written on
the front and the
back, the eating of the
words which taste
so sweet like honey, and the bitterness and the responsibility
that follows. Other recurring concepts include the
firmament, the joining
together of heaven and earth,
the voices of great
waters, the lightning,
the rain, the thunders, the three woes, and the
“Give attendance to reading… Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all,”
1 Timothy 4:13-15
Gospel Of Thomas
Thomas O. Lambdin
The First Vision
1:3 - 3:37 KJV
are the secret
sayings which the
living Jesus spoke
and which Didymos
Judas Thomas wrote
||[1:3] The word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest,|
|The secret sayings||The word|
|The living Jesus||The LORD|
|Didymos Judas Thomas||Ezekiel|
And he said, "Whoever finds the interpretation of these sayings will
||[1:3b] the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans|
|Experience death (I.e. slavery and subjection)||In the land of the Chaldeans|
|(2) Jesus said, "Let him who seeks continue seeking until he finds. When he finds, he will become troubled. When he becomes troubled, he will be astonished, and he will rule over the All."||[1:3c]
the river Chebar;
and the hand of the LORD was
there upon him.
|Continue seeking until he finds||Chebar = "far off"|
|He will become troubled||The hand of the LORD was there upon him|
|(3) Jesus said, "If those who lead you say to you, 'See, the kingdom is in the sky,' then the birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you, 'It is in the sea,' then the fish will precede you. Rather, the kingdom is inside of you, and it is outside of you. When you come to know yourselves, then you will become known, and you will realize that it is you who are the sons of the living father. But if you will not know yourselves, you dwell in poverty and it is you who are that poverty."||[1:4]
And I looked,
whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud,
and a fire
infolding itself, and a brightness was about it,
and out of
|You... See... realize||I looked... behold|
|In the sky||A whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud|
|You come||A whirlwind came|
|Know yourselves... know yourselves||A fire infolding itself... a brightness was about it|
|Inside... outside||Out of the midst|
Jesus said, "The man old in days will not hesitate to ask a small
child seven days old about the
place of life, and he will live. For
many who are first will become last, and they will become one and the
thereof as the
colour of amber, out of the
midst of the fire.
|The place of life||The midst of the fire|
Jesus said, "Recognize what is in your
sight, and that
which is hidden from you will become plain to you . For
nothing hidden which will not become manifest."
||[1:5] Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures.|
|In your sight||Out of the midst|
|That which is hidden from you will become plain... there is nothing hidden which will not become manifest||Out of the midst thereof|
His disciples questioned him and said to him, "Do you want us to
fast? How shall we pray? Shall we give alms? What diet shall we
Jesus said, "Do not tell lies, and do not do what you hate, for all things are plain in the sight of heaven. For nothing hidden will not become manifest, and nothing covered will remain without being uncovered."
And this was their appearance;
they had the
likeness of a
[1:6] And every one had four faces,
|We observe||Their appearance... faces|
|All things... nothing||Every one|
|Plain in the sight... being uncovered||The likeness|
|(7) Jesus said, "Blessed is the lion which becomes man when consumed by man; and cursed is the man whom the lion consumes, and the lion becomes man."||[1:6b] and every one had four wings. (the faces of lions)|
|The lion... the lion... the lion||Lions|
And he said, "The man is like a wise fisherman who cast his net
into the sea and drew it up from the sea full of small fish. Among
the wise fisherman found a fine large fish. He threw all the small fish
back into the sea and chose the large fish
without difficulty. Whoever
to hear, let him hear."
And their feet
were straight feet;
and the sole of their feet
the sole of a calf's
|Fish... fish... fish||Calf|
|Ears||Feet... feet... feet... foot|
"Now the sower
went out, took a
handful (of seeds), and scattered them.
Some fell on the road; the
birds came and gathered them up. Others fell
on the rock, did not take root in the soil, and did not produce ears.
And others fell on thorns; they choked the seed(s) and worms ate them.
And others fell on the good soil and it produced good fruit: it bore
per measure and a hundred and twenty per measure."
and they sparkled
like the colour of
[1:8] And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and they four had their faces and their wings.
|The sower||A man|
|A handful||The hands|
|The birds||Their wings... their wings|
|(10) Jesus said, "I have cast fire upon the world, and see, I am guarding it until it blazes."||[1:9] Their wings were joined one to another;|
|I am guarding||Their wings were joined one to another|
|(11) Jesus said, "This heaven will pass away, and the one above it will pass away. The dead are not alive, and the living will not die. In the days when you consumed what is dead, you made it what is alive. When you come to dwell in the light, what will you do? On the day when you were one you became two. But when you become two, what will you do?"||[1:9b]
they turned not
[1:10] As for the likeness of their faces,
|The one||Every one|
|When you come... when you were... when you become||When they went|
|What will you do?... what will you do?||They turned not... they went... straight forward|
|The light||The likeness|
The disciples said to Jesus, "We know that you will depart from us. Who is to be our leader?"
Jesus said to them, "Wherever you are, you are to go to James the righteous, for whose sake heaven and earth came into being."
had the face of a
and the face of a lion, on the
right side: and they four
had the face
of an ox on the
|Who is to be our leader?||They four... they four|
|Heaven and earth||A man... the right side... the left side|
Jesus said to his disciples, "Compare me
to someone and tell me whom
I am like."
