The Gospel of Thomas and 1 Timothy

Side by Side with Key Word Connections

What may be the Original Gospel of Christ commonly known as The Gospel of Thomas
is aligned with 1 Timothy comparing connections in thought, word, and rhetoric.
deeper insights are revealed through the comparison and contrast of these two aligned scriptures.

The Gospel of Thomas

Translated by Thomas O. Lambdin
1 Timothy (KJV)

Perhaps written while meditating on the
Original Gospel of Christ

These are the secret sayings which the living Jesus spoke and which Didymos Judas Thomas wrote down.
(1:1)   Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ

The living Jesus Paul
Didymos Judas Thomas Jesus Christ... Jesus Christ

(1) And he said, "Whoever finds the interpretation of these sayings will not experience death."
(1:1b)    which is our hope; 1:2   Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: 
Whoever finds Timothy
Not experience death Our hope

(2) Jesus said, "Let him who seeks continue seeking until he finds. When he finds, he will become troubled. When he becomes troubled, he will be astonished, and he will rule over the All."
(1:2b)   Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
Troubled... troubled Peace
The All Jesus Christ

(3) Jesus said, "If those who lead you say to you, 'See, the kingdom is in the sky,' then the birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you, 'It is in the sea,' then the fish will precede you. Rather, the kingdom is inside of you, and it is outside of you. When you come to know yourselves, then you will become known, and you will realize that it is you who are the sons of the living father. But if you will not know yourselves, you dwell in poverty and it is you who are that poverty." (1:3)   As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine,

If those who lead you say to you... If they say to you Charge some that they teach no other doctrine
The kingdom... the kingdom Macedonia = "extended land"

(4) Jesus said, "The man old in days will not hesitate to ask a small child seven days old about the place of life, and he will live. For many who are first will become last, and they will become one and the same."
(1:4)   Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions
The man old in days Endless genealogies
Ask Questions

(5) Jesus said, "Recognize what is in your sight, and that which is hidden from you will become plain to you . For there is nothing hidden which will not become manifest."
(1:4b)  rather than godly edifying which is in faith:
What is in your sight Godly edifying
Which is hidden... hidden Which is in faith

(6) His disciples questioned him and said to him, "Do you want us to fast? How shall we pray? Shall we give alms? What diet shall we observe?"
    Jesus said, "Do not tell lies, and do not do what you hate, for all things are plain in the sight of heaven. For nothing hidden will not become manifest, and nothing covered will remain without being uncovered."
(1:4c)   so do. 1:5   Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:
Do... do not... do not do Do
Hate Charity
All things are plain in the sight of heaven A pure heart... a good conscience
Hidden... nothing covered will remain without being uncovered Faith unfeigned

(7) Jesus said, "Blessed is the lion which becomes man when consumed by man; and cursed is the man whom the lion consumes, and the lion becomes man." (1:6)   From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling; 1:7   Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.
The lion...the lion Teachers of the law
Consumed... consumes Vain jangling
Cursed The law

(8) And he said, "The man is like a wise fisherman who cast his net into the sea and drew it up from the sea full of small fish. Among them the wise fisherman found a fine large fish. He threw all the small fish back into the sea and chose the large fish without difficulty. Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear."
(1:8)   But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully; 1:9   Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man,
A wise fisherman... a wise fisherman A man... a righteous man
Wise... wise Know... Knowing
A fine large fish A righteous man

(9) Jesus said, "Now the sower went out, took a handful (of seeds), and scattered them. Some fell on the road; the birds came and gathered them up. Others fell on the rock, did not take root in the soil, and did not produce ears. And others fell on thorns; they choked the seed(s) and worms ate them. And others fell on the good soil and it produced good fruit: it bore sixty per measure and a hundred and twenty per measure."
(1:9b)   but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, 1:10   For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
Seeds... seed(s) Sound doctrine
The birds... worms The lawless... disobedient... the ungodly... sinners... unholy... profane... murderers... murderers... manslayers... whoremongers... them that defile... menstealers... liars... perjured persons

(10) Jesus said, "I have cast fire upon the world, and see, I am guarding it until it blazes."
(1:11)   According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.
Fire... see... blazes The glorious gospel
I am guarding it Which was committed to my trust

(11) Jesus said, "This heaven will pass away, and the one above it will pass away. The dead are not alive, and the living will not die. In the days when you consumed what is dead, you made it what is alive. When you come to dwell in the light, what will you do? On the day when you were one you became two. But when you become two, what will you do?"
(1:12)   And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;
When you come to dwell in the light Putting me into the ministry
What will you do?...  what will you do? Enabled
You were one you became two He counted me

(12) The disciples said to Jesus, "We know that you will depart from us. Who is to be our leader?"
    Jesus said to them, "Wherever you are, you are to go to James the righteous, for whose sake heaven and earth came into being."
(1:13)   Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
Who is to be our leader? Who was before a blasphemer
The righteous A persecutor, and injurious

