952
1813:October
Netherlands

Interim
*
1813:December


French rule:#Royal Hierarchial#
#27#

*

Defeat of France at the battle of Leipzig leads to the withdrawal of french troops from Netherlands. Provisional government takes control.
______________________________________________________

1813:December
Netherlands

Interim*
*
1814:July


Interim
*

*

William returns to "Netherlands", invited by provisional government to assume monarchy. Provisional rule established.