Simon Peter said to him, "You are like a righteous angel."
Matthew said to him, "You are like a wise philosopher."
Thomas said to him, "Master, my mouth is wholly incapable of saying whom you are like."
Jesus said, "I am not your master. Because you have drunk, you have become intoxicated from the bubbling spring which I have measured out."
And he took him and withdrew and told him three things. When Thomas returned to his companions, they asked him, "What did Jesus say to you?"
Thomas said to them, "If I tell you one of the things which he told me, you will pick up stones and throw them at me; a fire will come out of the stones and burn you up."
also had the face of an eagle.
[1:11] Thus were their faces: and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies.
[1:12] And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; and they turned not when they went.
|Whom I am like... whom you are like||They four|
|A righteous angel||Their wings were stretched upward|
|Compare me... a wise philosopher||Every one were joined one to another|
|Three... one||Four... two... one... one ... two... one|
|When Thomas returned to his companions||They went every one straight forward... they turned... when they went|
|A fire will come out of the stones||Whither the spirit was to go|
Jesus said to
them, "If you fast, you will give rise to sin for yourselves;
you pray, you will be condemned; and if you give alms, you will do harm
to your spirits.
When you go into any land and walk about in the
districts, if they receive you, eat what they will set before you, and
heal the sick among them. For what goes into your
mouth will not defile
you, but that which issues from your mouth - it is that
As for the
likeness of the
living creatures, their appearance was like
coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps:
|For yourselves||For the likeness|
|Your spirits||The living creatures|
|What goes into your
mouth will not defile
(C.f. A live coal... hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away Isaiah 6:6)
|Burning coals of fire|
Jesus said, "When you see one
who was not born of woman, prostrate yourselves
on your faces and
worship him. That one is your father."
it went up and
down among the
|One who was not born of woman||The living creatures|
|Prostrate yourselves... and worship||It went up and down|
said, "Men think, perhaps, that it is peace which I have come
upon the world. They do not know that it is dissension which I have
come to cast upon the earth: fire,
sword, and war. For there will be
five in a house: three will be against two, and two against three, the
father against the son, and the son against the father. And they will
and the fire was
bright, and out of
[1:14] And the living creatures ran and returned
|I have come... I have come||Went forth... returned|
|Fire||Fire... fire... lightning|
|They will stand||Living creatures ran|
Jesus said, "I shall give
you what no eye
has seen and what no ear has heard and what no hand has
touched and what has never
occurred to the human mind."
as the appearance of a
flash of lightning.
[1:15] Now as I beheld the living creatures,
|What no eye has seen||The appearance of a flash of lightning... I beheld the living creatures|
The disciples said to Jesus, "Tell us how our end
Jesus said, "Have you discovered, then, the beginning, that you look for the end? For where the beginning is, there will the end be. Blessed is he who will take his place in the beginning; he will know the end and will not experience death."
upon the earth by
the living creatures, with his four faces.
|Our end... the beginning... the end... the beginning... the end... the beginning... the end||One wheel|
|Where the beginning is... his place in the beginning||By the living creatures|
"Blessed is he
who came into being before he came into being. If you
disciples and listen to my words, these stones will
to you. For there are five trees for you in Paradise which remain
undisturbed summer and winter and whose leaves do
not fall. Whoever
becomes acquainted with them will not experience death."
appearance of the wheels and their work
was like unto the
a beryl: and they
four had one likeness:
|He who came into being before he came into being||The appearance of the wheels|
|My disciples||Their work|
|Leaves||The colour of a beryl|
|Whoever becomes acquainted with them will not experience death||They four had one likeness|
The disciples said to Jesus,
"Tell us what the
kingdom of heaven is like."
He said to them, "It is like a mustard seed. It is the smallest of all seeds. But when it falls on tilled soil, it produces a great plant and becomes a shelter for birds of the sky."
and their appearance
work was as it were a wheel in the middle of
|The kingdom of heaven is like... a mustard seed||Their appearance|
|It produces||Their work|
|A great plant||A wheel in the middle of a wheel|
Mary said to Jesus, "Whom
are your disciples like?"
He said, "They are like children who have settled in a field which is not theirs. When the owners of the field come, they will say, 'Let us have back our field.' They (will) undress in their presence in order to let them have back their field and to give it back to them. Therefore I say, if the owner of a house knows that the thief is coming, he will begin his vigil before he comes and will not let him dig through into his house of his domain to carry away his goods. You, then, be on your guard against the world. Arm yourselves with great strength lest the robbers find a way to come to you, for the difficulty which you expect will (surely) materialize. Let there be among you a man of understanding. When the grain ripened, he came quickly with his sickle in his hand and reaped it. Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear."
|[1:17] When they went,
upon their four sides: and they
turned not when
[1:18] As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings were full of eyes round about them four.
[1:19] And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them:
|They... settled||They went... they turned not... the wheels went|
|A man of understanding||They... were full of eyes|
|When the owners of the field come... coming... comes... come... When the grain ripened, he came quickly||When they went... when the living creatures went|
Jesus saw infants being
suckled. He said to his disciples, "These
infants being suckled are like those who enter the kingdom."
They said to him, "Shall we then, as children, enter the kingdom?"
