Date of Birth: 24 July 1783
Date of Death: 17 December 1830
Known as: El Libertador (The Liberator)
Cause of Death: Tuberculosis
born to an aristocrat family. He received an excellent education and
because of his tutors' influence, Bolivar became familiar with the works
of the Enlightenment as well as those of classical Greece and Rome.
By the age of nine, however, Bolivar lost both his parents and was left
in the care of his uncle, don Carlos Palacios. At the age of fifteen,
don Carlos Palacios sent him to Spain to continue his education. In
Spain, Bolívar met Maria Teresa Rodríguez del Toro y Alaysa
whom he married soon afterwards in 1802. Shortly after returning to
Venezuela, in 1803, Maria Teresa died of yellow fever. Her death greatly
affected Bolívar. While in Europe he witnessed the proclamation
of Napoleon Bonaparte as Emperor of France and later the coronation
of Napoleon as King of Italy in Milan. He returned to Venezuela in 1811,
and delivered his discourse in favor of independence to the Patriotic
Society. He then involved himself in many battles and was proclaimed
as "The Liberator" by the people. His heroic acts freed Venezuela,
Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
was an impulsive, passionate and restless character, with tremendous
ambition and vision packed into a small body.
lost both of his parents by the age of nine.
vowed never to marry again, a vow, which he kept for the rest of his
lost respect for Napoleon whom he considered to have betrayed the republican
very survival was miraculous: he escaped assassination several times,
and was constantly on the move, in rainforests, plains, and mountain
slopes. He shows the dispersed patriot warlords of Venezuela and Colombia
that it is he who can bring in arms and supplies, and he imposes his
will to lead upon them successfully, especially after executing Manuel
Piar, one of his most distinguished patriot allies, for treason.
after his death, the reputation of Simon Bolivar was restored and today
he is revered as South America's greatest hero, The Liberator. In Venezuela
and Bolivia, Bolivar's birthday is celebrated as a national holiday.
Schools, buildings, children, towns in South America are widely named
have seen the light and it is not our desire to be thrust back into
United States seem destined by Providence to plague America with misery
in the name of liberty."