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festina lente
1.1 Revision of the verb "To be"
  • "to be" is an infinitive form - "esse" in Latin
For the time being in RLG we only meet the present tense of this and other regular verbs.

RLG: Page 2-3

Revise the form of the verb sum and read the points about word-order in sentences with sum.

Complete the reading exercise on page 4

  • Note particularly 5(c): when est/sunt come first, translate as 'there is/there are
1.2 Revision of present indicative active
  • All regular verbs in Latin belong to one of the 4 conjugations
Revise amo and habeo

RLG: page 8-9
Read paragraph 4 which explains the terminology of this section.

How can I tell the conjugation of a verb?

RLG: page 8
read carefully notes 1,2,3.

RLG: page 9 complete exercise 1

Do you know the difference between -ere(2nd) and -ere(3rd)?

  • When you meet a verb for the first time in Latin, you should always learn the conjugation to which the verb belongs.

  • Each conjugation has a 'key' vowel

  • the infinitive form is also a good guide here:
  • -are (1st) -ere (2nd) -ere (3rd) -ire (4th)

1.3 Revision of the cases in Latin


RLG: page 9-11

Read carefully sections 6 and 7.


RLG: page 25

Read paragraph 17A on the vocative.

1.4 1st declension nouns


1.5 2nd declension nouns

Revise seruus (or servus, if you prefer...)

Read the notes on 2nd declension neuter nouns on page 24.


puer, pueri m boy

vir, viri m man

culter, cultri m knife (note the stem!)

(these words are fully declined on page 49 of RLG)

1.6 Prepositions

eg in villa (ablative)= in the house BUT

in villam(accusative) = into the house (implying movement)


Read the translation hint on pages 14 - 15 of RLG

Exercises from Latin Sentences:

Exercise 21: nos. 1 - 20 (nominative)

Exercise 22: nos 1 - 20 (accusative)

1.7 3rd declension nouns

RLG: page 21

Read note 3

RLG: page 22

Do exercise 2

RLG: page 48

Revise nomen - an example of a neuter noun of the 3rd declension

Exercises from Latin Sentences:

Exercise 23: nos 1 - 20 (genitive)

Exercise 24: nos 1 - 20 (dative)

Exercise 25: nos 3 - 20 (ablative)

Exercise 26: nos 1 - 20 (ablative)

1.8 Adjectives

eg bonus, bona, bonum - good (1st/2nd declension)

fortis, fortis, forte (3rd declension)

multus, multa, multum/ multum, multam, multum/ multi, multae, multi/ etc etc


miser misera miserum (stem miser - ) wretched

pulcher pulchra pulchrum (stem pulchr - ) beautiful

tener tenera tenerum (stem tener - ) tender

RLG: pages 22 - 23

Read carefully Notes 1 - 7 .

1.9 Apposition


RLG: page 25

Read carefully paragraph 17A


RLG: page 26

Exercise 5

RLG: page 29

Do exercise 4

1.10 Deliciae Latinae page 30ff 1


Back to business

1.11 The Imperative

ama habe rege audi

amate habete regite audite

fer/ferte fac/facite duc/ducite


RLG page 37

Do exercise 2

noli amare - do not love = literally "be unwilling to love"

nolite ire - do not go = literally "be unwilling to go"


Exercise from Latin Sentences

Ex. 32: nos. 2, 3, 4, 9, 13, 16,

1.12 Personal pronouns


RLG page 39; 69-70

Revise the personal pronouns for 'I' and 'you'.

Read carefully notes 1, 2, and 3

Revise the plural forms on pages 69-70

RLG page 40

Some real Latin again: do Exercise 3 a-e

RLG page 42

do Reading exercise

1.13 Deliciae Latinae page 43ff 2


1.14 3rd and 4th conjugation Verbs

You have already revised 1st and 2nd conjugation verbs, now revise 3rd and 4th.

RLG page 47

Learn dico and audio,

1.15 Interrogative pronoun/adjective

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Answers links Home