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Dr. Shushovon Dewan
On 22 September 2012 Bangladesh army backed Muslim settlers attacked indigenous Buddhist people in Rangamati. When the indigenous people counter attacked in self defence Bangladesh army took side with the Muslim settlers. 76 indigenous people were injured and numerous indigenous properties were destroyed.

Bangladesh army and settlers conduct racially motivated attack against indigenous people in Rangamati

On 22 September 2012, Bengali Muslim settlers conducted communal attack on indigenous people in Rangamati. At least 40 indigenous students, 1 government physician, 12 Union Parishad chairmen, 2 college teachers were injured. Severe damage was brought to the office and rest house of the CHT Regional Council, shops and houses of the indigenous people. Despite the army took their positions at different locations along the main road (Rangamati-Chittagong road), the Muslim settlers conducted attacks upon the indigenous peoples and their localities either side causing wide damage upon indigenous-owned shops and houses.

Bangladesh army, the proctector of Muslim settlers
When Bangladesh army attacked indigenous people at Kallayanpur, chairman of Rangamati Regional Council Shantu Larma came out of his residence to ask the reason of attacking. Instead of listening to him, warrant officer Mohamed Omar misbehaved with him and they continued beating indigenous people.

It is learnt that hot exchanges over the issue of sitting in the college bus took place between the two college students belonging to indigenous and Muslim communities in the classroom approximately around 9:30 a.m. At certain point, as the Muslim student kicked the indigenous student, the skirmish between the students of two communities began. The Muslim students attacked on the indigenous students indiscriminately. The incident took a wide shape as the indigenous students took an effort to resist the attackers. Chasing and counter chasing between the students of two communities continued. At this hour, the Muslim settlers from the surrounding localities near the college, being equipped with sharp choppers, canes, stick etc. entered the college boundary and participated in attack on the indigenous students.

At this hour, the army and police took position at the main entrance of the college. They did not prevent the Muslim settlers and Muslim students while they were chasing after the indigenous students. On the contrary, it was learnt that while the indigenous students got reorganized and started chasing the attackers of Muslim settlers and Muslim students, the army personnel brought in pressure upon the indigenous students. At this point of time, near about 30 indigenous students, 5 Muslim students and 2 college teachers were injured.

Bangladesh army sponsored Muslim settlers
Muslim settlers are attacking South Kalindipur area on 22nd September.

Afterwards, some groups of army and police forces arrived at Rangamati Government College, College gate area, TTC Road, Kalyanpur and Devasishnagar. Immediately after their arrival, the army and police forces drove the attacking settlers away and the indigenous people also began to back to their own localities. But while chasing after the indigenous people, the army and police entered into indigenous-inhabited Kalyanpur and Devasishnagar localities. They continued to chase the indigenous peoples with canes and sticks. They began caning and pelting at the indigenous people irrespective of women and children. Another group of army led by the Warrant Officer Mohamed Omar continued to chase the indigenous people along the Kalyanpur road while striking against the indigenous houses by roadsides with sticks. At certain point, the army continued to advance towards the residence of CHT Regional Council chairman. At this time, as the chairman of the Council came out of his residence, the army personnel conducted outrageous behavior with him also.

Immediately after the college violence, the Muslim settlers from different areas began to gather at College gate, Banarupa, Kathaltali, Vedvedi, North Kalindipur, Amanatbag, Reserve Bazar, Old Bus Stand, Tabalchari and other places to attack the indigenous people. The Muslim settlers also attacked the Union Parishad Chairmen who were attending conference at the Rangamati Upazila Council Conference Hall. In this attack, around 12 UP chairmen received serious injuries while other 20 chairmen received minor injuries.

Bangladesh army sponsored Muslim settlers
Bangladesh army in league with Muslim settlers carrying iron rod, clubs and wooden sticks attack indigenous people at Banarupa Bazar.

After attack at Vedvedi area, the Muslim settlers broke the houses of Bishu Kumar Chakma and Sundar Kumar Chakma near the Vedvedi Primary School. Besides, the attackers set fire on a truck and an auto-rickshaw at Vedvedi. During attack at Banarupa area, many indigenous men and women including Dr. Sushobhan Dewan of Rangamati General Hospital were wounded. The settlers attacked Dr. Sushobhan Dewan with knives and sticks at the Kaushik Pharmacy. They also broke his motorbike. The Muslim settlers also broke the commercial institutions, shops and Chevron & Doctors Lab owned by the indigenous people. He sustained serious injuries in the head and got his hand fractured and might lose the sight in one eye. It is learnt that as the day was a Market Day, many indigenous men, women and children came to market became victims of the attack. The Muslim settlers also attack the indigenous people who went to see the wounded at the Rangamati hospital boundary. At this one Subhash Mitra Chakma received serious wounds. In Reserve Bazar, the settlers also attacked 5 indigenous people who came to the market. The indigenous people at Tabalchari and Majhir Bosti also became under settler’s attack.

