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Republic of Vietnam
Revolutionary Development Cadres'
Eleven Criteria and Ninety-Eight
Works for Pacification
 
 

Criterion No. 1:  Annihilation of the Communist Underground Cadres

Work 1a.  To make a sketch of the VC infrastructural organizations in the hamlet with emphasis placed on the following items:
(1)  The Lao Dong Party
(2)  The N.F.L. (National Front for Liberation)
(3)  The Executive Committees
(4)  The military units.

Work 1b.  To work out a name list, with background data and activities of the VC underground cadres belonging to the above organizations.

Work 1c.  To establish a list with background data and activities of individuals who were born in the hamlet, and now work full time for the VC.

Work 1d.  To make a census of families having members working for or sympathizing with the VC.

Work 1e.  To convert, arrest, or annihilate all VC elements mentioned in items (b) and (c) by laying ambush, making raids or patrols, etc.; to capture their weapons and turn them over to the local administration.

Work 1g. (sic)  To check out and keep under strict control such families as identified in (d) to prevent them from having contacts with the VC.

Work 1h.  To uncover, make use of, or destroy all VC overt and undercover defense works such as hideouts, underground communications and tunnels, liaison posts, etc.

Work 1i.  To draw maps of the hamlet, paying attention to the position of the buildings, premises, defense works, and the topographical situations therein.

Work 1k. (sic)  To carry out a census of the hamlet's natural resources and manpower.  To establish a family census booklet system.

Work 1l.  To coordinate activities with the local administration in establishing regulations governing the movements of the hamlet's natural resources and manpower, day and night.  To fix curfew time,  and organize a checkpoint system.

Work 1m.  To plant Intelligence cadres to follow up the undercover activities of the VC infrastructures in the hamlet.


Criterion No. 2:  Annihilation of the Wicked Village Dignitaries
Work 2a.  To establish a list of individuals denounced by one or several villagers as being wicked dignitaries in the hamlet.

Work 2b.  To make investigation so as to confirm or deny facts provided by the accusers, and also to gather more evidence on the case.  To establish a file thereof, and study carefully the data pertaining to the association of the accused individuals and their relationship with the accusers in the hamlet, village, or higher echelons.  Conclusions should show that the accused person:

(1)  is innocent.
(2)  is the victim of a false accusation.
(3)  has committed a light offense.
(4)  has committed a serious crime. If no conclusions can be reached, further investigation should be made.

If no conclusions can be reached due to the case being beyond investigative capability of the cadres, the files concerned should be forwarded to higher echelons for action.

Work 2c.  If it is found that the accused person is innocent, and that the denouncer is also sincere and frank in his accusations, the accused person should be exculpated, and explanations should be made public and clear to avoid any further misunderstanding.

If it is found that the accuser intentionally makes false accusations, he should be investigated.  If he is found doing so just for the sake of his own benefit, constructive talks with him should be conducted to make him renounce it.  If other reasons are involved, the case should be reported to the Province with copies of same forwarded to the Central echelon.

If the accused person does commit light offenses, and if the accuser only asks for a warning, corrective action should then be taken with tactfulness.

If he does commit serious offenses, his case should be reported to the Province with copies to the Central echelon for appropriate disciplinary action to be taken, or for prosecution to the Court if need be.  Officials at all echelons of the Department who have contacts with the subject should also be informed of the case.

If decisions of the responsible authorities are too slow to come or are deemed not satisfactory, the case should be taken up with the Central echelon in a periodical meeting.

Work 2d.  To plant Intelligence cadres to follow up activities of our own infrastructural cadres in the hamlet.

Criterion No. 3:  Abolishing Hatred and Building Up a New Spirit
Work 3a.  To reconcile people who are in conflict.  Hatred and disputes always exist between individuals, families, or groups of people due to difference of rights and privileges, to opposition of parties, or divergence of religious concepts.
Failure of reconciliation at village level should be brought to the higher one (province) for settlement.
Work 3b.  To encourage families in the hamlet to aid one another, and the hamlets in the village to assist one another in big events such as in the harvesting seasons, the community development projects, and reconstruction works after a big fire or a flood, etc.

