The Gospel of Thomas - 2 Timothy ConnectionsSide by Side with Key Word Connections
What may be the Original Gospel of Christ commonly known as The Gospel of Thomas
is aligned with 2 Timothy comparing connections in thought, word, and rhetoric.
Deeper insights are then revealed through
the comparison, the contrast, and the relationship between these two aligned scriptures.
For a comparison between Thomas and the other NewTestament writings see
The Gospel of Thomas - New Testament - Cross Reference Study
Gospel of Thomas
Translated by Thomas O. Lambdin
|These are the secret sayings which the living Jesus spoke and which Didymos Judas Thomas wrote down.||[1:1] Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God,|
he said, "Whoever finds the
interpretation of these
not experience death."
||[1:1b] according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,|
|These sayings||The promise|
|Will not experience death||The promise of life|
Jesus said, "Let him
continue seeking until he finds.
When he finds, he will become troubled.
When he becomes troubled,
will be astonished, and he
will rule over the All."
Grace, mercy, and peace,
|He will rule||My... son|
|Him who seeks||Timothy|
|(3) Jesus said, "If those who lead you say to you, 'See, the kingdom is in the sky,' then the birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you, 'It is in the sea,' then the fish will precede you. Rather, the kingdom is inside of you, and it is outside of you. When you come to know yourselves, then you will become known, and you will realize that it is you who are the sons of the living father. But if you will not know yourselves, you dwell in poverty and it is you who are that poverty."||[1:2b]
from God the Father
and Christ Jesus
 I thank God, whom I serve
|Who... who... who||Whom|
|The kingdom... the kingdom||God... Christ Jesus... Lord... God|
|Sons... the living father||The Father|
|You dwell in poverty... you... are that poverty||I serve|
Jesus said, "The
man old in
days will not hesitate to ask a small
child seven days old about the
place of life, and he will live. For many who are first
last, and they will become one and the same."
[1:3b] from my forefathers
that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers
|The man old in days||My forefathers|
|The place of life||Pure conscience|
Jesus said, "Recognize
what is in your sight,
and that which is
from you will become
plain to you . For there is nothing hidden
which will not become
 Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful
|Become plain... become manifest||Day|
disciples questioned him and said to him, "Do you want us to fast? How
shall we pray?
Shall we give alms? What diet shall we observe?"
Jesus said, "Do not tell lies, and do not do what you hate, for all things are plain in the sight of heaven. For nothing hidden will not become manifest, and nothing covered will remain without being uncovered."
of thy tears, that
I may be filled
 When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee,
|Pray||Be filled with joy|
|Lies... do not do what you hate||Unfeigned faith|
|All things are plain in the sight of heaven... hidden... covered||Unfeigned faith that is in thee|
Jesus said, "Blessed
lion which becomes man when consumed by man;
is the man whom
consumes, and the
lion becomes man."
dwelt first in
thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and
that in thee
|Consumed by man||In thee also|
|The lion consumes||In thy grandmother|
|The lion becomes man||Eunice = conquering well|
he said, "The man is like a
who cast his net
into the sea and drew
it up from the sea full of small fish. Among them
fisherman found a fine large fish. He threw all the small
back into the sea and chose the large fish without
has ears to hear, let him hear."
put thee in remembrance
that thou stir
up the gift of God,
|A wise fisherman... the wise fisherman||God|
|Drew it up||Stir up the gift|
|He threw all the small fish back into the sea||I put thee in remembrance|
said, "Now the sower went out, took a handful (of
seeds), and scattered
them. Some fell on the road; the birds
came and gathered them up.
Others fell on the rock, did not take
root in the soil,
and did not
produce ears. And others fell on thorns; they choked the seed(s) and
worms ate them. And others fell on the good soil
and it produced good
fruit: it bore sixty per measure and a hundred and twenty per measure."
which is in thee by
the putting on of my hands.
 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
|The birds||The spirit of fear|
|Not take||Not given|
|In the soil||In thee|
|The good soil||A sound mind|
|(10) Jesus said, "I have cast fire upon the world, and see, I am guarding it until it blazes."||[1:8]
Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord,
|Fire||The testimony of our Lord|
Jesus said, "This heaven will pass away,
and the one above it will
The dead are not alive, and the living
will not die. In the
days when you
consumed what is dead, you made it what is alive. When
you come to dwell in the
light, what will you do? On the day when you
were one you became two. But when you become two, what will you do?"
nor of me
prisoner: but be
thou partaker of the afflictions
of the gospel
according to the power of God;
|Pass away... pass away||The afflictions|
|The living||His prisoner|
|You consumed||Be thou partaker|
|The light||The gospel|
disciples said to Jesus, "We know
that you will depart from us. Who is to be our leader?"
Jesus said to them, "Wherever you are, you are to go to James the righteous, for whose sake heaven and earth came into being."
and called us
with an holy
|Who is to be our leader?||Who hath saved us|
|the righteous||An holy calling|
Jesus said to his disciples, "Compare
me to someone and tell me whom
I am like."
Simon Peter said to him, "You are like a righteous angel."
Matthew said to him, "You are like a wise philosopher."
Thomas said to him, "Master, my mouth is wholly incapable of saying whom you are like."
Jesus said, "I am not your master. Because you have drunk, you have become intoxicated from the bubbling spring which I have measured out."