Jesus said to them, "When you make the two one, and when you make the inside like the outside and the outside like the inside, and the above like the below, and when you make the male and the female one and the same, so that the male not be male nor the female female; and when you fashion eyes in the place of an eye, and a hand in place of a hand, and a foot in place of a foot, and a likeness in place of a likeness; then will you enter the kingdom."
creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were
[1:20] Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
|Enter the kingdom... enter the kingdom... enter the kingdom||The living creatures were lifted up from the earth... lifted up... lifted up|
|A foot in place of a foot||Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go|
|These infants... the male and the female one and the same||The living creature|
|(23) Jesus said, "I shall choose you, one out of a thousand, and two out of ten thousand, and they shall stand as a single one."||[1:21]
When those went,
and when those
|Out of... out of||Went...went|
|They shall stand||Those stood|
|(24) His disciples said to him, "Show us the place where
you are, since
it is necessary for us to seek it."
He said to them, "Whoever has ears, let him hear. There is light within a man of light, and he lights up the whole world. If he does not shine, he is darkness."
these stood; and
lifted up from the earth,
|Show us the place where you are||Those were lifted up from the earth|
|(25) Jesus said, "Love your
brother like your soul,
guard him like the
pupil of your eye."
were lifted up
over against them: for the spirit
|The pupil of your eye||The wheels|
Jesus said, "You see
mote in your
brother's eye, but you do
not see the beam in your
own eye. When you cast the beam out of your
own eye, then you will see clearly
to cast the mote from your
of the living
creature was in the
[1:22] And the likeness
|See... your brother's eye... your own eye... your own eye... see... your brother's eye||The wheels... likeness|
|(27) <Jesus said,> "If you do not fast as regards the world, you will not find the kingdom. If you do not observe the Sabbath as a Sabbath, you will not see the father."||[1:22b] of
firmament upon the heads of
the living creature was as the colour of the terrible
|The world||The firmament|
|The kingdom||The heads of the living creature|
Jesus said, "I took my place
midst of the world, and I
appeared to them in
flesh. I found all of them intoxicated; I found
none of them thirsty. And my soul became afflicted for the sons of men,
because they are blind in their hearts and do not have sight; for empty
they came into
the world, and empty too they seek to leave the world.
But for the moment they are intoxicated. When they shake off their
wine, then they
their heads above.
[1:23] And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other:
|In the midst of the world... in flesh... into the world||Over their heads above... under the firmament|
|Leave the world||One toward the other|
|They will repent||Their wings straight, the one toward the other|
|(29) Jesus said, "If the flesh came into being because of spirit, it is a wonder. But if spirit came into being because of the body, it is a wonder of wonders. Indeed, I am amazed at how this great wealth has made its home in this poverty."||[1:23b] every
one had two, which covered on this side,
and every one
had two, which
covered on that
|The flesh... spirit... spirit||Every one had two... this side... every one had two... that side|
|The body||Their bodies|
|(30) Jesus said, "Where there are three gods, they are gods. Where there are two or one, I am with him."||[1:24] And when they went,|
|Where... Where... I am with him||They went|
|(31) Jesus said, "No prophet is
accepted in his own village; no physician
heals those who know him."
||[1:24b] I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters,|
|Prophet||The noise of great waters|
|(32) Jesus said, "A city being built on a high mountain and fortified cannot fall, nor can it be hidden."||[1:24c] as the voice of the Almighty,|
|A high mountain||The voice of the Almighty|
|(33) Jesus said, "Preach from your housetops that which you will hear in your ear. For no one lights a lamp and puts it under a bushel, nor does he put it in a hidden place, but rather he sets it on a lampstand so that everyone who enters and leaves will see its light."||[1:24d] the voice of speech,
as the noise of an
when they stood,
they let down
|Preach||The voice of speech|
|Puts it under||Let down|
|He sets it on a lampstand||They stood|
|Everyone who enters||An host|
|(34) Jesus said, "If a blind man leads
a blind man, they will both fall into a pit."
||[1:25] And there was a voice from the
|A blind man leads||A voice from the firmament|
|(35) Jesus said, "It is not
possible for anyone to enter the house of a
strong man and take it by force unless he binds his hands;
then he will
(be able to) ransack his house."
was over their heads, when they stood, and had let down their wings.
|Unless he binds his hands||Let down their wings|
|(36) Jesus said,
"Do not be concerned from morning
until evening and from evening until
morning about what you will wear."
And above the
firmament that was
|Morning until evening... evening until morning||Above the firmament|
His disciples said, "When
will you become revealed
to us and when shall we see you?"
Jesus said, "When you disrobe without being ashamed and take up your garments and place them under your feet like little children and tread on them, then will you see the son of the living one, and you will not be afraid"
over their heads
likeness of a
throne, as the
appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of
|Revealed to us... see the son of the living one||The likeness of a throne... the likeness of the throne|
|See you||The appearance|
|Under your feet||Over their heads|
|(38) Jesus said, "Many times have you desired to hear these words which I am saying to you, and you have no one else to hear them from. There will be days when you will look for me and will not find me."||[1:26c]
was the likeness as the
appearance of a man above upon it.
|Look for me||The likeness as the appearance of a man|
Jesus said, "The
pharisees and the scribes have taken the keys of knowledge (gnosis) and
hidden them. They themselves have not entered, nor have
they allowed to
enter those who wish to. You, however, be as wise as serpents
innocent as doves."