Work 3c.  To help the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee organize a "Community Rally" once a month, and for one or two days, gathering people in the hamlet together for collective activities.  The program for such a Rally should fit the local conditions.  In general, it can be as follows:

(1)  Meeting:
(a)  Flag ceremony, National Anthem, celebrations in memory of national heroes or outstanding local combatants.
(b)  Election of Chairman and Secretaries of the meeting.
(c)  Reports on Revolutionary Development operations completed during the period prior to the meeting.  Critique, discussion of weak and strong points.
(d)  Studies of Press articles or Circulatory Notes or Memos newly received from higher echelons.
(e)  Listening to radio broadcasts on Revolutionary Development programs.  Discussions.
(f)  Planning operations for the following month.
(g)  Making assignments.
(2)  Community development projects:  To discuss and make assignments to do works within the pattern of the community development program.  Make plans for new constructions.  Maintenance and renovations of existing ones.
(3)  Military training, physical exercises, sports and entertainments:
(a)  Military training, renovation or maintenance of existing defense works.  Practice of alarm system in the hamlet.
(b)  Sports competitions:  table tennis, volley ball, football, etc.
(c)  Parade exercises.
(d)  Shows.
(e)  Slogans and banners.
 
Work 3d.  To organize emulation campaigns among hamlets, or with neighboring villages on community development projects, military training, sports or shows.

Work 3e.  To give assistance to families who return to the village.

Work 3f.  To provide assistance to families having members working for the VC.  Appeal to the latter to return.

Work 3g.  To encourage good and influential personalities in the hamlet to run for election to leadership positions in the village administration and people's organizations.  To organize or assist in organizing free and just elections.

Work 3h.  To encourage public meetings with large participation of the villagers.  To encourage free expression of opinions and discussions in the making of assignments.  Everyone should have the right to speak, and the duty to attend meetings.  No one should oppress anyone, and none should let himself be bought by, or try to buy, anyone with money.

Work 3j. (sic)  To educate the little children in civic values.  To teach them to be polite toward the adults.  Never ask for money, candies from strangers, to be self-respecting, and proud of being a Vietnamese citizen.

Work 3k.  To dissuade adults and youths from running after money by leaving their village for the cities to make their living; instead, to stay at their places to defend their homes and hamlets.

Work 3l.  To encourage the adults and youths to be sober in their drinking and not to gamble.

Work 3m. To launch campaigns for the young girls to behave themselves, to suppress prostitution.  To advise the bookshops against selling obscene publications.

Work 3n.  To encourage large attendance of the villagers, mostly the illiterates and poorly educated, in night classes to learn how to read and write, or to study history, geography, and customs and traditions of the country, etc.

Work 3o.  To encourage a movement for speaking, writing, and singing only Vietnamese.  To advise the shop owners in the village to use Vietnamese on their signs and advertisements.  To teach the National Anthem, and patriotic songs to the villagers.  To struggle against the diffusion of obscene music, songs, and dances.

Work 3p.  To encourage the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee and the Village Executive Committee to build shrines, temples, to name the streets and public buildings in the village after national heroes or outstanding local combatants, to compose poems, music, songs, etc., in memory of these heroes and combatants.

Work 3q.  To encourage the families to save money or to reduce expenses in events such as weddings, funerals, etc.

Work 3r.  To assist the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee in organizing ceremonies such as indicated in paragraph 3c.

Work 3s.  To campaign for people to get rid of superstitious customs and belief in the existence of ghosts, spirits, phantoms, and in the magic acts of witches.  To introduce the use of machines, western medicine, and scientific agricultural methods.

Work 3t.  To encourage the youth reaching draft age to report for military service.