And he took him and withdrew and told him three things. When Thomas returned to his companions, they asked him, "What did Jesus say to you?"
Thomas said to them, "If I tell you one of the things which he told me, you will pick up stones and throw them at me; a fire will come out of the stones and burn you up."
according to our works, but according to his
own purpose and grace,
given us in Christ Jesus
 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death,
|Whom I am like... whom you are like||Who hath abolished death|
|You are... righteous||Not according to our works|
|Which I have measured out||Grace, which was given us|
|He... withdrew||The appearing|
|Burn you up||Death|
to them, "If you fast, you will give rise to sin for yourselves; and if
you pray, you will be
condemned; and if you give alms, you will do harm
to your spirits.
When you go
into any land and walk about in the
districts, if they receive you, eat what they will set
before you, and
sick among them. For what goes into your mouth will not
you, but that which issues from your mouth - it is that which will
and hath brought
to light through the
 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher,
|Go into any land... walk about in the districts||A preacher|
|Heal the sick among them||The gospel|
Jesus said, "When
one who was not born of woman, prostrate yourselves on
your faces and
worship him. That one is your
and a teacher
of the Gentiles.
|When you see one who was not born of woman||An apostle|
|Your father||A teacher|
Jesus said, "Men think, perhaps, that it is peace which I have come to
cast upon the world. They do not know that it is dissension which I
have come to cast upon the earth: fire, sword, and war.
For there will
be five in a house: three will be against two, and two against three,
against the son, and the son against the
father. And they
will stand solitary."
which cause I also suffer these things:
nevertheless I am not ashamed:
|Which I have come to... which I have come to||For the which cause I|
|Dissension... fire, sword, and war||Suffer these things|
|The son against the father||Nevertheless I am not ashamed|
Jesus said, "I
shall give you what no eye
has seen and what
no ear has heard and what
no hand has
touched and what
has never occurred
to the human mind."
for I know
and am persuaded
that he is
able to keep
|I shall give||Keep|
|What... what... what... what||That which|
|Has touched||Have committed|
|Occurred to the human mind||Know...
disciples said to Jesus, "Tell
Jesus said, "Have you discovered, then, the beginning, that you look for the end? For where the beginning is, there will the end be. Blessed is he who will take his place in the beginning; he will know the end and will not experience death."
unto him against that day.
 Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me,
|Tell us||Sound words... thou hast heard|
|Our end... the beginning... the end... where the beginning is, there will the end be... the beginning... the end... death||That day|
|Take his place||Hold fast the form|
said, "Blessed is he who came into being
before he came into
you become my disciples and listen to my words,
minister to you. For there are five trees for you in Paradise
undisturbed summer and winter and whose leaves do not
acquainted with them will
not experience death."
faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
 That good thing which was committed unto thee keep
|Into being... into being... Paradise||In faith and love... in Christ Jesus|
|My words... these stones... them||That good thing which was committed unto thee|
|Listen to... becomes acquainted... remain undisturbed||Keep|
disciples said to Jesus, "Tell
the kingdom of
heaven is like."
He said to them, "It is like a mustard seed. It is the smallest of all seeds. But when it falls on tilled soil, it produces a great plant and becomes a shelter for birds of the sky."
Holy Ghost which
dwelleth in us.
 This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me;
|Tell us||Thou knowest|
|What the kingdom of heaven is like||The Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us|
|All seeds||All they|
|It falls... it produces||Asia = orient - rising|
|Becomes a shelter||Be turned away|
Mary said to Jesus, "Whom
are your disciples
He said, "They are like children who have settled in a field which is not theirs. When the owners of the field come, they will say, 'Let us have back our field.' They (will) undress in their presence in order to let them have back their field and to give it back to them. Therefore I say, if the owner of a house knows that the thief is coming, he will begin his vigil before he comes and will not let him dig through into his house of his domain to carry away his goods. You, then, be on your guard against the world. Arm yourselves with great strength lest the robbers find a way to come to you, for the difficulty which you expect will (surely) materialize. Let there be among you a man of understanding. When the grain ripened, he came quickly with his sickle in his hand and reaped it. Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear."
of whom are Phygellus and
 The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain:
 But, when he was in Rome,
|Whom are your disciples||Whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes|
|Undress in their presence||Not ashamed|
|Give it||Give mercy|
|Arm yourselves with great strength||My
Rome = strength
|The thief... the robbers||Phygellus = a little fugitive|
|The owner of a house... his house||The house of Onesiphorus|
|Carry away his goods||Onesiphorus = bringing profit|
Jesus saw infants being suckled. He
said to his
infants being suckled are like those who enter the kingdom."
They said to him, "Shall we then, as children, enter the kingdom?"
Jesus said to them, "When you make the two one, and when you make the inside like the outside and the outside like the inside, and the above like the below, and when you make the male and the female one and the same, so that the male not be male nor the female female; and when you fashion eyes in the place of an eye, and a hand in place of a hand, and a foot in place of a foot, and a likeness in place of a likeness; then will you enter the kingdom."
sought me out very diligently, and found me.