And I saw
as the colour of amber, as the
appearance of fire round about
|The pharisees and the scribes have taken the keys of knowledge (gnosis) and hidden them||I saw|
|Serpents||The appearance of fire|
|(40) Jesus said, "A grapevine has been planted outside of the father, but being unsound, it will be pulled up by its roots and destroyed."||[1:27b] from the appearance of his loins even upward,|
|A grapevine||His loins|
|Pulled up||Even upward|
said, "Whoever has
something in his hand will receive more, and whoever
will be deprived of even the
little he has."
||[1:27c] and from the appearance of his loins even downward,|
|Has something... has nothing.... the little he has||His loins|
|(42) Jesus said, "Become passers-by."||[1:27d] I saw as it were|
|Become passers-by||As it were|
His disciples said to him,
"Who are you, that you should say these things to us?"
<Jesus said to them,> "You do not realize who I am from what I say to you, but you have become like the Jews, for they (either) love the tree and hate its fruit (or) love the fruit and hate the tree."
and it had brightness round about.
[1:28] As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain,
|Realize||The appearance... the appearance|
|The tree... the tree||Fire|
|(44) Jesus said, "Whoever blasphemes against the father will be forgiven, and whoever blasphemes against the son will be forgiven, but whoever blasphemes against the holy spirit will not be forgiven either on earth or in heaven."||[1:28b] so
appearance of the brightness round about.
|The son... the holy spirit||The appearance of the brightness|
Jesus said, "Grapes
are not harvested from thorns, nor are figs gathered from thistles, for
they do not produce fruit. A
good man brings forth good from his
storehouse; an evil man brings forth
evil things from his evil
storehouse, which is in his heart, and says evil
things. For out of the
abundance of the heart he brings
forth evil things."
was the appearance of
likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I
my face, and I
heard a voice of one that spake.
|A good man||The likeness of the glory of the LORD|
|Brings forth... A good man brings forth good from his storehouse... says... brings forth||I heard a voice of one that spake|
|(46) Jesus said, "Among those born of women, from Adam until John the Baptist, there is no one so superior to John the Baptist that his eyes should not be lowered (before him). Yet I have said, whichever one of you comes to be a child will be acquainted with the kingdom and will become superior to John."||[2:1] And he said unto me, Son of man,
thy feet, and I
will speak unto thee.
|From Adam until John the Baptist||Son of man|
|Yet I have said||I will speak|
|Superior... become superior||Stand upon thy feet|
|(47) Jesus said, "It is impossible for a man to mount two horses or to stretch two bows. And it is impossible for a servant to serve two masters; otherwise, he will honor the one and treat the other contemptuously. No man drinks old wine and immediately desires to drink new wine. And new wine is not put into old wineskins, lest they burst; nor is old wine put into a new wineskin, lest it spoil it. An old patch is not sewn onto a new garment, because a tear would result."||[2:2] And the spirit entered into
me when he spake unto me, and set me upon my feet,
that I heard him that spake unto me.
|Impossible for a man to mount two horses... sewn onto a new garment||Set me upon my feet|
|Drink new wine... new wine... into a new wineskin||The spirit entered into me when he spake unto me|
said, "If two make peace with each other in this one house, they will
say to the mountain, 'Move Away,'
and it will move
And he said
unto me, Son of man, I send thee to
the children of Israel,
|They will say to the mountain||He said unto me|
|Move Away... move Away||Send thee to|
|(49) Jesus said, "Blessed are the
solitary and elect, for you will find
For you are from it, and to it you will return."
that hath rebelled
|The kingdom||A nation|
|You will return||Rebelled against me|
Jesus said, "If they say to
you, 'Where did you
come from?', say
to them, 'We came
from the light,
the place where the
being on its own accord and established itself and became manifest
through their image.' If they say to you, 'Is it you?', say, 'We are
we are the elect of the
living father.' If they ask you,
'What is the sign of your
father in you?', say to them, 'It is movement
they and their
have transgressed against me, even unto this very day.
[2:4] For they are impudent children and stiffhearted.
I do send thee unto them;
|You come from... came||Send thee unto|
|The light... the light||This... day|
|The living father... your father||Fathers|
|(51) His disciples said to him,
"When will the repose of the dead come about, and when will the new
He said to them, "What you look forward to has already come, but you do not recognize it."
and thou shalt say
unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD.
[2:5] And they, whether they will hear,
|You do not recognize||Whether they will hear|
His disciples said to him,
spoke in Israel, and all of them spoke in you."
He said to them, "You have omitted the one living in your presence and have spoken (only) of the dead."
or whether they
will forbear, (for
they are a
yet shall know that there hath been a prophet
|Living in your presence||A rebellious house|
His disciples said to him,
"Is circumcision beneficial or not?"
He said to them, "If it were beneficial, their father would beget them already circumcised from their mother. Rather, the true circumcision in spirit has become completely profitable."
