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We have Sellassie websites for two years and there Eritrean and Oromo pages in our directories. This is the first page about Amhara.

Strange, do not you think so? Ethiopia speaks Amharic (which our politically correct times prefer call "Ethiopic"), but how the Amhara, the "oppressors" managed to bring what is known today as Ethiopia?

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The Lost Empire: The Story of the Jesuits in Ethiopia 1555-1634 * African Zion: The Sacred Art of Ethiopia * Ethiopia in Pictures (Visual Geography Series) * The Dream Behind Bars: The Story of the Prisoners of Zion from Ethiopia * In the Land of Solomon and Sheba * Surrender or Starve: The Wars Behind the Famine * Flora of Ethiopia * Agrarian reform in Ethiopia * Modern Ethiopia: From the accession of Menilek II to the present : proceedings of the Fifth International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Nice, 19-22 December 1977 * Ethiopia: Its People, Its Society, Its Culture * Ethiopia the Christian Art of an African Nation * Decision-making in Ethiopia: A study of the political process

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Amhara (Amara)

2004 updated
RE: Your Ethiopia and Amara Concept

Everyone does have his or her own Ethiopia. And the tragedy of Ethiopia that too many people think that they OWN Ethiopia. Nobody owns Ethiopia. If you love something, it owns you.

This one party-war with the thousands dead is the result of this misunderstood ownership. When Ethiopians will understand that all have the right to have this personal relations with the country, Ethiopia will be free. Free from war and famine, free to grow and prosper. Look how many claim their right to impose THEIR views what Ethiopia is...

Enemy? They are the enemies of Ethiopia. Just wait and see what the winners will do. They win, Ethiopia loses. What enemies? Does Ethiopia have friends? Those misplaced Ethiopias who insist on being call Eritreans, what do they fight for? Too bad that the bush government in Addis can't express this simple fact that they do not claim any territory of Eritrea, because any territory anywhere belongs to the people who live there.

Ethiopia's enemies are those who say OUR Ethiopia and not MY Ethiopia.

I myself read Wondimu's posts for a while alredy -- and he has HIS Ethiopia which comes first before his political agenda.

I said it before and still believe that Oromo issue is more serious than the "pure" Eritrean claims. It's not the size alone, but the real culture of Oromo makes it into a question of the existence of Ethiopia as a country. One would think that the tragic Eritrean story would cool off the advocates of breaking up of the "empire" -- how did they benefit from independence and what is ahead? Greater Tigrey or Soveign Oromo? The fall out of Ethiopia will be more dramatic than of Yugoslavia; Somalia is a good example of falling into non-existence. There are real consiquencies of the military the recent Ethiopian military victory; Europe and US will go after the breaking it apart. Ethiopia and Eritrea perhaps the only countries in Africa which do have real armies and in order to control them from the distant western capitals, it has to deconstructed into smaller pieces. Just a reminder: Eritrean troups moved down south two weeks after the Clinton's "historical" trip to Africa (no stop in Ethiopia). Did he know about Eritrean army's redeployment, did the CIA debriefed the State Department? Does it really matters? You can buy the sattelite photos from the Russians; the Americans knew -- and this is when US President praised Meles and Issays as the new leaders of Africa. Does Ethiopia has enemies? The question is -- does she has friends?

Now, what would hold Ethiopia together when the advisors and observers will get in the middle of this? The government in Addis? Or maybe the cuture and the society I tried to talked about. And this what I think Wondimu is writing about.


----- Original Message -----
From: Wondimu.Mekonnen 
To: EthioForum Mailing List 
Sent: Monday, May 29, 2000 6:01 AM
Subject: [EthioForum] - Re: Who is your enemy? I know mine, do you know yours.

EthioForum Exchange, Y2K

In America we speak English, the language of "opressors"; modern French came of the provinces, which overpowered the rest, the same with German or Italian. All big National cultures have many contributors from the regions, which were dominated one or another ethnicity and at the last count it's not the political power matters, but the culture. Unlike Eritreans the Oromo do have it and it is a part of "Ethiopianess" already. Latin America speaks Spanish, the language of the colonizers, and the ecomonic progress they made in the past two decades is a result of focusing on the needs of their countries, not fighting the ghosts of the past. If the Dergue's era is to teach Ethiopians any lessons, it was the need to overcome the complexity of ethnic divisions with the new ideology/religion of marxism. Surprisingly, this concept is not dead and one can visit Eritrean or OLF official websites to read their socialist platforms. Unlike so many I do not believe that the main problem of the current government is their Tigrey-oriented politcis, but their socialist ways of dealing with Ethiopia. For over 70 years the Soviet Union was a union of different republics, sccording to the USSR paper-constitution; the same with the recent government in Addis; they can't be multicultural, when they are totalitarian in their socialist convictions. The party power war with Eritrea should warn any other ethnic movement not to go into this path of self-destruction. There are no winners in this war and instead of appealing to the West, ALL Ethiopians should find THEIR way of solving their problems. Instead of debating the land tenure of the past, ALL Ethiopians should push for a land reform, which will benefit all -- Oromo, Tigrey, Amhara... Discussing famine or the border problem, could we remember that all those problems do come from the fact that Ethiopians still do not own the land they work? There is no border between Eritrea and Ethiopia because there are no OWNERS of this land. Do you expect that UN, EU, US or the leaders in Addis and Asmara, who not know much about Ethiopia and Eritrea, because they spent their lives in fighting for non-Ethiopian issues, would they know how to apply the Oromo land management, for example?

This is what "culture" means -- taking the best from each and giving it to the rest.

Leaving the past aside, does it matter if Amharization, Oromization, Tigrezation or Americanization will benefit Ethiopians? Does it really matter under what name the people of Ethiopia will benefit? The pride is not what you call yourself, but what did and do. One can't be a proud Eritrean bringing all this misery on Eritrean people. And here I have an issue with Wondimu.

Long before the 1998 war we had to disagree on Eritrea. Unlike Wondimu I thought that the Eritrean problem is not to go away. Problems of Eritrea are Ethiopian problems. Even more so with Oromo. Look at the Tigrey at power! Unless Ethiopia as Culture will be viewed beneficial to all, this civil war would go on. By "culture" I mean this common history, good or bad. One day the government will be dominated by the Oromo Ethiopians, but will it be good for the Oromo and all Ethiopians? Not until Oromo, or any other national leadership will drop the revolutionary phaziology of "fronts" mixing it with nationalistic calls with very little of their own national substance. Bashing other nationalities can't creat your own.

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