On the other, the attackers attacked the CHT Regional Council office; they broke the main entrance, window glasses and vehicle glasses and pelted at the office. They tried to set fire by throwing petrol-filled burning Coca-Cola bottles at the CHT Regional Council office. They also assaulted the CHT Regional Council rest house. The window glasses of the rest house and the glasses of one vehicle got shattered in this attack. The Muslim settlers also attacked on the building of retired government officer, Amuya Ranjan Chakma and broke the shops attached to it. As the attackers pelted stones, the windows of district office of Parbatya Chattagram Jana Samhati Samiti (PCJSS) got shattered. It is to be noted that the Muslim settlers attacked the CHT Regional Council office and rest house towards 3.00 pm that is 5 hours later since the beginning of the incident.

Mr. Paritosh Chakma and Mr. Arun Kanti Chakma
Mr Paritosh Chakma (left), Chairman of Babuchara Union Parishad, and Mr Arun Kanti Chakma (right), Chairman of Magban Union Parishad.

Centering the Rangamati incident, the Muslim settlers also attacked the indigenous people at Longadu upazila sadar. At least five indigenouss including Chikko Muni Chakma were wounded during the attack. Around 30 wounded persons including Dr. Sushobhan Dewan were admitted at Rangamati General Hospital. Among them, 5 Muslims, Dr. Sushobhan Dewan, Mangal Kanti Chakma and Subhas Mitra Chakma were sent to Chittagong in serious condition.

General Officer Commanding (GOC) of 24th Infantry Division of Chittagong cantonment visited Rangamati and organized a meeting with government officials, public representatives and teachers of Rangamati college at the Rangamati Circuit House. The meeting decided to form an inquiry committee to investigate the incident. Following the decision, section 144 was imposed in Rangamati town for indefinite period.

Following is the list of indigenous people who were admitted to Rangamati General Hospital

  1. Dr. Shushovan Dewan (50), s/o Mihir Kanti Dewan, Address: Majher Bosti, Rangamati town
  2. Mr. Shimul Kanti Tanchangya (18), s/o Annu Tanchangya, Address: College Gate area, Rangamati town
  3. Mr. Daya Moy Dewan (15), s/o Joydip Dewan, Address: Durchari-Uparpara, Baghaichari;
  4. Ms. Ohi Chakma (18), d/o Mrinal Kanti Chakma, Address: Suvalong, Barkal upazila
  5. Mr. Gyana Bir Chakma (17), s/o Sadhan Chakma, Address: Mais Chari, Suvalong
  6. Mr. Niloy Chakma (17), s/o Amal Chakma, Address: Majher Bosti, Rangamati town
  7. Ms. Jaba Chakma (20), d/o Purnendu Chakma, Address: Tribal Adam, Rangamati town
  8. Mr. Babul Chakma (33), s/o Sushanti Chakma, Address: Kalyanpur, Rangamati town
  9. Mr. Shuva Chakma (18), s/o Pritimoy Chakma, Address: PTI area, Rangamati town
  10. Mr. Subhash Mitra Chakma (38), s/o Buddha Dhan Chakma, Address: Mais Chari-Suvalong, Barkal upazila, He was sent to Chittagong Medical College Hospital from Rangamati in serious condition.
  11. Mr. Bimaleswar Dewan (13), s/o Sonar Putul Dewan, Address: Biharpur, Rangamati town (attacked at Bana Vihara area)
  12. Mr. Bir Chakma
  13. Mr. Shyama Kanti Chakma (19), s/o Sandhyamoni Chakma, Address: College Gate area (Vedvedi Para), Rangamati town
  14. Mr. Bijoy Chakma (45), s/o Makka Chakma, Address: Chittagong town
  15. Mr. MongLau Marma (25), s/o Mongsinu Marma, Address: Hajachara, Mogban union, Rangamati Sadar upazila
  16. Mr. Gyana Dipta Chakma (40), s/o late Fulesh Chandra Chakma, Address: Sangaram Bihara area, Rangamati town, His motorbike was set on fire at in front of Rangamati Press Club.
  17. Mr. Ronel Chakma (22), s/o Mrs. Surabala Chakma, Address: Marishya, Baghaichari upazila
  18. Mr. Nantu Bikash Chakma (18), s/o Gandhi Lal Chakma, Address: Kandya, Balukhali union, Rangamati Sadar upazila
  19. Mr. Tethui Mong Marma, s/o Hla Aung Marma, Address: Rangunia-Barkhola Para
  20. Mr. Ananda Sagar Chakma (30), s/o Ranjan Moni Chakma, Address: Kathal Tali, Naniarchar upazila
  21. Ms. Ajanta Chakma (16), d/o Samiran Chakma, Address: Debashish Nagar, Rangamati town
  22. Mr. Shanbu Kumar Tanchangya (38), Chairman of Noapatang union under Rowangchari upazila of Bandarban district
  23. Mr. Paritosh Chakma, chairman of Babuchara union under Dighinala upazila of Khagrachari district
  24. Mr. Mangal Kanti Chakma (35), Chairman of Atarak Chara union under Longadu upazila
  25. Mr. Arun Chakma, Chairman of Magban union under Rangamati Sadar upazila.
  26. Mr. Sanu Prue Marma (61), Chairman of Kuhalong union under Bandarban Sadar upazila
  27. Mr. Kya Ching Sui (42), Chairman of Rajvila union under Bandarban Sadar upazila
  28. Mr. Biswanath Tanchangya (40), Chairman of Alekhyong union under Rowangchari upazila, Bandarban district.
  29. Mr. Ajut Bikash Chakma, chairman of Panchari union of Panchari upazila of Khagrachari district
  30. Achi Prue Marma, chairman of Hafchari union of Ramgarh upazila of Kahgrachari district
  31. Mr. Suinu Prue Marma, chairman of Sindukchari union of Mahalchari upazila of Kahgrachari district
  32. Mr. Chandra Ranjan Chakma, chairman of Dighinala union of Kahgrachari district
  33. Mr. Bishwa Kalyan Chakma, chairman of Kabakhali union of Dighinala upazila
  34. Mr. Thowaiching Marma, chairman of Chitmaram union of Kaptai upazila
  35. Mr. Chaihla Prue Marma, chairman of Kaukhali union of Kaukhali upazila