[2:6] And thou, son of man, be not afraid of them,
|Their father... their mother||Son of man|
|(54) Jesus said, "Blessed are
the poor, for yours is the kingdom of heaven."
of their words,
|Blessed are||Be afraid|
Jesus said, "Whoever does
not hate his father and his mother
cannot become a
disciple to me. And whoever does not hate his brothers
and sisters and take up his
cross in my way will not be worthy of me."
|Become a disciple to me||Briers and thorns be with thee|
|His cross||Briers and thorns|
|(56) Jesus said, "Whoever has
come to understand the world has found
(only) a corpse,
and whoever has
found a corpse is superior to the
dwell among scorpions: be not afraid of their
|A corpse... whoever has found a corpse ( Ancient Egyptians believed that scorpions were created through decomposed corpses )||Thou dost dwell among scorpions|
Jesus said, "The
kingdom of the
father is like a man who had good seed.
His enemy came by night and
sowed weeds among the
good seed. The man did not allow them to pull up
the weeds; he said to them, 'I am afraid
that you will go intending to
pull up the weeds and pull up the wheat along with them.' For on the
day of the harvest the weeds will be plainly visible,
and they will be
pulled up and burned."
at their looks,
though they be a
[2:7] And thou shalt speak my words unto them, whether they will hear,
|The kingdom of the father||A rebellious house|
|Good seed... the good seed||My words|
|I am afraid||Be dismayed|
|Be plainly visible||Their looks|
|(58) Jesus said, "Blessed is the man who has suffered
and found life."
|The man who has suffered||They will forbear|
|(59) Jesus said, "Take heed of
the living one while you are alive, lest
and seek to see him and be unable to do so."
|You die and seek to see him and be unable to do so||They are most rebellious|
<They saw> a
Samaritan carrying a
lamb on his way to Judea.
He said to his disciples, "That man is round about the lamb."
They said to him, "So that he may kill it and eat it."
He said to them, "While it is alive, he will not eat it, but only when he has killed it and it has become a corpse."
They said to him, "He cannot do so otherwise."
He said to them, "You too, look for a place for yourself within repose, lest you become a corpse and be eaten."
But thou, son
of man, hear what I say unto thee; Be not thou rebellious
open thy mouth,
that I give thee.
[2:9] And when I looked, behold,
|A lamb... the lamb||Son of man|
|Eat... eat... eaten||Mouth... eat|
|A place||That... house|
Jesus said, "Two will rest
on a bed: the one will die, and the other will live."
Salome said, "Who are you, man, that you ... have come up on my couch and eaten from my table?"
Jesus said to her, "I am he who exists from the undivided. I was given some of the things of my father."
<...> "I am your disciple."
<...> "Therefore I say, if he is destroyed, he will be filled with light, but if he is divided, he will be filled with darkness."
|[2:9b] an hand was sent unto me;
and, lo, a roll
of a book was therein;
[2:10] And he spread it before me; and it was written within and without: and there was written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe.
|Eaten from my table||Spread it before me|
|I am he who exists from the undivided||It was written within and without|
|I was given||An hand was sent unto me|
|I was given some of the things of my father||A roll of a book was therein|
|Be filled... be filled||Written within... written therein|
|He is destroyed... he will be filled with darkness||Therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe|
|(62) Jesus said, "It is to those who are worthy
of my mysteries
mysteries. Do not let your left (hand) know what your
(hand) is doing."
||[3:1] Moreover he said unto me, Son of man,
|Those who are worthy||Son of man|
|My mysteries... my mysteries||Eat that thou findest|
Jesus said, "There was a
rich man who had much money. He said, 'I shall put my money to use so
that I may sow, reap, plant, and fill my storehouse
with produce, with
the result that I shall lack nothing.' Such were his intentions, but
that same night he died. Let
him who has ears hear."
this roll, and go
speak unto the
house of Israel.
[3:2] So I opened my mouth,
|My storehouse||The house of Israel|
|Let him who has ears hear||Go speak... I opened my mouth|
Jesus said, "A
received visitors. And when
the dinner, he
servant to invite the guests.
He went to the first one and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said, 'I have claims against some merchants. They are coming to me this evening. I must go and give them my orders. I ask to be excused from the dinner.'
He went to another and said to him, 'My master has invited you.' He said to him, 'I have just bought a house and am required for the day. I shall not have any spare time.'
He went to another and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said to him, 'My friend is going to get married, and I am to prepare the banquet. I shall not be able to come. I ask to be excused from the dinner.'
He went to another and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said to him, 'I have just bought a farm, and I am on my way to collect the rent. I shall not be able to come. I ask to be excused.'
The servant returned and said to his master, 'Those whom you invited to the dinner have asked to be excused.' The master said to his servant, 'Go outside to the streets and bring back those whom you happen to meet, so that they may dine.' Businessmen and merchants will not enter the places of my father."
me to eat that roll.
[3:3] And he said unto me, Son of man, cause thy belly to eat, and fill thy bowels with this roll that I give thee. Then did I eat it; and it was in my mouth as honey for sweetness.
[3:4] And he said unto me, Son of man, go, get thee unto the house of Israel, and speak with my words unto them.