(13) Jesus said to his disciples, "Compare me to someone and tell me whom I am like."
    Simon Peter said to him, "You are like a righteous angel."
    Matthew said to him, "You are like a wise philosopher."
    Thomas said to him, "Master, my mouth is wholly incapable of saying whom you are like."
    Jesus said, "I am not your master. Because you have drunk, you have become intoxicated from the bubbling spring which I have measured out."
    And he took him and withdrew and told him three things. When Thomas returned to his companions, they asked him, "What did Jesus say to you?"
    Thomas said to them, "If I tell you one of the things which he told me, you will pick up stones and throw them at me; a fire will come out of the stones and burn you up.
(1:14)   And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
1:15   This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.
1:16   Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
Whom I am like... whom you are like Of whom I am chief
Tell me... incapable of saying... What did Jesus say to you?... I tell you... he told me This is a faithful saying
A righteous angel Christ Jesus
Philosopher Love... Christ Jesus
Master... master Lord... Jesus Christ
The bubbling spring Life everlasting
Pick up stones and throw them at me Obtained mercy
Come out of the stones Came into the world
A fire... burn you up Save sinners

(14) Jesus said to them, "If you fast, you will give rise to sin for yourselves; and if you pray, you will be condemned; and if you give alms, you will do harm to your spirits. When you go into any land and walk about in the districts, if they receive you, eat what they will set before you, and heal the sick among them. For what goes into your mouth will not defile you, but that which issues from your mouth - it is that which will defile you."
(1:17)   Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Your spirits Eternal, immortal, invisible... glory for ever
When Now
Defile... defile Honour

(15) Jesus said, "When you see one who was not born of woman, prostrate yourselves on your faces and worship him. That one is your father."
(1:18)   This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy,
One who was not born of woman Son
Prostrate yourselves Commit unto thee

(16) Jesus said, "Men think, perhaps, that it is peace which I have come to cast upon the world. They do not know that it is dissension which I have come to cast upon the earth: fire, sword, and war. For there will be five in a house: three will be against two, and two against three, the father against the son, and the son against the father. And they will stand solitary."
(1:18b)   according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare;
Peace... dissension... war War... warfare
Sword Prophecies

(17) Jesus said, "I shall give you what no eye has seen and what no ear has heard and what no hand has touched and what has never occurred to the human mind."
(1:19)   Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:
Give Holding... put away
What no eye has seen and what no ear has heard and what no hand has touched Faith... faith
The human mind A good conscience

(18) The disciples said to Jesus, "Tell us how our end will be."
    Jesus said, "Have you discovered, then, the beginning, that you look for the end? For where the beginning is, there will the end be. Blessed is he who will take his place in the beginning; he will know the end and will not experience death."
(1:20)   Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan
Our end... the end?... where the beginning is, there will the end be... he will know the end Hymenaeus = "belonging to marriage". In marriage the end and the beginning are joined in one.
Have you I have
Not experience death Alexander = "man defender"
 I.e. To save from the experience of death
Experience death Delivered unto Satan

(19) Jesus said, "Blessed is he who came into being before he came into being. If you become my disciples and listen to my words, these stones will minister to you. For there are five trees for you in Paradise which remain undisturbed summer and winter and whose leaves do not fall. Whoever becomes acquainted with them will not experience death."
(1:20b)   that they may learn not to blaspheme. 2:1   I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men;
He who came into being before he came into being All men
Become my disciples... listen to my words, these stones... Whoever becomes acquainted They may learn

(20) The disciples said to Jesus, "Tell us what the kingdom of heaven is like."
    He said to them, "It is like a mustard seed. It is the smallest of all seeds. But when it falls on tilled soil, it produces a great plant and becomes a shelter for birds of the sky."
(2:2)   For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.
The kingdom of heaven Kings, and... all that are in authority

(21) Mary said to Jesus, "Whom are your disciples like?"
    He said, "They are like children who have settled in a field which is not theirs. When the owners of the field come, they will say, 'Let us have back our field.' They (will) undress in their presence in order to let them have back their field and to give it back to them. Therefore I say, if the owner of a house knows that the thief is coming, he will begin his vigil before he comes and will not let him dig through into his house of his domain to carry away his goods. You, then, be on your guard against the world. Arm yourselves with great strength lest the robbers find a way to come to you, for the difficulty which you expect will (surely) materialize. Let there be among you a man of understanding. When the grain ripened, he came quickly with his sickle in his hand and reaped it. Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear."
(2:3)   For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour;
2:4   Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
2:5   For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
2:6   Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
Jesus Jesus
Whom... Whoever Who... Who
Children All men... men... the man
Come... coming... comes... come to you Come
Give it back to them One mediator... gave himself a ransom
Knows... you expect... understanding Knowledge
Will (surely) materialize In the sight of God
When the grain ripened In due time

(22) Jesus saw infants being suckled. He said to his disciples, "These infants being suckled are like those who enter the kingdom."
    They said to him, "Shall we then, as children, enter the kingdom?"
    Jesus said to them, "When you make the two one, and when you make the inside like the outside and the outside like the inside, and the above like the below, and when you make the male and the female one and the same, so that the male not be male nor the female female; and when you fashion eyes in the place of an eye, and a hand in place of a hand, and a foot in place of a foot, and a likeness in place of a likeness; then will you enter the kingdom."
(2:7)   Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.
2:8   I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
2:9   In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array;
His disciples A preacher, and an apostle... a teacher
Infants... children Men
Make the two one The truth
Make the inside like the outside Pray every where
Male... male... male Men... gold
Female... female female Women... pearls
In the place of...  in place of in Christ... in modest apparel
Hand Hand
A likeness Shamefacedness

