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Chapter Eleven Discussion

Allison Mazza

WE already learned about BF Skinner's theory of behavioral learning where you can use shaping and reinforcement to get people to produce a desired behavior or response. How can this be used in the classroom and what types of reinforcement or rewards were you given in school for producing a certain response?

The criticisms of behavioral views of motivation are that it promotes extrinisic motivation and can decrease intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation is when the person does something to earn the reward. Intrinisic motivation is when someone does something to exerience inherently satisfying results. What is your opinion and what have been your experiences with intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?

This view is based on Piaget's princeples of assimilation and accomodation that we learned about in a previous chapter. Also, people have a desire to master their environment so they are always using new schemes to make things fit. john atkinson proposed that differences in ain achievement is due to differences in people's need for achievement. High-need achievers pick moderately challenging tasks where there is a balance between the potential success and failure. Low-need achievers prefer very easy or very hard tasks because the probability of success is very high or because there is no shame at failing at a very difficult task. There is also a diffence in the way students explain why they failedor succeeded. The four most common are a lack of ability, a lack of effort, the task difficulty or luck. What kind of students and achievers would use what kind of explanations for success or failure?

Students can be put into two groups based on how they view cognitive ability. People who think intelligence is a fixed trait to avoid challenigng tasks if their confidence in that task is low or motivated to get high grades if their confidence in that task is high. The other students believe intelligence can be improved and they are motivated to do challenging tasks and improve their learning and skills. Do you fit into one of these categories?

What do you think are the criticisms of the cognitive view of motivation?