[3:5] For thou art not sent to a people of a strange speech and of an hard language, but to the house of Israel;
|A man... his servant||Son of man... Son of man|
|When... spare time||Then|
|He had prepared the dinner... the dinner... the banquet... the dinner... the dinner... they may dine||He caused me to eat that roll... cause thy belly to eat, and fill thy bowels with this roll... eat it... in my mouth... honey for sweetness... my words|
|He sent||Thou art not sent|
|He went... He went... He went... He went... I must go... My friend is going... I am on my way... The servant returned... Go outside to the streets and bring back those whom you happen to meet||Go, get thee unto the house of Israel|
|Give them||I give thee|
|Merchants... Businessmen and merchants||A people of a strange speech|
|A house... the places of my father||The house of Israel|
He said, "There was a good
man who owned a vineyard. He leased it
farmers so that they might work it and he might collect
produce from them. He
sent his servant so that the tenants
him the produce of the vineyard. They seized his servant and beat him,
all but killing him. The
servant went back and told his master. The
master said, 'Perhaps
he did not
recognize them.' He sent another
tenants beat this one as well. Then the owner sent his son
and said, 'Perhaps they
will show respect to my son.' Because the
tenants knew that it was he who was the heir to the
seized him and killed him. Let
him who has ears hear."
to many people
of a strange speech and of an hard language, whose
canst not understand. Surely, had
I sent thee
to them, they
would have hearkened unto thee.
|Tenant farmers...the tenants... The tenants... the tenants||Not... people of a strange speech|
|He sent his servant... The servant went back...He sent another servant||I sent thee|
|He did not recognize||Thou canst not understand|
|They will show respect||They would have hearkened|
|Let him who has ears hear||They would have hearkened unto thee|
|(66) Jesus said, "Show me the stone which the
builders have rejected. That one is the cornerstone."
||[3:7] But the house of Israel will
not hearken unto thee;
|The stone which the builders have rejected||The house of Israel will not hearken unto thee|
|(67) Jesus said, "If one who knows
still feels a personal deficiency, he is completely deficient."
not hearken unto me: for all the
|One who knows||They will not hearken|
|The all||All the|
|(68) Jesus said, "Blessed are you
when you are hated
have been persecuted they will find no place."
are impudent and
|You have been persecuted||Israel = God prevails|
|Hated and persecuted||Impudent and hardhearted|
|(69) Jesus said, "Blessed are
they who have been persecuted
themselves. It is they who have truly come to know the
are the hungry, for the belly of him who desires will be filled."
||[3:8] Behold, I
have made thy
|Persecuted||Strong against their faces|
|Within themselves||Thy face|
|(70) Jesus said, "That which you
have will save you if you bring
forth from yourselves. That which you do not have within
you will kill
you if you do not have it within you."
forehead strong against their foreheads.
|Bring it forth from yourselves||Thy forehead strong against their foreheads|
|(71) Jesus said, "I shall destroy
this house, and no one will be able to build it [...]."
As an adamant
harder than flint have I made thy forehead:
|Destroy||Adamant = indestructible|
A man said to him, "Tell my
brothers to divide my
father's possessions with me."
He said to him, "O man, who has made me a divider?"
He turned to his disciples and said to them, "I am not a divider, am I?"
not, neither be dismayed at their looks, though they be a rebellious
|My brothers to divide my father's possessions||They be a rebellious house|
|I am||They be|
|(73) Jesus said, "The harvest is
great but the
laborers are few.
Beseech the Lord,
therefore, to send out laborers
to the harvest."
||[3:10] Moreover he said unto me, Son of man,
|The laborers... the Lord... laborers||Son of man|
|(74) He said, "O Lord, there are many around the drinking
trough, but there
is nothing in the
||[3:10b] all my words
that I shall
speak unto thee receive in thine heart,
|Many around the drinking trough||I shall speak unto thee|
|There is nothing||All my words|
|The cistern||Thine heart|
| (75) Jesus said, "Many are
standing at the door, but it is the solitary who will enter the bridal chamber."
[3:11] And go,
|Enter the bridal chamber||And go|
Jesus said, "The
of the father
is like a merchant who had
a consignment of merchandise and who discovered a pearl. That merchant
was shrewd. He sold the merchandise and bought the pearl alone for
too, seek his unfailing and enduring treasure where no
moth comes near to devour and no worm destroys."
||[3:11b] get thee to them
of the captivity,
children of thy people, and speak unto them, and tell them,
|The kingdom||The captivity|
|The father||The children|
|You too, seek his unfailing and enduring treasure||Get thee to them|
Jesus said, "It is I who am
the light which is above them all. It
is I who am the all. From
me did the all come forth, and unto me did
the all extend. Split a piece of wood, and I am there. Lift up the
stone, and you will find me there."
saith the Lord GOD; whether they will hear, or whether they will
[3:12] Then the spirit took me up,
|From me did the all come forth... unto me did the all extend... Lift up the stone||The spirit took me up|
said, "Why have you come out into the desert?
To see a reed shaken by
And to see a man clothed in fine garments like your kings and
your great men? Upon them are the fine garments, and they
are unable to
discern the truth."
I heard behind me a
voice of a great rushing, saying, Blessed be the glory of the LORD
|The desert||His place|
|The wind||A voice of a great rushing|
|Your kings and your great men||The LORD|
A woman from the crowd
said to him, "Blessed are the womb which bore you and the breasts which
He said to her, "Blessed are those who have heard the word of the father and have truly kept it. For there will be days when you will say, 'Blessed are the womb which has not conceived and the breasts which have not given milk.'"
|[3:13] I heard also the noise
of the wings of the living
creatures that touched one another,
|Those who have heard the word of the father||I heard also the noise of the wings of the living creatures|
|The womb which has not conceived and the breasts which have not given milk||The living creatures|
|(80) Jesus said, "He who has
world has found the body,
but he who has found the body is superior to
the noise of the
|Is superior to||Over against them|
|The world||The wheels|
|(81) Jesus said, "Let him who has
be king, and let him who possesses
power renounce it."
||and a noise of a great
|Grown rich... possesses power||Great|
|(82) Jesus said, "He who is near
me is near the fire, and he
who is far from me is far from the kingdom."
||[3:14] So the spirit
lifted me up, and took me away,
|He who is far from me is far from the kingdom||The spirit lifted me up, and took me away|
Jesus said, "The images are
manifest to man, but the
light in them
remains concealed in the image of the light of the father. He will
become manifest, but his
image will remain concealed by his light."