(23) Jesus said, "I shall choose you, one out of a thousand, and two out of ten thousand, and they shall stand as a single one."
(2:10)   But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good works.
They shall stand Professing godliness

(24) His disciples said to him, "Show us the place where you are, since it is necessary for us to seek it."
    He said to them, "Whoever has ears, let him hear. There is light within a man of light, and he lights up the whole world. If he does not shine, he is darkness."
(2:11)   Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. 2:12 But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.
Whoever has ears, let him hear Learn in silence... be in silence
He lights up the whole world Teach
The whole All
Darkness Subjection

(25) Jesus said, "Love your brother like your soul, guard him like the pupil of your eye." (2:13)   For Adam was first formed, then Eve.
Your brother Adam
The pupil of your eye Was first formed
Your soul Eve

(26) Jesus said, "You see the mote in your brother's eye, but you do not see the beam in your own eye. When you cast the beam out of your own eye, then you will see clearly to cast the mote from your brother's eye."
(2:14)   And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
The mote... the mote Adam
Your brother... your brother The woman

(27) <Jesus said,> "If you do not fast as regards the world, you will not find the kingdom. If you do not observe the Sabbath as a Sabbath, you will not see the father."
(2:15)   Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.
Fast as regards the world Sobriety
Find the kingdom Shall be saved
The father Childbearing

(28) Jesus said, "I took my place in the midst of the world, and I appeared to them in flesh. I found all of them intoxicated; I found none of them thirsty. And my soul became afflicted for the sons of men, because they are blind in their hearts and do not have sight; for empty they came into the world, and empty too they seek to leave the world. But for the moment they are intoxicated. When they shake off their wine, then they will repent."
(3:1)   This is a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.
3:2   A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
3:3   Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

I took my place The office of a bishop
Intoxicated... thirsty... intoxicated... shake off their wine Sober... Not given to wine
Empty too they seek to leave the world Not covetous

(29) Jesus said, "If the flesh came into being because of spirit, it is a wonder. But if spirit came into being because of the body, it is a wonder of wonders. Indeed, I am amazed at how this great wealth has made its home in this poverty."
(3:4)   One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;
3:5   (For if a man know not how to rule his own house,
Flesh came into being Children
The body... home His own house... his own house

(30) Jesus said, "Where there are three gods, they are gods. Where there are two or one, I am with him."
(3:5b)   how shall he take care of the church of God?)
Three... two... one The church
Gods... gods God

(31) Jesus said, "No prophet is accepted in his own village; no physician heals those who know him."
(3:6)   Not a novice,
No prophet is accepted Not a novice

(32) Jesus said, "A city being built on a high mountain and fortified cannot fall, nor can it be hidden."
(3:6b)   lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.
Built on a high mountain Being lifted up
Fall Fall

(33) Jesus said, "Preach from your housetops that which you will hear in your ear. For no one lights a lamp and puts it under a bushel, nor does he put it in a hidden place, but rather he sets it on a lampstand so that everyone who enters and leaves will see its light."
(3:7)   Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.
That which you will hear in your ear A good report
Everyone who enters He fall into

(34) Jesus said, "If a blind man leads a blind man, they will both fall into a pit."
(3:8)   Likewise must the deacons be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;
A blind man... a blind man Doubletongued... greedy of filthy lucre

(35) Jesus said, "It is not possible for anyone to enter the house of a strong man and take it by force unless he binds his hands; then he will (be able to) ransack his house."
(3:9)   Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience.
Binds his hands Holding the mystery of the faith
[I.e.  Make two (hands) into one]

(36) Jesus said, "Do not be concerned from morning until evening and from evening until morning about what you will wear."
(3:10)   And let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon,
Morning... ... morning First
Evening... evening Then
What you will wear The office of a deacon

(37) His disciples said, "When will you become revealed to us and when shall we see you?"
    Jesus said, "When you disrobe without being ashamed and take up your garments and place them under your feet like little children and tread on them, then will you see the son of the living one, and you will not be afraid"
(3:10b)    being found blameless.
3:11   Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.
When will you become revealed Being found
Without being ashamed Being found blameless... grave
(Grave = "venerated for character, worthy of respect")
Your garments Their wives
You will not be afraid Faithful

(38) Jesus said, "Many times have you desired to hear these words which I am saying to you, and you have no one else to hear them from. There will be days when you will look for me and will not find me." (3:12)   Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife,
One One

(39) Jesus said, "The pharisees and the scribes have taken the keys of knowledge (gnosis) and hidden them. They themselves have not entered, nor have they allowed to enter those who wish to. You, however, be as wise as serpents and as innocent as doves."
(3:12b)    ruling their children and their own houses well.
Taken the keys Ruling
Have not entered... enter Their own houses