Following is the list of indigenous people who did not require hospital admission

  1. Gyana Chakma
  2. Ankhihito Chakma
  3. Subrata Chakma
  4. Palash Tanchangya
  5. Entu Chakma
  6. Khmetra Mohan Chakma
  7. Emon Chakma
  8. Shakyamoni Chakma
  9. Rubel Tanchangya
  10. Mitali Chakma
  11. Pavel Chakma
  12. Fadang Tang Randal
  13. Gyana Jyoti Chakma
  14. Amit Chakma
  15. Jiten Chakma
  16. Pranoy Dewan
  17. Pinku Chakma
  18. Chandan Chakma
  19. Kyathui Mong Marma
  20. Shyamal Chakma
  21. Chikka Moni Chakma (attack in Longadu)
  22. Binoy Chakma
  23. Tarit Kanti Chakma (attack in Reserve Bazaar)\
  24. Tapan Chakma (attack in Reserve Bazaar)
  25. Dikam Chakma (attack in Reserve Bazaar)
  26. Jagadish Chakma (attack in Reserve Bazaar)
  27. Babul Chakma (attack in Reserve Bazaar)
  28. Tapas Chakma
  29. Bijoyasish Dewan
  30. Evan Chakma
  31. Mr. Nipan Chakma (25), s/o Brikka Moni Chakma, Address: Purba Tribal Adam, Rangamati town
  32. Mr. Fani Bhushan Chakma (15), s/o Shobharam Chakma, Address: Purba Tribal Adam, Rangamati Town
  33. Mr. Shanta Chakma (22), s/o Bhagya Kumar Chakma, Address: Champak Nagar area, Rangamati town
  34. Mr. Rupam Tanchangya (22), s/o Amulyo Ranjan Tanchangya, Address: South Tribal Adam, Rangamati town
  35. Mr. Chayan Chakma (18) s/o Marattou Chakma
  36. Mr. Ranjit Tanchangya (45), Ranyachari, Mogban union (attack at Tabalchari)
  37. Mr. Kalachokhya Tanchangya (50), Ranyachari, Mogban union (attack at Tabalchari)
  38. Mr. Kalan Tanchangya (40), Ranyachari, Mogban union (attack at Tabalchari)
  39. Mr. Ananda Mohan Chakma (55) s/o Bigunya Chakma, Bilaichari Para (attack at Tabalchari)
  40. Mr. Arpan Chakma (18)
  41. Mr. Dinesh Tanchangya (22) (attack on 23 September)

Sources:

PCJSS (Parbatya Chattagram Jana Samhati Samiti)
E-mail: pcjss.org@gmail.com, pcjss@hotmail.com
Website: pcjss-cht.org

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