I went in bitterness, in the
of my spirit; but the hand of the LORD was
strong upon me.
|The light in them||The heat of my spirit|
|His image will remain concealed by his light||The hand of the LORD was strong upon me|
Jesus said, "When you see
your likeness, you rejoice. But when you
see your images
into being before you, and which neither die
not become manifest, how much you will have to bear!"
Then I came to them of the captivity at Tel-abib,
that dwelt by the
river of Chebar,
hill of ears of corn
|Which came into being before you||Chebar = far-off|
Jesus said, "Adam came into
being from a great power and a great
wealth, but he did not become worthy of you. For had he been worthy, he
would not have experienced
and I sat where
they sat, and remained there
death... experience death
(With understanding, comes astonishment, and deliverance from death... "He will be astonished, and he will rule... not experience death," Thomas 1-2)
|(86) Jesus said, "The foxes have their holes and the birds have their nests, but the son of man has no place to lay his head and rest."||[3:15c]
(sat) among them seven
[3:16] And it came to pass
|The son of man has no place to lay his head||(Sat) among them seven days|
|Rest||It came to pass
(the seventh day is rest)
|(87) Jesus said, "Wretched is the
body that is dependant upon a body,
and wretched is the soul that is dependent on these two."
of seven days,
that the word of the LORD
|These two||The end... seven days
(ie the beginning and the end are not two but one)
Jesus said, "The angels and
the prophets will come
to you and give
to you those
things you (already) have. And you too, give them those
things which you have, and say to yourselves, 'When will
they come and
take what is theirs?'"
||[3:16c] came unto me,
[3:17] Son of man, I have made thee a watchman
|Come to you||Came unto me|
|Those things you (already) have... those things which you have||I have made thee a watchman|
|(89) Jesus said, "Why do
you wash the outside of the cup? Do you not realize
that he who made
is the same one who made the outside?"
unto the house of
the word at my
|Realize||Hear the word|
|The inside||My mouth|
|(90) Jesus said, "Come unto me,
for my yoke is easy and my lordship is
mild, and you will find repose for yourselves."
and give them warning from me.
|Come unto me||Warning from me|
They said to him, "Tell
us who you are
so that we may believe in you."
He said to them, "You read the face of the sky and of the earth, but you have not recognized the one who is before you, and you do not know how to read this moment."
I say unto
the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; and thou givest him
|Tell us who you are||I say unto the wicked... warning|
Jesus said, "Seek
you will find. Yet, what you asked me about in former
times and which I
did not tell you then, now I do desire to tell, but you do
nor speakest to warn
the wicked from his wicked way, to
|Seek and you will find||Save his life|
|I did not tell you||Nor speakest to warn|
|(93) <Jesus said,>
"Do not give
what is holy to dogs,
lest they throw them on the dung-heap. Do not
throw the pearls to swine,
lest they [...] it [...]."
||[3:18c] the same wicked man shall die in his iniquity;|
|Dogs... swine||The... wicked man|
|(94) Jesus said, "He who seeks
will find, and he
who knocks will be let in."
blood will I require at
|He who knocks||At thine hand|
|(95) Jesus said, "If you have
money, do not
lend it at interest, but
give it to one
from whom you will not get it back."
||[3:19] Yet if thou warn the
wicked, and he
|If you||If thou|
|One from whom you will not get||The wicked|
|It back||He turn|
Jesus said, "The kingdom of
the father is like a certain woman.
She took a
little leaven, concealed it
in some dough, and made it into
large loaves. Let him who has ears hear."
wickedness, nor from his wicked way,
he shall die in his
|She took a little... concealed it||His wickedness... his wicked way... his iniquity|
Jesus said, "The kingdom of the father is like a certain woman
carrying a jar full of meal. While she
was walking on the road, still
some distance from home, the handle of the jar broke and the meal
emptied out behind her on the road. She did not realize it;
noticed no accident. When she
reached her house, she set the jar down
and found it empty."
thou hast delivered thy
[3:20] Again, When a righteous man doth turn from his righteousness,
|A certain woman||Thy soul... a righteous man|
|While... still... When||Again... When|
|She did not realize it; she had noticed no accident||Turn from his righteousness|
Jesus said, "The
kingdom of the father is like a certain man who wanted to kill a
powerful man. In his own house he drew his sword and stuck it into the
wall in order to find out whether his hand could carry through. Then he
slew the powerful man."
iniquity, and I lay a stumblingblock before him, he shall die:
|He slew the powerful man||Commit iniquity... he shall die|
The disciples said to him, "Your
and your mother are
He said to them, "Those here who do the will of my father are my brothers and my mother. It is they who will enter the kingdom of my father."
because thou hast
not given him warning, he
shall die in his sin, and
righteousness which he hath done shall not be remembered;
|Your brothers... are... outside||He shall die in his sin|
|Those... who do the will of my father||His righteousness which he hath done|
They showed Jesus a gold
coin and said to him, "Caesar's men demand
taxes from us."