 The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus,
|Enter... enter||He sought me... find|
|The kingdom... the kingdom... the kingdom||The Lord... the Lord|
|Then... When... when... when... when... then||In that day|
|Make... make... make... fashion||Ministered ("ministered, and knit together," Colossians 2:19)|
|Two one... one||How many|
|The inside... the outside... the outside... the inside... the above... the below... the male... the female... the male... the female... eyes... an eye... a hand... a hand... a foot... a foot... a likeness... a likeness||Many things|
"I shall choose
you, one out of a thousand, and two out of ten
thousand, and they shall stand as a single one."
[2:1] Thou therefore, my son,
|I shall choose you||Thou knowest very well|
|A single one||My son|
disciples said to him, "Show us the place where you
are, since it
is necessary for us to seek it."
He said to them, "Whoever has ears, let him hear. There is light within a man of light, and he lights up the whole world. If he does not shine, he is darkness."
unto me at Ephesus,
be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
 And the things that thou hast heard of me
|The place where you... within a man of light||In Christ Jesus|
|It is necessary||Ephesus = permitted|
|Whoever has ears, let him hear||Heard|
|The whole world||The things|
Jesus said, "Love your brother like
your soul, guard him like the pupil of your eye."
|Your eye||Many witnesses|
Jesus said, "You see the mote in your brother's
eye, but you do
not see the beam in your own eye. When you cast the beam out of your
own eye, then you will see
clearly to cast the mote from your brother's
same commit thou to faithful
men,who shall be able to teach others
|Your brother's... your brother's||Faithful men|
|See clearly to cast the mote from your brother's eye||Be able to teach others|
<Jesus said,> "If you do not
regards the world, you will
not find the kingdom. If you
observe the Sabbath as a Sabbath, you will
not see the
hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.
|You... you... you... you||Thou|
|Fast as regards the world||Endure hardness, as a good soldier|
|The father||Jesus Christ|
|(28) Jesus said, "I took my place in the midst of the world,
appeared to them in flesh. I found all of them intoxicated;
none of them thirsty. And my soul became afflicted for the sons of men,
because they are blind in their hearts and do not have sight; for empty
into the world, and empty too they seek to leave the world.
But for the moment they are intoxicated.
When they shake off their
wine, then they will repent."
that warreth entangleth
himself with the
affairs of this life;
that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.
|The midst of the world... they came into the world||The affairs of this life|
|The sons of men||Man|
|To leave the world||To be a soldier|
said, "If the
flesh came into being because of spirit, it
is a wonder.
But if spirit
came into being because of the body, it is
a wonder of
wonders. Indeed, I am amazed at how this great wealth
has made its
in this poverty."
||[2:5] And if a man
also strive for masteries,
yet is he not crowned,
except he strive lawfully.
|If the flesh... if spirit||If a man|
|Flesh... spirit... spirit... body... this great wealth... made its home in this poverty||Masteries = to encircle with a crown... crowned|
|(30) Jesus said, "Where there are three gods, they are gods. Where there are two or one, I am with him."||[2:6] The husbandman that
laboureth must be first
|Am with||Partaker of|
|(31) Jesus said, "No prophet is
accepted in his own village; no physician heals those who know him."
what I say; and the Lord give thee understanding
|Prophet... know||Consider... understanding|
|(32) Jesus said, "A city being built on a high mountain and fortified cannot fall, nor can it be hidden."||[2:7b]
in all things.
|A city||All things|
|Nor can it be hidden||Remember|
|(33) Jesus said, "Preach from your housetops that which you will hear in your ear. For no one lights a lamp and puts it under a bushel, nor does he put it in a hidden place, but rather he sets it on a lampstand so that everyone who enters and leaves will see its light."||[2:8b] that
Jesus Christ of the seed of
raised from the dead according to my gospel:
|From your housetops||From the dead|
|That which you will hear in your ear||That Jesus Christ... my gospel|
|A lamp... light||My gospel|
|Puts... under a bushel... put... in a hidden place||Raised from the dead|
|Sets it on||Jesus Christ... was raised|
|That everyone who enters and leaves||The seed... was raised from the dead|
Jesus said, "If a blind man leads a
blind man, they will both fall
into a pit."
||[2:9] Wherein I suffer trouble,|
|Fall into a pit||Wherein I suffer trouble|
|(35) Jesus said, "It is not possible for anyone to enter the house of a strong man and take it by force unless he binds his hands; then he will (be able to) ransack his house."||[2:9b]
as an evil doer,
even unto bonds;
but the word of
God is not bound.
|A strong man||An evil doer|
|He binds his hands||Bonds... the word of God is not bound|
|(36) Jesus said, "Do not be concerned from morning until evening and from evening until morning about what you will wear."||[2:10]
Therefore I endure
for the elect's sakes,
|Do not be concerned||Endure|
|What you will wear||All things|
disciples said, "When will
you become revealed
to us and when shall
Jesus said, "When you disrobe without being ashamed and take up your garments and place them under your feet like little children and tread on them, then will you see the son of the living one, and you will not be afraid"
that they may
salvation which is in Christ Jesus with
|Will you... shall we... will you... you will||They may|
|You become revealed... see you||The salvation... with eternal glory|
|See the son of the living one||The salvation... in Christ Jesus|
|(38) Jesus said, "Many times have you desired to hear these words which I am saying to you, and you have no one else to hear them from. There will be days when you will look for me and will not find me."||[2:11]
It is a
For if we be dead with him, we shall also live with
|Hear these words which I am saying to you... hear them||It is a faithful saying|
|You will look for me... find me||We shall also live with him|
said, "The pharisees and the scribes have taken the keys of knowledge
(gnosis) and hidden them. They themselves have not entered, nor have
they allowed to enter those who wish to. You, however, be as wise
serpents and as innocent
If we suffer,
we shall also reign
with him: if we deny
him, he also will deny
|Nor have they allowed to enter||Deny... deny|
|Enter ( the kingdom )||Reign|
|Be... innocent (C.f. Be harmless, Matthew 10:6)||We suffer|
Jesus said, "A
grapevine has been planted outside of the father, but
being unsound, it
will be pulled up by its roots and destroyed."
