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Geronimo in prisoner uniform (including grey-striped black pants)

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When he was captured, Geronimo was promised to be held prisoner by the United States for only two years; thereafter, to be set free to return to the reservation.

Geronimo is the Prisoner of War held the longest by the United States; he was removed from his native land of Arizona and New Mexico and taken to Texas, then Florida, and finally to Oklahoma. When he died at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, he was still a Prisoner Of War and had been held for 23 years.

AMERICANS for REPATRIATION of GERONIMO (A.R.G.) is seeking to return Geronimo to his native land. The Native Americans Grave Repatriation Act, (N.A.G.P.R.A.), signed into law in 1992 by President George Bush requires the return of Native American remains to Native Americans.. to date, Geronimo still lies at Fort Sill, U.S. Army Post, in the state of Oklahoma.

We seek disinterment and placement of Geronimo's complete remains in a coffin for carry on a horse-drawn military caisson [similar as for JFK's funeral] with U.S. Army Honor Guard to march from Fort Sill, Oklahoma all the way to Arizona (or today New Mexico/formerly Arizona territory) for fulfillment of Geronimo's Last Will [and N.A.G.P.R.A.] that Geronimo be returned to his Native Land [as is afforded to all P.O.W.s throughout the History of these United States]; at the last mile of the march, Geronimo's remains will be marched alongside by Apache tribal members to Geronimo's final resting place.

Join us! No fees! Help us spread the word and help us return GERONIMO's remains to Native American resting grounds as provided for by the N.A.G.P.R.A.

Press Releases & News Updates:

UPDATE: Thursday 26 February 2009

CNN: Descendant sues Skull and Bones over Geronimo's bones

UPDATE: November 2006


UPDATE: Monday 23 March 1998

GERONIMO's Last Will..

I AM thankful that the President of the United States (Theodore Roosevelt) has given me permission to tell my story. I hope that he and those in authority under him will read my story and judge whether my people have been rightly treated.

There is a great question between the Apaches and the Government. For twenty years we have been held prisoners of war under a treaty which was made with General Miles, on the part of the United States Government, and myself as the representative of the Apaches. That treaty has not at all times been properly observed by the Government, although at the present time it is being more nearly fulfilled on their part than heretofore. In the treaty with General Miles we agreed to go to a place outside of Arizona and learn to live as the white people do. I think that my people are now capable of living in accordance with the laws of the United States, and we would, of course, like to have the liberty to return to that land which is ours by divine right. We are reduced in numbers, and having learned how to cultivate the soil would not require so much ground as was formerly necessary. We do not ask all of the land which the Almighty gave us in the beginning, but that we may have sufficient lands there to cultivate. What we do not need we are glad for the white men to cultivate.

We are now held on Comanche and Kiowa lands, which are not suited to our needs -- these lands and this climate are suited to the Indians who originally inhabited this country, of course, but our people are decreasing in numbers here, and will continue to decrease unless they are allowed to return to their native land. Such a result is inevitable.

There is no climate or soil which, to my mind, is equal to that of Arizona. We could have plenty of good cultivating land, plenty of grass, plenty of timber and plenty of minerals in that land which the Almighty created for the Apaches. It is my land, my home, my father's land, to which I now ask to be allowed to return. I want to spend my last days there, AND BE BURIED AMONG THOSE MOUNTAINS. If this could be I might die in peace, feeling that my people, placed in their native homes, would increase in numbers rather than diminish as at present, and that our name would not become extinct.

I know that if my people were placed in that mountainous region lying around the headwaters of the Gila River they would live in peace and act according to the will of the President. They would be prosperous and happy in tilling the soil and learning the civilization of the white men, whom they now respect. Could I but see this accomplished, I think I could forget all the wrongs that I have ever received, and die a contented and happy old man. But we can do nothing in this matter ourselves -- we must wait until those in authority choose to act. If this cannot be done during my lifetime -- if I must die in bondage -- I hope, that the remnant of the Apache tribe may, when I am gone, be granted the one privilege which they request -- to return to Arizona.


Idrogo and Americans for Repatriation of Geronimo v. United States Army (1998)

(13) The Tribal Claimants rely on an out-of-circuit district court decision, Idrogo v. United States Army, 18 F. Supp. 2d 25 (D.D.C. 1998), for the proposition that non-Indian plaintiffs lack standing to bring lawsuits alleging violations of NAGPRA because they are not within the statute's zone of interests. But Idrogo does not stand for this broad proposition and is not persuasive to us in support of the claimed restriction. Rather, Idrogo merely held that a particular plaintiff bearing no relation to the Apache warrior Geronimo could not sue for the "return" of Geronimo's remains because that plaintiff did not satisfy the constitutional injury-in-fact requirement. Id. at 27. In Idrogo, neither the prudential standing requirements nor the zone-of-interests test was at issue. And unlike Plaintiffs here, the Idrogo plaintiff had not alleged any interest in studying the remains.

(14) Even if NAGPRA did not confer jurisdiction over Plaintiffs' claims, the APA's "generous review provisions" would confer jurisdiction.

I'-dro'-go' (English lang., all long vowels)

Bonnichsen v. United States, 357 F.3d 962 (9th Cir. 2004)

Claim can still be made by Geronimo's Apache tribal members!


Americans for Repatriation of Geronimo (ARG) Features Americans for Repatriation of Geronimo (ARG), an organization that aims to return the body of Geronimo to Native American land. Notes that Geronimo was a Chiricahua Apache leader who died as a U.S. prisoner of war. Explains that the Native Americans Grave Repatriation Act (1992) requires the return of Native American remains to Native American land.


=- more updates pending -=

Cochise, Geronimo and Mangas Coloradas
Geronimo: His own story
What happened to Geronimo's headdress????? > Geronimo
Indian Country Today > Dancing on graves of missing Native Americans
BOOK > Geronimo: His Own Story
More information on GERONIMO
Apache lands
Geronimo's last hurrah
Obituary, February 18, 1909, New York Times
Where GERONIMO ended up as a P.O.W.



Photo gallery

Geronimo alongside Southern Pacific railroad on the way to (Quadrangle) Fort Sam Houston (San Antonio, Texas) for the initial Army imprisonment

GERONIMO - online photo images

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