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Archaeological Sites in Alexandria

Qaitbay Fort

This fort Erected in 1480 on the northern tip of the entrance to the Harbour , on the same spot where the pharos of Alexandria once stood .

The three floors fort design is influenced by both medieval architecture as well as by the lighthouse original layout. The fort also houses the Naval Museum.

Abd-El-Qader El-Shorbagy Mosque Complex

Abu Kir

This area, historically known as "Canopus" contains several Greek and Roman monuments. It is the site of the Abu-Qir battle between Napoleon and the British Commander, Nelson.


El-Alamein, some 104 kilometers west of Alexandria, lies on the macadamized road leading to Mersa Matrouh. Here, the most violent battle of World War II took place in 1942, with more than 8,000 soldiers, both allied and axis, killed. The British Cemetery: This is the first cemetery a visitor comes across. It lies to the left of the road and is surrounded by huge walled garden. There one can see the tombstones arranged in neat and regular rows. The Italian Cemetery: This is situated on a high dune and is a huge fort-like structure covered with marble. Inside lie the remains of the Italian victims. The German Cemetery: Again this is a huge fort-like structure situated on a high dune over-looking the sea. Inside, one finds an obelisk, around which lie soldiers ' graves.

El-Anfoushi Necropolis

These five Ptolemic tombs, from the early Third Century BC, were only discovered in 1901 AD. They were cut into the existing rock and belong to Greek-Egyptians.

El-Montaza Palace

This palace was Built on a low plateau east of Alexandria and overlooking a beautiful beach amid about 370 acres of gardens and woods.

The palace comprises a number of buildings, the most important being El-Haramlek and El-Salamlek, the summer residence of the former royal family.

El-Mursi Abu-El-Abbas Mosque

Abu-El-Abbas was a Moslem scholar, originally from Murcia, Spain, which was then part of the Islamic Empire. He settled down in Alexandria and built the Mosque that carries his name today.

This mosque is the largest in the city and it is distinguished for its high minaret and four domes. The mosque was built in 1767 then re-designed and rebuilt in the twentieth century, and illustrates the sophistication of Andalusian Islamic architecture.

El-Shatby Necropolis

It dates back to the Third Century BC., and constructed along the lines of the old Greek houses, the necropolis includes a doorway, corridor, and two chambers.

Ibrahim Terbana Mosque and Sabil

Kom El-Shuqqaffa Catacombs

These are located near the port of Alexandria.. They date back to the end of the first or the beginning of the second centuries A.D.

This is the largest Roman cemetery in Alexandria. It is composed of three levels cut 30 meters deep into the existing rock. It is a blend of Pharaonic and Roman art.

Moustafa Kamel Necropolis

This area consists of four subterranean rock-hewn tombs from the Ptolemic era, dating back to the 2nd. Century BC, Influenced by Ancient Egyptian style. They are still in good condition up till now.

They are distinguished by their bright colors and relief inscriptions that describe the daily activities and religious beliefs of the deceased.

Pompey's Pillar & Serapis Temple

This is a huge granite pillar standing among the ruins of the Serapium Temple in 297 AD in honor of Emperor Diocletian. The Serapis Temple was built for a new cult to unite the Egyptian and Greek religions.

The Pillar stands 26.85 meters high and has a diameter of 2.7 meters at the base and 2.3 meters at the top. It is mistakenly named so in the Middle Ages. It is the most prominent remaining Greek landmark in Alexandria.

The Roman Amphi-Theater

It is discovered only in the early 1960's and considered unique in Egypt. The theater was built in 206 AD, over than three fourths of it still stands today, in remarkably good condition.

It is a small amphi-theater, has twelve marble tiers forming a semi-circle with a stage about fifteen feet wide.

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