yet he abideth
faithful: he cannot deny himself.
|A grapevine has been planted outside of the father||If we believe not|
|It will be pulled up by its roots and destroyed||He abideth faithful|
Jesus said, "Whoever has something
in his hand
will receive more,
and whoever has nothing
will be deprived
of even the little he has."
Of these things
put them in
them before the Lord
|Something... nothing||These things|
|In his hand||In remembrance|
|Be deprived||Charging them|
|(42) Jesus said, "Become passers-by."||[2:14b]
that they strive not about
words to no profit,
|Become passers-by||Strive not|
disciples said to him, "Who
are you, that you
should say these things to us?"
<Jesus said to them,> "You do not realize who I am from what I say to you, but you have become like the Jews, for they (either) love the tree and hate its fruit (or) love the fruit and hate the tree."
but to the subverting of
 Study to shew thyself approved unto God,
|Who are you, that you should say these things to us?||Thyself approved unto God|
|You do not realize||Study to shew thyself|
|Say to you... you have become like the Jews||To the subverting of the hearers|
Jesus said, "Whoever
father will be
forgiven, and whoever
will be forgiven,
the holy spirit will not
be forgiven either
on earth or in heaven."
workman that needeth not to be ashamed,
the word of truth.
 But shun profane
|Whoever... whoever... whoever||A workman|
|Blasphemes... blasphemes... blasphemes||Dividing the word... profane|
|But... blasphemes against||But shun profane|
|The son||The word... truth|
|Not be forgiven... be forgiven... be forgiven||Not to be ashamed|
are not harvested from thorns,
nor are figs
do not produce fruit. A good man brings forth good
from his storehouse; an evil man brings forth evil things
from his evil
storehouse, which is in his heart, and says evil things.
For out of the
abundance of the heart he brings forth evil things."
for they will increase unto more ungodliness.
 And their word will eat as doth a canker:
|Thorns... thistles||Vain babblings|
|For they do not produce||For they will increase|
|Evil things... evil things||Ungodliness|
|Says evil things||Their word|
Jesus said, "Among
those born of women,
from Adam until John the
Baptist, there is no one so superior to John the Baptist that his eyes
should not be lowered (before him). Yet I have said, whichever one of
you comes to be a child will be acquainted with the
kingdom and will
become superior to John."
whom is Hymenaeus
 Who concerning the truth have erred,
|Among those||Of whom|
|Those born of women||Hymenaeus
Greek = "belonging to marriage"
|One of you comes to be a child||Philetus Greek = "beloved"|
|Whichever one of you||Who|
"It is impossible for a
man to mount
or to stretch
And it is impossible for a
servant to serve two masters; otherwise, he
will honor the one and treat the other contemptuously. No man
desires to drink new
wine. And new
wine is not
put into old
wineskins, lest they burst; nor
is old wine
put into a new
wineskin, lest it spoil it. An old patch
is not sewn onto a
garment, because a tear would
saying that the
resurrection is past
|A man... a servant... No man||Some|
|Two horses... old wine... old wineskins... new wineskin... old wine... new wine... new wine...An old patch... a new garment||The resurrection|
|Two bows||The faith|
|Old... old... old... old... new... new... new||Is past|
|Mount... stretch... burst... spoil... tear||Overthrow|
Jesus said, "If
two make peace with each other in this one house, they
will say to the
Away,' and it will move away."
foundation of God standeth sure,
having this seal, The
Lord knoweth them
that are his.
|If two make peace||The Lord... them that are his|
|The mountain||The foundation|
|Move Away... move Away||Standeth sure|
Jesus said, "Blessed are the
solitary and elect,
for you will find
the kingdom. For you are from
it, and to it you will return."
And, Let every
one that nameth
of Christ depart
|The solitary and elect||Every one that nameth the name of Christ|
|From it||From iniquity|
|(50) Jesus said, "If they say to you, 'Where did you come from?', say to them, 'We came from the light, the place where the light came into being on its own accord and established itself and became manifest through their image.' If they say to you, 'Is it you?', say, 'We are its children, we are the elect of the living father.' If they ask you, 'What is the sign of your father in you?', say to them, 'It is movement and repose.'"||[2:20]
But in a great
not only vessels
and of silver,
|The place where... children... father... father||A great house|
disciples said to him,
"When will the repose of the
dead come about, and when will the new
He said to them, "What you look forward to has already come, but you do not recognize it."
but also of wood
and some to honour, and some
|The new world||Earth|
|You do not recognize it||Some to dishonour|
disciples said to him, "Twenty-four
prophets spoke in
Israel, and all of them spoke in you."
