and background of Court Dance
Dance Costumes & Dance
Royal Dance Spectacles
Classical Court Dance Music
Masked Theatre (Lakhon Khol)
Shadow Theatre (Nang Sbek)
Traditional Cambodian Music Discography
(drums) are very important in many Khmer orchestras because, they help to regulate the
tempo, more importantly in dance they control the gestures and movements of the dancers
and actually serves as a kind of musical cue for getting from one movement to the next.
However in the pin-peat orchestra it goes beyond on that. The drums are
always placed at the front of the orchestra because, it has always been the tradition,
unlike other orchestras where the musicians just find a spot and sit down ready to
perform. The two drums skor thom and samphor would sometimes lead
the orchestra in a traditional performances. Candles and incense sticks would
sometimes be lit and placed on the drums to invite and invoke the spirits .
|Skor samphor or
generally called samphor is a two headed barrel drum mounted horizontally on a stand and
is permanently attached with two cords underneath the drum. The body of the drum is
usually hollowed out from a single solid piece of wood from any kind of tree. One
head of the drum is slightly larger than the other because, the samphor needs to produce
two different pitch. The two heads are covered with cow hide and is laced with
rattan or strips of leather to tighten the heads.
The head of the
samphor has tuning
paste because, the more heavier the application of ash from a burnt branch of a palm mixed
with cooked rice and sometimes bread is also added the deeper the sound. The samphor
is played with both hands.
The samphor has been known for
centuries there are depictions of instruments on bas-reliefs of Angkor, also the
serves a ritualistic and entertainment role right through to the present. Also the
samphor is often associated with the pin-peat orchestra and is the most
important drum in the orchestra because, it leads the orchestra. The samphor
is equally important in accompanying the solo playing of the sralay
(oboe) in freestyle-boxing pieces.
two large bass drums that have buffalo skin heads that are struck
with two wooden beaters. Sometimes the drums are struck on
the sides with beaters. The two drums gives two un-tuned
pitches. One drum will sound more tighter and louder, while the
other drum will have a loose and more flatter sound.
thom is usually made
from strong but light wood. The longs are 50 centimetres long and
is 46 centimetres in diametre at the centre and at the end about
40 centimetres. The drum is hollowed out from a single solid
block of wood for it's entire length and thickness of 1 centimetre.
The skor thom is
played adding a dramatic hightlight to the compositions. As
accompaniment music to the dance, they would emphasize certain movements of
the dancers thus giving a more dramatic colouring to the development of the
dance, making the dance more lively spectacle