(40) Jesus said, "A grapevine has been planted outside of the father, but being unsound, it will be pulled up by its roots and destroyed."
(3:13)   For they that have used the office of a deacon well purchase to themselves a good degree,
Unsound Good

(41) Jesus said, "Whoever has something in his hand will receive more, and whoever has nothing will be deprived of even the little he has."
(3:13b)    and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.
Whoever has something Great boldness in the faith
[I.e. "they... purchase to themselves... great boldness"]
In his hand In the faith... in Christ Jesus

(42) Jesus said, "Become passers-by."
(3:14)   These things write I unto thee, hoping to come unto thee shortly:
3:15   But if I tarry long,
Become Come unto
Passers-by Tarry long

(43) His disciples said to him, "Who are you, that you should say these things to us?"
   < Jesus said to them,> "You do not realize who I am from what I say to you, but you have become like the Jews, for they (either) love the tree and hate its fruit (or) love the fruit and hate the tree."
(3:15b)    that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
Who are you, that you should Thou mayest know how thou oughtest
Realize Know
What I say to you The truth
The Jews The church
The tree...the tree The pillar
Fruit... the fruit Ground

(44) Jesus said, "Whoever blasphemes against the father will be forgiven, and whoever blasphemes against the son will be forgiven, but whoever blasphemes against the holy spirit will not be forgiven either on earth or in heaven."
(3:16)   And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Blsphemes... blasphemes... blasphemes Preached
The father God
Forgiven... forgiven The mystery of godliness
The son Manifest in the flesh
The holy spirit The Spirit
Earth  The world
In heaven Into glory

(45) Jesus said, "Grapes are not harvested from thorns, nor are figs gathered from thistles, for they do not produce fruit. A good man brings forth good from his storehouse; an evil man brings forth evil things from his evil storehouse, which is in his heart, and says evil things. For out of the abundance of the heart he brings forth evil things."
(4:1)   Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;
A good man brings forth good The Spirit speaketh expressly
An evil man... heart... heart
Seducing spirits
Evil things... evil things Doctrines of devils

(46) Jesus said, "Among those born of women, from Adam until John the Baptist, there is no one so superior to John the Baptist that his eyes should not be lowered (before him). Yet I have said, whichever one of you comes to be a child will be acquainted with the kingdom and will become superior to John."
(4:2)   Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;
4:3   Forbidding to marry,
Born of women To marry
His eyes Their conscience

(47) Jesus said, "It is impossible for a man to mount two horses or to stretch two bows. And it is impossible for a servant to serve two masters; otherwise, he will honor the one and treat the other contemptuously. No man drinks old wine and immediately desires to drink new wine. And new wine is not put into old wineskins, lest they burst; nor is old wine put into a new wineskin, lest it spoil it. An old patch is not sewn onto a new garment, because a tear would result."
(4:3)    and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
4:4   For every creature of God is good,
Horses Meats... every creature of God
Drinks... new wine... old wine... drink new wine Abstain... received
Servant... masters Commanding
Honor the one Know the truth
Wineskins... wineskin Meat

(48) Jesus said, "If two make peace with each other in this one house, they will say to the mountain, 'Move Away,' and it will move away."
(4:4b)    and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:
Make peace Be refused
Move away... move away Be received

(49) Jesus said, "Blessed are the solitary and elect, for you will find the kingdom. For you are from it, and to it you will return."
(4:5)   For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.
Blessed Sanctified
The solitary and elect The word of God
Find the kingdom Prayer

(50) Jesus said, "If they say to you, 'Where did you come from?', say to them, 'We came from the light, the place where the light came into being on its own accord and established itself and became manifest through their image.' If they say to you, 'Is it you?', say, 'We are its children, we are the elect of the living father.' If they ask you, 'What is the sign of your father in you?', say to them, 'It is movement and repose.'"
(4:6)   If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained.
If they say to you... If they say to you If thou put the brethren in remembrance
Where did you come from?... We came from the light, the place where the light came into being on its own accord and established itself and became manifest through their image Whereunto thou hast attained
Say to them... say... say to them Put the brethren in remembrance
We are its children, we are the elect of the living father The brethren
It is movement and repose The words of faith and of good doctrine

(51) His disciples said to him, "When will the repose of the dead come about, and when will the new world come?"
    He said to them, "What you look forward to has already come, but you do not recognize it."
(4:7)   But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself rather unto godliness. 4:8   For bodily exercise profiteth little: but  godlness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.
The dead Old wives
The new world Bodily...  the life that now is
What you look forward to That which is to come
Will... come... has already come Which is to come
Recognize it Refuse

(52) His disciples said to him, "Twenty-four prophets spoke in Israel, and all of them spoke in you."
    He said to them, "You have omitted the one living in your presence and have spoken (only) of the dead."
4:9   This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation.
Twenty-four prophets spoke in Israel, and all of them spoke in you This is a faithful saying
You have omitted the one living in your presence Worthy of all acceptation

(53) His disciples said to him, "Is circumcision beneficial or not?"
    He said to them, "If it were beneficial, their father would beget them already circumcised from their mother. Rather, the true circumcision in spirit has become completely profitable."
4:10   For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men,
Is circumcision beneficial The living God... is the Saviour of all men
In spirit In the living God