He said to them, "You have omitted the one living in your presence and have spoken (only) of the dead."
If a man
himself from these, he shall be a vessel
unto honour, sanctified,
and meet for the
|In Israel... in you||A man... a vessel|
|Omitted||Purge = to take away|
|The one living||The master|
disciples said to him, "Is
He said to them, "If it were beneficial, their father would beget them already circumcised from their mother. Rather, the true circumcision in spirit has become completely profitable."
and prepared unto every good work.
 Flee also youthful lusts:
|Beneficial... beneficial... profitable...true||Good|
|The true circumcision in spirit||Good work|
|(54) Jesus said, "Blessed are the poor, for yours is the kingdom of heaven."||[2:22b]
but follow righteousness,
|The kingdom of heaven||Righteousness, faith, charity, peace|
Jesus said, "Whoever does not hate his father and his
cannot become a
disciple to me. And whoever does not hate his brothers
and sisters and take up his cross in my way will not be worthy of me."
that call on the
Lord out of a
|Hate his father and his mother... hate his father and his mother... be worthy of me||A pure heart|
|A disciple to me||Them that call on the Lord|
Jesus said, "Whoever has come
the world has found
(only) a corpse, and whoever has found a corpse is superior to the
questions avoid, knowing
that they do gender strifes.
|Come to understand||Foolish... unlearned questions... knowing|
Jesus said, "The kingdom of the
father is like a man who had good seed.
His enemy came by night and
sowed weeds among the good seed. The man did not allow
them to pull up
the weeds; he said to them, 'I am afraid that you
will go intending to
pull up the weeds and pull up the wheat along with them.'
For on the
day of the harvest the weeds will be plainly visible, and they will be
pulled up and burned."
And the servant
of the Lord
must not strive;
but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach,
|The father||The Lord|
|A man... The man||All men|
|A man who had good seed||The servant of the Lord|
|The man did not allow them to pull up the weeds||Not strive|
|I am afraid that you will go intending to pull up the weeds||Be gentle unto all men, apt to teach|
Jesus said, "Blessed
is the man who
and found life."
 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves;
|Blessed (Blessed are the meek, Matthew 5: 5)||Meekness|
|The man who has suffered||Patient|
Jesus said, "Take
heed of the living
one while you are alive, lest
you die and seek to see
him and be unable to do so."
give them repentance
acknowledging of the
|Take heed of the living one||God... will give|
|See him||Repentance to the acknowledging of the truth|
<They saw> a Samaritan
carrying a lamb on his way to Judea.
He said to his disciples, "That
man is round about the lamb."
They said to him, "So that he may kill it and eat it."
He said to them, "While it is alive, he will not eat it, but only when he has killed it and it has become a corpse."
They said to him, "He cannot do so otherwise."
He said to them, "You too, look for a place for yourself within repose, lest you become a corpse and be eaten."
And that they
of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive
by him at his will.
[3:1] This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.
|That man is round about the lamb||They... themselves out of the snare of the devil|
|While it is alive||In the last days perilous times shall come|
|Kill it... killed it... become a corpse... become a corpse||Taken captive... the snare of the devil|
|Look for a place for yourself within repose||Recover themselves out of the snare of the devil|
Jesus said, "Two
will rest on a bed:
the one will die, and the other will live."
Salome said, "Who are you, man, that you ... have come up on my couch and eaten from my table?"
Jesus said to her, "I am he who exists from the undivided. I was given some of the things of my father."
<...> "I am your disciple."
<...> "Therefore I say, if he is destroyed, he will be filled with light, but if he is divided, he will be filled with darkness."
shall be lovers
of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud,
to parents, unthankful, unholy,
 Without natural affection,
|Two will rest on a bed: the one will die, and the other will live||Lovers of their own selves... natural affection|
|I am your disciple||Disobedient to parents|
|He will be filled with darkness||Unholy|
Jesus said, "It is to those who are
worthy of my mysteries that I
tell my mysteries. Do not let your left (hand) know what
(hand) is doing."
|I tell||False accusers|
Jesus said, "There was
a rich man
who had much money. He said, 'I shall put my money to use
that I may sow, reap, plant, and fill my storehouse with produce, with
the result that I shall lack nothing.' Such were his
that same night he died. Let him who has ears hear."
despisers of those
that are good,
 Traitors, heady, highminded,
|A rich man who had much money||Those that are good|
|Such were his intentions, but that same night he died||Highminded Greek: to blind with pride or conceit, to render foolish or stupid|
Jesus said, "A man had received
visitors. And when he had prepared
the dinner, he sent his servant to invite the guests.
He went to the first one and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said, 'I have claims against some merchants. They are coming to me this evening. I must go and give them my orders. I ask to be excused from the dinner.'
He went to another and said to him, 'My master has invited you.' He said to him, 'I have just bought a house and am required for the day. I shall not have any spare time.'
He went to another and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said to him, 'My friend is going to get married, and I am to prepare the banquet. I shall not be able to come. I ask to be excused from the dinner.'
He went to another and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said to him, 'I have just bought a farm, and I am on my way to collect the rent. I shall not be able to come. I ask to be excused.'
