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Name: Simon Bolivar
Date of Birth: 24 July 1783
Date of Death: 17 December 1830
Known as: El Libertador (The Liberator)
Cause of Death: Tuberculosis


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mini Biography

He was born to an aristocrat family. He received an excellent education and because of his tutors' influence, Bolivar became familiar with the works of the Enlightenment as well as those of classical Greece and Rome. By the age of nine, however, Bolivar lost both his parents and was left in the care of his uncle, don Carlos Palacios. At the age of fifteen, don Carlos Palacios sent him to Spain to continue his education. In Spain, Bolívar met Maria Teresa Rodríguez del Toro y Alaysa whom he married soon afterwards in 1802. Shortly after returning to Venezuela, in 1803, Maria Teresa died of yellow fever. Her death greatly affected Bolívar. While in Europe he witnessed the proclamation of Napoleon Bonaparte as Emperor of France and later the coronation of Napoleon as King of Italy in Milan. He returned to Venezuela in 1811, and delivered his discourse in favor of independence to the Patriotic Society. He then involved himself in many battles and was proclaimed as "The Liberator" by the people. His heroic acts freed Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.

Interesting Facts

  • He was an impulsive, passionate and restless character, with tremendous ambition and vision packed into a small body.
  • He lost both of his parents by the age of nine.
  • He vowed never to marry again, a vow, which he kept for the rest of his life.
  • Bolivar lost respect for Napoleon whom he considered to have betrayed the republican ideals.
  • His very survival was miraculous: he escaped assassination several times, and was constantly on the move, in rainforests, plains, and mountain slopes. He shows the dispersed patriot warlords of Venezuela and Colombia that it is he who can bring in arms and supplies, and he imposes his will to lead upon them successfully, especially after executing Manuel Piar, one of his most distinguished patriot allies, for treason.
  • Long after his death, the reputation of Simon Bolivar was restored and today he is revered as South America's greatest hero, The Liberator. In Venezuela and Bolivia, Bolivar's birthday is celebrated as a national holiday. Schools, buildings, children, towns in South America are widely named for him.

Personal Quotes

  • "We have seen the light and it is not our desire to be thrust back into darkness."
  • "The United States seem destined by Providence to plague America with misery in the name of liberty."