(54) Jesus said, "Blessed are the poor, for yours is the kingdom of heaven."
(4:10b)   specially of those that believe.
Blessed are the poor Those that believe

(55) Jesus said, "Whoever does not hate his father and his mother cannot become a disciple to me. And whoever does not hate his brothers and sisters and take up his cross in my way will not be worthy of me."
(4:11)   These things command and teach. 4:12   Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the believers,
Hate his father and his mother... hate his brothers and sisters Despise thy youth
A disciple Command and teach... the believers
Be worthy Be... an example

(56) Jesus said, "Whoever has come to understand the world has found (only) a corpse, and whoever has found a corpse is superior to the world."
(4:12b)    in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
A corpse... a corpse In spirit

(57) Jesus said, "The kingdom of the father is like a man who had good seed. His enemy came by night and sowed weeds among the good seed. The man did not allow them to pull up the weeds; he said to them, 'I am afraid that you will go intending to pull up the weeds and pull up the wheat along with them.' For on the day of the harvest the weeds will be plainly visible, and they will be pulled up and burned."
(4:13)   Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. 4:14   Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery. 4:15   Meditate upon these things;
Good seed... good seed... the wheat Reading... doctrine... the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy
Came Come
Pull up the weeds... pull up the weeds... pulled up The laying on of the hands
The day of the harvest Meditate

(58) Jesus said, "Blessed is the man who has suffered and found life."
(4:15b)    give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all.
Blessed is the man who... found life Thy profiting may appear

(59) Jesus said, "Take heed of the living one while you are alive, lest you die and seek to see him and be unable to do so."
(4:16)   Take heed unto thyself,
Take heed of the living one Take heed unto thyself

(60) <They saw> a Samaritan carrying a lamb on his way to Judea. He said to his disciples, "That man is round about the lamb."
    They said to him, "So that he may kill it and eat it."
    He said to them, "While it is alive, he will not eat it, but only when he has killed it and it has become a corpse."
    They said to him, "He cannot do so otherwise."
    He said to them, "You too, look for a place for yourself within repose, lest you become a corpse and be eaten."
(4:16b)    and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.
That man is round about the lamb The doctrine
Become a corpse... become a corpse Save thyself

(61) Jesus said, "Two will rest on a bed: the one will die, and the other will live."
    Salome said, "Who are you, man, that you ... have come up on my couch and eaten from my table?"
    Jesus said to her, "I am he who exists from the undivided. I was given some of the things of my father."
    <...> "I am your disciple."
   < ...> "Therefore I say, if he is destroyed, he will be filled with light, but if he is divided, he will be filled with darkness."
(5:1)   Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;
5:2   The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
Two will rest on a bed A father... elder women as mothers... younger men... younger as sisters
Who are you, man, that you Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him
Man Younger men
The undivided All purity
My father A father
Disciple Brethren

(62) Jesus said, "It is to those who are worthy of my mysteries that I tell my mysteries. Do not let your left (hand) know what your right (hand) is doing."
(5:3)   Honour widows that are widows indeed.
Those who are worthy Honour widows
Your left Widows

(63) Jesus said, "There was a rich man who had much money. He said, 'I shall put my money to use so that I may sow, reap, plant, and fill my storehouse with produce, with the result that I shall lack nothing.' Such were his intentions, but that same night he died. Let him who has ears hear."
(5:4)   But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents:
A rich man Any widow... parents
Sow, reap, plant Have children or nephews
Fill my storehouse with produce Shew piety at home
With the result Requite
Let him who has ears hear Let them learn

(64) Jesus said, "A man had received visitors. And when he had prepared the dinner, he sent his servant to invite the guests.
    He went to the first one and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said, 'I have claims against some merchants. They are coming to me this evening. I must go and give them my orders. I ask to be excused from the dinner.'
    He went to another and said to him, 'My master has invited you.' He said to him, 'I have just bought a house and am required for the day. I shall not have any spare time.'
    He went to another and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said to him, 'My friend is going to get married, and I am to prepare the banquet. I shall not be able to come. I ask to be excused from the dinner.'
    He went to another and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said to him, 'I have just bought a farm, and I am on my way to collect the rent. I shall not be able to come. I ask to be excused.'
    The servant returned and said to his master, 'Those whom you invited to the dinner have asked to be excused.' The master said to his servant, 'Go outside to the streets and bring back those whom you happen to meet, so that they may dine.' Businessmen and merchants will not enter the places of my father."
(5:4b)    for that is good and acceptable before God.

5:5   Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

5:6   But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.
5:7   And these things give in charge, that they may be blameless.

5:8   But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.