The servant returned and said to his master, 'Those whom you invited to the dinner have asked to be excused.' The master said to his servant, 'Go outside to the streets and bring back those whom you happen to meet, so that they may dine.' Businessmen and merchants will not enter the places of my father."
of pleasures more than lovers of God;
 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.
 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
 Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.
|The guests||Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God|
|Ask... ask... ask... asked||Denying|
|I ask to be excused from the dinner... I ask to be excused from the dinner... I ask to be excused... asked to be excused...I am on my way... Go outside||Turn away... led away|
|I have just bought a house||They which creep into houses|
|I shall not have any spare time||Ever learning, and never able|
|Going to get married||Lead captive silly women|
|They are coming to me this evening. I must go... They are coming to me this evening... I shall not be able to come... I shall not be able to come||Never able to come to the knowledge of the truth|
|Those whom you invited to the dinner||This sort|
|Bring back... enter the places of my father||Come to the knowledge of the truth|
said, "There was
a good man
who owned a vineyard. He leased it
to tenant farmers so that they might work it and he might collect the
produce from them. He sent his servant so that the tenants might give
him the produce of the vineyard. They seized his servant and beat him,
all but killing him. The servant went back and told his master. The
master said, 'Perhaps he did not recognize them.' He sent
servant. The tenants beat this one as well. Then the owner sent his son
and said, 'Perhaps they will show respect to my son.'
tenants knew that it was he who was the heir to
the vineyard, they
seized him and killed him. Let him who has ears hear."
Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so
do these also resist
truth: men of corrupt
minds, reprobate concerning the faith.
 But they shall proceed no further:
|There was a good man||Moses|
|He did not recognize them||Corrupt minds|
|Show respect to my son||Resist the truth|
|They seized him and killed him||They shall proceed no further|
Jesus said, "Show
me the stone
builders have rejected. That one is the cornerstone."
for their folly
shall be manifest
unto all men,
as theirs also was.
|Show me the stone||Folly shall be manifest|
|The builders||All men|
Jesus said, "If one
who knows the all
still feels a personal deficiency,
he is completely
But thou hast
fully known my
|One who knows the all||Thou hast fully known my doctrine|
Jesus said, "Blessed are you when you are
hated and persecuted.
have been persecuted they will find no place."
manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering,
|When you are... persecuted... you have been persecuted||Longsuffering... patience|
Jesus said, "Blessed are they who have
themselves. It is they who have truly come to
know the father. Blessed
are the hungry, for the belly of him who desires will be filled."
afflictions, which came
unto me at Antioch,
|Come to||Came unto|
Jesus said, "That which you have will
save you if you bring it
forth from yourselves. That
which you do not have within you will kill
you if you do not have it within you."
at Lystra; what
persecutions I endured:
|That... will kill you||What persecutions I endured|
|Have it within you||Iconium = "little image"|
Jesus said, "I
shall destroy this
house, and no one will be able to build it [...]."
but out of them all the Lord
|I shall destroy this house||The Lord delivered me|
man said to him, "Tell my
to divide my
father's possessions with me."
He said to him, "O man, who has made me a divider?"
He turned to his disciples and said to them, "I am not a divider, am I?"
and all that
will live godly
in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.
|My brothers||All that will live godly in Christ Jesus|
|My father's possessions||All|
|Me... I am... am I||Christ Jesus|
|A divider?... a divider||Suffer persecution|
|I am not... am I?||Yea|
Jesus said, "The
is great but
the laborers are few.
Beseech the Lord, therefore, to send out laborers to the harvest."
shall wax worse and worse,
|The harvest... the harvest||Evil men and seducers|
said, "O Lord, there
are many around
the drinking trough, but there is nothing in the cistern."
deceiving, and being deceived.
|There are many around the drinking trough, but there is nothing in the cistern||Deceived|
Jesus said, "Many are standing at the
it is the solitary who
will enter the bridal chamber."
thou in the
things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of,
|Who will enter the bridal chamber||Continue thou in the things which thou hast learned|
Jesus said, "The kingdom of the father
is like a
merchant who had
a consignment of merchandise and who discovered
a pearl. That merchant
was shrewd. He sold the merchandise and bought the pearl alone for
himself. You too, seek his unfailing and enduring treasure where no
moth comes near to devour and no worm destroys."
whom thou hast learned
 And that from a child thou hast known
|A merchant who had... and who discovered||Of whom thou hast learned... And... thou hast known|
Jesus said, "It is I who am the light
which is above them all. It
is I who am the
all. From me did the all
come forth, and unto
the all extend. Split a piece of wood,
and I am there.
stone, and you will find me there."
holy scriptures, which are
make thee wise unto salvation through
faith which is
|The light||The holy scriptures|
|Unto me did the all extend||Unto salvation|
|Split a piece of wood... Lift up the stone||Able to make thee wise|
|I am there||Which is in Christ Jesus|
|The light... the all... the all... the all... a piece of wood... the stone||Christ Jesus|
Jesus said, "Why have you come out into the desert? To see a reed
shaken by the wind? And to see a man clothed in fine garments
kings and your great men? Upon them are the fine garments,
and they are
unable to discern
||[3:16] All scripture is given
by inspiration of God, and is
|Fine garments... fine garments||Profitable|
|Discern the truth||All scripture is given by Inspiration|
|The truth||Scripture... doctrine|
from the crowd said to him, "Blessed are the womb which bore you and
the breasts which nourished you."