Work 3u.  To urge the youths, boys and girls, to earnestly participate in the people's organizations.

Work 3v.  To encourage those who have loans from the agricultural credits or tax service to pay them on due terms.  To assist families who are entitled to allowances from the Government to get them as soon as possible.


Criterion No. 4:  The Administration and People's Democratic Organizations
Work 4a.  To select, establish contact, organize, train, and test good elements in the village for them to assume leadership positions in the local administration and the people's organizations.

Work 4b.  To organize people in the hamlet into cells, groups, or Youth Associations for Revolutionary Development (to include children's groups, juvenile groups, adult groups, etc.).

Work 4c.  Election of the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee, whose composition shall be depending on the local situation.  In principle, the Committee should include one chairman, one deputy chairman, one member in charge of military affairs, one in charge of cultural affairs, one in charge of health, one in charge of agricultural affairs, and one in charge of reconstruction.

Work 4d.  To assist the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee to organize once a month and for one or two days, a rally of all the villagers in order for the above groups and associations to meet, receive political and military training, conduct sports events, have entertainments, and do community development works (Work 3c.).  To guide and conduct activities of the groups and associations for an indefinite period of time.

Work 4e.  To help the hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee work out a Hamlet Charter setting up regulations and disciplinary actions for the hamlet people.  The Charter should be consistent with the laws of the country, with the revolutionary development policy, and especially with the new spirit as described in the Third Criterion.

Work 4f.  To assist the local administration to elect the Hamlet's Board of Administration and the Village Council.  To encourage influential personalities to run for the leadership positions, and the voters to cast their votes.

Work 4g.  To help the district authorities train the elected executive members, if so requested.

Work 4h.  To organize ceremonies for the proclamation of the Hamlet's Charter and oath-taking ceremony for the Hamlet's Board of Administration and its Revolutionary Development Committee.   swear to be absolutely honest and economical, to serve the people, and never to withdraw before hardship and difficulties.


Criterion No. 5:  To Organize the Struggle Against VC
Work 5a.  To select, establish contact, organize, train, and test a number of capable and influential persons to take up leadership positions in the anti-VC organizations.

Work 5b.  To organize combat cells, police cells, liaison cells, first aid cells, etc.  To organize inter-family groups and combat sections.

Work 5c.  To assist in the training of these cells, both politically and militarily, to build defense works and barricades, to select locations and methods of setting up same.

Work 5d.  To assist the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee to discuss and make assignments to people to clear the grounds, remove the bushy areas, set up barbed wire fences, bamboo fences, etc., around the hamlet.

Work 5e.  To guide the combat cells in their activities and have meetings at least once a month.

Work 5f.  To set up a hamlet liaison system (by radio, flares, etc.) with the village headquarters, the friendly groups, the military units in the neighboring regions and districts.

Work 5g.  To select, establish contact, organize, train, and test a number of capable young men to be armed when feasible and appropriate.

Work 5h.  To organize combat cells and the Armed Youth for Revolutionary Development Groups.

Work 5i.  To give military training to the combat cells and build defense works and barricades.

Work 5j.  To give them practice, and hold meetings at least twice a month.

Work 5k.  To assist for an extended period of time these cells to obtain good results.

Work 5l.  To request the province authorities to give financial assistance to the young men who are wounded -- or, if killed, to their families -- as follows:  killed -- $10,000, seriously wounded -- $4,000, slightly wounded -- $2,000.  To make suggestions to the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee and the Village Executive Committee to name the streets or public buildings in the hamlet after the heroes.

Work 5m.  To suggest and assist the families living scattered outside the hamlet periphery to move inside.  The moves should be freely decided by the families concerned, without allowances or damages paid, and should only be done with families located within a range of 1,000 meters around the hamlet.

Work 5n.  To encourage youths to join the Revolutionary Development Cadres and Village Self-Defense Force.


