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                  Spiritual Authority:

            ERROR                       versus                   TRUTH

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[The Catholic Church]                                   [The Bible]

The Catholic Church Teaches                                               The Bible Teaches


1. Peter was the head of the apostles                                    Christ was the head of the apostles
    [552, 765, 880].                                                                    [John 13:13].


2. The Bishops are the successors                                          The apostles had no successors, for to
    of the apostles [861-862, 938].                                            succeed them one needed to be an
                                                                                                  eye-witness of Christ's resurrection
    
                                                                                                                                           [Acts 1: 21-22].


3. The Pope, as the Bishop of Rome,                                      Peter had no successor.
    is the successor of Peter [862, 936].


4. The bishops, with the Pope as their                                   Christ, the head of the body,
    head, rule the universal Church                                        rules the universal Church
    [883 894-896].                                                                      [Colossians 1 :18]


5. God has entrusted revelation to                                         God has entrusted revelation to the
    Roman Catholic Bishops [81, 86].                                      saints [Jude 3].


6. The Magisterium is the authoritative                                The Holy Spirit is the authoritative
    teacher of the Church [85-87].                                           teacher of the Church [John 14:26,
                                                                                                  16:13, 1 John 2: 27].


7. The Magisterium is the infallible                                        Scripture is the only infallible
    interpreter of Scripture [890-891,                                      interpreter of Scripture
    2034-2035].                                                                            [Acts 17:11].


8. The Pope is infallible in his authoritative                           God alone is infallible
    teaching [891].                                                                       [Numbers 23:19].


9. The Magisterium alone has the ability                               Every Christian, aided by the Holy
    and the right to interpret Scripture                                   Spirit, has the right to interpret
    [85, 199, 939].                                                                        Scripture [Acts 17:11, 
                                                                                                   1 Corinthians 2: 12-16


10. Scripture is to be interpreted in the                                  Scripture must be interpreted
      sense it has been defined by the                                          in the original sense intended by
      Magisterium [113, 119].                                                      the Holy Spirit [2 Peter 3:14-16].


11. The Magisterium has the right to                                      No one has the right to go beyond
      define truth found only obscurely                                      what is written in Scripture
      or implicitly in revelation                                                   [1 Corinthians 4:6; Proverbs 30:6].
      [66, 88, 2035, 2051].


12. Scripture and Tradition together                                       Scripture is the Word of God
      the Word of God [81, 85, 97, 182].                                      [John 10:35; 2 Timothy 3: 16-17;
                                                                                                     2 Peter 1:20-21].
                                                                                                     Tradition is the words of men
                                                                                                     [Mark 7: 1-13].


13. Scripture and Tradition together                                        Scripture is the church's only rule
      are the Church's supreme rule of                                        of faith [Mark 7: 7-13;
      faith [80, 82].                                                                          2 Timothy 3:16-17].


Taken in-part from:
The Gospel Addording to Rome
by James G. McCarthy
Harvest House Publishers
Pages: 303, 308-309
[numbers] indicate references found in book
which are references to Catholic decrees

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