He said to her, "Blessed are those who have heard the word of the father and have truly kept it. For there will be days when you will say, 'Blessed are the womb which has not conceived and the breasts which have not given milk.'"
 That the man of God may be perfect,
are those who have heard the word of the father and have truly
( Luke 11:28 includes"Yea rather" to emphasize the reproof and correction in Jesus words"
|Reproof... correction... instruction
|Those who have heard the word of the father||The man of God|
Jesus said, "He who has
recognized the world has found the body, but he who has found the
is superior to the world."
furnished unto all good works.
|He who has found the body is superior to the world||(The man of God) Throughly furnished unto all good works|
Jesus said, "Let him
who has grown rich
and let him who possesses
thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ,
|Him who has grown rich||Jesus Christ|
Jesus said, "He who
is near me
is near the fire, and he who
is far from me is far from the kingdom."
shall judge the quick and the dead
|Who is near me||Who shall judge the quick|
|Who is far from me||Who shall judge... the dead|
Jesus said, "The images are manifest to
man, but the light in them
in the image of the
light of the father. He will
become manifest, but his image will remain concealed
by his light."
at his appearing
and his kingdom;
 Preach the word;
|Manifest... concealed... He will become manifest... concealed||His appearing|
|The light... the light||The word|
Jesus said, "When
see your likeness, you rejoice. But when you
see your images which came into being before you, and which neither die
not become manifest, how
much you will have to bear!"
out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
|When... when||Instant in season,
Out of season
|How much||With all|
Jesus said, "Adam came into being from
a great power and a great
wealth, but he
did not become worthy of you. For had he been worthy, he
would not have experienced death."
For the time will come when they will not endure
|He did not become worthy of you||They will not endure sound doctrine|
said, "The foxes
have their holes and the birds have their
the son of man has no place to lay his head and rest."
but after their own lusts
shall they heap to themselves
|The foxes have their holes||After their own lusts|
|The birds have their nests||They heap to themselves|
Jesus said, "Wretched is the
that is dependant upon a
and wretched is the soul that is dependent on these two."
 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth,
|The body... a body||Itching ears... their ears|
Jesus said, "The angels and the
prophets will come to you and give
to you those
things you (already) have. And you too, give them those
things which you have, and say to yourselves, 'When will
they come and
take what is theirs?'"
and shall be turned unto fables.
 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions,
|Those things you (already) have... those things which you have||All things|
Jesus said, "Why
wash the outside of the cup? Do you not
realize that he who made
the inside is the
same one who made
the work of an evangelist, make full proof
of thy ministry.
|Do you wash the outside... do||Do the work of an evangelist|
|Made the inside... made the outside||Make full proof|
|Made... the same||Make full|
Jesus said, "Come
for my yoke is easy and my lordship is
mild, and you will find
repose for yourselves."
For I am now ready to be offered,
and the time of my
departure is at hand.
|Come unto me||My departure|
offered = used of one whose blood is poured
out in a violent death for the cause of God
They said to him, "Tell us who you are
so that we may believe in you."
He said to them, "You read the face of the sky and of the earth, but you have not recognized the one who is before you, and you do not know how to read this moment."
I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course,
I have kept the
|Read the face of the sky and of the earth... this moment||I have finished my course|
|Recognized the one||The faith|
"Seek and you will find. Yet, what you asked me about
in former times
and which I did not tell you then, now I
do desire to tell, but you do
not inquire after it."
there is laid up for me a
crown of righteousness,
|What you asked me about||A crown|
|Former times... then, now||Henceforth|
said,> "Do not give
what is holy to dogs, lest they throw them on
the dung-heap. Do not throw the pearls to swine, lest they [...] it
Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at
Jesus said, "He
will find, and he
who knocks will be let in."
only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
|He who seeks... he who knocks||Not to me only, but unto all them also|
Jesus said, "If you have money, do not lend
it at interest, but
give it to one from whom you will not get it back."
diligence to come shortly unto me:
Jesus said, "The
kingdom of the father
is like a certain woman.
She took a little leaven, concealed it in some dough,
and made it into
loaves. Let him who has ears hear."
hath forsaken me, having loved this present world,
|The kingdom of the father||Demas = governor of the people|
|Large loaves... some dough||This present world|
Jesus said, "The kingdom of the father
is like a certain woman who
was carrying a
jar full of meal. While she was walking
on the road,
still some distance from home, the handle of the jar
broke and the meal
emptied out behind her on the road. She did not realize it;
noticed no accident. When she reached her house, she set the jar
and found it empty."
departed unto Thessalonica;
Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.
|A jar... the jar||Dalmatia = a priestly robe|
|Was walking||Is departed|
|She did not realize it; she had noticed no accident||Thessalonica = Victoria of falsity|
Jesus said, "The
kingdom of the father is like a certain man who wanted to kill a
powerful man. In his own house he drew his sword and stuck
it into the
wall in order to find out whether his hand could carry through. Then he
Only Luke is with me. Take Mark,
bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry.
|Kill a powerful man... slew the powerful man||Mark
= a defense
disciples said to him, "Your
brothers and your mother are standing outside."
He said to them, "Those here who do the will of my father are my brothers and my mother. It is they who will enter the kingdom of my father."
have I sent to Ephesus.