5:9   Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old,
His servant... his servant His own... those of his own
My master... my master... My master... My master... his master A widow... a widow
This evening Night
The day Day
I ask... I ask... I ask... I ask Supplications and prayers
Be excused... be excused... be excused... be excused Be blameless
A house... a farm House
Spare time Night and day... under threescore years old
Prepare the banquet She that liveth in pleasure
Those whom you invited He hath denied the faith
They may dine She that liveth in pleasure
Businessmen and merchants Is worse than an infidel
Bring back those whom you happen to meet... will not enter the places of my father Taken into the number

(65) He said, "There was a good man who owned a vineyard. He leased it to tenant farmers so that they might work it and he might collect the produce from them. He sent his servant so that the tenants might give him the produce of the vineyard. They seized his servant and beat him, all but killing him. The servant went back and told his master. The master said, 'Perhaps he did not recognize them.' He sent another servant. The tenants beat this one as well. Then the owner sent his son and said, 'Perhaps they will show respect to my son.' Because the tenants knew that it was he who was the heir to the vineyard, they seized him and killed him. Let him who has ears hear."
(5:9b)    having been the wife of one man,

5:10   Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children,
A good man One man
Work it Good works
The produce of the vineyard Brought up children
Show respect Well reported of
My son... his son... the heir Children

(66) Jesus said, "Show me the stone which the builders have rejected. That one is the cornerstone."
(5:10b)    if she have lodged strangers,
Have rejected Have lodged

(67) Jesus said, "If one who knows the all still feels a personal deficiency, he is completely deficient."
(5:10c)    if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted,
Feels a personal deficiency The afflicted

(68) Jesus said, "Blessed are you when you are hated and persecuted. Wherever you have been persecuted they will find no place."
5:11   But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to  wax wanton against Christ, they will marry;
You are hated and persecuted... you have been persecuted Against Christ
They will find no place Younger widows refuse

(69) Jesus said, "Blessed are they who have been persecuted within themselves. It is they who have truly come to know the father. Blessed are the hungry, for the belly of him who desires will be filled."
(5:12)   Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.
Been persecuted Having damnation

(70) Jesus said, "That which you have will save you if you bring it forth from yourselves. That which you do not have within you will kill you if you do not have it within you."
(5:13)   And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
Bring it forth... have it Speaking things
From yourselves From house to house
That which you do not have within you will kill you Busybodies... speaking things which they ought not

(71) Jesus said, "I shall destroy this house, and no one will be able to build it [...]."
(5:14)   I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children,
This house Marry
Build it Bear children

(72) A man said to him, "Tell my brothers to divide my father's possessions with me."
    He said to him, "O man, who has made me a divider?"
    He turned to his disciples and said to them, "I am not a divider, am I?"
(5:14b)    guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.
Tell my brothers Guide the house
Divide my father's possessions Give none... to the adversary
Divide... divider... divider Speak reproachfully

(73) Jesus said, "The harvest is great but the laborers are few. Beseech the Lord, therefore, to send out laborers to the harvest."
(5:15)   For some are already turned aside after Satan.
The laborers are few Some
Send out laborers Turned aside

(74) He said, "O Lord, there are many around the drinking trough, but there is nothing in the cistern."
(5:16)   If any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them,
There are many around Any man or woman that believeth... widows
The drinking trough Relieve them

(75) Jesus said, "Many are standing at the door, but it is the solitary who will enter the bridal chamber."
(5:16b)   and let not the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are widows indeed.
Many are standing The church
The solitary Widows

(76) Jesus said, "The kingdom of the father is like a merchant who had a consignment of merchandise and who discovered a pearl. That merchant was shrewd. He sold the merchandise and bought the pearl alone for himself. You too, seek his unfailing and enduring treasure where no moth comes near to devour and no worm destroys."
(5:17)   Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour,
The kingdom of the father The elders that rule
Merchandise... merchandise... a pearl... a pearl... treasure Counted worthy of double

(77) Jesus said, "It is I who am the light which is above them all. It is I who am the all. From me did the all come forth, and unto me did the all extend. Split a piece of wood, and I am there. Lift up the stone, and you will find me there."
(5:17b)    especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.
I who... I who They who
The light which is above... the all... the all The word

(78) Jesus said, "Why have you come out into the desert? To see a reed shaken by the wind? And to see a man clothed in fine garments like your kings and your great men? Upon them are the fine garments, and they are unable to discern the truth."
(5:18)   For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.
A man clothed in fine garments The labourer is worthy
They are unable to discern the truth The ox that treadeth out the corn...
The labourer
is worthy of his reward

(79) A woman from the crowd said to him, "Blessed are the womb which bore you and the breasts which nourished you."
    He said to her, "Blessed are those who have heard the word of the father and have truly kept it. For there will be days when you will say, 'Blessed are the womb which has not conceived and the breasts which have not given milk.'"
(5:19)   Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.