Criterion No 6.  Illiteracy Campaign
Work No. 6a.  To conduct a census of people from 10 to 45 years of age, who are illiterate or very poorly educated; of the present number of students and those estimated for the next year; of the number and condition of the classrooms available, and those which can be used for this purpose; the number of teachers available and the potential ones.

Work 6b.  To organize classes for the illiterates, and same for more advanced students to better their knowledge of history, geography, language, Vietnamese traditions, etc.  These classes will also discuss problems that have been explained in Criterion 3, on "Abolishing Hatred and Building up a New Spirit."

-- To encourage the educated youths to volunteer as teachers for these classes, and the villagers to eagerly attend as students.
-- To request the province authorities to give the allowances of $19,000 that have been fixed for this purpose to each New Life Hamlet.

Work 6c.  To organize meetings for lectures and discussions on articles published in Review, as received from the Province (see Work 3c.).

Work 6d.  To help the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee make assignments to people in the construction and renovation of classrooms within the pattern of a community project.

--  To encourage parents to send their children to school.
--  To request the Province to give the allowances of $85,000 in cash, 75 bags of cement, and 80 sheets of corrugated steel that have been established for each classroom built, and each New Life Hamlet may build as many as 5 classrooms.
--  Each class will have at least one teacher.
--  To report immediately to the Province and request their intervention anytime the classes stop operating, for any reason whatsoever.

Criterion No. 7:  Health
Work 7a.  To teach people in hygiene: to eat good foods, drink boiled water, keep their houses well ventilated, clean, in good order, free from flies, mosquitoes, garbage, etc.  To take showers and change dirty clothes every day.  To practice sports and do physical exercises.
Each house should have a sanitary toilet, a clean kitchen, and a closed storage point for garbage.  Foods must be kept in good food-keepers, etc.
Work 7b.  To encourage the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee and the Hamlet Chief to have wells dug in the hamlet for potable water and to build a good drainage system.
The Province Administration must financially support the hamlet in its "Self-sustaining Program" by allocating $50,000 in cash and materials provided for this purpose.
Work 7c.  To assist the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee to build and/or renovate the hamlet's dispensary or maternity facility by making assignments to people after studies and discussions about the job have been conducted.
--  To request the Provincial Authorities to give allowances of $220,000 in cash and 175 bags of cement, with 153 corrugated steel sheets provided for this purpose.  Every dispensary-maternity facility will have one midwife and one additional staff member.
--  To encourage mothers-to-be and sick people to come to the dispensary for treatment.
--  To assist the midwife in her requests for medical supplies.
--  To report to the Province when the dispensary, for any reason whatsoever stops operating.
Work 7d.To request the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee and the Hamlet Board of Administration to make transportation facilities available day and night for transport of patients to the district and province.

Criterion 8:  Land Reform
Work 8a.  To encourage and assist the farmers in writing contracts with the landowners to replace those made verbally.  To renew contracts at expiration.  There are now 3 categories of contracts: A, B, and C.
Contracts of Category A include those made with the landowners on lands under present utilization.  Contracts of Category B concern those made on abandoned fields, and Category C contracts are those made on abandoned lands for which the Village Executive Committee acts on behalf of the absent landowners.
Work 8b.  To encourage and assist the farmers in strictly carrying out contracts signed, concerning the taxes which are fixed by the government at rates from 15% to 25% of the principal crops in the year.

Work 8c.  To disseminate and explain decisions made by the government on further collections of taxes due it by the farmers during the previous insecure years.  This means that the landowners are not authorized to collect taxes due them on crops for the years the lands were recognized as being located in insecure areas since, during these years, the landowners have been exempted from paying taxes to the government.

Work 8d.  To assist the Farmer Association in making census of lands belonging to private people and legal entities, but left abandoned; and to make suggestions to the Village Executive Committee for the immediate utilization thereof.

