Members of this marsupial family are found in New Guinea and Australia. Currently, 4 genera and 11 species are recognized: Echymipera (New Guinea, Indonesia, Australia); Microperoryctes (Indonesia, New Guinea); Peroryctes (New Guinea); and Rhynchomeles (Indonesia). They tend to be found in areas of rainforest.
Peroryctids are syndactylous and polyprotodont. They resemble the other family of peramelemorphs, the Peramelidae, in most respects and in fact have only recently been recognized as a separate family. They can be distinguished from peramelids by the shape of their crania, which are cylindrical in contrast to the more flattened skulls of peramelids. They are usually found in humid tropical forests, while peramelids usually prefer drier habitats. All species of peroryctids are insectivorous or omnivorous and solitary. They forage at night.
Family Peramelidae (bandicoots and bilbies) Family Peroryctidae (Spiny bandicoots)
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