 The cloke that I left at Troas with Carpus,
|Those here who do the will of my father||Ephesus Greek = permitted|
|They... will enter||Tychicus Greek = fateful|
showed Jesus a gold coin and said to him, "Caesar's men demand taxes
He said to them, "Give Caesar what belongs to Caesar, give God what belongs to God, and give me what is mine."
when thou comest, bring
with thee, and the
books, but especially the parchments.
|Give God... Give me||Bring with thee|
|What belongs to God||The books|
|What is mine||The parchments|
<Jesus said,> "Whoever
does not hate
his father and his
mother as I do cannot become a disciple to me. And whoever
love his father and his mother as I do cannot become a disciple to me.
For my mother [...], but my true mother gave me life."
Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil:
|Hate his father and his mother||Much evil|
Jesus said, "Woe
pharisees, for they are like
sleeping in the manger of oxen, for neither does he eat nor
does he let
the oxen eat."
Lord reward him according to his works:
|Woe||The Lord reward him|
|Like a dog sleeping... neither does he eat nor does he let the oxen eat||According to his works|
Jesus said, "Fortunate
is the man who
knows where the brigands will enter, so that he may get
up, muster his
domain, and arm
himself before they invade."
also; for he
hath greatly withstood our words.
|Muster his domain||Be thou ware|
|Arm himself before they invade||He hath greatly withstood|
They said to Jesus, "Come, let us pray
today and let us fast."
Jesus said, "What is the sin that I have committed, or wherein have I been defeated? But when the bridegroom leaves the bridal chamber, then let them fast and pray."
At my first answer no man stood with
me, but all men
forsook me: I
|Us pray||I pray|
|The bridegroom leaves||All men forsook|
Jesus said, "He who knows the father
and the mother will
be called the son of a harlot."
that it may
not be laid to their
|Will be called the son of a harlot||May not be laid to their charge|
Jesus said, "When
you make the
you will become
of man, and when
you say, 'Mountain, move away,' it will move away."
stood with me, and strengthened me;
that by me
might be fully known,
|When... when||Notwithstanding = Now, then|
|Become the sons of man||The Lord|
|Make the two one... you say, 'Mountain, move away,' it will move away||The preaching|
|Mountain, move away||The Lord stood with me|
Jesus said, "The kingdom is like a
shepherd who had a
of them, the
largest, went astray. He left the ninety-nine
sheep and looked
for that one
until he found it. When he had gone to
such trouble, he said to the
sheep, 'I care for you more than the
and that all the Gentiles
and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.
|A hundred sheep||All|
|One of them... the largest... the sheep... that one||The lion|
|The ninety-nine sheep... the ninety-nine||The Gentiles|
Jesus said, "He
drink from my mouth will
become like me. I myself shall become he,
that are hidden will be revealed to him."
Lord shall deliver me from every evil work,
|He... will become like me... I... shall become he||The Lord shall deliver me|
|The things that are hidden||Every evil work|
Jesus said, "The
is like a man who had a
in his field without knowing it. And after he died,
he left it to his
son. The son did not know (about the treasure).
He inherited the field
and sold it. And the
one who bought it went plowing and found the
began to lend money
at interest to whomever
and will preserve me
heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever.
|The kingdom||His heavenly kingdom|
|He died||Preserve me|
|After he died... He began||For ever and ever|
|A hidden treasure... the treasure... the treasure... money||Glory|
|The one who||Whom|
Jesus said, "Whoever
finds the world
and becomes rich, let him renounce the world."
Salute Prisca and Aquila,
|Whoever finds the world||Aquila = an eagle|
Jesus said, "The
heavens and the earth
will be rolled up in your
presence. And the one who lives
from the living one will not see
death." Does not Jesus say, "Whoever finds himself is superior
and the household
 Erastus abode at Corinth:
|The heavens and the earth||The household|
|Lives from the living one... is superior||Corinth = satiated|
|(112) Jesus said, "Woe to the flesh that depends on the soul; woe to the soul that depends on the flesh.||[4:20b]
have I left at Miletum
|The flesh... the flesh||Trophimus = nutritious|
|The soul... the soul||Miletum = pure white fine wool|
|(113) His disciples
said to him, "When
will the kingdom come?"
<Jesus said,> "It will not come by waiting for it. It will not be a matter of saying 'here it is' or 'there it is.' Rather, the kingdom of the father is spread out upon the earth, and men do not see it."
diligence to come
before winter. Eubulus
greeteth thee, and Pudens,
|His disciples||Eubulus... Pudens... Linus... Claudia|
|When will the kingdom come||Come before winter|
|Not come by waiting... men do not||Do thy diligence|
|The kingdom of the father is spread out||Linus = a net|
said to him, "Let Mary leave
us, for women are not worthy of life."
Jesus said, "I myself shall lead her in order to make her male, so that she too may become a living spirit resembling you males. For every woman who will make herself male will enter the kingdom of heaven."
all the brethren.
 The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.
|Simon Peter... male... you males... male||The brethren|
|Leave us||With you|
|I myself shall lead her||The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit|
|Become a living spirit||Be with thy spirit|
For a comparison between Thomas and the other NewTestament writings see
|The Gospel of Thomas - New Testament - Cross Reference Study|
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