He said to them, "Give Caesar what belongs to Caesar, give God what belongs to God, and give me what is mine."
blood will I
require at thine
[3:21] Nevertheless if thou warn the righteous man,
|Men demand||I require|
|Give... give... give||Thine hand... thou warn|
<Jesus said,> "Whoever does not hate
his father and his mother as
I do cannot become a disciple to me. And whoever does not
father and his mother as I do cannot become a disciple to me. For my
mother [...], but my true mother gave me life."
the righteous sin not, and he doth not sin, he
shall surely live,
because he is warned;
|Whoever does not hate his father and his mother as I do cannot become a disciple to me||He is warned|
|(102) Jesus said, "Woe to the
pharisees, for they are like a dog
sleeping in the manger of oxen, for neither
does he eat nor
does he let
the oxen eat."
||[3:21c] also thou hast delivered thy
|He let the oxen eat||Thou hast delivered thy soul|
Jesus said, "Fortunate is
the man who knows where the brigands will enter, so
that he may get
muster his domain, and arm
himself before they invade."
||[3:22] And the hand of the LORD
was there upon
me; and he said
unto me, Arise,
|Arm himself... invade||The hand of the LORD... upon me|
They said to Jesus, "Come,
us pray today
and let us fast."
Jesus said, "What is the sin that I have committed, or wherein have I been defeated? But when the bridegroom leaves the bridal chamber, then let them fast and pray."
|[3:22b] go forth
into the plain, and I will there talk with
[3:23] Then I arose, and went forth into the plain:
|Today... when... then||Then|
|(105) Jesus said, "He who knows
and the mother
will be called the
son of a harlot."
the glory of the
LORD stood there, as the glory which I saw
|He who knows||Behold... which I saw|
|The father and the mother... the son||The LORD|
|(106) Jesus said, "When you make
the two one, you will become the sons
of man, and when you say, 'Mountain, move away,'
it will move
the river of Chebar:
and I fell on my face.
|Move away... move away||Chebar = far-off|
Jesus said, "The kingdom is
like a shepherd who had a hundred
sheep. One of them, the largest, went astray. He left the ninety-nine
sheep and looked
for that one until he found it. When he had gone to
such trouble, he said to the sheep, 'I care for you more than the
||[3:24] Then the spirit
entered into me, and set me upon my feet, and spake with
|Looked for that one
until he found it
( When a shepherd restores a sheep he places them on their feet )
|The spirit entered into me, and set me upon my feet|
|(108) Jesus said, "He who will
drink from my mouth will become like me. I myself shall become he, and
that are hidden will be revealed to him."
unto me, Go, shut
thyself within thine house.
|The things that are hidden will be revealed to him||Shut thyself within thine house|
Jesus said, "The kingdom is
like a man
who had a hidden treasure
in his field without knowing
it. And after he died, he left it to his
did not know
(about the treasure). He inherited the field
and sold it. And the one who bought it went
plowing and found the
treasure. He began to lend money at interest to whomever he wished."
||[3:25] But thou, O son
they shall put bands upon thee, and shall bind thee
with them, and thou shalt not go out
|Knowing it... know (about the treasure)||Behold|
|(110) Jesus said, "Whoever finds
the world and becomes rich, let him renounce
||[3:26] And I will
make thy tongue cleave
|Let him renounce||I will make thy tongue cleave|
Jesus said, "The
and the earth will be rolled up in your
presence. And the one who lives from the living one will not see
not Jesus say, "Whoever finds himself is superior to
||[3:26b] to the roof of thy mouth, that thou shalt be dumb, and shalt not be to them a reprover:|
|The heavens...superior||The roof|
|Does not Jesus say||Of thy mouth... thou shalt be dumb|
|(112) Jesus said, "Woe to the flesh that depends on the soul; woe to the soul that depends on the flesh."||[3:26c] for they are a
|Woe to the flesh... woe to the soul||For they are a rebellious house|
His disciples said to him, "When
will the kingdom
<Jesus said,> "It will not come by waiting for it. It will not be a matter of saying 'here it is' or 'there it is.' Rather, the kingdom of the father is spread out upon the earth, and men do not see it."
|[3:27] But when I speak with thee,
I will open
thy mouth, and
say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD;
|When will the kingdom come?||When I speak with thee|
|Not be a matter of saying||Thou shalt say|
|The father||The Lord GOD|
|Is spread out||Will open|
Simon Peter said to him, "Let Mary leave
us, for women are not worthy of life."
Jesus said, "I myself shall lead her in order to make her male, so that she too may become a living spirit resembling you males. For every woman who will make herself male will enter the kingdom of heaven."
|[3:27b] He that heareth, let him hear; and he that forbeareth, let him forbear: for they are a rebellious house.|
|Mary in Greek = their rebellion||Rebellious|
|I myself shall lead her||He that forbeareth, let him forbear|
|The kingdom||A house|
The Testimony of Christ
The Gospel of Thomas - New Testament - Cross Reference Study