Work 8e.  To assist the Farmer Association in organizing meetings of people in the hamlet to discuss and make suggestions to the Village Executive Committee:

(1)  To distribute the lands by order of priority to such persons as having credits in the reconstruction and development of the hamlet, those who deserve it by their eager participation in the defense and construction of the village (Work 11b).
(2)  To authorize utilization of public lands by making assignments to people instead of by invitation to bid.
Work 8f.  To assist the Farmer Association in making suggestions to the Village Executive Committee to solve problems caused by previous distribution of the lands by the communists.

Work 8g.  To assist the Farmer Association in making suggestions to the Village Executive Committee to solve problems caused by previous illegal claims on public lands.

Work 8h.  To assist the Farmer Association and the Village Executive Committee in reconciling all conflicts or land disputes.

Work 8i.  To assist the Village Executive Committee in issuing land titles to farmers who have bought lands dispossessed from the landowners.


Criterion No. 9:  Development of Agriculture and Handicraft
Work 9a.  To assist the Farmer Association in breaking down into sections such as Irrigation Section, Agricultural Section, Breeding Section, Fishing Section, and Handicraft Section, in accordance with local economic activities.

Work 9b.  To coordinate activities with the agricultural cadres detailed to the village and assist the Association in launching campaigns for increase of rice production, growing of additional crops, development of breeding and fishing, etc., in accordance with local conditions.  The operations can include, in general, the following:

(1)  Renovation or construction of an irrigation system which includes dikes, dams, drains, canals, etc.
(2)  Distribution, loan, or lease at cheap prices:
(a)  Chemical fertilizers.
(b)  Rice seeds, fruit seeds, young plants, baby cattle.
(c)  Foods for cattle and materials for building stables.
(d)  Medicine and equipment for crops and cattle protection.
(e)  Agricultural equipment such as tractors, pumps, DDT sprayers.
(3)  Loans from the Agricultural Credits,
(4)  Organization of exhibition centers and of training classes to teach new techniques. In principle, each new Farmer Association organized at a New Hamlet may receive as loan from the Government:
--  $60,000 worth of seeds and young plants
--  40 baby pigs (Category $2,000) or
--  640 baby chickens (Category $150).
--  $1,000 worth of materials, and 4 bags of cement for each pigsty.
--  $500 worth of materials for each poultry house.
--  $300 worth of food for each pig.
--  $20 worth of food for each chicken.
--  $10,000 worth of medicine for crop protection.
--  $7,000 worth of medicine for cattle protection.
--  A number of pumps (Category 10,000).
--  A number of sprayers (Category $2,000).
Besides, each hamlet may set up two centers for exhibition of cattle and two centers for exhibition of agricultural products.  Each cattle exhibition center will receive baby cattle and foods for six months, worth $4,000 and each Agricultural Exhibition center will receive $2,000.

The provincial Agricultural and Animal Husbandry Service also earmark allowances to organize two training classes on Agricultural Techniques and two training classes on cattle breeding methods at each New Life Hamlet in 1967.

Poor farmers may, upon recommendation of two Revolutionary Development Cadres and approval of the Chief of Rural Development in the hamlet, obtain loans from the Agricultural Credits provided the loans are used for growing crops, and that the farmers follow the technical advice of the agricultural cadres, work industriously, and repay the money to the Agricultural Credits on due terms.

Work 9c.  To request the Province to satisfy the requirements for carrying out the above program.

Work 9d.  To make suggestions to the Province authorities to place the irrigation systems in the hamlet under the "state controlled" regime.  To encourage the Hamlet Revolutionary Development Committee and the people's organizations to eagerly participate in the control of these irrigation systems, and to keep record thereof in a just manner.

Work 9e.  To assist the Farmer Association in organizing meetings to select active and technically capable farmers to participate in the first phase of the campaigns for increasing rice production, growing additional crops, breeding and fishing development in accordance with local conditions.

