Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769–1852)
general and statesman, nicknamed "The Iron Duke." After service in
India, Wellesley led the British campaign against Napoleon Bonapartye in Spain
and Portugal—the Peninsular War (1808-14). For his achievement he was made a
duke. He and the Prussian general Blücher finally defeated Napoleon at
Waterloo (1815). In 1828 he became Tory prime minister. A supporter of the
Roman Catholic emancipation bill (1829), he also opposed parliamentary reform.