5:20   Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
Blessed are... Blessed are those Receive not an accusation
The womb which bore you and the breasts which nourished you Them that sin
He said to her, "Blessed are those who    ( Luke 11:26 ) Rebuke before all
The womb which has not conceived and the breasts which have not given milk An elder

(80) Jesus said, "He who has recognized the world has found the body, but he who has found the body is superior to the world."  
(5:21)   I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things
The body... the body The Lord Jesus Christ
Recognized the world Observe these things

(81) Jesus said, "Let him who has grown rich be king, and let him who possesses power renounce it."
(5:21b)    without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.
Let him who has grown rich be king Doing nothing by partiality
Renounce it Preferring one before another

(82) Jesus said, "He who is near me is near the fire, and he who is far from me is far from the kingdom."
(5:22)     Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure.
He who is near me Lay hands
He who is far from me Keep thyself pure

(83) Jesus said, "The images are manifest to man, but the light in them remains concealed in the image of the light of the father. He will become manifest, but his image will remain concealed by his light."
(5:23)   Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.
The images are manifest Water
Concealed in the image A little wine for thy stomach

(84) Jesus said, "When you see your likeness, you rejoice. But when you see your images which came into being before you, and which neither die not become manifest, how much you will have to bear!"
(5:24)   Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and some men they follow after.
When... when Before... after
You see your likeness Some men's sins are open beforehand
Came into Going before
Before Before
Die Judgment

(85) Jesus said, "Adam came into being from a great power and a great wealth, but he did not become worthy of you. For had he been worthy, he would not have experienced death."
(5:25)   Likewise also the good works of some are manifest beforehand;
Adam came into being Some are manifest

(86) Jesus said, "The foxes have their holes and the birds have their nests, but the son of man has no place to lay his head and rest."
(5:25b)    and they that are otherwise cannot be hid.
The foxes have their holes... birds have their nests... man has no place Cannot be hid

(87) Jesus said, "Wretched is the body that is dependant upon a body, and wretched is the soul that is dependent on these two."
(6:1)   Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honour,
Wretched... wretched Worthy of all honour
The body... a body... the soul Many servants... masters
Dependent... dependent Under the yoke

(88) Jesus said, "The angels and the prophets will come to you and give to you those things you (already) have. And you too, give them those things which you have, and say to yourselves, 'When will they come and take what is theirs?'"
(6:1b)   that the name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed.
Those things you (already) have... those things which you have The name of God and his doctrine

(89) Jesus said, "Why do you wash the outside of the cup? Do you not realize that he who made the inside is the same one who made the outside?"
(6:2)   And they that have believing masters, let them not despise them, because they are brethren;
Do you not realize Let them not despise

(90) Jesus said, "Come unto me, for my yoke is easy and my lordship is mild, and you will find repose for yourselves."
(6:2b)    but rather do them service, because they are faithful and beloved, partakers of the benefit. These things teach and exhort.
My yoke is easy Teach and exhort
My lordship Do... service

(91) They said to him, "Tell us who you are so that we may believe in you."
    He said to them, "You read the face of the sky and of the earth, but you have not recognized the one who is before you, and you do not know how to read this moment."
(6:3)   If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;
Tell us who you are so that we may believe in you Teach Words... words
Not recognized... not know Consent not
The one who is before you Our Lord Jesus Christ

(92) Jesus said, "Seek and you will find. Yet, what you asked me about in former times and which I did not tell you then, now I do desire to tell, but you do not inquire after it." (6:4)   He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings,
Seek Doting
(unhealthy desire & morbid curiosity)
You asked me... inquire Questions
I did not tell you Strifes of words
I do desire Envy, strife
To tell Railings

(93) <Jesus said,> "Do not give what is holy to dogs, lest they throw them on the dung-heap. Do not throw the pearls to swine, lest they [...] it [...]." (6:4b)     evil surmisings,  6:5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth,
Holy Evil
Dogs Men of corrupt minds
The pearls The truth
Swine Men... destitute

(94) Jesus said, "He who seeks will find, and he who knocks will be let in." (6:5b)     supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.
He... withdraw thyself Withdraw thyself

(95) Jesus said, "If you have money, do not lend it at interest, but give it to one from whom you will not get it back."
(6:6) But godliness with contentment is great gain.
If you have money Godliness... is great gain

(96) Jesus said, "The kingdom of the father is like a certain woman. She took a little leaven, concealed it in some dough, and made it into large loaves. Let him who has ears hear."
(6:7)   For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out.
A certain woman... took We brought
She took a little leaven We can carry nothing out
In some dough Into this world

(97) Jesus said, "The kingdom of the father is like a certain woman who was carrying a jar full of meal. While she was walking on the road, still some distance from home, the handle of the jar broke and the meal emptied out behind her on the road. She did not realize it; she had noticed no accident. When she reached her house, she set the jar down and found it empty."
(6:8)   And having food and raiment let us be therewith content.  6:9   But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts,
Carrying a jar full of meal... the meal... she set the jar down and found it empty Having food
She did not realize it Content
She had noticed no accident A snare... and hurtful lusts

(98) Jesus said, "The kingdom of the father is like a certain man who wanted to kill a powerful man. In his own house he drew his sword and stuck it into the wall in order to find out whether his hand could carry through. Then he slew the powerful man." (6:9b)   which drown men in destruction and perdition. 6:10   For the love of money is the root of all evil:
A certain man... wanted to kill a powerful man (They that be rich...) drown men
Slew the powerful man Drown men in destruction
(cf. pierced themselves through)

(99) The disciples said to him, "Your brothers and your mother are standing outside."
    He said to them, "Those here who do the will of my father are my brothers and my mother. It is they who will enter the kingdom of my father."
(6:10b)    which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
Your brothers and your mother are standing outside Some... have erred from the faith