Work 9f.  To assist the agricultural cadres in setting up, supervising, and controlling the exhibition centers.

Work 9g.  To assist the agricultural cadres in training, at the exhibition centers, farmers who have been recommended for such training.

Work 9h.  To recommend these farmers for loans from the Agricultural Credits.

Work 9i:  To assist the agricultural cadres in signing contracts with farmers who are recommended.  These contracts may include the following conditions:

(1)  Agricultural credits can only be used for agricultural campaign purposes (growing crops, etc.)
(2)  Farmers will be issued, loaned, or authorized to buy at cheap price, fertilizers, seeds, foods, and materials for the construction of cattle stables, medicine and materials for the protection of crops, cattle, and equipment.
(3)  To attend training classes and to strictly comply with technical advice given.
(4)  To work industriously.
(5)  To return the seeds on due terms.
(6)  To repay the loans on due terms.
Work 9j.  To assist the agricultural cadres in encouraging the farmers to participate in the above campaigns, and to set turns for them to borrow equipment and money for their work.

Work 9k.  To help the agricultural cadres:

(1)  Recoup the agricultural loans on due terms.
(2)  Organize subsequent phases of the campaigns.
Work 9l.  To encourage the Farmer Association to organize handicraft training classes such as knitting, embroidering, weaving, tailoring, hat manufacturing, etc., for farmers during post harvesting time.  In hamlets where a handicraft has already existed, to make suggestions to the Farmer Association to organize cooperatives, for people to be authorized to borrow money to purchase equipment and materials for their handicrafts.  To request the government to assist in assigning technicians to the village to help people improve their techniques and installing electric generators.

Criterion No. 10:  Development of a Communications System
Work 10a.  To help the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee establish a plan for developing and improving the road system in the hamlet.  A plan should include the following minimum of works:
(1)  To build or renovate one main road in the hamlet.  This main road must be large enough and strong enough for 2.5 ton trucks to use, and must run through the hamlet headquarters area.
(2)  To build or renovate a number of transversal roads leading the hamlet sections to the main road.  These roads must be large enough for the 3-wheel vehicles to use.
(3)  To build or renovate a number of tracks or paths leading from the houses to the transversal roads.  They must be serviceable to bicycles.
(4)  To build or renovate bridges and markets.
(5)  To erect traffic signs authorizing vehicles to use only roads reserved for them.
Work 10b.  To help the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee make assignments to people to build, within the patters of the community development program, the different roads as said in (2), (3), (4), and (5), above.
To request the Province to give financial support to each project, such support is scheduled at $50,000 in cash with a quantity of materials.
Work 10c.  To suggest to the Province to have the main roads built under a "state controlled" system.  To suggest that the Revolutionary Development Committee and the people's organizations earnestly participate in this community development project, and to properly record their attendance.

Work 10d.  To make recommendations to the province to sell 3-wheel vehicles on credit, and radio receivers at cheap price to the people, and to install a Post Office and an Information Hall in the hamlet.


Criterion No. 11:  A Meritorious Treatment of the Combatants
Work 11a.  To make a list of such individuals as have actively contributed to the rural development projects.  To recommend the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee discuss and cite these individuals as Revolutionary Development Heroes.  The list is to be updated in October every year through a general assembly of people in the hamlet.

Work 11b.  To give honored treatment to these rural development combatants on major holidays and occasions.

Work 11c.  To make recommendations to the Village Executive Committee and the Farmer Association to consider distributing lands to these combatants.

Work 11d.  To make recommendations to the Village Executive Committee and the Hamlet Board of Administration to give priority to such combatants in receiving government allowances and agricultural credit loans.

Work 11e.  To make recommendations to the Province to give allowances to families of the combatants who have sacrificed their lives.

Work 11f.  To make recommendations to the Hamlet's Revolutionary Development Committee to give assistance to families of the dead combatants and to recommend that the Village Executive Committee name the village streets after them.
 


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