(100) They showed Jesus a gold coin and said to him, "Caesar's men demand taxes from us."
    He said to them, "Give Caesar what belongs to Caesar, give God what belongs to God, and give me what is mine."
6:11   But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.  
Caesar's men Man of God
What belongs to Caesar... taxes Flee these things (ie. love of money)
Give... give... give Follow after
(to seek, to persue)
What belongs to God... what is mine Righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness
God... God God... godliness

(101) <Jesus said,> "Whoever does not hate his father and his mother as I do cannot become a disciple to me. And whoever does not love his father and his mother as I do cannot become a disciple to me. For my mother [...], but my true mother gave me life." (6:12)   Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called,
Hate Fight the... fight
Become a disciple... become a disciple Thou art also called
My true mother gave me life Lay hold on eternal life

(102) Jesus said, "Woe to the pharisees, for they are like a dog sleeping in the manger of oxen, for neither does he eat nor does he let the oxen eat." (6:12b)    and (thou) hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
The manger of oxen Before many witnesses
Let the oxen eat Hast professed a good profession

(103) Jesus said, "Fortunate is the man who knows where the brigands will enter, so that he may get up, muster his domain, and arm himself before they invade."     6:13   I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus,
So that he may get up (.ie. arise) Quickeneth all things
Before they invade Before Christ Jesus

(104) They said to Jesus, "Come, let us pray today and let us fast."
    Jesus said, "What is the sin that I have committed, or wherein have I been defeated? But when the bridegroom leaves the bridal chamber, then let them fast and pray."
(6:13b)    who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;  6:14   That thou keep this commandment without spot,
Let us pray... pray A good confession
What is the sin... wherein have I been defeated Without spot

(105) Jesus said, "He who knows the father and the mother will be called the son of a harlot."
(6:14b)    unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ:
Will be called the son of a harlot Unrebukeable

(106) Jesus said, "When you make the two one, you will become the sons of man, and when you say, 'Mountain, move away,' it will move away."
(6:15)   Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate,
When you make the two one Which in his times
You will become He shall shew

(107) Jesus said, "The kingdom is like a shepherd who had a hundred sheep. One of them, the largest, went astray. He left the ninety-nine sheep and looked for that one until he found it. When he had gone to such trouble, he said to the sheep, 'I care for you more than the ninety-nine.'"
(6:15b)    the King of kings, and Lord of lords;  6:16   Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto;
The kingdom The King of kings
Who Who
One Only

(108) Jesus said, "He who will drink from my mouth will become like me. I myself shall become he, and the things that are hidden will be revealed to him."
(6:16b)    whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.
He who will Whom... whom be
The things that are hidden will be revealed to him No man hath seen, nor can see

(109) Jesus said, "The kingdom is like a man who had a hidden treasure in his field without knowing it. And after he died, he left it to his son. The son did not know (about the treasure). He inherited the field and sold it. And the one who bought it went plowing and found the treasure. He began to lend money at interest to whomever he wished."
(6:17)   Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches,
A man who had a hidden treasure in his field Them that are rich in this world
Did not know Be not highminded
Lend money at interest Uncertain riches

(110) Jesus said, "Whoever finds the world and becomes rich, let him renounce the world."
(6:17b)    but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
Rich Richly
Renounce the world All things to enjoy

(111) Jesus said, "The heavens and the earth will be rolled up in your presence. And the one who lives from the living one will not see death." Does not Jesus say, "Whoever finds himself is superior to the world?"
(6:18)   That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
Whoever finds himself is superior to the world? They be rich in good works

(112) Jesus said, "Woe to the flesh that depends on the soul; woe to the soul that depends on the flesh."
(6:19)   Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation
Depends on... depends on Laying up in store for themselves

(113) His disciples said to him, "When will the kingdom come?"
   < Jesus said,> "It will not come by waiting for it. It will not be a matter of saying 'here it is' or 'there it is.' Rather, the kingdom of the father is spread out upon the earth, and men do not see it."
(6:19b)    against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.  6:20   O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust,
When will the kingdom come? The time to come
It will not come by waiting for it Lay hold on eternal life

(114) Simon Peter said to him, "Let Mary leave us, for women are not worthy of life."
    Jesus said, "I myself shall lead her in order to make her male, so that she too may become a living spirit resembling you males. For every woman who will make herself male will enter the kingdom of heaven."
(6:20b)    avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called: 6:21   Which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with thee. Amen.
Leave us Avoiding
Women are not worthy Vain babblings
I myself shall lead her Grace be with thee

For a comparison between Thomas and the other New Testament writings see
The Gospel of Thomas - New Testament - Cross Reference Study

The Original Gospel of Christ

The Gospel of Thomas - Romans Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - 1 Corinthian Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - Galatians Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - Ephesians Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - Colossians Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - 1 Thessalonians Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - Hebrews Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - James Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - 1 Peter Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - 1 John Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - Revelations Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - The Gospel of Mark Connection

The Gospel of Thomas - The Gospel of John Connection

URfriendly Reflections



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